The anti-apoptosis protein, survivin, mediates gastric epithelial cell cytoprotection against ethanol-induced injury via activation of the p34(cdc2) cyclin-dependent kinase.

Abstract:

:The anti-apoptosis protein, survivin, promotes cell survival and mitosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that survivin is expressed in normal gastric mucosa. Using an in vitro model, we examined whether survivin plays a role in the cytoprotection produced in gastric mucosa by mild irritant ethanol (ETOH) against subsequent exposure to concentrated ETOH. Pre-treatment of rat gastric epithelial cells with 1% ETOH reduced cell death, in response to subsequent incubation with 5% ETOH, by 94% (P < 0.005). This pre-treatment also resulted in increased total and phosphorylated survivin protein levels by 180% (P < 0.0001) and 540% (P < 0.0002), respectively, which required the p34(cdc2) cell cycle-dependent kinase. The cytoprotective effect was abrogated upon siRNA knockdown of survivin protein levels. Further, overexpression of exogenous survivin resulted in significant cytoprotection by 62% (P < 0.02) in the absence of any pre-treatment. We further examined the in vivo relevance of these findings. In fasted rats, administration of 20% ETOH, which we found to be 93% (P < 0.0001) cytoprotective against 50% ETOH challenge, resulted in increased total and phosphorylated survivin protein levels by 234% (P < 0.001) and 214% (P < 0.02), respectively. Administration of 20% ETOH resulted in increased gastric p34(cdc2) activity by 146% (P < 0.01). Inhibition of p34(cdc2) by the potent inhibitor, roscovitine, abolished the increased survivin levels in response to pre-administration of 20% ETOH and reduced the cytoprotection against 50% ETOH challenge by 59% (P < 0.01). These results indicate that survivin is a key mediator of cytoprotection against ETOH-induced gastric injury, acting at the epithelial cell level, by a mechanism that is dependent, in part, on p34(cdc2).

journal_name

J Cell Physiol

authors

Jones MK,Padilla OR,Webb NA,Norng M

doi

10.1002/jcp.21358

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-06-01 00:00:00

pages

750-64

issue

3

eissn

0021-9541

issn

1097-4652

journal_volume

215

pub_type

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