Effects of stimulus modality and task condition on blink startle modification and on electrodermal responses.


:Participants in Experiments 1 and 2 performed a discrimination and counting task to assess the effect of lead stimulus modality on attentional modification of the acoustic startle reflex. Modality of the discrimination stimuli was changed across subjects. Electrodermal responses were larger during task-relevant stimuli than during task-irrelevant stimuli in all conditions. Larger blink magnitude facilitation was found during auditory and visual task-relevant stimuli, but not for tactile stimuli. Experiment 3 used acoustic, visual, and tactile conditioned stimuli (CSs) in differential conditioning with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US). Startle magnitude facilitation and electrodermal responses were larger during a CS that preceded the US than during a CS that was presented alone regardless of lead stimulus modality. Although not unequivocal, the present data pose problems for attentional accounts of blink modification that emphasize the importance of lead stimulus modality.






Lipp OV,Siddle DA,Dall PJ


Has Abstract


1998-07-01 00:00:00












  • Prepotent motor activity and inhibitory control demands in different variants of the go/no-go paradigm.

    abstract::Inhibitory control enables humans to stop prepotent motor activity, and is commonly studied using go/no-go or stop-signal tasks. In stop-signal tasks, prepotent motor activity is elicited by delaying stop signals relative to go signals. In go/no-go tasks, however, trials include only one signal-go or no-go. Hence, pre...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wessel JR

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing the error-related negativity across groups: The impact of error- and trial-number differences.

    abstract::The error-related negativity (ERN or Ne) is increasingly being investigated as a marker discriminating interindividual factors and moves toward a surrogate marker for disorders or interventions. Although reproducibility and validity of neuroscientific and psychological research has been criticized, clear data on how d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fischer AG,Klein TA,Ullsperger M

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Vicarious pain responders and emotion: Evidence for distress rather than mimicry.

    abstract::Up to a third of the population experiences pain when seeing another in pain. The mechanisms underlying such vicarious sensory experiences are thought to reflect hyperactive mirror systems (threshold theory) or dysfunctional processing and representation of oneself versus others (self/other theory). This study investi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young KA,Gandevia SC,Giummarra MJ

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Laser-evoked potentials to noxious stimulation during hypnotic analgesia and distraction of attention suggest different brain mechanisms of pain control.

    abstract::Psychological accounts of hypnosis have hypothesized that hypnosis and attention might share similar mechanisms and that hypnosis simply represents an extensive state of reduced attention. This assumption implies that reports of pain and electrocortical brain responses to painful stimulation should be similarly reduce...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Friederich M,Trippe RH,Ozcan M,Weiss T,Hecht H,Miltner WH

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • A right-ear bias of auditory selective attention is evident in alpha oscillations.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Payne L,Rogers CS,Wingfield A,Sekuler R

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Testing food-related inhibitory control to high- and low-calorie food stimuli: Electrophysiological responses to high-calorie food stimuli predict calorie and carbohydrate intake.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carbine KA,Christensen E,LeCheminant JD,Bailey BW,Tucker LA,Larson MJ

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  • Sleep state instabilities in major depressive disorder: Detection and quantification with electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling analysis.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang AC,Yang CH,Hong CJ,Tsai SJ,Kuo CH,Peng CK,Mietus JE,Goldberger AL,Thomas RJ

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  • Neuroendocrine and cardiovascular reactivity to stress in mid-aged and older women: long-term temporal consistency of individual differences.

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Processing of emotional adjectives: Evidence from startle EMG and ERPs.

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rusciano A,Corradini G,Stoianov I

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of task load on the integration of explicit contextual priors and visual information during anticipation.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunter TC,Wijers AA,Jackson JL,Mulder G

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clawson A,Clayson PE,Larson MJ

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weller L,Schwarz KA,Kunde W,Pfister R

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunter TC,Jackson JL,Mulder G

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips AC,Carroll D,Hunt K,Der G

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smit AN,Michalik M,Livingstone AC,Mistlberger RE,McDonald JJ

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Conradt E,Beauchaine T,Abar B,Lagasse L,Shankaran S,Bada H,Bauer C,Whitaker T,Hammond J,Lester B

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    authors: Zheng Y,Li Q,Zhang Y,Li Q,Shen H,Gao Q,Zhou S

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang M,Jiang T,Mei L,Yang H,Chen C,Xue G,Dong Q

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tullett AM,Harmon-Jones E,Inzlicht M

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Müller MM,Gundlach C

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Tan X,Campbell IG,Feinberg I

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick CJ,Iacono WG

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