The Negative Impact of Preoperative Chemotherapy on Survival After Esophagectomy for Vulnerable Elderly Patients with Esophageal Cancer.


BACKGROUND:The standard treatment for patients 75 years of age or younger with cStage 2 or 3 esophageal cancer is preoperative chemotherapy followed by esophagectomy. The optimal treatment for elderly patients, especially those considered vulnerable, remains unclear. METHODS:This study retrospectively reviewed the data for 42 patients ages 75-80 years with cStage 2 or 3 esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy between October 2002 and February 2019. The patients who received preoperative chemotherapy were compared with those who did not. The study also examined short- and long-term outcomes and the impact of preoperative chemotherapy on overall survival (OS) stratified by performance status (PS). RESULTS:Of the 42 patients, 18 underwent esophagectomy without preoperative chemotherapy and 24 underwent esophagectomy after preoperative chemotherapy. A significantly greater proportion of the patients with PS 0 received preoperative chemotherapy than the patients with PS 1 (P =0.007). The multivariate analysis showed preoperative chemotherapy to be an independent negative prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR], 5.025; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.136-22.222; P = 0.033). Subgroup analysis showed that preoperative chemotherapy had a significant negative impact on the OS of the patients with PS 1 (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION:Preoperative chemotherapy was ineffective for the patients with PS 0 and had a significantly negative impact on the OS of the patients with PS 1. Preoperative chemotherapy should not be administered to patients 75 years of age or older with cStage 2 or 3 esophageal cancer.


Ann Surg Oncol


Booka E,Haneda R,Ishii K,Tsushima T,Yasui H,Tsubosa Y




Has Abstract


2020-09-02 00:00:00








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