Validation of the "problematic use of narcotics" (PUN) screening test for drug using adolescents.


:The aim of the study was to examine psychometric properties of the PUN screening test concerning illicit drug problem use by adolescents. The criterion standard for the test's validity was a diagnostic interview conducted by trained specialists. Respondents were reached by snowball sampling in 58 randomly chosen Polish local communities. A total of 1344 adolescent (37% female) aged 13 to 18 years, who used any illicit drug at least once in the past 12 months, participated. The majority (89%) had no contacts with any drug therapy facilities. 41% were diagnosed as occasional drug users and 59% as problematic users or dependents. Logistic regression analysis showed that 10 out of the basic set of 25 test items were most powerful in differentiating occasional and problematic users. A test score of 2 or higher was optimal for identifying problem drug use (sensitivity: 0.88, specificity: 0.79, PPV: 0.86, NPV: 0.81). Validity was not affected by age or sex. These results confirmed the PUN test potential as a brief screening tool.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Okulicz-Kozaryn K,Sierosławski J




Has Abstract


2007-03-01 00:00:00














  • Positive family relationships and religious affiliation as mediators between negative environment and illicit drug symptoms in American Indian adolescents.

    abstract::The present study tests how positive family relationships and religious affiliation mediate between negative familial and social environments, and adolescent illicit drug abuse/dependence symptoms. The theoretical framework is based on an integration of two theories: the ecological model of human development (Bronfenb...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu M,Stiffman AR

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Restrictive dieting vs. "undieting" effects on eating regulation in obese clinic attenders.

    abstract::This study tested predictions from restraint theory [Herman & Polivy (1984). A boundary model for the regulation of eating. In: A. J. Stunkard, & E. Stellar (Eds.), Eating and its disorders (pp. 141-156) New York: Raven Press.] and the three-factor model of dieting [Psychol. Bull. 114 (1993) 100.] using an eating regu...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lowe MR,Foster GD,Kerzhnerman I,Swain RM,Wadden TA

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Joiners and non-joiners in worksite smoking treatment: pretreatment smoking, smoking by significant others, and expectation to quit as predictors.

    abstract::Treatment joiners were differentiated from non-joiners when examined across six worksite clinic locations in the Los Angeles area. Predictors examined included preprogram smoking, demographic variables, smoking by significant others, behavioral expectations to quit, and self-efficacy regarding completing treatment and...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sussman S,Whitney-Saltiel DA,Budd RJ,Spiegel D,Brannon BR,Hansen WB,Johnson CA,Flay BR

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol abstinence or harm-reduction? Parental messages for college-bound light drinkers.

    abstract::Parental communications about alcohol can have a significant impact on college students' alcohol use; however, it is unclear what types of communication may be most beneficial for reducing alcohol risk, particularly among students who have already initiated alcohol use. The present research examines differences in alc...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: LaBrie JW,Boyle SC,Napper LE

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Interaction effects may actually be nonlinear effects in disguise: A review of the problem and potential solutions.

    abstract::It is common in addictions research for statistical analyses to include interaction effects to test moderation hypotheses. Far less commonly do researchers consider the possibility that a given predictor may exert a nonlinear effect on the outcome. This lack of attention to the possible nonlinear effects of individual...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Belzak WCM,Bauer DJ

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and harm perceptions of hookah smoking among U.S. adults, 2014-2015.

    abstract::This study aimed to determine the prevalence and factors associated with hookah smoking and perceptions of harm among U.S. adults. Data were pooled from the Tobacco Products and Risk Perceptions Surveys conducted separately in the summers of 2014 and 2015, among a probability sample selected from an online research pa...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majeed BA,Sterling KL,Weaver SR,Pechacek TF,Eriksen MP

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • A pilot investigation of the effect of electronic cigarettes on smoking behavior among opioid-dependent smokers.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Compared to the general population, smoking rates are 2-4 times higher among individuals with opioid use disorders (OUDs). These smokers also have poor long-term cessation rates, even with pharmacotherapy or other interventions. Low success rates with traditional approaches may prompt smokers with OUDs to ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Felicione NJ,Enlow P,Elswick D,Long D,Sullivan CR,Blank MD

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Using latent transition analysis to compare effects of residency status on alcohol-related consequences during the first two years of college.

    abstract::The current study examined two research aims: (1) Identify latent statuses of college students who share common patterns of single or repeated experiences with distinct types of negative alcohol-related consequences during the first two years of college; and (2) Examine how changes in students' living arrangements wer...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cleveland MJ,Mallett KA,Turrisi R,Sell NM,Reavy R,Trager B

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Emotion regulation interacts with gambling motives to predict problem gambling among emerging adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is presently estimated that as much as 10% of emerging adults are at risk for a gambling disorder. The consequences stemming from problematic gambling engagement include increased substance use, mental health disorders, suicidality, financial strain and legal issues. The present study explores whether def...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marchica LA,Keough MT,Montreuil TC,Derevensky JL

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cultural, social, and intrapersonal factors associated with substance use among alternative high school students.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to identify cultural, social, and intrapersonal factors associated with tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among students attending dropout prevention/recovery high schools. Four mutually exclusive categories of substance use were used as outcome measures, and religiosity, educational...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grunbaum JA,Tortolero S,Weller N,Gingiss P

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differential cigarette-related startle cue reactivity among light, moderate, and heavy smokers.

    abstract::In this study, we examined the relationship between the level of daily cigarette consumption and the startle response to affective and cigarette-related cues among treatment-seeking smokers. Before receiving any behavioral or pharmacological treatment, 136 smokers attended a baseline laboratory session, during which w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cui Y,Robinson JD,Versace F,Lam CY,Minnix JA,Karam-Hage M,Dani JA,Kosten TR,Wetter DW,Brown VL,Cinciripini PM

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Sex differences in effects of cigarette smoking and 24-hr abstinence on plasma arginine vasopressin.

    abstract::The present study examined plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) levels in 18 smokers (10 men, 8 women) and in 22 non-smokers (12 men, 10 women). Non-smokers came to the laboratory once, whereas smokers came twice: while smoking freely and following 24-hr abstinence. Plasma was collected for AVP assessment; salivary cotin...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guaderrama MM,Corwin EJ,Kapelewski CH,Klein LC

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of non-medical prescription drug use among a cohort of injection drug users in Baltimore City.

    abstract::Despite reports of increasing non-medical prescription drug use, relatively few studies have systematically evaluated the prevalence and correlates of non-medical prescription drug use, particularly in populations that might be especially vulnerable (e.g., injection drug users [IDUs]). We examined factors associated w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khosla N,Juon HS,Kirk GD,Astemborski J,Mehta SH

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking and cognitive change from age 11 to 66 years: a confirmatory investigation.

    abstract::Previously we reported that smoking is associated with a small relative decline in cognition from childhood to old age. In this study we perform confirmatory analyses on a further wave of data collected from 298 of the participants, all with age 11 IQ scores, at age 66years, 2years after the original observations. Non...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Starr JM,Deary IJ,Fox HC,Whalley LJ

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of the balanced placebo design in alcohol administration research.

    abstract::Results from a study using the balanced placebo design to assess alcohol's effects on anxiety raise serious doubts about the utility of the design even at moderate blood alcohol concentrations. Despite being informed that they were not drinking alcohol, 44% of the subjects who were administered alcohol reported consum...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Sayette MA,Breslin FC,Wilson GT,Rosenblum GD

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Which dimensions of impulsivity are related to cigarette craving?

    abstract::Cigarette smoking is a very important health problem and represents the largest preventable risk factor for premature death in developed countries. A considerable body of research indicates that impulsivity is a central etiological concept in many theoretical models of tobacco addiction. The aim of this study is to an...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Billieux J,Van der Linden M,Ceschi G

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • A gender-based analysis of nonmedical prescription opioid use among people who use illicit drugs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Research investigating the unique impacts associated with engaging in nonmedical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) among males and females who also use illicit drugs is needed. METHODS:Data were collected between 2013 and 2017 from two linked prospective cohort studies in Vancouver: the At-Risk Youth Study an...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheng T,Nosova E,Small W,Hogg RS,Hayashi K,DeBeck K

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Vulnerable narcissism and addiction: The mediating role of shame.

    abstract::Problem drinking and gambling are addictive behaviours experienced by young adults and commonly occur with narcissism. Research has acknowledged two distinct forms of narcissism: grandiose and vulnerable. There has been work that has examined the relationship between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and addictive b...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bilevicius E,Neufeld DC,Single A,Foot M,Ellery M,Keough MT,Johnson EA

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • The global epidemic of waterpipe smoking.

    abstract::In the past decade waterpipe (WP) smoking (a.k.a. hookah, shisha, and narghile) has been steadily spreading among the youth around the world. The allure of this tobacco use method for the youth can stem from its pleasant smooth smoke, social ambience and the perception of reduced harm. The material in this review is b...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Maziak W

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Consistency of the tobacco withdrawal syndrome.

    abstract::The consistency of the tobacco withdrawal syndrome across repeated periods of abstinence was tested using a modified A-B-A-B design. The large majority of the signs and symptoms of tobacco withdrawal occurred during abstinence, returned to baseline, and then recurred during a second abstinence period. This finding sug...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hughes JR,Hatsukami DK,Pickens RW,Svikis DS

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • An experimental study on the effects of peer drinking norms on adolescents' drinker prototypes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Adolescents form impressions about the type of peers who drink (i.e., drinker prototypes). The evaluation of, and perceived similarity to these prototypes are related to adolescents' drinking. Peer drinking norms play an important role in the formation of prototypes. We experimentally examined whether manipu...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teunissen HA,Spijkerman R,Cohen GL,Prinstein MJ,Engels RC,Scholte RH

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in evaluations of a tobacco awareness and cessation program by adolescents in four stages of change.

    abstract::This study determined whether adolescents in four stages of change provided significantly different ratings on evaluations of a tobacco awareness and cessation program and the program facilitators. A systematic sample of 639 adolescents in four stages of change (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stevens SL,Colwell B,Miller K,Sweeney D,McMillan C,Smith DW

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity facets in relation to tobacco use, abstinence-related problems, and cognitions in treatment-seeking smokers.

    abstract::Anxiety sensitivity (AS)--fear of anxiety-related experiences--has been implicated in smoking motivation and maintenance. In a cross-sectional design, we examined AS facets (physical, cognitive, and social concerns) in relation to tobacco use, abstinence-related problems, and cognitions in 473 treatment-seeking smoker...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guillot CR,Leventhal AM,Raines AM,Zvolensky MJ,Schmidt NB

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • An expert system intervention for smoking cessation.

    abstract::Intervention efficacy can be increased when the treatment is maximally matched to the needs of the client. One means of achieving such matching is through use of an expert system, a computer-based decision-making system designed to utilize client information to produce unique, matched information and interventions. An...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Velicer WF,Prochaska JO,Bellis JM,DiClemente CC,Rossi JS,Fava JL,Steiger JH

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health problems and interest in marijuana treatment among marijuana-using college students.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is growing recognition that marijuana use among college students is associated with marijuana-related problems. Yet little work has examined whether use is associated with mental health problems and whether there is a dose effect such that individuals engaging in more frequent use evince relatively gre...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buckner JD,Ecker AH,Cohen AS

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factor structure of the SOCRATES in a sample of primary care patients.

    abstract::Motivation or readiness to change has been studied intensively in recent years in research on the use of brief interventions to change alcohol problems in the primary care setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure and concurrent and predictive evidence for validity of the short Stages ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maisto SA,Conigliaro J,McNeil M,Kraemer K,O'Connor M,Kelley ME

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Marketing exposure and smokeless tobacco use initiation among young adults: A longitudinal analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examines the relationships between self-reported exposure to smokeless tobacco marketing and initiation/onset of smokeless tobacco use/susceptibility at 6-month follow-up, among a cohort of young adults in urban Texas. METHODS:Participants were 3597 18-25 year old never smokeless tobacco users, a...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mantey DS,Clendennen SL,Pasch KE,Loukas A,Perry CL

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Does gender moderate associations among impulsivity and health-risk behaviors?

    abstract::The present study explores the relations among gender, impulsivity and three health-risk behaviors relevant to young adults (tobacco use, alcohol problems and gambling problems) in a sample of 197 college-age individuals. We sought to determine whether impulsivity is associated with health-risk behaviors in the same w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stoltenberg SF,Batien BD,Birgenheir DG

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Two approaches to social support in smoking cessation: commodity model and nondirective support.

    abstract::The commodity model of social support and features of Nondirective Support may clarify varied results of support interventions for smoking cessation. A commodity model views social support as attractive in and of itself and as an alternative to high-risk choices such as smoking. If such support is easily accessible, a...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fisher EB Jr

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Substance use and impulsive behaviors among adolescents with eating disorders.

    abstract::Results of past research suggest that the existence of bulimic behaviors (binge eating and/or purging) may be an indicator of increased likelihood of substance use. We investigated incidence of substance use among adolescent girls (mean age = 15.4 years) with anorexia nervosa (n = 59) or bulimia nervosa (n = 58). The ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wiederman MW,Pryor T

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00