[Development and validation of an overall instrument to measure craving across multiple substances: the Mannheimer Craving Scale (MaCS)].

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Based on the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale (OCDS) we developed and validated the Mannheimer Craving Scale (MaCS) for quantitative measurements of craving across different substances and suitable for multiple substance abuse. METHODS:The MaCS questionnaire measures obsessive-compulsive symptoms in the context of substance abuse and dependence similar to the OCDS. The MaCS consists of 12 items and 4 additional items. Validation of the instrument was performed by means of 3 assessments of each subject within a project for the evaluation of a detox treatment on n = 292 alcohol and drug-dependent patients with multiple substance abuse. RESULTS:The MaCS showed a very high measurement reliability (0.87 < alpha < 0.93). The MaCS total score correlated highly significant with the mean intensity of craving (0.47 < r (tc ) < 0.64, p < 0.0001), with the maximum of craving (0.52 < r (tc) < 0.69, p < 0.0001), and with the frequency of craving (0.43 < r (tc) < 0.65, p < 0.0001) measured by means of analogue scales. CONCLUSIONS:The MaCS for overall measurements of craving across multiple substances showed very good reliability and validity. In combination with a simple and universal feasibility of the MaCS these results indicate the applicability in everyday clinical settings as well as scientific settings.

journal_name

Psychiatr Prax

journal_title

Psychiatrische Praxis

authors

Nakovics H,Diehl A,Geiselhart H,Mann K

doi

10.1055/s-2008-1067546

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2009-03-01 00:00:00

pages

72-8

issue

2

eissn

0303-4259

issn

1439-0876

journal_volume

36

pub_type

杂志文章
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    authors: Remschmidt H,Walter R,Warnke A

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

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    doi:10.1055/s-0034-1370070

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    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

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    doi:

    authors: Wellendorf E

    更新日期:1980-02-01 00:00:00

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    authors: Hesse K,Hermanutz U,Hölzel LP,Klingberg S

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-2003-38550

    authors: Klug G

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • [The expanded suicide attempt in depressive patients and its sequelae. The forensic and therapeutic considerations in 3 case reports].

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Wolfersdorf M,Frank U,Jokusch U,König F,Leibfarth M

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::During the first half of the 19th century psychiatry became more and more influential in the evaluation of mentally ill offenders. "Doubtful" states of mind gained a particular importance for forensic practice. One of the mental disorders that was heavily disputed was amentia occulta (hidden madness) first described b...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-2007-986239

    authors: Haack K,Steinberg H,Herpertz SC,Kumbier E

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

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    doi:10.1055/s-2004-828473

    authors: Messer T

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

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    doi:10.1055/s-2003-36624

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    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Wagner H

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Therapeutical groups for relatives of psychiatric patients meanwhile are obligatory within strategies of psychiatric treatment. Up to a now most of the recent investigations refer to relatives of patients suffering from schizophrenia. The following article deleniates experiences with a therapeutic group for relatives ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Karschny J,Rosemeier B,Schubert M

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::The case of a 32-year old man suffering from a 10-year course of schizophrenia is presented. The man's delusions include the conviction of being of the opposite sex and thus, he applied for an operational correction of his gender according to the law of transsexualism. Based on the evident problems arising from this c...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Brüne M

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

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    doi:

    authors: Hornung WP,Franzen U,Lemke R,Wiesemann C,Buchkremer G

    更新日期:1993-07-01 00:00:00

  • [New Ways of Diagnosing ADHD in Adults].

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    doi:10.1055/s-0043-100714

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    authors: Bock T,Brysinski T,Klapheck K,Bening U,Lenz A,Naber D

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • [What do psychiatric patients expect of inpatient psychiatric hospital treatment?].

    abstract::Patients are mostly passive utilizer of the health-care-system. They are confronted with a supply of medical service and they are allowed to show their satisfaction with it retrospectively. Our medical system has in future to develop itself from an effective perspective to an utilizer orientated medicine. Orientation ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Fleischmann H

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Psychopathological syndromes according to the AMDP-system as the foundation for clinical case grouping in psychiatry].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Diagnoses-related clinical case grouping for an estimation of resource consumption for psychiatric inpatients analogue to the somatic medicine till now did not lead to sufficient prediction of costs. However, this is required when regarding increasing health costs from the economic perspective. METHOD:We inv...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-0029-1220355

    authors: Herwig U,Warnke I,Rössler W

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Shared psychotic disorder (Folie à deux) and Huntington's disease].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Folie à deux describes a rare psychiatric disorder of mostly closely related persons. The main feature of this disease is the unconditional adoption of the delusions of the primarily diseased person by the second person. This disturbance most frequently originates from a paranoid schizophrenia. METHOD:Our...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-0029-1220338

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Wetzikon AE

    更新日期:1987-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Cost-effectiveness of galantamine in a german context].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The application of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors seems to be constrained in the German health care system. We investigate the cost-effectiveness of the AChE inhibitor Galantamine for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a German context. METHOD:A Markov model as the decision theoretic framework...

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-2004-834709

    authors: Happich M,Schweikert B,Mühlbacher A

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Dyslipidemia and schizophrenia].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:There is some evidence that the treatment with new ("atypical") neuroleptics is associated with a higher frequency of hyperlipidemia. AIM:In this study the serum lipid levels of patients with chronic schizophrenia were investigated. METHODS:The serum lipid levels of 177 consecutively admitted schizophrenic ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1055/s-2006-940056

    authors: Wetterling T,Schneider B,Weber B

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevention -- a topic in social-psychiatric research?].

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1055/s-2005-915232

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    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Initial experiences in psychiatric emergency service. Comments on the prevention or indication of compulsory hospitalization in accordance with the Hamburg Law on Aid and Protective Measures in Mental Diseases (author's transl)].

    abstract::On the basis of the rules of the Hamburg Law on Aid and Protective Measures in Mental Diseases, a psychiatric emergency service operates at night and on weekends. This emergency service is called upon to decide on the need for compulsory hospitalization and to prevent the same, if possible, via therapeutic alternative...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Spengler A,Strege W,Dörner K,Hagenah R,Meyberg U

    更新日期:1981-02-01 00:00:00

  • [Architecture and design of mental health institutions].

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    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1055/s-0033-1360032

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    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

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    authors: Längle G,Egerter B,Petrasch M,Albrecht-Dürr F

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Foreign patients in inpatient treatment in a psychiatric university clinic with community service].

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    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Holzmann TH,Volk S,Georgi K,Pflug B

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Perspectives and Opportunities for Psychotherapeutic Interventions in Inpatient Psychiatric Treatment Delivered by Nurses].

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

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    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00