Management of fetal growth restriction: an evidence-based approach.


:This review provides an evidence-based approach to the management of fetal growth restriction (FGR). The management consists of the following components: appropriate fetal surveillance, timely intervention, and selective etiological management. Umbilical arterial (UA) Doppler sonography is the primary test. Supplementary tests include nonstress test (NST), amniotic fluid assessment, biophysical profile (BPP), and selective venous Doppler sonography. Ominous signs include UA absent or reverse end-diastolic flow, non-assuring NST, low BPP, and abnormal fetal venous flow patterns. An evidence-based clinical management guideline is included and individualization of care is recommended.


Clin Obstet Gynecol


Maulik D




Has Abstract


2006-06-01 00:00:00














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    abstract::This chapter will review the current modalities available to the clinician to screen for premalignant and malignant cervical lesions, which cast a broad net. The majority who test positive are not destined to suffer from or die from cervical cancer. Many who undergo screening and are triaged are young and subsequently...

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