Motivation for smoking cessation among drug-using smokers under methadone maintenance treatment in Vietnam.


BACKGROUND:Smoking cessation treatment service is concerned to be a critical element in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in order to diminish the effect of smoke on health outcomes. To implement the smoking cessation services in Vietnam, we examined the stages of change to quit and determined associated factors among MMT patients. METHODS:We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 1016 MMT patients in five clinics in Hanoi and Nam Dinh province, of those, 932 (91.7%) were ever-smokers. Patients were classified into four groups: "pre-contemplation," "contemplation," "preparation," and "action and maintenance" by using the transtheoretical model. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the associated factor for intention and action to quit smoking. RESULTS:Overall, 96% were not actively trying to quit or maintain abstinence. Age older than 45, HIV-positive status, and residence in Hanoi were negatively associated with intention to quit. Meanwhile, higher levels of nicotine dependence and number of years of smoking negatively associated with quitting and abstinence. CONCLUSIONS:The study indicated the high rate of MMT smokers being in pre-contemplation stage but low proportion of quitting and maintaining abstinence. It emphasizes the importance of availability and accessibility of information about smoking cessation therapies and services. Integrating cessation programs into health-care services should be considered to provide tailored interventions for different patient groups.


Harm Reduct J


Harm reduction journal


Tran BX,Nguyen LH,Do HP,Nguyen NP,Phan HT,Dunne M,Latkin C




Has Abstract


2015-10-30 00:00:00










  • Pharmacological interventions in the treatment of the acute effects of cannabis: a systematic review of literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cannabis intoxication is related to a number of physical and mental health risks with ensuing social costs. However, little attention has been given to the investigation of possible pharmacological interactions in this condition. OBJECTIVE:To review the available scientific literature concerning pharmacolog...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crippa JA,Derenusson GN,Chagas MH,Atakan Z,Martín-Santos R,Zuardi AW,Hallak JE

    更新日期:2012-01-25 00:00:00

  • Community-based HIV prevention research among substance-using women in survival sex work: the Maka Project Partnership.

    abstract::Substance-using women who exchange sex for money, drugs or shelter as a means of basic subsistence (ie. survival sex) have remained largely at the periphery of HIV and harm reduction policies and services across Canadian cities. This is notwithstanding global evidence of the multiple harms faced by this population, in...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shannon K,Bright V,Allinott S,Alexson D,Gibson K,Tyndall MW,Maka Project Partnership.

    更新日期:2007-12-08 00:00:00

  • Geographic distribution of risk ("Hotspots") for HIV, HCV, and drug overdose among persons who use drugs in New York City: the importance of local history.

    abstract:AIMS:To identify geographic "hotspots" for potential transmission of HIV and HCV and for drug overdose among persons who use heroin and cocaine in New York City and to examine historical continuities in problem drug use hotspots in the city. METHODS:A total of 2714 study participants were recruited among persons enter...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Des Jarlais DC,McKnight C,Arasteh K,Feelemyer J,Ross Z,Cooper HLF

    更新日期:2019-09-02 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among prisoners in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major public health problems both in developed and developing countries. Prison represents a high-risk environment for prisoners, in that it is characterized by high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug use (IDU), tattooing, unprotected sexual intercourses, or sharing s...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Behzadifar M,Gorji HA,Rezapour A,Bragazzi NL

    更新日期:2018-05-09 00:00:00

  • Prolonged-release opioid agonist therapy: qualitative study exploring patients' views of 1-week, 1-month, and 6-month buprenorphine formulations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Options for opioid agonist therapy (OAT) are expanding with the development of prolonged-release (also known as extended-release) 1-week, 1-month, and 6-month formulations of buprenorphine. There is an assumption that patients will welcome these new treatments and medication adherence will correspondingly in...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neale J,Tompkins CNE,Strang J

    更新日期:2019-04-03 00:00:00

  • Public attitudes towards gambling product harm and harm reduction strategies: an online study of 16-88 year olds in Victoria, Australia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Gambling has quickly emerged as an important global public health issue. With new technologies used to develop high intensity gambling products and promotions aimed at driving consumption, public health organisations and researchers, community groups, and politicians have argued for a range of regulatory and...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas SL,Randle M,Bestman A,Pitt H,Bowe SJ,Cowlishaw S,Daube M

    更新日期:2017-07-25 00:00:00

  • Impact: a case study examining the closure of a large urban fixed site needle exchange in Canada.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:In 2008, one of the oldest fixed site needle exchanges in a large urban city in Canada was closed due to community pressure. This service had been in existence for over 20 years. CASE DESCRIPTION:This case study focuses on the consequences of the switch to mobile needle exchange services immediately after...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macneil J,Pauly B

    更新日期:2010-05-25 00:00:00

  • A qualitative exploration of travel-related risk behaviours of injection drug users from two Slovene regions.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This qualitative study of travel-related risk behaviours of Slovene injection drug users was based on interviews with individuals enrolled in drug addiction treatment programmes run by three regional centres for prevention and treatment of drug addiction. The primary objective of the study was to analyse beh...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kostnapfel T,Svab I,Rotar DP

    更新日期:2011-04-17 00:00:00

  • Self-care habits among people who inject drugs with skin and soft tissue infections: a qualitative analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Injection drug use is on the rise in the USA, and skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) are a common complication, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Due to structural barriers to care-seeking, many people who inject drugs avoid formal care and resort to self-care techniques, but little is kn...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilbert AR,Hellman JL,Wilkes MS,Rees VW,Summers PJ

    更新日期:2019-12-12 00:00:00

  • Mortality in the Melbourne injecting drug user cohort study (MIX).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are few studies of mortality amongst people who inject drugs (PWID) in Australia. In this study, we estimate mortality in a cohort of PWID in Melbourne and examine predictors of mortality including health service use, demographic characteristics, drug use and personal wellbeing. FINDINGS:We linked ide...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nambiar D,Agius PA,Stoové M,Hickman M,Dietze P

    更新日期:2015-12-09 00:00:00

  • How do drug users define their progress in harm reduction programs? Qualitative research to develop user-generated outcomes.

    abstract::BACKGROUND: Harm reduction is a relatively new and controversial model for treating drug users, with little formal research on its operation and effectiveness. In order to advance the study of harm reduction programs and our understanding of how drug users define their progress, qualitative research was conducted to d...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruefli T,Rogers SJ

    更新日期:2004-08-26 00:00:00

  • What is needed for implementing drug checking services in the context of the overdose crisis? A qualitative study to explore perspectives of potential service users.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The current illicit drug overdose crisis within North America and other countries requires expanded and new responses to address unpredictable and potentially lethal substances, including fentanyl analogues, in the unregulated drug market. Community-wide drug checking is being increasingly explored as one su...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wallace B,van Roode T,Pagan F,Phillips P,Wagner H,Calder S,Aasen J,Pauly B,Hore D

    更新日期:2020-05-12 00:00:00

  • Medical cannabis use in the Australian community following introduction of legal access: the 2018-2019 Online Cross-Sectional Cannabis as Medicine Survey (CAMS-18).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In 2016, the Australian federal government passed legislation enabling a range of cannabis-based products to be prescribed to patients by registered healthcare professionals. An online survey conducted immediately prior to these legislative changes found that the vast majority of respondents at the time were...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lintzeris N,Mills L,Suraev A,Bravo M,Arkell T,Arnold JC,Benson MJ,McGregor IS

    更新日期:2020-06-08 00:00:00

  • Does harm reduction programming make a difference in the lives of highly marginalized, at-risk drug users?

    abstract::Harm reduction is a controversial model for treating drug users, with little formal research available on its operation and effectiveness. In order to advance the field, we first conducted participatory research of harm reduction with 120 clients using nominal-group technique to develop culturally relevant outcomes to...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogers SJ,Ruefli T

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Thwarting science by protecting the received wisdom on tobacco addiction from the scientific method.

    abstract:: In their commentary, Dar and Frenk call into question the validity of all published data that describe the onset of nicotine addiction. They argue that the data that describe the early onset of nicotine addiction is so different from the conventional wisdom that it is irrelevant. In this rebuttal, the author argues t...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 社论


    authors: Difranza JR

    更新日期:2010-11-04 00:00:00

  • Barriers and facilitators to hepatitis C (HCV) screening and treatment-a description of prisoners' perspective.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global epidemic with an estimated 71 million people infected worldwide. People who inject drugs (PWID) are overrepresented in prison populations globally and have higher levels of HCV infection than the general population. Despite increased access to primary health care...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Crowley D,Van Hout MC,Lambert JS,Kelly E,Murphy C,Cullen W

    更新日期:2018-12-11 00:00:00

  • A review of HIV prevention among young injecting drug users: A guide for researchers.

    abstract::Young people aged 15-24 years account for fifty percent of all new AIDS cases worldwide. Moreover, half of all new HIV infections are associated with injection drug use. The average age for initiation into injecting drug use is 20 years of age. This paper investigates whether HIV prevention programs have reduced risk ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Niven H

    更新日期:2005-03-17 00:00:00

  • Predictors of continued HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy program in China--a prospective study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To examine the predictors of continued drug- and sex-related HIV-risk behaviors among drug users in methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) programs in China. METHODS:We followed a sample of 5,035 drug users enrolled for the first time in MMT programs at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months utilizing a longitudina...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen W,Xia Y,Hong Y,Hall BJ,Ling L

    更新日期:2013-10-10 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction and law enforcement in Vietnam: influences on street policing.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE:The HIV epidemic in Vietnam has from its start been concentrated among injecting drug users. Vietnam instituted the 2006 HIV/AIDS Law which includes comprehensive harm reduction measures, but these are unevenly accepted and inadequately implemented. Ward police are a major determinant of risk f...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jardine M,Crofts N,Monaghan G,Morrow M

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00

  • I could take the judgment if you could just provide the service: non-prescription syringe purchase experience at Arizona pharmacies, 2018.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Community pharmacies are important for health access by rural populations and those who do not have optimum access to the health system, because they provide myriad health services and are found in most communities. This includes the sale of non-prescription syringes, a practice that is legal in the USA in a...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meyerson BE,Lawrence CA,Cope SD,Levin S,Thomas C,Eldridge LA,Coles HB,Vadiei N,Kennedy A

    更新日期:2019-09-18 00:00:00

  • Policy makers ignoring science and scientists ignoring policy: the medical ethical challenges of heroin treatment.

    abstract::A decade of research in Switzerland, The Netherlands, Germany, and Spain now constitutes a massive body of work supporting the use of heroin treatment for the most difficult patients addicted to opiates. These trials concur on this method's safety and efficacy and are now serving as a prelude to the institution of her...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Small D,Drucker E,Editorial for Harm Reduction Journal.

    更新日期:2006-05-02 00:00:00

  • The impact of free trial acceptance on demand for alternative nicotine products: evidence from experimental auctions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study explored the relationship between product trials and consumer demand for alternative nicotine products (ANP). METHODS:An experimental auction was conducted with 258 adult smokers, wherein participants were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions. The participants received the opp...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rousu MC,O'Connor RJ,Bansal-Travers M,Pitcavage JM,Thrasher JF

    更新日期:2015-06-11 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with HIV-1 infection among people who inject drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a sign of successful intervention?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prevalence of HIV infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) has been reported to be higher than that of the general population. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of HIV infection and associated risk factors among PWID in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, following the introduction of a comprehen...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Likindikoki SL,Mmbaga EJ,Leyna GH,Moen K,Makyao N,Mizinduko M,Mwijage AI,Faini D,Leshabari MT,Meyrowitsch DW

    更新日期:2020-03-24 00:00:00

  • Harm reduction and "clean" community: can Viet Nam have both?

    abstract::The findings of our research show that while police play multiple roles in the fight against drug-related crime, they often perceived their tasks - especially preventing and controlling drug use on the one hand, and supporting harm reduction on the other - as contradictory, and this creates tensions in their work and ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khuat TH,Nguyen VA,Jardine M,Moore T,Bui TH,Crofts N

    更新日期:2012-07-09 00:00:00

  • Smoking marijuana in public: the spatial and policy shift in New York City arrests, 1992-2003.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:During the 1990s, the New York Police Department (NYPD) greatly expanded arrests for smoking marijuana in public view (MPV). By 2000, MPV accounted for 15% of all arrests. The NYPD's supporters report this arrest activity is just part of quality-of-life (QOL) policing, which seeks to promote order in public ...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Golub A,Johnson BD,Dunlap E

    更新日期:2006-08-04 00:00:00

  • Principles of condom provision programs in prisons from the standpoint of European prison health experts: a qualitative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Condom provision is one of the most effective harm reduction interventions to control sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS and viral hepatitis in prisons. Yet, very few countries around the world provide prisoners with condoms. The present study aimed to elucidate principles of effective...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moazen B,Mauti J,Meireles P,Černíková T,Neuhann F,Jahn A,Stöver H

    更新日期:2021-01-28 00:00:00

  • Challenges and opportunities for implementation of substance misuse interventions in conflict-affected populations.

    abstract::Alcohol and other drug misuse are significant but neglected public health issues in conflict-affected populations. In this article, we review the literature on the challenges and strategies for implementing substance misuse treatment and prevention services in conflict and post-conflict settings in low- and middle-inc...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Greene MC,Kane JC,Khoshnood K,Ventevogel P,Tol WA

    更新日期:2018-11-28 00:00:00

  • Methodology for the Randomised Injecting Opioid Treatment Trial (RIOTT): evaluating injectable methadone and injectable heroin treatment versus optimised oral methadone treatment in the UK.

    abstract::Whilst unsupervised injectable methadone and diamorphine treatment has been part of the British treatment system for decades, the numbers receiving injectable opioid treatment (IOT) has been steadily diminishing in recent years. In contrast, there has been a recent expansion of supervised injectable diamorphine progra...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lintzeris N,Strang J,Metrebian N,Byford S,Hallam C,Lee S,Zador D,RIOTT Group.

    更新日期:2006-09-27 00:00:00

  • Adult tobacco use practice and its correlates in eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is paucity of data on the smoking habits of rural populations in developing countries. This study aimed to explore cigarette smoking practices of a rural community in Ethiopia. METHODS:A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 548 individuals from a random sample of households in a r...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reda AA,Kotz D,Biadgilign S

    更新日期:2013-10-31 00:00:00

  • A national model of remote care for assessing and providing opioid agonist treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic: a report.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Health services globally are struggling to manage the impact of COVID-19. The existing global disease burden related to opioid use is significant. Particularly challenging groups include older drug users who are more vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19. Increasing access to safe and effective opioid agonis...

    journal_title:Harm reduction journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crowley D,Delargy I

    更新日期:2020-07-17 00:00:00