Human choice under schedules of negative reinforcement.

Abstract:

:The generalized matching equation provides a good description of response allocation in concurrent schedules of positive reinforcement in nonhumans as well as in humans. The present experiment was conducted to further investigate the allocation of responding under concurrent schedules of negative reinforcement (i.e., timeouts from pressing a force cell) in humans. Each of three participants was exposed to different reinforcement ratios (9:1, 1:1 and 1:9) in the terminal links of a concurrent-chains schedule of negative reinforcement. The allocation of responding under this schedule was well described by the generalized matching equation, for each participant. These results replicate previous findings obtained with nonhumans and humans under concurrent schedules of positive reinforcement. In addition, they extend the results reported by Alessandri and Rivière (2013) showing that human behavior maintained by timeouts from an effortful response is sensitive to changes in relative reinforcement ratios as well as relative delays of reinforcement.

journal_name

Behav Processes

journal_title

Behavioural processes

authors

Alessandri J,Cançado CR

doi

10.1016/j.beproc.2015.10.015

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-12-01 00:00:00

pages

70-3

eissn

0376-6357

issn

1872-8308

pii

S0376-6357(15)30060-7

journal_volume

121

pub_type

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