Cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) running the gauntlet: an evaluation of translocations into free-range environments in Namibia.


:Following dramatic range and population declines, the cheetah is Africa's most endangered large felid. In Namibia, private land managers still trap cheetahs but increasingly consider moving animals instead of killing them. Across Africa, managers have translocated perceived conflict carnivores for decades, but rarely evaluated their actions. We analyse the outcomes of 15 cheetah translocations (for 23 adults and 10 dependent offspring) into free-range environments in Namibia. We released cheetahs at an average distance of 419.6 km ± 216.1 km SD (range: 71-816 km) after captive periods ranging from 1-1,184 days (350.6 days ± 439.0 days SD). An individual's ability to survive the first year predominantly determined the overall translocation success of 40%. Post-release conflict and homing had less impact on success. Cheetah survival was lowest in the first three months after release. Human persecution (50% of deaths) and spotted hyaenas (29% of deaths) had the highest effect on survival. The degree of habituation to humans acquired during captivity significantly influenced chances of survival. Cheetahs surviving the initial post-release period (∼90 days) often settled into ranges and females reproduced successfully. However, all individuals exhibited extensive movements, frequently roaming >4,000 km(2) in the first six months after release (with a maximum of 19,743 km(2) in 112 days), resulting in low release site fidelity. Soft release and larger recipient area size did not improve site fidelity. Based on these outcomes, we evaluated which unfenced conservation areas in Namibia could potentially receive cheetahs. We found that there are currently few public and/or private reserves large enough to contain the movement profiles we observed in this study. This suggests that most translocations will result in cheetahs re-entering farmlands where they face a high risk of persecution. In conclusion, translocations into unconfined areas can successfully conserve individual cheetahs. Due to high mortality and unpredictable outcomes, however, conservation efforts need to focus on improving tolerance of cheetahs in commercial livestock and game farming areas in order to reduce the number of indiscriminately trapped animals.






Weise FJ,Lemeris JR Jr,Munro SJ,Bowden A,Venter C,van Vuuren M,van Vuuren RJ




Has Abstract


2015-10-22 00:00:00












  • A supertree pipeline for summarizing phylogenetic and taxonomic information for millions of species.

    abstract::We present a new supertree method that enables rapid estimation of a summary tree on the scale of millions of leaves. This supertree method summarizes a collection of input phylogenies and an input taxonomy. We introduce formal goals and criteria for such a supertree to satisfy in order to transparently and justifiabl...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Redelings BD,Holder MT

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • C9orf72, a protein associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor.

    abstract::Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD), two late onset neurodegenerative diseases, have been shown to share overlapping cellular pathologies and genetic origins. Studies suggest that a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the first intron of the C9orf72 gene is the most common cause of fam...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iyer S,Subramanian V,Acharya KR

    更新日期:2018-10-17 00:00:00

  • A new p-terphenyl derivative from the insect-derived fungus Aspergillus candidus Bdf-2 and the synergistic effects of terphenyllin.

    abstract::A new p-terphenyl derivative 4″-deoxy-2'-methoxyterphenyllin (1), along with six known p-terphenyl derivatives (2-7), a known flavonoid derivative dechlorochlorflavonin (8) and a known fellutanine A (9), were isolated from the insect-derived strain of the fungus Aspergillus candidus Bdf-2, associated with Blaptica dub...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shan T,Wang Y,Wang S,Xie Y,Cui Z,Wu C,Sun J,Wang J,Mao Z

    更新日期:2020-01-02 00:00:00

  • Diversity and evolution of the endosymbionts of Bemisia tabaci in China.

    abstract::The whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a cryptic species complex, including members that are pests of global importance. This study presents a screening of B. tabaci species in China for infection by the primary endosymbiont, Portiera aleyrodidarum, and two secondary endosymbionts, Arsenop...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tang XT,Cai L,Shen Y,Du YZ

    更新日期:2018-08-29 00:00:00

  • Non-invasive cortisol measurements as indicators of physiological stress responses in guinea pigs.

    abstract::Non-invasive measurements of glucocorticoid (GC) concentrations, including cortisol and corticosterone, serve as reliable indicators of adrenocortical activities and physiological stress loads in a variety of species. As an alternative to invasive analyses based on plasma, GC concentrations in saliva still represent s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nemeth M,Pschernig E,Wallner B,Millesi E

    更新日期:2016-01-18 00:00:00

  • Transcriptome-wide identification and characterization of the Sox gene family and microsatellites for Corbicula fluminea.

    abstract::The Asian clam, Corbicula fluminea, is a commonly consumed small freshwater bivalve in East Asia. However, available genetic information of this clam is still limited. In this study, the transcriptome of female C. fluminea was sequenced using the Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform. A total of 89,563 unigenes were assembled ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu C,Zhang L,Ding H,Pan Z

    更新日期:2019-10-22 00:00:00

  • A framework for smartphone-enabled, patient-generated health data analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Digital medicine and smartphone-enabled health technologies provide a novel source of human health and human biology data. However, in part due to its intricacies, few methods have been established to analyze and interpret data in this domain. We previously conducted a six-month interventional trial examinin...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gollamudi SS,Topol EJ,Wineinger NE

    更新日期:2016-08-02 00:00:00

  • Genome analysis of quorum sensing Cedecea neteri SSMD04 leads to identification of its novel signaling synthase (cneI), cognate receptor (cneR) and an orphan receptor.

    abstract::Cedecea neteri is a very rare human pathogen. We have isolated a strain of C. neteri SSMD04 from pickled mackerel sashimi identified using molecular and phenotypics approaches. Using the biosensor Chromobacterium violaceum CV026, we have demonstrated the presence of short chain N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) type quo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tan KH,Tan JY,Yin WF,Chan KG

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of genes and underlying mechanisms involved in foam cells formation and atherosclerosis development.

    abstract:Background:Foam cells (FCs) play crucial roles in the process of all stages of atherosclerosis. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and macrophages are the major sources of FCs. This study aimed to identify the common molecular mechanism in these two types of FCs. Methods:GSE28829, GSE43292, GSE68021, and GSE54666 were include...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang K,Qin X,Zhou X,Zhou J,Wen P,Chen S,Wu M,Wu Y,Zhuang J

    更新日期:2020-11-17 00:00:00

  • Water permeability/impermeability in seeds of 15 species of Caragana (Fabaceae).

    abstract::Majority legumes in the temperate and arctic zones have water-impermeable seeds (physical dormancy, PY). However, various authors have reported that seeds of some Caragana species are water-permeable and thus non-dormant. We (1) tested seeds of 15 species of Caragana matured in the same site in 2014, 2016 and/or 2017 ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen D,Zhang R,Baskin CC,Hu X

    更新日期:2019-05-09 00:00:00

  • Ecological interactions and the Netflix problem.

    abstract::Species interactions are a key component of ecosystems but we generally have an incomplete picture of who-eats-who in a given community. Different techniques have been devised to predict species interactions using theoretical models or abundances. Here, we explore the K nearest neighbour approach, with a special empha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Desjardins-Proulx P,Laigle I,Poisot T,Gravel D

    更新日期:2017-08-10 00:00:00

  • Effects of trapping effort and trap placement on estimating abundance of Humboldt's flying squirrels.

    abstract::Live trapping is a common tool used to assess demography of small mammals. However, live-trapping is often expensive and stressful to captured individuals. Thus, assessing the relative tradeoffs among study goals, project expenses, and animal well-being is necessary. Here, we evaluated how apparent bias and precision ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weldy MJ,Wilson TM,Lesmeister DB,Epps CW

    更新日期:2019-10-03 00:00:00

  • Human feeding biomechanics: performance, variation, and functional constraints.

    abstract::The evolution of the modern human (Homo sapiens) cranium is characterized by a reduction in the size of the feeding system, including reductions in the size of the facial skeleton, postcanine teeth, and the muscles involved in biting and chewing. The conventional view hypothesizes that gracilization of the human feedi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ledogar JA,Dechow PC,Wang Q,Gharpure PH,Gordon AD,Baab KL,Smith AL,Weber GW,Grosse IR,Ross CF,Richmond BG,Wright BW,Byron C,Wroe S,Strait DS

    更新日期:2016-07-26 00:00:00

  • A detailed observation of the ejection and retraction of defense tissue acontia in sea anemone (Exaiptasia pallida).

    abstract::Acontia, located in the gastrovascular cavity of anemone, are thread-like tissue containing numerous stinging cells which serve as a unique defense tissue against predators of the immobile acontiarian sea anemone. Although its morphology and biological functions, such as defense and digestion, have been studied, the d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lam J,Cheng YW,Chen WU,Li HH,Chen CS,Peng SE

    更新日期:2017-02-21 00:00:00

  • Cetaceans along the southeastern Brazilian coast: occurrence, distribution and niche inference at local scale.

    abstract::It is deemed important to understand cetacean occurrence and distribution to comprehend their ecological roles. The geographical occurrence of species' niche can be used to better describe their potential distribution. The niche can be defined using environmental variables. Those variables are considered static and no...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Figueiredo GCE,do Amaral KB,Santos MCO

    更新日期:2020-10-05 00:00:00

  • A horizon scan of future threats and opportunities for pollinators and pollination.

    abstract::Background. Pollinators, which provide the agriculturally and ecologically essential service of pollination, are under threat at a global scale. Habitat loss and homogenisation, pesticides, parasites and pathogens, invasive species, and climate change have been identified as past and current threats to pollinators. Ac...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown MJ,Dicks LV,Paxton RJ,Baldock KC,Barron AB,Chauzat MP,Freitas BM,Goulson D,Jepsen S,Kremen C,Li J,Neumann P,Pattemore DE,Potts SG,Schweiger O,Seymour CL,Stout JC

    更新日期:2016-08-09 00:00:00

  • Morpho-physiological traits, biochemical response and phytoextraction potential of short-term copper stress on kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) seedlings.

    abstract::Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a fibrous crop, grown in tropical climate having huge biomass and can be a good candidate for the phytoremediation of different heavy metals. Consequently, the present study was conducted to explore morpho-physiological traits, photosynthetic pigments, gaseous exchange attributes, ant...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saleem MH,Fahad S,Rehman M,Saud S,Jamal Y,Khan S,Liu L

    更新日期:2020-01-30 00:00:00

  • The effects of set volume during isolated lumbar extension resistance training in recreationally trained males.

    abstract::Background/Aim. Exercise designed to condition the lumbar extensor musculature is often included in resistance training (RT) programs. It is suggested that deconditioning of this musculature may be linked to low back pain. Thus effective means of conditioning these muscles are of interest to pursue. Evidence suggests ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steele J,Fitzpatrick A,Bruce-Low S,Fisher J

    更新日期:2015-03-31 00:00:00

  • Phylogenomic analysis of 589 metagenome-assembled genomes encompassing all major prokaryotic lineages from the gut of higher termites.

    abstract::"Higher" termites have been able to colonize all tropical and subtropical regions because of their ability to digest lignocellulose with the aid of their prokaryotic gut microbiota. Over the last decade, numerous studies based on 16S rRNA gene amplicon libraries have largely described both the taxonomy and structure o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hervé V,Liu P,Dietrich C,Sillam-Dussès D,Stiblik P,Šobotník J,Brune A

    更新日期:2020-02-13 00:00:00

  • First use of molecular evidence to match sexes in the Monstrilloida (Crustacea: Copepoda), and taxonomic implications of the newly recognized and described, partly Maemonstrilla-like females of Monstrillopsis longilobata Lee, Kim & Chang, 2016.

    abstract::Two forms of the monstrilloid copepod, one represented by males, the other by females, were dominant among the monstrilloids collected while sampling zooplankton with a light trap in southern coastal waters of Korea. Morphological examination revealed that the males are conspecific with the previously reported and rat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jeon D,Lim D,Lee W,Soh HY

    更新日期:2018-06-13 00:00:00

  • Plant host and drought shape the root associated fungal microbiota in rice.

    abstract:Background and Aim:Water is an increasingly scarce resource while some crops, such as paddy rice, require large amounts of water to maintain grain production. A better understanding of rice drought adaptation and tolerance mechanisms could help to reduce this problem. There is evidence of a possible role of root-associ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andreo-Jimenez B,Vandenkoornhuyse P,Lê Van A,Heutinck A,Duhamel M,Kadam N,Jagadish K,Ruyter-Spira C,Bouwmeester H

    更新日期:2019-09-11 00:00:00

  • Termite mound architecture regulates nest temperature and correlates with species identities of symbiotic fungi.

    abstract:Background:Large and complex mounds built by termites of the genus Macrotermes characterize many dry African landscapes, including the savannas, bushlands, and dry forests of the Tsavo Ecosystem in southern Kenya. The termites live in obligate symbiosis with filamentous fungi of the genus Termitomyces. The insects coll...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vesala R,Harjuntausta A,Hakkarainen A,Rönnholm P,Pellikka P,Rikkinen J

    更新日期:2019-01-16 00:00:00

  • Microbial communities respond to experimental warming, but site matters.

    abstract::Because microorganisms are sensitive to temperature, ongoing global warming is predicted to influence microbial community structure and function. We used large-scale warming experiments established at two sites near the northern and southern boundaries of US eastern deciduous forests to explore how microbial communiti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cregger MA,Sanders NJ,Dunn RR,Classen AT

    更新日期:2014-04-24 00:00:00

  • Neuroblastomas in Eastern China: a retrospective series study of 275 cases in a regional center.

    abstract:Purpose:Most studies on neuroblastoma (NB) have been conducted in Western countries or Japan. The objective of our study was to analyze clinical and pathological features, MYCN status, surgical methods, and prognosis in Chinese NB patients. Methods:A retrospective, single-center case series study of 275 NBs was implem...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma Y,Zheng J,Feng J,Chen L,Dong K,Xiao X

    更新日期:2018-09-17 00:00:00

  • Aboveground carbon in Quebec forests: stock quantification at the provincial scale and assessment of temperature, precipitation and edaphic properties effects on the potential stand-level stocking.

    abstract::Biological carbon sequestration by forest ecosystems plays an important role in the net balance of greenhouse gases, acting as a carbon sink for anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about the abiotic environmental factors (including climate) that control carbon storage in temperate and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duchesne L,Houle D,Ouimet R,Lambert MC,Logan T

    更新日期:2016-03-03 00:00:00

  • Coronatine inhibits stomatal closure and delays hypersensitive response cell death induced by nonhost bacterial pathogens.

    abstract::Pseudomonas syringae is the most widespread bacterial pathogen in plants. Several strains of P. syringae produce a phytotoxin, coronatine (COR), which acts as a jasmonic acid mimic and inhibits plant defense responses and contributes to disease symptom development. In this study, we found that COR inhibits early defen...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Ishiga Y,Clermont K,Mysore KS

    更新日期:2013-02-12 00:00:00

  • Evolution of genes involved in feeding preference and metabolic processes in Calliphoridae (Diptera: Calyptratae).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The genotype-phenotype interactions among traits governing feeding preference are of fundamental importance to behavioral genetics and evolutionary biology. The genetic basis of behavioral traits has been explored in different taxa using different approaches. However, the complex nature of the genetic mechan...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cardoso GA,Marinho MA,Monfardini RD,Espin AM,Torres TT

    更新日期:2016-10-27 00:00:00

  • Early swelling response to phytohemagglutinin is lower in older toads.

    abstract::The effects of age on performance of life-history traits are diverse, but a common outcome is senescence, an irreversible deterioration of physical and physiological capabilities of older individuals. Immune response is potentially bound to senescence. However, little is known about immune response ageing in amphibian...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zamora-Camacho FJ,Comas M

    更新日期:2018-12-20 00:00:00

  • Gene signatures with predictive and prognostic survival values in human osteosarcoma.

    abstract::Osteosarcoma is a common malignancy seen mainly in children and adolescents. The disease is characterized by poor overall prognosis and lower survival due to a lack of predictive markers. Many gene signatures with diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive values were evaluated to achieve better clinical outcomes. Two pub...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qiu Z,Du X,Chen K,Dai Y,Wang S,Xiao J,Li G

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • Using 3D printed eggs to examine the egg-rejection behaviour of wild birds.

    abstract::The coevolutionary relationships between brood parasites and their hosts are often studied by examining the egg rejection behaviour of host species using artificial eggs. However, the traditional methods for producing artificial eggs out of plasticine, plastic, wood, or plaster-of-Paris are laborious, imprecise, and p...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Igic B,Nunez V,Voss HU,Croston R,Aidala Z,López AV,Van Tatenhove A,Holford ME,Shawkey MD,Hauber ME

    更新日期:2015-05-26 00:00:00