Motivation for smoking cessation among drug-using smokers under methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam.


BACKGROUND:Smoking cessation treatment service is concerned to be a critical element in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in order to diminish the effect of smoke on health outcomes. To implement the smoking cessation services in Vietnam, we examined the stages of change to quit and determined associated factors among MMT patients. METHODS:We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 1016 MMT patients in five clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh province, of those, 932 (91.7%) were ever-smokers. Patients were classified into four groups: "pre-contemplation," "contemplation," "preparation," and "action and maintenance" by using the transtheoretical model. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the associated factor for intention and action to quit smoking. RESULTS:Overall, 96% were not actively trying to quit or maintain abstinence. Age older than 45, HIV-positive status, and residence in Hanoi were negatively associated with intention to quit. Meanwhile, higher levels of nicotine dependence and number of years of smoking negatively associated with quitting and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS:The study indicated the high rate of MMT smokers being in pre-contemplation stage but low proportion of quitting and maintaining abstinence. It emphasizes the importance of availability and accessibility of information about smoking cessation therapies and services. Integrating cessation programs into health-care services should be considered to provide tailored interventions for different patient groups.


Harm Reduct J


Harm reduction journal


Tran BX,Nguyen LH,Do HP,Nguyen NP,Phan HT,Dunne M,Latkin C




Has Abstract


2015-10-30 00:00:00










  • Peer-delivered harm reduction and recovery support services: initial evaluation from a hybrid recovery community drop-in center and syringe exchange program.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recovery from substance use disorder (SUD) is often considered at odds with harm reduction strategies. More recently, harm reduction has been categorized as both a pathway to recovery and a series of services to reduce the harmful consequences of substance use. Peer recovery support services (PRSS) are effec...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ashford RD,Curtis B,Brown AM

    更新日期:2018-10-22 00:00:00

  • Perceived acceptability of and willingness to use syringe vending machines: results of a cross-sectional survey of out-of-service people who inject drugs in Tbilisi, Georgia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The growing HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe and Central Asia has been driven by high rates of injection drug use. The Republic of Georgia has among the highest injection drug use rates globally, with a prevalence of 2.24%. The reach of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions like needle and syringe progra...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Otiashvili D,Kirtadze I,Vardanashvili I,Tabatadze M,Ober AJ

    更新日期:2019-03-21 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of drug users regarding hepatitis C screening and care: a qualitative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Illicit drug users have a high prevalence of HCV and represent the majority of newly infected persons in the U.S. Despite the availability of effective HCV treatment, few drug users have been evaluated or treated for HCV. Racial and ethnic minorities have a higher incidence and prevalence of HCV and higher H...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jordan AE,Masson CL,Mateu-Gelabert P,McKnight C,Pepper N,Bouche K,Guzman L,Kletter E,Seewald RM,Des-Jarlais DC,Sorensen JL,Perlman DC

    更新日期:2013-06-20 00:00:00

  • The Washington Needle Depot: fitting healthcare to injection drug users rather than injection drug users to healthcare: moving from a syringe exchange to syringe distribution model.

    abstract::Needle exchange programs chase political as well as epidemiological dragons, carrying within them both implicit moral and political goals. In the exchange model of syringe distribution, injection drug users (IDUs) must provide used needles in order to receive new needles. Distribution and retrieval are co-existent in ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Small D,Glickman A,Rigter G,Walter T

    更新日期:2010-01-04 00:00:00

  • Strategies for recruiting injection drug users for HIV prevention services in Delhi, India.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We utilized multiple recruitment approaches to recruit IDUs in a longitudinal cohort study to examine HIV incidence and behavior change pre- and post-introduction of comprehensive HIV prevention services. METHODS:IDUs were recruited through peer referral, targeted outreach by outreach workers (ORWs) and as ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tun W,Sebastian MP,Sharma V,Madan I,Souidi S,Lewis D,Thior I,Sarna A

    更新日期:2013-09-25 00:00:00

  • Policy makers ignoring science and scientists ignoring policy: the medical ethical challenges of heroin treatment.

    abstract::A decade of research in Switzerland, The Netherlands, Germany, and Spain now constitutes a massive body of work supporting the use of heroin treatment for the most difficult patients addicted to opiates. These trials concur on this method's safety and efficacy and are now serving as a prelude to the institution of her...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Small D,Drucker E,Editorial for Harm Reduction Journal.

    更新日期:2006-05-02 00:00:00

  • Implementation of a medical student-run telemedicine program for medications for opioid use disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The COVID-19 pandemic led to the closure of the IDEA syringe services program medical student-run free clinic in Miami, Florida. In an effort to continue to serve the community of people who inject drugs and practice compassionate and non-judgmental care, the students transitioned the clinic to a model of Te...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castillo M,Conte B,Hinkes S,Mathew M,Na CJ,Norindr A,Serota DP,Forrest DW,Deshpande AR,Bartholomew TS,Tookes HE

    更新日期:2020-11-17 00:00:00

  • A review of HIV prevention among young injecting drug users: A guide for researchers.

    abstract::Young people aged 15-24 years account for fifty percent of all new AIDS cases worldwide. Moreover, half of all new HIV infections are associated with injection drug use. The average age for initiation into injecting drug use is 20 years of age. This paper investigates whether HIV prevention programs have reduced risk ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Niven H

    更新日期:2005-03-17 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological interventions in the treatment of the acute effects of cannabis: a systematic review of literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interactions in this condition. OBJECTIVE:To review the available scientific literature concerning pharmacolog...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crippa JA,Derenusson GN,Chagas MH,Atakan Z,Martín-Santos R,Zuardi AW,Hallak JE

    更新日期:2012-01-25 00:00:00

  • Associating conditional cash transfer to universal access to treatment could be the solution to the HCV epidemic among drug users (DUs).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To understand the limits of HCV screening programs to reach all drug users (DUs). METHOD:The association of the recruitment of a representative sample of a population of DUs in a specific area with the use of a questionnaire that included 250 items allowed the use of uni- and multifactorial analysis to expl...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chossegros P,Di Nino F

    更新日期:2018-12-12 00:00:00

  • Adult tobacco use practice and its correlates in eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is paucity of data on the smoking habits of rural populations in developing countries. This study aimed to explore cigarette smoking practices of a rural community in Ethiopia. METHODS:A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 548 individuals from a random sample of households in a r...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reda AA,Kotz D,Biadgilign S

    更新日期:2013-10-31 00:00:00

  • Thwarting science by protecting the received wisdom on tobacco addiction from the scientific method.

    abstract:: In their commentary, Dar and Frenk call into question the validity of all published data that describe the onset of nicotine addiction. They argue that the data that describe the early onset of nicotine addiction is so different from the conventional wisdom that it is irrelevant. In this rebuttal, the author argues t...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 社论


    authors: Difranza JR

    更新日期:2010-11-04 00:00:00

  • Aiming at Tobacco Harm Reduction: a survey comparing smokers differing in readiness to quit.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Greece has the highest smoking rates (in the 15-nation bloc) in Europe. The purpose of this study was to investigate Greek smokers' intention and appraisal of capability to quit employing the theoretical frameworks of Decisional Balance (DB) and Cognitive Dissonance (CD). METHODS:A cross-sectional study inc...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loumakou M,Brouskeli V,Sarafidou JO

    更新日期:2006-03-29 00:00:00

  • Introducing hepatitis C virus healthcare pathways in addiction care in the Netherlands with a Breakthrough project: a mixed method study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionally affected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the Netherlands, active HCV transmission in PWID has practically been halted but uptake of HCV testing and linkage to care remains insufficient in this risk group. A national HCV in Addiction Care (HAC)...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kracht PAM,de Gee EA,van der Poel A,Verhagen MAMT,Hoepelman AIM,Croes EA,Arends JE

    更新日期:2019-07-15 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C bio-behavioural surveys in people who inject drugs-a systematic review of sensitivity to the theoretical assumptions of respondent driven sampling.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:New, more effective and better-tolerated therapies for hepatitis C (HCV) have made the elimination of HCV a feasible objective. However, for this to be achieved, it is necessary to have a detailed understanding of HCV epidemiology in people who inject drugs (PWID). Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) can provid...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Buchanan R,Khakoo SI,Coad J,Grellier L,Parkes J

    更新日期:2017-07-11 00:00:00

  • Geographic distribution of risk ("Hotspots") for HIV, HCV, and drug overdose among persons who use drugs in New York City: the importance of local history.

    abstract:AIMS:To identify geographic "hotspots" for potential transmission of HIV and HCV and for drug overdose among persons who use heroin and cocaine in New York City and to examine historical continuities in problem drug use hotspots in the city. METHODS:A total of 2714 study participants were recruited among persons enter...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Des Jarlais DC,McKnight C,Arasteh K,Feelemyer J,Ross Z,Cooper HLF

    更新日期:2019-09-02 00:00:00

  • Predictors of continued HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy program in China--a prospective study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To examine the predictors of continued drug- and sex-related HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) programs in China. METHODS:We followed a sample of 5,035 drug users enrolled for the first time in MMT programs at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months utilizing a longitudina...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen W,Xia Y,Hong Y,Hall BJ,Ling L

    更新日期:2013-10-10 00:00:00

  • Opioid tolerance in methadone maintenance treatment: comparison of methadone and levomethadone in long-term treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to investigate the development of opioid tolerance in patients receiving long-term methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). METHODS:A region-wide cross-sectional study was performed focusing on dosage and duration of treatment. Differences between racemic methadone and levomethadone were exam...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutwinski S,Schoofs N,Stuke H,Riemer TG,Wiers CE,Bermpohl F

    更新日期:2016-02-16 00:00:00

  • Are empty methadone bottles empty? An analytic study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Methadone maintenance treatment is the most widely prescribed treatment for opiate dependence with proven benefits for patients. In naïve users or in case of recreational misuse, methadone can be a source of potentially lethal intoxications, resulting in fatal overdoses. A few cases of infantile intoxication...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dupuy G,Cavalcanti L,Bourgogne E,Brichant-Petitjean C,Gomberoff L,Bloch V,Bellivier F,Lépine JP,Laprévote O,Vorspan F

    更新日期:2014-07-02 00:00:00

  • Barriers and facilitators to hepatitis C (HCV) screening and treatment-a description of prisoners' perspective.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global epidemic with an estimated 71 million people infected worldwide. People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented in prison populations globally and have higher levels of HCV infection than the general population. Despite increased access to primary health care...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Crowley D,Van Hout MC,Lambert JS,Kelly E,Murphy C,Cullen W

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV-1 infection among people who inject drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a sign of successful intervention?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prevalence of HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) has been reported to be higher than that of the general population. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of HIV infection and associated risk factors among PWID in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, following the introduction of a comprehen...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Likindikoki SL,Mmbaga EJ,Leyna GH,Moen K,Makyao N,Mizinduko M,Mwijage AI,Faini D,Leshabari MT,Meyrowitsch DW

    更新日期:2020-03-24 00:00:00

  • Buprenorphine therapy in the setting of induced opioid withdrawal from oral naltrexone: a case report.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently present to the emergency department for acute treatment of overdose and withdrawal. CASE PRESENTATION:A 29-year-old male presented to the emergency room after intravenous heroin use followed by accidental ingestion of naltrexone. He was treated with bupreno...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Szczesniak LM,Calleo VJ,Sullivan RW

    更新日期:2020-10-07 00:00:00

  • Stigmatization among methadone maintenance treatment patients in mountainous areas in northern Vietnam.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Stigma and discrimination may adversely affect the benefits of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) for drug users, especially in disadvantaged settings. This study assessed stigma and discrimination against MMT patients in the mountainous and rural areas in Vietnam and explored their associated factors to ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Nguyen H,Nguyen HL,Mai HT,Le HQ,Tran BX,Hoang CD,Le HT,Nguyen CT,Tran TD,Latkin CA,Vu TM

    更新日期:2017-01-06 00:00:00

  • A cohort study evaluating the association between concurrent mental disorders, mortality, morbidity, and continuous treatment retention for patients in opioid agonist treatment (OAT) across Ontario, Canada, using administrative health data.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Due to the high prevalence of mental disorders among people with opioid use disorder, the objective of this study was to determine the association between concurrent mental disorders, mortality, morbidity, and continuous treatment retention for patients in opioid agonist treatment in Ontario, Canada. METHOD...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morin KA,Eibl JK,Gauthier G,Rush B,Mushquash C,Lightfoot NE,Marsh DC

    更新日期:2020-07-23 00:00:00

  • Public attitudes towards gambling product harm and harm reduction strategies: an online study of 16-88 year olds in Victoria, Australia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organisations and researchers, community groups, and politicians have argued for a range of regulatory and...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas SL,Randle M,Bestman A,Pitt H,Bowe SJ,Cowlishaw S,Daube M

    更新日期:2017-07-25 00:00:00

  • Does harm reduction programming make a difference in the lives of highly marginalized, at-risk drug users?

    abstract::Harm reduction is a controversial model for treating drug users, with little formal research available on its operation and effectiveness. In order to advance the field, we first conducted participatory research of harm reduction with 120 clients using nominal-group technique to develop culturally relevant outcomes to...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogers SJ,Ruefli T

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE:The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk f...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jardine M,Crofts N,Monaghan G,Morrow M

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00

  • A qualitative exploration of travel-related risk behaviours of injection drug users from two Slovene regions.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This qualitative study of travel-related risk behaviours of Slovene injection drug users was based on interviews with individuals enrolled in drug addiction treatment programmes run by three regional centres for prevention and treatment of drug addiction. The primary objective of the study was to analyse beh...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kostnapfel T,Svab I,Rotar DP

    更新日期:2011-04-17 00:00:00

  • A national model of remote care for assessing and providing opioid agonist treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: a report.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Health services globally are struggling to manage the impact of COVID-19. The existing global disease burden related to opioid use is significant. Particularly challenging groups include older drug users who are more vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19. Increasing access to safe and effective opioid agonis...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crowley D,Delargy I

    更新日期:2020-07-17 00:00:00

  • Pharmacology, physiology and performance: occupational drug use and HIV risk among female entertainment and sex workers in Cambodia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In Cambodia, HIV prevalence among female entertainment and sex workers (FESW) is up to twenty times higher than in the general population. Use of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) has been associated with increased risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in key populations, including FESW. Whil...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dixon TC,Ngak S,Stein E,Carrico A,Page K,Maher L

    更新日期:2015-10-16 00:00:00