The landscape of fear: Why some free-ranging rodents choose repeated live-trapping over predation risk and how it is associated with the physiological stress response.


:Live trapping is an essential element of field ecological studies. However, the act of trapping provides two types of conditional benefits (food from the bait when hungry, and refuge from a predator when threatened) against one type of drawback (confinement). Our understanding of how animals assess the two benefits against the lone risk determines how we interpret classic field studies in chemical ecology and wildlife management. Here, we studied wood mice responses to these risks and rewards of field trapping by examining experience through recapture and faecal corticosterone metabolites (FCM) as a physiological response indicator. Wood mice were live-trapped in two different plots subjected to two distinct phases: phase 1, absence of predator cues, and phase 2, in which traps were treated with red fox faeces. During phase 1, the recapture percentage was lower indicating that mice avoided traps while FCM levels in recaptured mice were higher. On the contrary, during phase 2, despite the total number of captures was lower we found an increase in the recapture percentage and FCM levels did not increase in recaptured mice. Our results suggest that under increased risk perception traps could be likely considered as a suitable shelter and thus, for some individuals the benefits of traps may outweigh their risks. In addition, we discovered that the effects of combining two stressors do not result in the addition of the response originated by each factor separately.


Behav Processes


Behavioural processes


Hernández MC,Navarro-Castilla Á,Planillo A,Sánchez-González B,Barja I




Has Abstract


2018-12-01 00:00:00












  • The ontogeny of acoustic individuality in the nasal calls of captive goitred gazelles, Gazella subgutturosa.

    abstract::Individualistic voices are important for establishing personalized relationships among individuals. In young animals, individual vocal identity is affected by permanent changes of the acoustics due to the growth of their vocal apparatus. Different acoustic variables change uncoordinatedly, so vocal individuality shoul...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lapshina EN,Volodin IA,Volodina EV,Frey R,Efremova KO,Soldatova NV

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Aggressive behavior variation and experience effects in three families of juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis).

    abstract::To assess how variable is the aggressive behavior among families (A, B, and C) and the experience effect of fighting among juvenile Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis), we performed a total of 36 pairs of intrafamily and interfamily contests between three families of Eriocheir sinensis, qualifying and quantifying...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Y,Jiang Q,Fan S,Sun N,Li XD,Zheng Y

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Lateralization in the predatory behaviour of the common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis).

    abstract::Ectotherms have been shown being lateralized as well as mammals and birds. This is particularly evident in visual lateralization, i.e. the different use of the eyes, leading to use a specific eye to observe specific kind of stimuli and to process them with the correspondent contralateral hemisphere. Several lower vert...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonati B,Csermely D,Romani R

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Discrimination of shape and size sues by day-old chicks in two one-trial learning tasks.

    abstract::The ability of day-old chicks (Gallus gallus domesticus) to discriminate between the shape and size of beads was investigated in two one-trial tasks, taste avoidance and sickness-conditioned learning. Previous studies determined that color is a critical classification cue for conditioned stimuli in these tasks. In tas...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barber TA

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Elevated testosterone levels affect female breeding success and yolk androgen deposition in a passerine bird.

    abstract::Although it is well documented that testosterone (T) is an important mediator in the regulation of behaviour in male vertebrates, its functional significance in females is less understood. Experimentally increased T in adult female birds has been found to have both advantageous and detrimental effects on behaviour and...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: López-Rull I,Gil D

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of choice, and vulnerability and recovery in addiction.

    abstract::Addiction may be viewed as choice governed by competing contingencies. One factor impacting choice, particularly as it relates to addiction, is sensitivity to delayed rewards. Discounting of delayed rewards influences addiction vulnerability because of competition between relatively immediate gains of drug use, e.g. i...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lamb RJ,Maguire DR,Ginsburg BC,Pinkston JW,France CP

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Food deprivation enhances both autoshaping and autoshaping impairment by a latent inhibition procedure.

    abstract::The influence of food deprivation on acquisition of autoshaped operant behavior was measured. In one study separate groups of young, male rats that were deprived to 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, and 95% of ad lib weight were subjected to an autoshaping procedure in which a 6 s delay was interposed between lever retraction (whic...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sparber SB,Bollweg GL,Messing RB

    更新日期:1991-02-01 00:00:00

  • Characterizing spatial extinction in an abbreviated version of the Barnes maze.

    abstract::Adult male Wistar rats were trained to find an escape box in the Barnes maze in order to characterize the extinction process of a learned spatial preference. To do so, once they had fully acquired the spatial task, they were repeatedly exposed to the maze without the escape box. Multiple behavioral measurements (group...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vargas-López V,Lamprea MR,Múnera A

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal and structural features of infant calls in relation to caregiving behaviour in common marmosets, Callithrix j. jacchus.

    abstract::The role of infants in the communal rearing system of marmosets and tamarins has received little attention although their demands may not be complied by inadequate helpers. As acoustic signalling plays an important role in their social communication, it is expected to be an effective way for infants to signal their de...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Geiss S,Schrader L

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Incentive salience attribution under reward uncertainty: A Pavlovian model.

    abstract::There is a vast literature on the behavioural effects of partial reinforcement in Pavlovian conditioning. Compared with animals receiving continuous reinforcement, partially rewarded animals typically show (a) a slower development of the conditioned response (CR) early in training and (b) a higher asymptotic level of ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Anselme P

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective cognition in animals.

    abstract::The debate about whether or not animals have foresight has focused on whether animals can be shown to have episodic future thinking, that is the ability to travel mentally in time and see themselves in the future. This focus has distracted from consideration of other forms of foresight that animals demonstrate. We pro...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Raby CR,Clayton NS

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of age on the courtship, copulation, and fecundity of Pardosa pseudoannulata (Araneae: Lycosidae).

    abstract::According to sexual selection theory, age affects the preference of mate choice, and this preference ultimately influences the fecundity of the female. Pardosa pseudoannulata (Araneae: Lycosidae) is a valued predator in many cropping systems. By determining oviposition rate, egg hatching rate, and also the number and ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang X,Zhao Y,Yan Q,Li C,Jiang Q,Yun Y,Peng Y

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ethological analyses of the effects of naloxone and the opiate antagonist ICI 154, 129 on social interactions in male house mice.

    abstract::The influences of the mu blocker naloxone and the novel opioid delta receptor antagonist ICI, 154, 129 on videotaped encounters between individually-housed, male Swiss mice and anosmic male 'standard opponents' were assessed using a variety of ethological analyses. The effects of drugs were studied on individual eleme...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brain PF,Brain S,Benton D

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • Stealing of dunked food in Carib grackles (Quiscalus lugubris).

    abstract::The use of tool or tool-like food processing behaviours can render animals vulnerable to theft (kleptoparasitism) because (1) large, nutritious items are usually involved, (2) value is added to the food due to long and/or complex handling, and (3) physical control of items is often temporarily lost during handling. In...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morand-Ferron J,Veillette M,Lefebvre L

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Quantity discrimination in canids: Dogs (Canis familiaris) and wolves (Canis lupus) compared.

    abstract::Accumulating evidence indicates that animals are able to discriminate between quantities. Recent studies have shown that dogs' and coyotes' ability to discriminate between quantities of food items decreases with increasing numerical ratio. Conversely, wolves' performance is not affected by numerical ratio. Cross-speci...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miletto Petrazzini ME,Wynne CDL

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Distress of mice induces approach behavior but has an aversive property for conspecifics.

    abstract::In the first experiment, approach/avoidance behavior of mice to a restrained cage mate was examined. The mice explored the restrained mates but they did not stay longer at the restrained mates in comparison to free moving mates. Conditioned Place Preference (CPP) training in the presence of a restrained mate did not r...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watanabe S

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dominance hierarchy establishment in the invasive round goby, Neogobius melanostomus.

    abstract::Organisms living at high densities may be forced to engage in conflict for access to resources such as food or shelter. When these resources are limited, the outcome of interactions may have important fitness implications. We investigated the behavioural interactions of the invasive Round Goby (Neogobius melanostomus)...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maytin AK,Ligocki IY

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Super-resurgence: ABA renewal increases resurgence.

    abstract::Previously extinguished operant responding recurs under both resurgence and renewal procedures, but the effects of combining these procedures on recurrence has not been studied. Because renewal and resurgence are known to independently produce response recurrence, we examined whether greater resurgence would occur if ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kincaid SL,Lattal KA,Spence J

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Females sing more often and at higher frequencies than males in Australian magpies.

    abstract::Birdsong is a particularly useful model for animal communication studies. However, current knowledge is derived mainly from the study of male song, and is therefore incomplete. Here, we investigated whether singing behaviour differs between sexes in the cooperatively breeding Western Australian magpie (Gymnorhina tibi...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dutour M,Ridley AR

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Intraexperimental development of priming and event related potentials effects with abstract geometrical stimuli.

    abstract::In the current study we assessed the possibility of developing intraexperimentally behavioral priming and Event Related Potentials (ERP) effects that are often studied with stimuli to which participants typically have a very extensive pre-experimental history, like words. To do so we used abstract geometrical figures ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ortu D,Vaidya M

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Activite operante et locomotrice chez des rats eleves dans des milieux differents.

    abstract::Male and female rats of the inbred August and Fischer strains were reared during two months after weaning either in a standard laboratory environment (controls) or in a more complex environment (treated animals). The performance of these rats was measured afterwards in an operant conditioning situation with positive r...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Will B,Ungerer A,Pallaud B,Ropartz P

    更新日期:1977-12-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative analysis of auditory perception in humans and songbirds: a modular approach.

    abstract::We propose that a relatively small number of perceptual skills underlie human perception of music and speech. Humans and songbirds share a number of features in the development of their auditory communication systems. These similarities invite comparisons between species in their auditory perceptual skills. Here, we s...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weisman R,Hoeschele M,Sturdy CB

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of early electrical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus on the delayed acquisition of approach and avoidance learning tasks in the rat.

    abstract::Three experiments indicated the effects of an early bilateral stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus on later learning behaviour of male rats. The animals were stimulated at 15 days of age and tested during the sixth week of life. Stimulated rats showed an improvement of performances in acquisition of a food-reinforc...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Velley L,Manciet G,Cardo B

    更新日期:1978-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of distracter preexposure on the reset of an internal clock.

    abstract::Interruptions and unfamiliar events (distracters) during a timed signal disrupt (delay) timing in humans and other animals. We hypothesized that repeated exposure to a stimulus may reduce its subsequent time-disrupting properties. To test this hypothesis rats were trained in a reversed peak-interval (RPI) procedure, i...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buhusi CV,Matthews AR

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Personality and physiological traits predict contest interactions in Kryptolebias marmoratus.

    abstract::Personality and physiological traits often have close relationships with dominance status, but the significance and/or direction of the relationships vary between studies. This study examines whether two personality traits (aggressiveness and boldness) and three physiological traits (testosterone and cortisol levels a...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li CY,Tseng YC,Chen YJ,Yang Y,Hsu Y

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Does intraspecific competition among Allenby's gerbils lead to an Ideal Free Distribution across foraging patches?

    abstract::Employing the Ideal Free Distribution (IFD) principle as a tool, we investigated how Allenby's gerbils (Gerbillus andersoni allenbyi) utilized food patches within and moved between connected quadrants (i.e., 'habitats') in a large outdoor semi-natural enclosure. These habitats differed in initial forager densities, bu...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Makin DF,Kotler BP

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Les Sequences De Remplacement Chez Ctenodactylus gundi: Competition Ou Cooperation?

    abstract::Ctenodactylus gundi, a colonial rodent inhabiting saharian Atlas, is often seen standing at the top of the rocks. At more or less regular intervals, another conspecific is taking the place of the "resident" animal. This relief impues only amicable reliationships and is to be considered as a kind of cooperation. The fu...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gouat P,Ggouat J

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human choice under schedules of negative reinforcement.

    abstract::The generalized matching equation provides a good description of response allocation in concurrent schedules of positive reinforcement in nonhumans as well as in humans. The present experiment was conducted to further investigate the allocation of responding under concurrent schedules of negative reinforcement (i.e., ...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alessandri J,Cançado CR

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Fear reactions of domestic sheep confronted with either a human or a human-like model.

    abstract::Fear reactions of ewes towards a human, a human-like model or a control (plastic cylinder 1.95 m high) were studied using a test previously designed and validated, in which 16 behavioural parameters have been interpreted as indicators of fear (e.g. a relatively long time spent away from the stimulus) or absence of fea...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouissou MF,Vandenheede M

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Imitation in rats (Rattus norvegicus): The role of demonstrator action.

    abstract::In a bidirectional control procedure, rats had their first opportunity to push a joystick immediately after observing, from an adjacent compartment, the joystick moving 50 times either to the right or to the left, with each movement signalling the delivery of inaccessible food. Half of these animals observed the joyst...

    journal_title:Behavioural processes

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heyes CM,Jaldow E,Nokes T,Dawson GR

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00