Bradykinin antagonists have no analgesic effect on incisional pain.

Abstract:

:Bradykinin, an endogenous nonapeptide and an important mediator of inflammation, is also implicated in the initiation and maintenance of pain. Both des-Arg(8), Leu(8)-bradykinin (dALBK) and HOE-140, the prototypic bradykinin B1 and B2 receptor antagonists, respectively, have been shown to reduce pain behaviors and inflammation in animal models of persistent nociception. We studied them for activity against incision-induced pain behaviors in a rat model for postoperative pain. A 1-cm plantar incision was made in the hind paw of halothane-anesthetized rats and closed with 5-0 nylon. Withdrawal responses to punctate and nonpunctate mechanical stimuli were tested with von Frey filaments and a plastic disk attached to a von Frey filament, respectively. Withdrawal latency to radiant heat was also tested. Rats were tested 1 day before the incision, 1 h after the incision, and 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2.5 h after the injection of the drug. They were then retested at the same times before and after the injection of the drug on each of the first 2 postoperative days. The rats received the saline vehicle dALBK (0.1, 0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 mg/kg) or HOE-140 (0.1, 0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 mg/kg) IV. Another group of rats had the drug injected 1 h before incision and tested as above. Statistical significance (P < 0.05) was determined with Kruskal-Wallis test and a two-way analysis of variance. None of the doses of either dALBK or HOE-140 affected the responses to punctate or blunt mechanical stimulation or heat, either as a pretreatment or as a posttreatment. These data support the unique mechanisms for incision-induced pain relative to inflammation-related pain. Although inflammation may represent a component of incisional pain, the etiology of inflammation and its role seem different than in other models.

journal_name

Anesth Analg

journal_title

Anesthesia and analgesia

authors

Leonard PA,Arunkumar R,Brennan TJ

doi

10.1213/01.ANE.0000130348.85587.BE

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-10-01 00:00:00

pages

1166-72, table of contents

issue

4

eissn

0003-2999

issn

1526-7598

pii

99/4/1166

journal_volume

99

pub_type

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