Inconsistencies in recommendations on oral hygiene practices for children by professional dental and paediatric organisations in ten countries.


BACKGROUND:Some of the basic dental health practices that are recommended to the public by professionals are not evidence based. Incorrect oral health messages may adversely affect children's oral health behaviours. AIM:To identify and list the recommendations concerning children's oral hygiene practices provided by dental and paediatric organisations, and to assess how these recommendations relate to the scientific evidence currently available. DESIGN:Cross-sectional. The authors contacted professional organisations in ten countries requesting items (brochures, leaflets or folders) containing messages on children's oral hygiene practices. They then listed these recommendations and assessed how they related to scientific evidence obtained from systematic reviews available at PubMed and the Cochrane Library. RESULTS:Fifty-two of 59 (88%) organisations responded to our request and 24 dental health education materials were submitted to the authors. They mentioned recommendations on oral hygiene practices for children, such as toothbrushing frequency, supervision and technique; when to start and how long toothbrushing should last; toothbrush design and replacement; flossing; gums/teeth wiping; tongue cleaning; type and amount of toothpaste and advice on toothpaste ingestion. The search at PubMed and the Cochrane Library resulted in 11 systematic reviews addressing these topics. CONCLUSIONS:Several oral hygiene messages delivered by professional organisations showed inconsistencies and lacked scientific support.


Int J Paediatr Dent


dos Santos AP,Nadanovsky P,de Oliveira BH




Has Abstract


2011-05-01 00:00:00












  • Inflammatory markers in saliva as indicators of gingival inflammation in cerebral palsy children with and without cervical motor control.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the relation among gingival inflammation, salivary osmolality, levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and s-IgA concentrations in children with spastic CP with or without cervical motor control in a cross-sectional study. DESIGN:Unstimulated whole saliva and the gingival index were collected in 37 and 34 ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santos MTBR,Diniz MB,Guaré RO,Ferreira MCD,Gutierrez GM,Gorjão R

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • High caries prevalence and risk factors among young preschool children in an urban community with water fluoridation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Singapore is unique in that it is a 100% urban community with majority of the population living in a homogeneous physical environment. She, however, has diverse ethnicities and cultures as such; there may be caries risk factors that are unique to this population. AIM:The aims were to assess the oral health ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hong CH,Bagramian RA,Hashim Nainar SM,Straffon LH,Shen L,Hsu CY

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dental maturation of 18th and 19th century British children using Demirjian's method.

    abstract:AIM:To compare dental age with chronological age in a group of children born approximately 200 years ago and a group of modern children. METHODS:Dental maturation of 15 skeletal remains (range 3.0-15.1 years) of London children of known age-at-death was compared to an age and sex matched control group of contemporary ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Liversidge HM

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Provision of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) restorations to Chinese pre-school children--a 30-month evaluation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this study were: to provide restorations using the ART approach to pre-school children in Southern China in a kindergarten environment, using a high-strength glass-ionomer restorative material; to assess the acceptability of this approach and to evaluate on a longitudinal basis the restorat...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Lo EC,Holmgren CJ

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pycnodysostosis associated with delayed and ectopic eruption of permanent teeth.

    abstract::The oral and facial manifestations of pycnodysostosis (Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) are reviewed, and illustrated by a case in which the presenting feature was delayed and ectopic eruption of permanent teeth. ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferguson JW,Brown RH,Cheong LY

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dental Age Assessment: a comparison of 4- to 24-year-olds in the United Kingdom and an Australian population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The physiological age of a person is determined by the degree of maturation of the different tissue systems. Children of the same chronological age (CA) can demonstrate different degrees of maturation. Dental age (DA) is based on the maturation of teeth. Tooth formation is a continuous process, where the dev...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peiris TS,Roberts GJ,Prabhu N

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • A treatment need index: a pilot study.

    abstract::The traditional caries index, DMF, provides inadequate information to assess dental treatment needs of a community. Dental health planners are often called upon to estimate the treatment needs, costs, time and personnel required for a proposed programme. A treatment needs index (TNI) is presented which provides import...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mann J,Sgan-Cohen HD,Asher RS,Amir E,Cohen S,Sarnat H

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

  • Total antioxidant levels of saliva in children related to caries, age, and gender.

    abstract:AIM:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the physicochemical properties of saliva such as flow rate, buffering capacity, pH, calcium level, total protein, total antioxidant status, and dental caries, age, and gender. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The antioxidant activity of saliva was investigated...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tulunoglu O,Demirtas S,Tulunoglu I

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Tooth agenesis: a report of missing molars in two generations.

    abstract::A recent review has suggested that tooth agenesis is becoming more evident in society, though it is not known whether this observation is related to better detection methods and patient awareness or whether there is a real trend towards an increase in prevalence. In this paper we report developmental absence of perman...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kau CH,Hunter ML,Lewis B,Knox J

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • A computer software package to facilitate clinical audit of outpatient paediatric dentistry.

    abstract::This paper reports the development and function of a computer program for clinical audit of outpatients in hospital paediatric dentistry in the United Kingdom. The project was one of several national audit projects supported by the Faculty of Dental Surgery, Royal College of Surgeons of England, and funded by the Depa...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gregg TA,Boyd DH

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Balancing the extraction of primary teeth: a review.

    abstract::Balancing the extraction of primary teeth is a procedure advocated to maintain symmetry of the developing dentition by encouraging symmetrical drift of teeth mesial and distal to the extraction sites on each side of the dental arch. Current opinion about this procedure expressed in standard reference works is confused...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ball IA

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of sociodemographic factors on dental anxiety in children seen in a suburban Nigerian hospital.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This paper attempts to determine the sociodemographic factors that relate to dental anxiety in suburban African children. METHODS:A short form of the Dental subscale of the Child Fear Survey schedule (DFSS_SF) was administered to 81 patients (first time attendees at the clinic) between the ages of eight and ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Folayan MO,Idehen EE,Ufomata D

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impacted supernumerary tooth developed under palatal polyp.

    abstract::We present a rare case of an infant's palatal polyp associated with an impacted supernumerary tooth. We have previously reported three cases of palatal polyps in infants [1]. In one case, after surgical removal of the palatal polyp at the age of 1 year and 8 months, the lesion subsequently began swelling. A periapical...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Noguchi M,Tomizawa M,Suzuki M,Noda T

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mandibular talon cusp: report of two rare cases.

    abstract::Two rare cases of talon cusps in the mandibular incisors were observed during a prevalence study on talon cusp. One of them was seen on a mandibular primary lateral incisor. The other one was observed on the mandibular left permanent central incisor, and the right mandibular permanent central incisor was congenitally ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hegde S,Kumar BR

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • Patient-reported Outcomes (PROs) in clinical trials in paediatric dentistry.

    abstract::Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are reports directly from patients without interpretation by clinicians or others and captured using validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). These measures are increasingly employed in clinical practice and can be incorporated into clinical trials. Benefits of using PROs i...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilchrist F,Marshman Z

    更新日期:2021-01-17 00:00:00

  • Management of paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) affects many children, and adenotonsillar hypertrophy is the most common cause of paediatric OSA. AIM:Despite the growing treatment options, there is no comprehensive comparison of all interventions. We aimed to compare and rank the effectiveness of various treatments in a net...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Lin SY,Su YX,Wu YC,Chang JZ,Tu YK

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Oral myiasis: report of two cases.

    abstract::Case reports are presented of two patients from Oman who developed myiasis in the palate. Both suffered from cerebral palsy and had incompetent lips, anterior open bite and very poor oral hygiene. Both patients had denuded areas of hard palate anteriorly. In both cases large numbers of maggots were found under the sur...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Ismaily M,Scully C

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxious paediatric dental patients: a systematic review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of evidence about cognitive behaviour therapy in the management of dentally anxious children. AIM:To systematically review evidence of the effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for children with dental anxiety or dental phobia. DESIGN:Clinical trial registries, grey literature, an...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomes HS,Viana KA,Batista AC,Costa LR,Hosey MT,Newton T

    更新日期:2018-07-08 00:00:00

  • Dilaceration of a primary tooth.

    abstract::A case is presented in which a non-vital maxillary primary incisor failed to resorb, its root apex appeared in the labial sulcus and further investigation showed it to be dilacerated. ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kilpatrick NM,Hardman PJ,Welbury RR

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Special Care Dentistry: attitudes of Specialists in Paediatric Dentistry practising in the UK to the creation of a new specialty.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to examine the attitudes of Specialists in Paediatric Dentistry (SPDs) practising in the UK towards the creation of a specialty of Special Care Dentistry (SCD). DESIGN:Data were collected by postal questionnaire. Sample and methods. Two hundred and eleven dentists whose names were en...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hunter ML,Hunter B,Thompson SA,McLaughlin WS

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Oral status, sense of coherence, religious-spiritual coping, socio-economic characteristics, and quality of life in young patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several factors can influence the oral health. AIM:To explore the clinical factors, individual characteristics, and environmental factors (religious-spiritual coping-RSC, sense of coherence [SOC], and socio-economic status) related to oral status and impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soares TRC,Lenzi MM,Leite IM,Muniz Loureiro J,Leão ATT,Pomarico L,Neiva da Silva A,Risso PA,Vettore MV,Maia LC

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Does computerized anaesthesia reduce pain during local anaesthesia in paediatric patients for dental treatment? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::This systematic review and meta-analysis analysed whether pain and disruptive behaviour can be decreased by the use of computerized local dental anaesthesia (CDLA) in children. The literature was screened to select randomized clinical trials that compared computerized and conventional anaesthesia. The primary outcome ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Smolarek PC,Wambier LM,Siqueira Silva L,Chibinski ACR

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Oral health self-perception, dental caries, and pain: the role of dental fear underlying this association.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Oral health perception has multidimensional nature and can be influenced not only by clinical conditions but also by psychosocial characteristics. HYPOTHESIS:Dental fear could modify the association between dental caries and dental pain and the perception of negative impact. DESIGN:A cross-sectional study ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goettems ML,Shqair AQ,Bergmann VF,Cadermatori MG,Correa MB,Demarco FF

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Emotions experienced during the shedding of the first primary tooth.

    abstract:AIM:To examine the different emotions expressed by children exfoliating their first primary tooth, evaluate their proportional distribution, and reveal possible influences of child- and parent-related variables on the reported emotions. DESIGN:A cross-sectional questionnaire was directed to parents of children who had...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patcas R,Daum MM,van Waes HJM,Beltrani S,Pfister LT,Landolt MA

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • The tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome--a case report.

    abstract::The diagnosis of tricho-rhino-phalangeal (TRP) syndrome may sometimes be confused with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED). Some of the facial features are similar but the hands of patients with TRP often have short distal phalanges, deviation at the proximal interphalangeal joints and, radiologically, a specific ...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Downing A,Welbury RR

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Kartagener's syndrome: unusual dental morphology.

    abstract::The present paper describes the dental presentation of a female patient with Kartagener's syndrome. There are no reports in the literature identifying dental anomalies in patients with this condition. The subject presented with the congenital absence of an upper lateral incisor, enamel hypoplasia and aberrant tooth mo...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merrett SJ,Durning P

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization: evidence from 70 studies.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A growing number of studies have investigated the prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) around the world. The aim of this study was to systematically estimate the pooled prevalence of MIH. METHODS:A comprehensive literature research was completed in English and Chinese databases. Random effect...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao D,Dong B,Yu D,Ren Q,Sun Y

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Absence of salivary glands in children with rampant dental caries: report of seven cases.

    abstract::Seven cases of absence of two or more salivary glands in children are presented. In six of the cases the condition was congenital and in one it was the result of surgery to the submandibular ducts. The patients had been referred for treatment of rampant dental caries and were reviewed for periods ranging from 6 months...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gelbier MJ,Winter GB

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • Factors affecting dental fear in French children aged 5-12 years.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While dental anxiety is often correlated with prior negative dental experience, prevention of dental anxiety should in theory include early exposure to the dental setting. OBJECTIVE:We set out to evaluate factors affecting dental fear in French children. METHODS:Dental fear was evaluated using a visual ana...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nicolas E,Bessadet M,Collado V,Carrasco P,Rogerleroi V,Hennequin M

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with caregivers' perception of children's health and oral health status: a study of 6- to 36-month-olds in Uganda.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The impact of oral diseases on quality of life of children and their families has not been thoroughly investigated. AIM:Focusing on Ugandan infants aged 6-36 months and their caregivers, this study examined the degree to which clinical and psychosocial factors were associated with caregivers' overall evalua...

    journal_title:International journal of paediatric dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wandera M,Kayondo J,Engebretsen IM,Okullo I,Astrøm AN

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00