CYP2E1-mediated mechanism of anti-genotoxicity of the broccoli constituent sulforaphane.

Abstract:

:The broccoli constituent sulforaphane (1-isothiocyanate-4-methylsulfinylbutane) has previously been shown to protect rats against 9,10-dimethyl-1,2-benz[a]anthracene tumorigenesis, thought to be due, at least in part, to induction of phase II detoxification. We investigated the ability of sulforaphane to also inhibit the phase I enzyme cytochrome P450 isoenzyme 2E1 (CYP2E1), which is responsible for activation of several carcinogens, including dialkylnitrosamines. Using the p-nitrophenol hydroxylation assay in microsomes from livers of acetone-treated Sprague-Dawley rats, sulforaphane was shown to be a potent competitive inhibitor of CYP2E1 with a Ki of 37.0 +/- 4.5 microM. In view of this result, we studied the capacity of sulforaphane to inhibit the genotoxicity of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). Sulforaphane at concentrations of > 0.8 microM inhibited the mutagenicity of NDMA (4.4 mg/plate) in Salmonella typhimurium strain TA100 after pre-incubation for 45 min with cytosol extract from livers of Balb/c mice pre-treated with acetone. Unscheduled DNA synthesis induced by NDMA (33.5 microM) in mouse hepatocytes was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by sulforaphane at 0.064-20 microM. Sulforaphane was unable to inhibit mutagenicity of sodium azide (5 micrograms/plate), a direct acting mutagen, in the Salmonella assay. It was not itself genotoxic in hepatocytes, as measured by unscheduled DNA synthesis, or mutagenic in the strain of Salmonella employed and cytotoxic only at high concentrations (> or = 0.5 mM). These findings suggest that inhibition of CYP2E1 by sulforaphane may offer chemoprotection against carcinogenic substrates of this enzyme.

journal_name

Carcinogenesis

journal_title

Carcinogenesis

authors

Barcelo S,Gardiner JM,Gescher A,Chipman JK

doi

10.1093/carcin/17.2.277

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1996-02-01 00:00:00

pages

277-82

issue

2

eissn

0143-3334

issn

1460-2180

journal_volume

17

pub_type

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