Event-specific impact test protocol for ice hockey goaltender masks.


:Goaltenders in the sport of ice hockey are at high risk for concussions from falls to the ice, player collisions and puck impacts. However, current methods used to certify helmets only consider head accelerations for drop tests which may not describe all common injury mechanisms relating to concussion. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of 3 events associated with concussions for ice hockey goaltenders. A helmeted medium National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE) headform was impacted under conditions representing 3 injury events. Three impact locations' velocities were selected for each event based on video analysis of real-world concussive events. Peak resultant linear acceleration, rotational acceleration and rotational velocity of the headform were measured. The University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model (UCDBTM) was used to calculate maximum principal strain (MPS) and von Mises stress in the cerebrum. Each impact event produced a unique dynamic response and brain stress and strain values. This demonstrates that a single impact event (i.e. falls) cannot adequately describe all impact events. As a result, impact protocols which assess multiple impact events such as the protocol described in this study should be used to evaluate ice hockey goaltender masks.


Sports Biomech


Sports biomechanics


Clark JM,Hoshizaki TB,Gilchrist MD




Has Abstract


2020-08-01 00:00:00












  • Strategies for defending a dribbler: categorisation of three defensive patterns in 1-on-1 basketball.

    abstract::To clarify the defending-dribbler mechanism, the interaction between the dribbler and defender should be investigated. The purposes of this study were to identify variables that explain the outcome (i.e. 'penetrating' and 'guarding') and to understand how defenders stop dribblers by categorising defensive patterns. Te...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fujii K,Yamashita D,Yoshioka S,Isaka T,Kouzaki M

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Kinematics and electromyographic activity of horse riders during various cross-country jumps in equestrian.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to identify the key biomechanical patterns (functional muscles and kinematics) of amateur horse riders during various cross-country jumps in equestrian. Eleven riders first performed a control condition that corresponded to jumps over three different obstacles (log wall, brush and tree ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fortier Guillaume J,Laroche D,Babault N

    更新日期:2019-04-17 00:00:00

  • Magnitude and reliability of mechanical outputs obtained during loaded squat jumps performed from different knee angles.

    abstract::This study aimed to explore the effect of the knee angle and loading condition on the magnitude and reliability of squat jump (SJ) performance variables. Thirteen male sport sciences students performed in a random order 4 SJ types (knee angle of 80º [SJ80], 90º [SJ90], 100º [SJ100], and self-preferred [SJpref]) agains...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Janicijevic DN,Knezevic OM,Mirkov DM,Pérez-Castilla A,Petrovic MR,García-Ramos A

    更新日期:2019-06-24 00:00:00

  • Is passive drag dependent on the interaction of kayak design and paddler weight in flat-water kayaking?

    abstract::Drag is one of the major factors that influences kayaking performance. To focus on the drag of the kayak's hull shape and the paddlers' weight per se, the passive drag (Dp) was measured on a flat-water sprint course for one paddler with added weights. Dp was measured by an electromechanical towing device using a load ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomes BB,Conceição FA,Pendergast DR,Sanders RH,Vaz MA,Vilas-Boas JP

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acceleration profile of an acrobatic act during training and shows using wearable technology.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to describe the mechanical characteristics of a trampoline circus act and its individual tracks performed in training and shows using a tri-axial accelerometer. A track is an artist's specific role within a choreographed act. Seven male acrobats performed their trampoline act during train...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barker L,Burnstein B,Mercer J

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of weighted vests and sled towing on sprint kinematics.

    abstract::In this study, we compared sprint kinematics of sled towing and vest sprinting with the same relative loads. Twenty athletes performed 30-m sprints in three different conditions: (a) un-resisted, (b) sled towing, and (c) vest sprinting. During sled towing and vest sprinting, external loads of 15% and 20% of body mass ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cronin J,Hansen K,Kawamori N,McNair P

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sex differences in gluteal muscle forces during running.

    abstract::Sex differences in common sports injuries to the lower extremity have been reported. Biomechanical factors of the hip have been investigated between sexes with regard to running-related injury. This study investigates gluteal muscle forces between sexes to aid in our understanding of sex-related biomechanical factors ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vannatta CN,Kernozek TW

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • Shock and impact reduction in moderate and strenuous landing activities.

    abstract::Shock reduction has been well studied in moderate activities such as walking and running. However, there is a clear lack of research concerning shock wave transmission and reduction in more strenuous landing activities. In this study, we examined the impact of shock transmission and reduction in landing activities wit...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang S,Derrick TR,Evans W,Yu YJ

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • An observational model for biomechanical assessment of sprint kayaking technique.

    abstract::Sprint kayaking stroke phase descriptions for biomechanical analysis of technique vary among kayaking literature, with inconsistencies not conducive for the advancement of biomechanics applied service or research. We aimed to provide a consistent basis for the categorisation and analysis of sprint kayak technique by p...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McDonnell LK,Hume PA,Nolte V

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Use of deterministic models in sports and exercise biomechanics research.

    abstract::A deterministic model is a modeling paradigm that determines the relationships between a movement outcome measure and the biomechanical factors that produce such a measure. This review provides an overview of the use of deterministic models in biomechanics research, a historical summary of this research, and an analys...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chow JW,Knudson DV

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Time-motion analysis of goalball players in attacks: differences of the player positions and the throwing techniques.

    abstract::In this study, we aimed to analyse goalball players time-motion variables (distance covered, time spent, maximum and average velocities) in official goalball match attacks, taking into account the attack phases (preparation and throwing), player position (centres and wings) and throwing techniques (frontal, spin and b...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monezi LA,Magalhães TP,Morato MP,Mercadante LA,Furtado OLPDC,Misuta MS

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Test-retest reliability of the Tekscan® F-Scan® 7 in-shoe plantar pressure system during treadmill walking in healthy recreationally active individuals.

    abstract::In-shoe plantar pressure systems are commonly used in clinical and research settings to assess foot function during functional tasks. Recently, Tekscan® has updated their F-Scan® in-shoe plantar pressure system; however, this system's test-retest reliability has not been established. Therefore, the purpose of this stu...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick K,Donovan L

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Contribution of the tibialis posterior and peroneus longus to inter-segment coordination of the foot during single-leg drop jump.

    abstract::Abnormal foot motion is considered to be related to sports related injuries. This study aimed to identify the relationship between calf muscle activity and inter-segment coordination of the foot during single-leg drop jumps. Eleven healthy men participated and performed single-leg drop jumps from a 30-cm box. Muscle a...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Akuzawa H,Imai A,Iizuka S,Matsunaga N,Kaneoka K

    更新日期:2020-08-31 00:00:00

  • The influence of club-head kinematics on early ball flight characteristics in the golf drive.

    abstract::Despite many coaching and biomechanical texts describing how the kinematics of the club-head at impact lead to distance and accuracy of the ball flight, there is limited quantitative evidence supporting these assertions. The purpose of this study was to quantify the relationships between club-head kinematics and subse...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sweeney M,Mills P,Alderson J,Elliott B

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of gravity on biomechanics in flywheel squat and leg press.

    abstract::Resistance exercise on Earth commonly involves both body weight and external load. When developing exercise routines and devices for use in space, the absence of body weight is not always adequately considered. This study compared musculoskeletal load distribution during two flywheel resistance knee-extension exercise...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sjöberg M,Berg HE,Norrbrand L,Andersen MS,Gutierrez-Farewik EM,Sundblad P,Eiken O

    更新日期:2020-06-05 00:00:00

  • Association between knee-to-hip flexion ratio during single-leg vertical landings, and strength and range of motion in professional soccer players.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to test the correlation between knee-to-hip flexion ratio during a single leg landing task and hip and knee strength, and ankle range of motion. Twenty-four male participants from a professional soccer team performed a continuous single leg jump-landing test during 10s, while lower limb kinem...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leporace G,Tannure M,Zeitoune G,Metsavaht L,Marocolo M,Souto Maior A

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • THERABANDTM® CLX gold reduces knee-width index and range of motion during overhead, barbell squatting.

    abstract::This study examined the influence of the TherabandTM CLX gold band on lower-limb muscle activity and kinematics during an overhead barbell squat. Participants performed two sets (band and no-band) of 12 repetitions of overhead barbell squats at 25% bodyweight. Three-dimensional kinematics were measured using motion ca...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Forman DA,Forman GN,Button DC,Holmes MWR

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • Three-dimensional kinematics analysis of blind football kicking.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to identify critical technical points that lead to increased ball speed in a maximal toe kick with no run-up (a 'static kick') in blind football. Six visually impaired male players and eight sighted male players participated in the experiment. All participants wore a blindfold to fully re...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakuma T,Kobayashi M,Kinoshita H,Matsui Y,Kobayashi Y,Watanabe M

    更新日期:2020-09-07 00:00:00

  • Comment on "Use of deterministic models in sports and exercise biomechanics research" by Chow and Knudson (2011).

    abstract::Although deterministic models may provide a useful starting point for sports biomechanists examining the mechanical aspects of athletic performance, they have inherent weaknesses that limit their proctical application. Specifically, their inability to provide substantive information about coordinative movement pattern...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 评论,信件


    authors: Glazier PS,Robins MT

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Intra-limb coordinative adaptations in cycling.

    abstract::This study aimed to establish the nature of lower extremity intra-limb coordination variability in cycling and to investigate the coordinative adaptations that occur in response to changes in cadence and work rate. Six trained and six untrained males performed nine pedalling bouts on a cycle ergometer at various caden...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sides D,Wilson C

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of the strain rate on mechanical properties of tendon structures in knee extensors and plantar flexors in vivo.

    abstract::The purpose of present study was to investigate site differences in the effects of strain rate on tendon properties between knee extensors and plantar flexors. Elongation of tendon structures (L) in vastus lateralis and medial gastrocnemius muscles was measured by ultrasonography while participants performed ramp and ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kouno M,Ishigaki T,Ikebukuro T,Yata H,Kubo K

    更新日期:2019-06-24 00:00:00

  • Biomechanical analysis of the sidearm throwing motion for distance of a flying disc: a comparison of skilled and unskilled ultimate players.

    abstract::Joint angles of the throwing limb were examined from the acceleration phase up until release for the sidearm throwing motion when using a flying disc. 17 individuals (ten skilled, seven unskilled) threw a disc as far as possible ten times. Throwing motions were recorded using three-dimensional high-speed videography. ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sasakawa K,Sakurai S

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Alterations in scapulothoracic and humerothoracic kinematics during the tennis serve in adolescent players with a history of shoulder problems.

    abstract::The tennis serve generates high musculoskeletal loads at the shoulder complex, making athletes particularly vulnerable to chronic injuries, especially adolescent players. Chronic injuries are commonly related to altered scapular kinematics. This study explored the effects of a history of shoulder problems involving hu...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gillet B,Begon M,Diger M,Berger-Vachon C,Rogowski I

    更新日期:2018-11-09 00:00:00

  • Reliability of horizontal force-velocity-power profiling during short sprint-running accelerations using radar technology.

    abstract::Radar technology can be used to perform horizontal force-velocity-power profiling during sprint-running. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability of radar-derived profiling results from short sprint accelerations. Twenty-seven participants completed three 30 m sprints (intra-day analysis), and nine parti...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simperingham KD,Cronin JB,Pearson SN,Ross A

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a fulcrum methodology to replicate the lateral ankle sprain mechanism and measure dynamic inversion speed.

    abstract::When the ankle is forced into inversion, the speed at which this movement occurs may affect the extent of injury. The purpose of this investigation was to develop a fulcrum device to mimic the mechanism of a lateral ankle sprain and to determine the reliability and validity of the temporal variables produced by this d...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Knight AC,Weimar WH

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of speed on temporal patterns in classical style and freestyle cross-country skiing.

    abstract::The purpose was to study the adaptation to speed in the temporal patterns of the movement cycle and determine any differences in velocity, cycle rate and cycle length at the maximum speed level in the different classical style and freestyle cross-country skiing techniques. Eight skilled male cross-country skiers were ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Nilsson J,Tveit P,Eikrehagen O

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of a device designed to measure braking power in bicycle disc brakes.

    abstract::Real-world cycling performance depends not only on exercise capacities, but also on efficiently traversing the bicycle through the terrain. The aim of this study was to determine if it was possible to quantify the braking done by a cyclist in the field. One cyclist performed 408 braking trials (348 on a flat road; 60 ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller MC,Fink PW,Macdermid PW,Perry BG,Stannard SR

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Biomechanical comparisons of back and front squats with a straight bar and four squats with a transformer bar.

    abstract::The purpose was to quantify trunk and lower extremity biomechanics among back and front squats with a straight bar and four squats with different anterior-posterior load placements imposed by a transformer bar. Ten males and eight females performed six squat conditions: back and front squats with a straight bar, back ...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goršič M,Rochelle LE,Layer JS,Smith DT,Novak D,Dai B

    更新日期:2020-11-09 00:00:00

  • Is soccer kick performance better after a "faking" (cutting) maneuver task?

    abstract::Cutting in soccer is a common skill used to avoid the opponent's pressure but the potential effects of such a skill on instep kicking performance have not been previously investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in lower limb biomechanics between straight approach soccer kicks and kicks p...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Katis A,Kellis E

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of skating kinetics and kinematics on ice and on a synthetic surface.

    abstract::The recent popularization and technological improvements of synthetic or artificial ice surfaces provide an attractive alternative to real ice in venues where the latter is impractical to install. Potentially, synthetic ice (SI) may be installed in controlled laboratory settings to permit detailed biomechanical analys...

    journal_title:Sports biomechanics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stidwill TJ,Pearsall D,Turcotte R

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00