Effects of stimulus modality and task condition on blink startle modification and on electrodermal responses.

Abstract:

:Participants in Experiments 1 and 2 performed a discrimination and counting task to assess the effect of lead stimulus modality on attentional modification of the acoustic startle reflex. Modality of the discrimination stimuli was changed across subjects. Electrodermal responses were larger during task-relevant stimuli than during task-irrelevant stimuli in all conditions. Larger blink magnitude facilitation was found during auditory and visual task-relevant stimuli, but not for tactile stimuli. Experiment 3 used acoustic, visual, and tactile conditioned stimuli (CSs) in differential conditioning with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US). Startle magnitude facilitation and electrodermal responses were larger during a CS that preceded the US than during a CS that was presented alone regardless of lead stimulus modality. Although not unequivocal, the present data pose problems for attentional accounts of blink modification that emphasize the importance of lead stimulus modality.

journal_name

Psychophysiology

journal_title

Psychophysiology

authors

Lipp OV,Siddle DA,Dall PJ

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-07-01 00:00:00

pages

452-61

issue

4

eissn

0048-5772

issn

1540-5958

journal_volume

35

pub_type

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