Emotional deficits in military-related PTSD: an investigation of content and process disturbances.


:To expound on the nature of emotional deficits in PTSD, the current study investigated the relationships among emotion content and process variables and PTSD symptomatology in a sample of 85 veterans with military-related trauma. Alexithymic externally oriented thinking and negative affectivity emerged as the most consistent predictors of PTSD symptoms; however, depression was the only variable associated with emotional numbing. Theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed, as well as future research directions including the collateral and clinician assessment of emotional functioning, use of other process measures, and inclusion of various control groups.


J Trauma Stress


Monson CM,Price JL,Rodriguez BF,Ripley MP,Warner RA




Has Abstract


2004-06-01 00:00:00












  • Dissociative processes and symptoms of posttraumatic stress in Vietnam veterans.

    abstract::The diagnostic taxonomy of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a contentious issue. Commentators are divided as to whether PTSD should remain grouped with the anxiety disorders or conceptualized as a dissociative disorder. This study sought to clarify the issue by investigating the extent to which anxiety and diss...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tampke AK,Irwin HJ

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prediction of numbing and effortful avoidance in female rape survivors with chronic PTSD.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationships among numbing, arousal, intrusion, and avoidance in a sample of 272 female rape survivors. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to test a theoretical model, which posits that hyperarousal and numbing are functionally related mechanisms and in...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feuer CA,Nishith P,Resick P

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • The psychological impact of impending forced settler disengagement in Gaza: trauma and posttraumatic growth.

    abstract::The Israeli government's decision to remove settlers in the Gaza Strip forcibly produced a situation of traumatic stress, resulting from confrontation and conflict for settlers. The authors examined the effects of the Gaza disengagement, that occurred following prolonged terrorist exposure, on rates of probable major ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hall BJ,Hobfoll SE,Palmieri PA,Canetti-Nisim D,Shapira O,Johnson RJ,Galea S

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms among Somali women.

    abstract::Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, exposure to traumatic stressors, and health care utilization were examined in 84 women attending a primary health care clinic in Mogadishu, Somalia. The Somalia-Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale was used in this active warzone to measure symptoms. Nearly all women reported h...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Jong K,van der Kam S,Swarthout T,Ford N,Mills C,Yun O,Kleber RJ

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Personal resources, coping self-efficacy, and quake exposure as predictors of psychological distress following the 1999 earthquake in Turkey.

    abstract::This study examined the predictive power of personal resources (i.e., self-esteem, optimism, and perceived control), severity of earthquake experience (i.e., material and human loss and perceived threat), and coping self-efficacy (CSE) on general distress, intrusion, and avoidance symptoms among the survivors of the 1...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sumer N,Karanci AN,Berument SK,Gunes H

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of posttrauma distorted beliefs: evaluating DSM-5 PTSD expanded cognitive symptoms in a national sample.

    abstract::The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013) modified the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including expanding the scope of dysfunctional, posttrauma changes in belief (symptoms D2-persistent negative b...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cox KS,Resnick HS,Kilpatrick DG

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Social Support Moderates the Association Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Duration and Treatment Outcomes in Telemedicine-Based Treatment Among Rural Veterans.

    abstract::For patients participating in trauma-focused psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), such as cognitive processing therapy (CPT), pretreatment characteristics may moderate treatment effectiveness. For instance, preexisting supportive relationships may encourage skill utilization or provide contrasts t...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell SB,Erbes C,Grubbs K,Fortney J

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • The lifetime prevalence of traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder in the Netherlands.

    abstract::Little information exists on the lifetime prevalence of traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the general population of the Netherlands. A national representative sample of 1087 adults aged 18 to 80 years was selected using random digit dialing and then surveyed by telephone using the Composite ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Vries GJ,Olff M

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • More than symptom reduction: changes in executive function over the course of PTSD treatment.

    abstract::Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neuropsychological impairments in multiple cognitive domains, though particularly in executive function. This exploratory study examined whether these cognitive impairments were alleviated following trauma-focused treatment. Fifteen women underwent neuropsychologi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Walter KH,Palmieri PA,Gunstad J

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predictive Validity of ICD-11 PTSD as Measured by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised: A 15-Year Prospective Study of Political Prisoners.

    abstract::The 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11; World Health Organization, 2017) proposes a model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that includes 6 symptoms. This study assessed the ability of a classification-independent measure of posttraumatic stress symptoms, the Impact of Event Sca...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hyland P,Brewin CR,Maercker A

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of multiple victimization among maltreated children in Navy families.

    abstract::The current study examined the cumulative risk associated with children's exposure to multiple types of parent-inflicted victimization. The sample was comprised of 195 children who were 7 to 17 years old (64.1% female and 48.2% non-White) at the time of referral to the United States Navy's Family Advocacy Program due ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grasso DJ,Saunders BE,Williams LM,Hanson R,Smith DW,Fitzgerald MM

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress in Patients With Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators: Results From a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract::Approximately 20% of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to a history of cardiac arrest, device implantation, and ICD shock. There has been very little examination of treatment of PTSD symptoms in these patients. This study evaluated the eff...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ford J,Rosman L,Wuensch K,Irvine J,Sears SF

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Shared traumatic stress and the long-term impact of 9/11 on Manhattan clinicians.

    abstract::A sample of 481 social workers from Manhattan participated in a study of the impact of the September 11, 2001 (9/11) World Trade Center (WTC) attacks. A variety of risk factors associated with posttraumatic stress and secondary trauma were examined in relation to shared traumatic stress (STS), a supraordinate construc...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tosone C,McTighe JP,Bauwens J,Naturale A

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Association of Combat Exposure With Postdeployment Behavioral Health Problems Among U.S. Army Enlisted Women Returning From Afghanistan or Iraq.

    abstract::An association between combat exposure and postdeployment behavioral health problems has been demonstrated among U.S. military service members returning from Afghanistan or Iraq in predominantly male samples, yet few studies have focused on the experiences of women. Using data from the longitudinal, observational Subs...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams RS,Nikitin RV,Wooten NR,Williams TV,Larson MJ

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Implementation of CBT for youth affected by the World Trade Center disaster: matching need to treatment intensity and reducing trauma symptoms.

    abstract::An implementation study of cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) was conducted for traumatized youth in a postdisaster context. Headed by the New York State Office of Mental Health, the study targeted youth (N = 306) ages 5-21 affected by the World Trade Center disaster. They received either trauma-specific CBT or brie...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: CATS Consortium.

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Is Viewing Mass Trauma Television Coverage Associated With Trauma Reactions in Adults and Youth? A Meta-Analytic Review.

    abstract::This study presents the findings of meta-analyses examining the association between viewing mass trauma television coverage and posttraumatic stress (PTS) outcomes as well as acute stress reactions (ASR) among adults and youth. A literature search identified 43 (N = 31,162) studies assessing the association between vi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Pfefferbaum B,Nitiéma P,Newman E

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Development and validation of the sources of trauma-related guilt survey-war-zone version.

    abstract::Despite clinical observations that many veterans have multiple sources of war-related guilt, many problematic guilt issues are commonly not treated or even detected by clinicians. We describe development of a survey that systematically assesses idiosyncratic sources of guilt across the spectrum of events that are pote...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kubany ES,Abueg FR,Kilauano WL,Manke FP,Kaplan AS

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Trajectories Following the Fatal 2011 Christchurch, New Zealand Earthquake.

    abstract::People respond differently to potentially traumatic events. To explore predictors of a chronic and delayed trajectory of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after a natural disaster, we analyzed psychometric data collected from 412 residents of Christchurch, New Zealand after a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck in Febr...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones H,Dorahy MJ,Britt E,Rowlands A,Renouf C,Carter JD,Hanna D

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • A pilot randomized controlled trial assessing secondary prevention of traumatic stress integrated into pediatric trauma care.

    abstract::Medical settings provide opportunities for secondary prevention of traumatic stress and other sequelae of pediatric injury. This pilot randomized trial evaluated the delivery and effectiveness of a targeted preventive intervention based on best practice recommendations and integrated within acute medical care. Hospita...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kassam-Adams N,García-España JF,Marsac ML,Kohser KL,Baxt C,Nance M,Winston F

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • MMPI-2 F scale elevations in adult victims of child sexual abuse.

    abstract::The present study assessed whether the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) F scale elevations may reflect genuine trauma-related distress and/or psychopathology, rather than malingering, in a clinical sample of adult child sexual abuse (CSA) victims. Eighty-eight women seeking outpatient treatment f...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Klotz Flitter JM,Elhai JD,Gold SN

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Self-injury in incarcerated juvenile females: contributions of mental health and traumatic experiences.

    abstract::Despite evidence supporting a connection between child maltreatment and self-injury, there is disagreement regarding a particular connection to sexual abuse because types of trauma exposure often co-occur. To examine these associations efficiently, we considered a sample of incarcerated juvenile females, where rates o...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McReynolds LS,Wasserman GA

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Intolerance of Uncertainty Moderates the Association Between Potentially Morally Injurious Events and Suicide Ideation and Behavior Among Combat Veterans.

    abstract::Exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among combat veterans has been acknowledged as significant stressful combat events that may lead to mental health problems, including self-injurious thoughts and behavior (SITB). However, few studies have examined the risk and protective factors that can explain...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zerach G,Levi-Belz Y

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dimensionality and reliability of the Civilian Mississippi Scale for PTSD in a postearthquake community.

    abstract::This study examines psychometric properties of the Civilian Mississippi Scale for posttraumatic stress disorder when administered in a community survey of 656 persons following the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. Internal consistency was lower (Cronbach's alpha = .73) than for previous analyses of civilian and combat ver...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inkelas M,Loux LA,Bourque LB,Widawski M,Nguyen LH

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assault, PTSD, family substance use, and depression as risk factors for cigarette use in youth: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents.

    abstract::A national household probability sample of 4,023 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years was surveyed by telephone via structured clinical interview to determine the impact of familial substance use, sexual and physical assault, witnessed violence, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on risk of smoking. Result...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Acierno R,Kilpatrick DG,Resnick H,Saunders B,De Arellano M,Best C

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Commentary on the Special Issue on Moral Injury: Advances, Gaps in Literature, and Future Directions.

    abstract::We contextualize and provide commentary on articles in the current issue that address the nature, measurement, and consequences of exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) and moral injury (MI). PMIEs involve acts of commission or omission of oneself and others and can include perpetration of, and fail...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress



    authors: Neria Y,Pickover A

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Introduction to the Special Section on Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD): The Evolution of a Disorder.

    abstract::The inclusion of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases is an important development in the field of psychotraumatology. Complex PTSD was developed as a response to a clinical need to describe difficulties commonly associated with exposure to t...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress



    authors: Karatzias T,Levendosky AA

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of killing in war on mental health symptoms and related functioning.

    abstract::This study examined the mental health and functional consequences associated with killing combatants and noncombatants. Using the National Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study (NVVRS) survey data, the authors reported the percentage of male Vietnam theater veterans (N = 1200) who killed an enemy combatant, civilian, an...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maguen S,Metzler TJ,Litz BT,Seal KH,Knight SJ,Marmar CR

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence of Shared Genome-Wide Additive Genetic Effects on Interpersonal Trauma Exposure and Generalized Vulnerability to Drug Dependence in a Population of Substance Users.

    abstract::Exposure to traumatic experiences is associated with an increased risk for drug dependence and poorer response to substance abuse treatment (Claus & Kindleberger, 2002; Jaycox, Ebener, Damesek, & Becker, 2004). Despite this evidence, the reasons for the observed associations of trauma and the general tendency to be de...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmer RH,Nugent NR,Brick LA,Bidwell CL,McGeary JE,Keller MC,Knopik VS

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Resiliency among individuals with childhood sexual abuse and HIV: perspectives on addressing sexual trauma.

    abstract::This study examined how resiliency (represented by optimism, social support, religiosity, and finding growth and meaning), within the context of perceived impact of sexual trauma and HIV-related stress, was linked to perspectives on addressing trauma among individuals (N=266) with HIV and childhood sexual abuse (CSA)....

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tarakeshwar N,Hansen NB,Kochman A,Fox A,Sikkema KJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Secondary Traumatic Stress in Postdisaster Field Research Interviewers.

    abstract::Numerous studies show that those involved in disaster response may develop posttraumatic stress disorder or experience secondary traumatic stress (STS). There are few reports about the experiences of postdisaster field research interviewers. We report findings from a follow-up study of researchers who conducted postwi...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLennan J,Evans L,Cowlishaw S,Pamment L,Wright L

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00