Motivation for smoking cessation among drug-using smokers under methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam.


BACKGROUND:Smoking cessation treatment service is concerned to be a critical element in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in order to diminish the effect of smoke on health outcomes. To implement the smoking cessation services in Vietnam, we examined the stages of change to quit and determined associated factors among MMT patients. METHODS:We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 1016 MMT patients in five clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh province, of those, 932 (91.7%) were ever-smokers. Patients were classified into four groups: "pre-contemplation," "contemplation," "preparation," and "action and maintenance" by using the transtheoretical model. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the associated factor for intention and action to quit smoking. RESULTS:Overall, 96% were not actively trying to quit or maintain abstinence. Age older than 45, HIV-positive status, and residence in Hanoi were negatively associated with intention to quit. Meanwhile, higher levels of nicotine dependence and number of years of smoking negatively associated with quitting and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS:The study indicated the high rate of MMT smokers being in pre-contemplation stage but low proportion of quitting and maintaining abstinence. It emphasizes the importance of availability and accessibility of information about smoking cessation therapies and services. Integrating cessation programs into health-care services should be considered to provide tailored interventions for different patient groups.


Harm Reduct J


Harm reduction journal


Tran BX,Nguyen LH,Do HP,Nguyen NP,Phan HT,Dunne M,Latkin C




Has Abstract


2015-10-30 00:00:00










  • "Until people start dying in droves, no actions will be taken": perception and experience of HIV-preventive measures among people who inject drugs in northwestern Russia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Russia continues to spread. This exploratory study examines how HIV-prevention measures are perceived and experienced by PWID in the northwestern region of Russia. METHODS:Purposive sampling was used to obtain a variety of cases that could reflect pos...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meylakhs P,Aasland A,Grønningsæter A

    更新日期:2017-06-05 00:00:00

  • Motivations, facilitators and barriers to accessing hepatitis C treatment among people who inject drugs in two South African cities.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Treatment of hepatitis C (HCV) among people who inject drugs (PWID) is a critical component of efforts to eliminate viral hepatitis. A recent study found high HCV prevalence among PWID in two cities, Pretoria (84%) and Cape Town (44%). Very few (< 5%) HCV-infected individuals attended follow-up appointments....

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Versfeld A,McBride A,Scheibe A,Spearman CW

    更新日期:2020-06-10 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological interventions in the treatment of the acute effects of cannabis: a systematic review of literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interactions in this condition. OBJECTIVE:To review the available scientific literature concerning pharmacolog...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crippa JA,Derenusson GN,Chagas MH,Atakan Z,Martín-Santos R,Zuardi AW,Hallak JE

    更新日期:2012-01-25 00:00:00

  • Community-based HIV prevention research among substance-using women in survival sex work: the Maka Project Partnership.

    abstract::Substance-using women who exchange sex for money, drugs or shelter as a means of basic subsistence (ie. survival sex) have remained largely at the periphery of HIV and harm reduction policies and services across Canadian cities. This is notwithstanding global evidence of the multiple harms faced by this population, in...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shannon K,Bright V,Allinott S,Alexson D,Gibson K,Tyndall MW,Maka Project Partnership.

    更新日期:2007-12-08 00:00:00

  • Smoking marijuana in public: the spatial and policy shift in New York City arrests, 1992-2003.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:During the 1990s, the New York Police Department (NYPD) greatly expanded arrests for smoking marijuana in public view (MPV). By 2000, MPV accounted for 15% of all arrests. The NYPD's supporters report this arrest activity is just part of quality-of-life (QOL) policing, which seeks to promote order in public ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Golub A,Johnson BD,Dunlap E

    更新日期:2006-08-04 00:00:00

  • Adult tobacco use practice and its correlates in eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is paucity of data on the smoking habits of rural populations in developing countries. This study aimed to explore cigarette smoking practices of a rural community in Ethiopia. METHODS:A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 548 individuals from a random sample of households in a r...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reda AA,Kotz D,Biadgilign S

    更新日期:2013-10-31 00:00:00

  • How do drug users define their progress in harm reduction programs? Qualitative research to develop user-generated outcomes.

    abstract::BACKGROUND: Harm reduction is a relatively new and controversial model for treating drug users, with little formal research on its operation and effectiveness. In order to advance the study of harm reduction programs and our understanding of how drug users define their progress, qualitative research was conducted to d...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruefli T,Rogers SJ

    更新日期:2004-08-26 00:00:00

  • Preventing opioid overdose with peer-administered naloxone: findings from a rural state.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In response to the opioid epidemic, naloxone distribution programs aim to prevent overdose death by making naloxone available and training people to use it. Peers of individuals at risk of opioid overdose are well-positioned to administer naloxone and prevent overdose death. METHODS:We conducted key informa...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hanson BL,Porter RR,Zöld AL,Terhorst-Miller H

    更新日期:2020-01-09 00:00:00

  • Medical cannabis use in the Australian community following introduction of legal access: the 2018-2019 Online Cross-Sectional Cannabis as Medicine Survey (CAMS-18).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In 2016, the Australian federal government passed legislation enabling a range of cannabis-based products to be prescribed to patients by registered healthcare professionals. An online survey conducted immediately prior to these legislative changes found that the vast majority of respondents at the time were...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lintzeris N,Mills L,Suraev A,Bravo M,Arkell T,Arnold JC,Benson MJ,McGregor IS

    更新日期:2020-06-08 00:00:00

  • Are empty methadone bottles empty? An analytic study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Methadone maintenance treatment is the most widely prescribed treatment for opiate dependence with proven benefits for patients. In naïve users or in case of recreational misuse, methadone can be a source of potentially lethal intoxications, resulting in fatal overdoses. A few cases of infantile intoxication...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dupuy G,Cavalcanti L,Bourgogne E,Brichant-Petitjean C,Gomberoff L,Bloch V,Bellivier F,Lépine JP,Laprévote O,Vorspan F

    更新日期:2014-07-02 00:00:00

  • Introducing hepatitis C virus healthcare pathways in addiction care in the Netherlands with a Breakthrough project: a mixed method study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:People who inject drugs (PWID) are disproportionally affected by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the Netherlands, active HCV transmission in PWID has practically been halted but uptake of HCV testing and linkage to care remains insufficient in this risk group. A national HCV in Addiction Care (HAC)...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kracht PAM,de Gee EA,van der Poel A,Verhagen MAMT,Hoepelman AIM,Croes EA,Arends JE

    更新日期:2019-07-15 00:00:00

  • Novel remote electronic medication supply model for opioid-dependent outpatients with polypharmacy--first long-term case study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with substance use disorders grow older thanks to effective treatments. Together with a high prevalence of comorbidities, psychological problems, and low social support, these patients are at high risk for medication non-adherence. Established treatment facilities face challenges to accommodate thes...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allemann SS,Dürsteler KM,Strasser J,Vogel M,Stoeckle M,Hersberger KE,Arnet I

    更新日期:2017-08-16 00:00:00

  • The Washington Needle Depot: fitting healthcare to injection drug users rather than injection drug users to healthcare: moving from a syringe exchange to syringe distribution model.

    abstract::Needle exchange programs chase political as well as epidemiological dragons, carrying within them both implicit moral and political goals. In the exchange model of syringe distribution, injection drug users (IDUs) must provide used needles in order to receive new needles. Distribution and retrieval are co-existent in ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Small D,Glickman A,Rigter G,Walter T

    更新日期:2010-01-04 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV-1 infection among people who inject drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a sign of successful intervention?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prevalence of HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) has been reported to be higher than that of the general population. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of HIV infection and associated risk factors among PWID in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, following the introduction of a comprehen...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Likindikoki SL,Mmbaga EJ,Leyna GH,Moen K,Makyao N,Mizinduko M,Mwijage AI,Faini D,Leshabari MT,Meyrowitsch DW

    更新日期:2020-03-24 00:00:00

  • Methodology for the Randomised Injecting Opioid Treatment Trial (RIOTT): evaluating injectable methadone and injectable heroin treatment versus optimised oral methadone treatment in the UK.

    abstract::Whilst unsupervised injectable methadone and diamorphine treatment has been part of the British treatment system for decades, the numbers receiving injectable opioid treatment (IOT) has been steadily diminishing in recent years. In contrast, there has been a recent expansion of supervised injectable diamorphine progra...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lintzeris N,Strang J,Metrebian N,Byford S,Hallam C,Lee S,Zador D,RIOTT Group.

    更新日期:2006-09-27 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction--the cannabis paradox.

    abstract::This article examines harm reduction from a novel perspective. Its central thesis is that harm reduction is not only a social concept, but also a biological one. More specifically, evolution does not make moral distinctions in the selection process, but utilizes a cannabis-based approach to harm reduction in order to ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Melamede R

    更新日期:2005-09-22 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE:The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk f...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jardine M,Crofts N,Monaghan G,Morrow M

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00

  • A review of HIV prevention among young injecting drug users: A guide for researchers.

    abstract::Young people aged 15-24 years account for fifty percent of all new AIDS cases worldwide. Moreover, half of all new HIV infections are associated with injection drug use. The average age for initiation into injecting drug use is 20 years of age. This paper investigates whether HIV prevention programs have reduced risk ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Niven H

    更新日期:2005-03-17 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction and "clean" community: can Viet Nam have both?

    abstract::The findings of our research show that while police play multiple roles in the fight against drug-related crime, they often perceived their tasks - especially preventing and controlling drug use on the one hand, and supporting harm reduction on the other - as contradictory, and this creates tensions in their work and ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khuat TH,Nguyen VA,Jardine M,Moore T,Bui TH,Crofts N

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00

  • Implementation of a medical student-run telemedicine program for medications for opioid use disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The COVID-19 pandemic led to the closure of the IDEA syringe services program medical student-run free clinic in Miami, Florida. In an effort to continue to serve the community of people who inject drugs and practice compassionate and non-judgmental care, the students transitioned the clinic to a model of Te...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castillo M,Conte B,Hinkes S,Mathew M,Na CJ,Norindr A,Serota DP,Forrest DW,Deshpande AR,Bartholomew TS,Tookes HE

    更新日期:2020-11-17 00:00:00

  • Barriers and facilitators to hepatitis C (HCV) screening and treatment-a description of prisoners' perspective.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global epidemic with an estimated 71 million people infected worldwide. People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented in prison populations globally and have higher levels of HCV infection than the general population. Despite increased access to primary health care...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Crowley D,Van Hout MC,Lambert JS,Kelly E,Murphy C,Cullen W

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • Opioid tolerance in methadone maintenance treatment: comparison of methadone and levomethadone in long-term treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to investigate the development of opioid tolerance in patients receiving long-term methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). METHODS:A region-wide cross-sectional study was performed focusing on dosage and duration of treatment. Differences between racemic methadone and levomethadone were exam...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutwinski S,Schoofs N,Stuke H,Riemer TG,Wiers CE,Bermpohl F

    更新日期:2016-02-16 00:00:00

  • Principles of condom provision programs in prisons from the standpoint of European prison health experts: a qualitative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Condom provision is one of the most effective harm reduction interventions to control sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis in prisons. Yet, very few countries around the world provide prisoners with condoms. The present study aimed to elucidate principles of effective...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moazen B,Mauti J,Meireles P,Černíková T,Neuhann F,Jahn A,Stöver H

    更新日期:2021-01-28 00:00:00

  • Education and equipment for people who smoke crack cocaine in Canada: progress and limits.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:People who smoke crack cocaine experience a wide variety of health-related issues. However, public health programming designed for this population is limited, particularly in comparison with programming for people who inject drugs. Canadian best practice recommendations encourage needle and syringe programs ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strike C,Watson TM

    更新日期:2017-05-12 00:00:00

  • Mortality in the Melbourne injecting drug user cohort study (MIX).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are few studies of mortality amongst people who inject drugs (PWID) in Australia. In this study, we estimate mortality in a cohort of PWID in Melbourne and examine predictors of mortality including health service use, demographic characteristics, drug use and personal wellbeing. FINDINGS:We linked ide...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nambiar D,Agius PA,Stoové M,Hickman M,Dietze P

    更新日期:2015-12-09 00:00:00

  • Peer-delivered harm reduction and recovery support services: initial evaluation from a hybrid recovery community drop-in center and syringe exchange program.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recovery from substance use disorder (SUD) is often considered at odds with harm reduction strategies. More recently, harm reduction has been categorized as both a pathway to recovery and a series of services to reduce the harmful consequences of substance use. Peer recovery support services (PRSS) are effec...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ashford RD,Curtis B,Brown AM

    更新日期:2018-10-22 00:00:00

  • Public attitudes towards gambling product harm and harm reduction strategies: an online study of 16-88 year olds in Victoria, Australia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organisations and researchers, community groups, and politicians have argued for a range of regulatory and...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas SL,Randle M,Bestman A,Pitt H,Bowe SJ,Cowlishaw S,Daube M

    更新日期:2017-07-25 00:00:00

  • Does harm reduction programming make a difference in the lives of highly marginalized, at-risk drug users?

    abstract::Harm reduction is a controversial model for treating drug users, with little formal research available on its operation and effectiveness. In order to advance the field, we first conducted participatory research of harm reduction with 120 clients using nominal-group technique to develop culturally relevant outcomes to...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogers SJ,Ruefli T

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Thwarting science by protecting the received wisdom on tobacco addiction from the scientific method.

    abstract:: In their commentary, Dar and Frenk call into question the validity of all published data that describe the onset of nicotine addiction. They argue that the data that describe the early onset of nicotine addiction is so different from the conventional wisdom that it is irrelevant. In this rebuttal, the author argues t...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 社论


    authors: Difranza JR

    更新日期:2010-11-04 00:00:00

  • Assessing the impact of harm reduction programs on law enforcement in Southeast Asia: a description of a regional research methodology.

    abstract:: For over 15 years the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) has been a leading donor for harm reduction projects in Southeast Asia. The recent AusAID-supported harm reduction projects of greatest significance have included the Asia Regional HIV/AIDS Project (AHRP), from 2002 until 2007,1 and the HI...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomson N,Moore T,Crofts N

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00