Increased production of folate by metabolic engineering of Lactococcus lactis.

Abstract:

:The dairy starter bacterium Lactococcus lactis is able to synthesize folate and accumulates large amounts of folate, predominantly in the polyglutamyl form. Only small amounts of the produced folate are released in the extracellular medium. Five genes involved in folate biosynthesis were identified in a folate gene cluster in L. lactis MG1363: folA, folB, folKE, folP, and folC. The gene folKE encodes the biprotein 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine pyrophosphokinase and GTP cyclohydrolase I. The overexpression of folKE in L. lactis was found to increase the extracellular folate production almost 10-fold, while the total folate production increased almost 3-fold. The controlled combined overexpression of folKE and folC, encoding polyglutamyl folate synthetase, increased the retention of folate in the cell. The cloning and overexpression of folA, encoding dihydrofolate reductase, decreased the folate production twofold, suggesting a feedback inhibition of reduced folates on folate biosynthesis.

journal_name

Appl Environ Microbiol

authors

Sybesma W,Starrenburg M,Kleerebezem M,Mierau I,de Vos WM,Hugenholtz J

doi

10.1128/aem.69.6.3069-3076.2003

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-06-01 00:00:00

pages

3069-76

issue

6

eissn

0099-2240

issn

1098-5336

journal_volume

69

pub_type

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