A glossary for big data in population and public health: discussion and commentary on terminology and research methods.

Abstract:

:The volume and velocity of data are growing rapidly and big data analytics are being applied to these data in many fields. Population and public health researchers may be unfamiliar with the terminology and statistical methods used in big data. This creates a barrier to the application of big data analytics. The purpose of this glossary is to define terms used in big data and big data analytics and to contextualise these terms. We define the five Vs of big data and provide definitions and distinctions for data mining, machine learning and deep learning, among other terms. We provide key distinctions between big data and statistical analysis methods applied to big data. We contextualise the glossary by providing examples where big data analysis methods have been applied to population and public health research problems and provide brief guidance on how to learn big data analysis methods.

authors

Fuller D,Buote R,Stanley K

doi

10.1136/jech-2017-209608

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-11-01 00:00:00

pages

1113-1117

issue

11

eissn

0143-005X

issn

1470-2738

pii

jech-2017-209608

journal_volume

71

pub_type

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