[Quality of psychological strain in police work--development of a taxonomy of sources of stress].

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:Police officers frequently face traumatic stressors of different origins and thus bear an increased risk of developing a post-traumatic stress disorder. The most mentally burdening situations range from shootings, death of fellow officers, dealing with dead bodies in general, the effects of shift work, time pressure or discontent with management due to mobbing. Part of the present study examines the quality of stress in police work with the goal of developing a taxonomy of the origins of stress. METHODS:A stratified sample of 109 police officers participated in the study. They were interviewed about stressful situations in their work life. In the interviews participants generated incidents describing stressful or straining situations. These incidents were used to develop a taxonomy of stressful situations in everyday police work. A further 22 interviews with officers of the federal police were carried out to examine the transferability of the developed taxonomy to other occupational groups. RESULTS:The taxonomy distinguishes between five sources of strain. Strain can arise from (1.) the task itself, (2.) the organization and structure of work, (3.) the temporal conditions and (4.) the social conditions. The fifth category describes the source of strain based on other conditions. The results also show that the taxonomy is transferable to other occupational groups. CONCLUSIONS:This taxonomy leads to the systematisation of the differences among the stress phenomena which occur in police work. The results can help in the development of practical prevention, counselling and therapeutic programs.

authors

Reinecke S,Runde B,Bastians F,Weiss U,Heuft G,Bär O

doi

10.13109/zptm.2007.53.1.42

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2007-01-01 00:00:00

pages

42-52

issue

1

eissn

1438-3608

issn

2196-8349

journal_volume

53

pub_type

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