Continuity or colonization in Anglo-Saxon England? Isotope evidence for mobility, subsistence practice, and status at West Heslerton.

Abstract:

:The adventus Saxonum is a crucial event in English protohistory. Scholars from a range of disciplines dispute the scale and demographic profile of the purported colonizing population. The 5th-7th century burial ground at West Heslerton, North Yorkshire, is one of the few Anglian cemeteries where an associated settlement site has been identified and subjected to extensive multidisciplinary postexcavation study. Skeletal and grave good evidence has been used to indicate the presence of Scandinavian settlers. A small, preliminary study using lead and strontium isotope analysis of tooth enamel, mineralized in early childhood, from Neolithic/Early Bronze Age (n = 8), Iron Age (n = 2), and Early Anglo-Saxon (n = 32) skeletons, was carried out to directly investigate this hypothesis. Results suggest that lead provides dissimilar types of information in different time periods. In post-Roman England, it appears to reflect the level of exposure to circulated anthropogenic rather than natural geological lead, thus being a cultural rather than geographical marker. Consequently, only strontium provides mobility evidence among the Anglian population, whereas both isotope systems do so in pre-Roman periods. Strontium data imply the presence of two groups: one of "local" and one of "nonlocal" origin, but more work is required to define the limits of local variation and identify immigrants with confidence. Correlations with traditional archaeological evidence are inconclusive. While the majority of juveniles and prehistoric individuals fall within the "local" group, both groups contain juveniles, and adults of both sexes. There is thus no clear support for the exclusively male, military-elite invasion model at this site.

journal_name

Am J Phys Anthropol

authors

Montgomery J,Evans JA,Powlesland D,Roberts CA

doi

10.1002/ajpa.20111

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2005-02-01 00:00:00

pages

123-38

issue

2

eissn

0002-9483

issn

1096-8644

journal_volume

126

pub_type

历史文章,杂志文章
  • Technical note: Stafne static mandibular bone defect-further expression on the buccal aspect of the ramus.

    abstract::The anatomic distribution of the Stafne static mandibular bone defect (SSBD) is extended with a description of a cavitation defect on the buccal ramus of the mandible. The anatomical placement of SSBD thus correlates precisely with the submandibular and parotid salivary glands, and gives further evidence that an incre...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(200003)111:3<425::AID-AJPA

    authors: Shields ED

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Growth and the development of sexual size dimorphism in lorises and galagos.

    abstract::Three fundamental ontogenetic pathways lead to the development of size differences between males and females. Males and females may grow at the same rate for different durations (bimaturism), grow for the same duration at different rates, or grow at a mix of rate and duration differences. While patterns of growth and ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21600

    authors: O'Mara MT,Gordon AD,Catlett KK,Terranova CJ,Schwartz GT

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • A resampling approach and implications for estimating the phalangeal index from unassociated hand bones in fossil primates.

    abstract::Primate fossil assemblages often have metacarpals and phalanges from which functional/behavioral interpretations may be inferred. For example, intrinsic hand proportions can indicate hand function and substrate use. But, estimates of intrinsic hand proportions from unassociated hand elements can be imperfect due to di...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22278

    authors: Venkataraman VV,Rolian C,Gordon AD,Patel BA

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Season of birth affects short- and long-term survival.

    abstract::Recent research findings have highlighted the importance of early life conditions as risk factors for adult diseases and therefore determinants of subsequent survival. Given that individuals born during different seasons in seasonal environments experience different early-developmental conditions, an analysis of the e...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20770

    authors: Muñoz-Tudurí M,García-Moro C

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Tooth wear in Australian aboriginal populations from the River Murray Valley.

    abstract::The study of tooth wear among prehistoric and recent populations has frequently been concerned with the rate and pattern of wear over the dental arches. In this report we considered the question of tooth wear variation among collections of Australian Aboriginal crania recovered from several sites along the Murray Rive...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330790206

    authors: Molnar S,Richards L,McKee J,Molnar I

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stable isotopic analysis of human diet in the Marianas Archipelago, western Pacific.

    abstract::Proportions of marine vs. terrestrial resources in prehistoric human diets in the southern Mariana Islands (Guam, Rota, Saipan), Micronesia, have been estimated by analysis of stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen in bone collagen and of carbon in apatite. The isotopic composition of marine and terrestrial food...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199711)104:3<343::AID-AJPA

    authors: Ambrose SH,Butler BM,Hanson DB,Hunter-Anderson RL,Krueger HW

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Skeletal and dental pathology of free-ranging mountain gorillas.

    abstract::The mountain gorillas of the central Virungas have been the subject of field study for the last 30 years; however, our understanding of morbidity and mortality in these apes is limited. This paper describes pathological conditions of the skeleton and dentition of these animals and evaluates lesions in relation to beha...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330810309

    authors: Lovell NC

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Near eastern neolithic genetic input in a small oasis of the Egyptian Western Desert.

    abstract::The Egyptian Western Desert lies on an important geographic intersection between Africa and Asia. Genetic diversity of this region has been shaped, in part, by climatic changes in the Late Pleistocene and Holocene epochs marked by oscillating humid and arid periods. We present here a whole genome analysis of mitochond...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21078

    authors: Kujanová M,Pereira L,Fernandes V,Pereira JB,Cerný V

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • The use of biocultural data in interpreting sex differences in body proportions among rural Amazonians.

    abstract::Variation in height and body proportions is relatively well-understood at the inter-population level, but less is known about intra-population variation. This study explores intra-population variation in body proportions among 172 (88 female; 84 male) adult rural Amazonians. We test the hypotheses that: (1) stunting i...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21636

    authors: Vercellotti G,Piperata BA

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Interbirth intervals in wild baboons: Environmental predictors and hormonal correlates.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Interbirth intervals (IBIs) are a key metric of female reproductive success; understanding how they are regulated by environmental, social, and demographic factors can provide insight into sources of variance in female fitness. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Using 36 years of reproductive data on 490 IBIs for 160 wi...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23407

    authors: Gesquiere LR,Altmann J,Archie EA,Alberts SC

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Mitochondrial genomics identifies major haplogroups in Aboriginal Australians.

    abstract::We classified diversity in eight new complete mitochondrial genome sequences and 41 partial sequences from living Aboriginal Australians into five haplogroups. Haplogroup AuB belongs to global lineage M, and AuA, AuC, AuD, and AuE to N. Within N, we recognize subdivisions, assigning AuA to haplogroup S, AuD to haplogr...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20426

    authors: van Holst Pellekaan SM,Ingman M,Roberts-Thomson J,Harding RM

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cranial base and jaw relationship.

    abstract::The lateral skull radiographs of 124 boys aged approximately 10 years divided equally between the four angle classes were digitized in an effort to establish the relationship between cranial base size and shape and jaw relationship. Comparison of the means for occlusal groups showed a trend from class II to class III ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330770209

    authors: Kerr WJ,Adams CP

    更新日期:1988-10-01 00:00:00

  • Genotype, phenotype, and developmental biology of molar tooth characters.

    abstract::Primate molar shapes reflect developmental and ecological processes. Development may constrain as well as facilitate evolution of new tooth shapes, affecting how reliable dental characters are in phylogenetic studies. Much of the genetic machinery of development uses the same genes among different organs, including te...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/1096-8644(2000)43:31+<171::aid-ajpa6>3.0.c

    authors: Jernvall J,Jung HS

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fueguian crania and the circum-Pacific rim variation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Fueguians are descendants of the first settlers of America, a 'relict' isolated geographically for 10,000 years. We compared their cranial variation with other Americans, and samples from Asia and Australia to know whether the modern extinct Fueguians can be considered Paleoamericans or not. MATERIALS A...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23207

    authors: Turbon D,Arenas C,Cuadras CM

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cross-sectional growth of young Shipibo Indian children in eastern Peru.

    abstract::This paper reports measurements of weight and recumbent length for a cross-sectional sample of 149 Shipibo infants and children between birth and 35.99 months of age from eight villages in the Peruvian Amazon Basin. The Shipibo are an Amerindian population experiencing a period of local environmental disruption and ra...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330840104

    authors: Hodge LG,Dufour DL

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Growth references for Tsimane forager-horticulturalists of the Bolivian Amazon.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Growth standards and references currently used to assess population and individual health are derived primarily from urban populations, including few individuals from indigenous or subsistence groups. Given environmental and genetic differences, growth may vary in these populations. Thus, there is a need to ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23128

    authors: Blackwell AD,Urlacher SS,Beheim B,von Rueden C,Jaeggi A,Stieglitz J,Trumble BC,Gurven M,Kaplan H

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of the maxillary complex in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).

    abstract::The growth of the maxillary complex of 36 rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively during four defined stages of postnatal development (i.e., infant, juvenile, adolescent, young adult). At each stage, growth was observed during a 24 week period. Since some animals were observed dur...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330440104

    authors: McNamara JA Jr,Riolo ML,Enlow DH

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • Schistosomiasis and hydration status: Schistosoma haematobium, but not Schistosoma mansoni increases urine specific gravity among rural Tanzanian women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Schistosome infections can damage organs important for water homeostasis, especially the kidneys. Urogenital schistosomiasis (caused by Schistosoma haematobium) increases protein and blood in urine and intestinal schistosomiasis (caused by S. mansoni) affects total body water. However, no data exist on how d...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23479

    authors: Rosinger AY,Young SL,Collins SM,Haider SR,Mishra P,Nagai HT,Petro M,Downs JA

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Constraints on masticatory system evolution in anthropoid primates.

    abstract::It is well established that some observed patterns of force production in the primate masticatory system match those predicted by a simplified lever model. This model is also commonly invoked in adaptive explanations of craniodental diversity. However, systematic studies of the predictive power of this model are missi...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199904)108:4<483::AID-AJPA

    authors: Spencer MA

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anthropometric multivariate structure and dermatoglyphic peculiarities in biochemically and morphologically different heterozygous groups.

    abstract::Multivariate analysis of the relationship between degree of heterozygosity at four blood group loci and the morphological variability in a human population was carried out. Additionally, the possibility that dermatoglyphic patterns correlate with biochemical and anthropometric variables was also investigated. A strong...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330700211

    authors: Kobyliansky E,Livshits G

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • Construction and use of an inexpensive "anthropometer".

    abstract::An inexpensive anthropometer, suitable for use in undergraduate projects, was constructed from aluminum rod and components designed from laboratory retort stands. Only modest workshop skills and widely available machine tools were required to produce the device, which could be used to take accurate and reproducible me...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199608)100:4<605::AID-AJPA

    authors: Clarke GS

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • A Y-chromosomal comparison of the Madjars (Kazakhstan) and the Magyars (Hungary).

    abstract::The Madjars are a previously unstudied population from Kazakhstan who practice a form of local exogamy in which wives are brought in from neighboring tribes, but husbands are not, so the paternal lineages remain genetically isolated within the population. Their name bears a striking resemblance to the Magyars who have...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20984

    authors: Bíró AZ,Zalán A,Völgyi A,Pamjav H

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Systematic assessment of a maxilla of Homo from Hadar, Ethiopia.

    abstract::The Hadar site in Ethiopia is a prolific source of hominid fossils attributed to the species Australopithecus afarensis, which spans the period 3.4-3.0 million years (myr) in the Sidi Hakoma, Denen Dora and lower Kada Hadar Members of the Hadar Formation. Since 1992 a major focus of field work conducted at Hadar has c...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199706)103:2<235::AID-AJPA

    authors: Kimbel WH,Johanson DC,Rak Y

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Inbreeding effects on fetal growth in Beirut, Lebanon.

    abstract::Effects of consanguineous marriages on offspring's gestational age and anthropometrics at birth were investigated in Beirut through a hospital-based survey of 1,252 newborns. Twenty-five percent of all newborns were inbred, and the mean inbreeding coefficient was 1.25%. Neither prematurity rate nor weight, length, hea...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330800407

    authors: Khlat M

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Metric dental change in the European upper paleolithic and mesolithic.

    abstract::Evolutionary trends for dental reduction are presented for European Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic samples. The analysis demonstrates that the greatest decrease in tooth size occurs between the two divisions of the Upper Paleolithic, while little and insignificant change characterizes the Late Upper Paleolithic/Meso...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330460114

    authors: Frayer DW

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • A factor analysis of morphogenetic fields in the human dentition.

    abstract::The traditional morphogenetic fields of the human dentition were evaluated by means of factor analysis of dental dimensions taken from a series of human crania. When crown length, crown width and crown index were considered separately, factors emerged which could be identified with the tooth group fields. But a combin...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330420114

    authors: Lombardi AV

    更新日期:1975-01-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: co-detection of Bartonella quintana and Yersinia pestis in an 11th-15th burial site in Bondy, France.

    abstract::Historical and anthropological data suggest that skeletons excavated from an 11th to 15th century mass grave in Bondy, France, may be those of victims of the Great Plague. Using high-throughput real-time PCR investigation of the dental pulp collected from 14 teeth from five such skeletons, we detected Bartonella quint...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21510

    authors: Tran TN,Forestier CL,Drancourt M,Raoult D,Aboudharam G

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of rural and urban children in the valley of Oaxaca, Mexico.

    abstract::Weight, stature, arm circumference, and the triceps skinfold were measured in 1,410 school children, 6 through 14 years of age, from two urban colonias in the city of Oaxaca de Juarez (n = 479), and from two rural Ladino (n = 467) and two rural Zapotec (n = 464) communities in the Valley of Oaxaca in southern Mexico. ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330540305

    authors: Malina RM,Himes JH,Stepick CD,Lopez FG,Buschang PH

    更新日期:1981-03-01 00:00:00

  • Oral health and the postcontact adaptive transition: A contextual reconstruction of diet in Mórrope, Peru.

    abstract::This work explores the effects of European contact on Andean foodways in the Lambayeque Valley Complex, north coast Peru. We test the hypothesis that Spanish colonization negatively impacted indigenous diet. Diachronic relationships of oral health were examined from the dentitions of 203 late-pre-Hispanic and 175 colo...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21179

    authors: Klaus HD,Tam ME

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • No evidence for sex biases in milk macronutrients, energy, or breastfeeding frequency in a sample of Filipino mothers.

    abstract::Maternal reproductive investment includes both the energetic costs of gestation and lactation. For most humans, the metabolic costs of lactation will exceed those of gestation. Mothers must balance reproductive investment in any single offspring against future reproductive potential. Among mammals broadly, mothers may...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22346

    authors: Quinn EA

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00