Reviewing the needs of unemployed youth in smoking intervention programmes.


:In Australia, the impact of unemployment on adolescent smoking behaviour continues to present a major public health problem. Traditional prevention programmes in both primary and secondary schools appear to be achieving a delay in the onset of smoking. However, smoking rates of young people who are unemployed are unacceptably higher than those of in-school youth. This paper provides a review of the published literature, showing that there has been little effort to address smoking patterns or experiences of quitting for this target group. While the provision of employment opportunities or skill training for this group is important, these strategies will not eliminate the problem of smoking. Steps must be taken to encourage research into the development of tailored programmes for unemployed youth who smoke. These programmes must be carefully considered and evaluated and meet the needs of this diverse group of young people.


Drug Alcohol Rev


Drug and alcohol review


Stanton WR,Gillespie AM,Lowe JB




Has Abstract


1995-01-01 00:00:00














  • Stopping petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal Australia: key elements of the Mt Theo Program.

    abstract::Petrol sniffing is a major form of substance misuse in Aboriginal communities across Australia. This practice has detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of individual sniffers, their families, communities and wider society. There are few examples of programmes that have successfully stopped petrol sniffing. T...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preuss K,Brown JN

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Does alcohol advertising have an impact on the public health?

    abstract::This presentation draws on recent New Zealand and international research to examine a number of questions about the possible public health impact of policy which allows alcohol to be advertised on the broadcast media. The relevant public health questions include: the contribution of alcohol advertising to aggregate le...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casswell S

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Self-limiting non-medical pharmaceutical opioid use among young people in Sydney, Australia: An exploratory study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Indicators suggest an escalation in opioid use globally, with recent HIV outbreaks linked to non-medical pharmaceutical opioid (NMPO) use. Little is known about how young Australians engage in NMPO use. DESIGN AND METHODS:During 2015, we conducted qualitative interviews with young people (16-29 y...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dertadian GC,Dixon TC,Iversen J,Maher L

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Consequences of a restrictive syringe exchange policy on utilisation patterns of a syringe exchange program in Baltimore, Maryland: Implications for HIV risk.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Syringe distribution policies continue to be debated in many jurisdictions throughout the USA. The Baltimore Needle and Syringe Exchange Program (NSP) operated under a 1-for-1 syringe exchange policy from its inception in 1994 through 1999, when it implemented a restrictive policy (2000-2004) that...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sherman SG,Patel SA,Ramachandran DV,Galai N,Chaulk P,Serio-Chapman C,Gindi RM

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and demographic characteristics of people who smoke versus inject crystalline methamphetamine in Australia: Findings from a pharmacotherapy trial.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:There has been a rapid increase in smoking crystalline methamphetamine in Australia. We compare the clinical and demographic characteristics of those who smoke versus inject the drug in a cohort of people who use methamphetamine. DESIGN AND METHODS:Participants (N = 151) were dependent on methamp...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McKETIN R,Quinn B,Higgs P,Berk M,Dean OM,Turner A,Kelly PJ,Lubman DI,Carter G,Baker AL,Manning V,Thomas T,Bathish R,Raftery D,Saunders L,Wrobel A,Meehan A,Sinclair B,Reid D,Arunogiri S,Hill H,Cordaro F,Dietze

    更新日期:2020-10-06 00:00:00

  • Adolescent alcohol and cannabis use in Iceland 1995-2015.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Over the past two decades, alcohol consumption of Icelandic adolescents has decreased dramatically. The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of this reduction and compare it with the trend in cannabis use over a 20 year period and to identify possible explanations. METHODS:We used data from the Ic...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnarsson A,Kristofersson GK,Bjarnason T

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Do public expenditures on health and families relate to alcohol abstaining in adolescents? Multilevel study of adolescents in 24 countries.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Several European countries have observed an increase in the proportion of adolescents that abstain from drinking alcohol in the last decade. The reasons for this trend remain underexplored. We hypothesised that more generous government expenditures on health services and benefits to families with ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vieno A,Altoè G,Kuntsche E,Elgar FJ

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal mood changes associated with different levels of adolescent drinking: using mobile phones and experience sampling methods to explore motivations for adolescent alcohol use.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol use during adolescence is associated with the onset of alcohol use disorders, mental health disorders, substance abuse as well as socially and physically damaging behaviours, the effects of which last well into adulthood. Nevertheless, alcohol use remains prevalent in this population. Unde...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Crooke AH,Reid SC,Kauer SD,McKenzie DP,Hearps SJ,Khor AS,Forbes AB

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Women and young adults suffer most from other people's drinking.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Research on alcohol-related harm has predominantly focused on harm suffered by the drinker and priority has been given to health-related harms. In comparison, studies on alcohol's harms to others than the drinker are scarce. This study sought to examine the human sufferings from other people's dri...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huhtanen P,Tigerstedt C

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • The internet and the industrial revolution in smoking cessation counselling.

    abstract::The internet can provide wide access to online smoking cessation programmes developed by highly qualified professionals. Compared with one-to-one counselling in smoking cessation clinics or on telephone quitlines, the mass-level dissemination of automatised, individualised counselling on the internet is comparable to ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Etter JF

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • 'Teabacco': Smoking of nicotine-infused tea as an unintended consequence of prison smoking bans.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Following the introduction of smoke-free policies in prisons in several countries, there have been anecdotal reports of prisoners creating cigarettes by mixing nicotine patches or lozenges with tea leaves ('teabacco'). Among a sample of people recently released from smoke-free prisons in Queenslan...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Puljević C,Coomber R,Kinner SA,de Andrade D,Mitchell C,White A,Cresswell SL,Bowman J

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • A resounding success or a disastrous failure: re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs.

    abstract::In this Harm Reduction Digest two observers and scholars of the 2001 Portuguese drug policy reform consider divergent accounts of the reform which viewed it as a 'resounding success' or a 'disastrous failure'. Acknowledging from their own experience the inherent difficulties in studying drug law reform, Caitlin Hughes...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hughes CE,Stevens A

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Baseline assessment of community knowledge and attitudes toward drug use and harm reduction in Kabul, Afghanistan.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Problem drug use has been identified as a significant public health problem in Afghanistan. The study aim was to assess community knowledge and attitude toward drug use and harm reduction in Kabul, Afghanistan. DESIGN AND METHODS:A cross-sectional convenience sample of community representatives o...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanekzai MR,Todd CS,Orr MG,Bayan S,Rasuli MZ,Wardak SR,Strathdee SA

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Magistrates' Early Referral into Treatment (MERIT): preliminary findings of a 12-month court diversion trial for drug offenders.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to present a description and preliminary findings of a 12-month trial of a Local Court diversion programme, called MERIT for Magistrates' Early Referral into Treatment. The aim of MERIT is to divert eligible drug offenders to treatment and rehabilitation services. A total of 172 offenders ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reilly D,Scantleton J,Didcott P

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal: a new demand on detoxification services.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Synthetic cannabinoid dependence and withdrawal are not well described in the literature. We aimed to report on the characteristics and treatment course of clients attending a detoxification service for support with synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal in Auckland, New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS:A r...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macfarlane V,Christie G

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and tobacco co-use in nondaily smokers: an inevitable phenomenon?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol use has consistently been associated with smoking among nondaily smokers. However, this may not be an inevitable relationship that extends across all drinking sessions and/or all nondaily smokers. Recently, distinct subgroups of nondaily smokers have been identified, with one subgroup main...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell ML,Bozec LJ,McGrath D,Barrett SP

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Different drinking motives, different adverse consequences? Evidence among adolescents from 10 European countries.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIM:This study, which builds on previous research demonstrating that drinking motives are associated with adverse consequences, investigates the associations between drinking motives and non-alcohol-attributed adverse consequences and disentangles alcohol-related and direct effects. DESIGN AND METHOD:...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wicki M,Kuntsche E,Eichenberger Y,Aasvee K,Bendtsen P,Dankulincová Veselská Z,Demetrovics Z,Dzielska A,Farkas J,de Matos MG,Roberts C,Tynjälä J,Välimaa R,Vieno A

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Unrecorded consumption, quality of alcohol and health consequences.

    abstract:ISSUES:This contribution aims to examine systematically the evidence on the impact of the quality of unrecorded alcohol products on health consequences. APPROACH:Systematic computer assisted review of the literature. KEY FINDINGS:There are a number of pathways related to alcohol quality that may lead to acute or chro...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rehm J,Kanteres F,Lachenmeier DW

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Finnish drinking culture: change and continuity in the past 40 years.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:In the past 40 years, per capita consumption has increased dramatically in Finland. We study the core changes in drinking culture over this period by age and sex. DESIGN AND METHODS:We used data from the Finnish Drinking Habit Surveys carried out every 8 years in 1968-2008 (n = 16385, response ra...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mäkelä P,Tigerstedt C,Mustonen H

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Pot, politics and the press--reflections on cannabis law reform in Western Australia.

    abstract::Windows of opportunity for changing drug laws open infrequently and they often close without legislative change being affected. In this paper the author, who has been intimately involved in the process, describes how evidence-based recommendations to 'decriminalize' cannabis have recently been progressed through publi...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lenton S

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • A local and regional Alcohol and Drugs Monitor in the Netherlands: a tale of three cities.

    abstract::Local and regional policymakers, care providers and prevention workers involved in addiction and addiction care need timely and reliable information. As few data on substance use are available at a local or regional level, an integrated local or regional monitoring system for alcohol and drugs (MAD) was developed. The...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van de Mheen H,Toet J,Knibbe RA,Garretsen HF,Spruit IP,van den Berg M

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiolytic and hypnotic drug misuse in Thailand: findings from a national household survey.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The non-medical use of prescription drugs, such as anxiolytics and hypnotics, has become a growing public health problem in Thailand. The objective of this study was to examine the patterns of non-medical use of these drugs, using data from a nationally representative sample of Thais interviewed i...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Assanangkornchai S,Sam-Angsri N,Rerngpongpan S,Edwards JG

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hypomagnesaemia and its potential impact on thiamine utilisation in patients with alcohol misuse at the Alice Springs Hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol rapidly reduces thiamine among alcohol-dependent individuals. Poor diet and alcohol's impact on absorption, storage, activation and excretion of thiamine are thought to be the mechanisms. Previous literature identifies magnesium as an important cofactor in thiamine utilisation, which might...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dingwall KM,Delima JF,Gent D,Batey RG

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Satisfaction guaranteed? What clients on methadone and buprenorphine think about their treatment.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:A consumer satisfaction survey was conducted among clients receiving methadone or buprenorphine treatment for opioid dependence. The survey aimed to assess client perceptions across a number of treatment domains, including the clinic environment, service provision, clinical relationships, medicati...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Madden A,Lea T,Bath N,Winstock AR

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Young people and gambling content in social media: An experimental insight.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Online gambling advertising and user-generated gambling content have increased. This study used a social psychological online experiment to analyse young people's reactions towards and self-reported interests in social media gambling messages. DESIGN AND METHODS:A vignette experiment with a two-l...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaakinen M,Sirola A,Savolainen I,Oksanen A

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • What is going on in underage drinking? Reflections on Finnish European school survey project on alcohol and other drugs data 1999-2015.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:As alcohol use has decreased among Finnish adolescents, we aim to assess: (i) time trends in alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking (HED) and potential explanatory variables among adolescents; (ii) the relationship between trends of explanatory variables and trends in alcohol use and HED; and (iii) ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raitasalo K,Simonen J,Tigerstedt C,Mäkelä P,Tapanainen H

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Is cannabis a gateway drug? Testing hypotheses about the relationship between cannabis use and the use of other illicit drugs.

    abstract::We outline and evaluate competing explanations of three relationships that have consistently been found between cannabis use and the use of other illicit drugs, namely, (1) that cannabis use typically precedes the use of other illicit drugs; and that (2) the earlier cannabis is used, and (3) the more regularly it is u...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall WD,Lynskey M

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of indicators of potential extra-medical opioid use in people prescribed opioids for chronic non-cancer pain.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The opioid-related behaviours in treatment (ORBIT) scale are a measure of recent indicators of potential extra-medical opioid use. Indicators of potential extra-medical opioid use are divergent practices among people prescribed opioids that may place them at risk of harm. This study aimed to exami...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santo T Jr,Larance B,Bruno R,Gisev N,Nielsen S,Degenhardt L,Campbell G

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cannabis use and psychosis.

    abstract::This paper reviews evidence on two hypotheses about the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis. The first hypothesis is that heavy cannabis use may cause a "cannabis psychosis"-a psychosis that would not occur in the absence of cannabis use, the symptoms of which are preceded by heavy cannabis use and remit a...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall W

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of amphetamine on corrected-QT interval change during methadone maintenance treatment in Taiwan: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Previous studies have suggested that methadone is associated with prolonged corrected-QT (QTc) interval, but published prospective research studies in this area are relatively scarce. This study investigates QTc interval change among methadone maintenance patients and possible associated risk fact...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin NC,Huang CL,Chen CY,Lin TY,Wang HY,Lu YH,Chen LM,Chen VC,Gossop M

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00