Overexpression of secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI) does not modulate experimental osteoarthritis but may be a biomarker for the disease.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Osteoarthritic cartilage destruction can be regulated by the balance between proteases and anti-proteases. Here, we sought to identify novel cellular protease inhibitors associated with osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. METHODS:Candidate molecules were screened from microarray data of chondrocytes treated with OA-associated catabolic factors. The functions of candidate molecules in OA pathogenesis were examined in primary-culture mouse articular chondrocytes and mouse models of OA, such as those stimulated by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) or intra-articular (IA) injection of adenovirus expressing the candidate gene. The value of the selected candidate molecule as a biomarker of OA was examined by measuring its circulating levels in human and mouse blood. RESULTS:Bioinformatic analysis identified secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor (SLPI) as a highly upregulated cellular protease inhibitor in chondrocytes treated with pathogenic catabolic factors, including interleukin (IL)-1β, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2α, and zinc importer ZIP8. The adenovirus-mediated overexpression of SLPI in joint tissues did not cause any OA-like change or modulate DMM- or HIF-2α-induced experimental OA in mice. SLPI also did not markedly modulate the expression of OA-associated catabolic or anabolic factors in chondrocytes. However, SLPI was specifically upregulated in OA cartilage, and the serum SLPI levels were significantly elevated in human OA patients and experimental OA mice, suggesting that SLPI may be a biomarker of OA. CONCLUSION:Although SLPI is upregulated in OA chondrocytes, it does not appear to per se modulate OA development in mice. However, it may be a potential biomarker of OA in humans and animal models.

authors

Kim HE,Shin Y,Jung IJ,Yang JI,Chun CH,Kim HA,Chun JS

doi

10.1016/j.joca.2021.01.003

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-21 00:00:00

eissn

1063-4584

issn

1522-9653

pii

S1063-4584(21)00010-8

pub_type

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