Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS): the current guidelines.


:Every 5 years the American Heart Association (AHA) updates the Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC). The ECC Guidelines 2000 incorporates all the current consensus of experts, from not only a variety of disciplines, but also a variety of countries and cultures and is evidence based. The new Guidelines emphasize interventions to reduce the risk of sudden deaths, early identification of respiratory failure and shock and implementation of Advanced Life Support (ALS) to treat respiratory and cardiac arrest.


Indian J Pediatr


Janakiraman L



Has Abstract


2003-03-01 00:00:00








70 Suppl 1


  • Molecular characterisation and prenatal diagnosis of Asparto-acylase deficiency (Canavan disease)--report of two novel and two known mutations from the Indian subcontinent.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To establish a technique for mutation identification and prenatal screening in confirmed cases of Canavan disease. METHOD:Mutations in ASPA gene were identified by sequencing. Six exons of ASPA gene were amplified using intronic primers flanking the exons and then sequenced on ABI 3500Dx automated unit. Thi...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bijarnia S,Kohli S,Puri RD,Jacob RJ,Saxena R,Jalan A,Sistermans EA,Mahmood S,Verma IC

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Liver Involvement in Congenital Hypopituitarism.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Cholestatic jaundice in early infancy is a complex diagnostic challenge. Cholestasis caused by endocrine disease is rare and poorly recognized. The aim of this paper is to report patients with liver dysfunctions resulting from hypopituitarism. METHODS:Six patients with liver dysfunction diagnosed as hypopitu...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Altay D,Eren E,Ozkan TB,Ozgur T,Tarım O

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of children with beta-thalassemia major.

    abstract::Hypertransfusion and regular chelation therapy have allowed improved survival in patients with thalassemia major (TM). Despite medical advances, growth failure and hypogonadism remain significant clinical problems in these patients in adolescence. Disproportionate truncal shortening which is common especially among ad...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Low LC

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Undescended testes.

    abstract::Undescended testis or cryptorchidism is a common problem encountered in children. Despite the abundant literature on the pathology and management of undescended testis, it is the subject of numerous misgivings and controversies. The article reviews available literature on the entity and their relevance in clinical pra...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: D'Cruz AJ,Das K

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition and HIV infection in children.

    abstract::HIV infection has profound effects on a patient's nutritional status because it can modulate appetite, nutrient absorption and basal metabolic rate. In addition, HIV infection can lead to the depletion of a variety of vitamins and micronutrients including vitamins A, D, B2, B6, B12, L-carnitine, iron, zinc and seleniu...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mannick EE,Udall JN,Kaiser M,Fuchs G,Suskind R

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasound Examination of Pediatric Musculoskeletal Diseases and Neonatal Spine.

    abstract::Ultrasound (US) is a simple, non-invasive imaging modality which allows high-resolution imaging of the musculoskeletal (MSK) system. Its increasing popularity in pediatrics is due to the fact that it does not involve radiation, has an ability to visualize non-ossified cartilaginous and vascular structures, allows dyna...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Karnik AS,Karnik A,Joshi A

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Journey of Newborn Screening: Inception to Conclusion.

    abstract:: ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 社论


    authors: ICMR Task Force on Inherited Metabolic Disorders.

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Thrombocytopenic purpura as a presenting manifestation of tubercular lymphadenitis.

    abstract::A 11-year-old girl presented with thrombocytopenic purpura along with cervical lymphadenopathy. There was no hepatosplenomegaly; no evidence of microangiopathy; bone marrow examination was normal. Acid fast bacilli were seen in fine needle aspiration cytology of the lymph node. A diagnosis of tubercular lymphadenitis ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bakhshi S,Kabra M,Iyer VK,Arya LS

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Asymptomatic bacteriuria in school children.

    abstract::We studied 2447 asymptomatic school children by microscopic examination of urine and culture of a clear voided midstream specimen of urine. Only three children had bacteriuria (0.12%). Urographic abnormalities were detected in both the cases, which could be investigated. This study has shown that asymptomatic bacteriu...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joseph TP,Sreekumaran MI

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinally Extensive Transverse Myelitis.

    abstract:: ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Chawla D,Mishra D,Singh S,Juneja M

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of Filaggrin Gene R501X Mutation in Indian Children with Allergic Diseases.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence of R501X mutation of Filaggrin gene in children with allergic diseases. METHODS:Ninety patients recruited from Allergy and Asthma clinic of Advanced Pediatric Centre, PGIMER, Chandigarh and 81 healthy controls from local schools matched for age, gender and BMI were enroled in the ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chauhan A,Panigrahi I,Singh M,Attri SV,Agarwal A,Singh M

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neonatal Hirschsprung's disease.

    abstract::Since the classic description of this disease by Harold Hirschsprung's. In 1886 just over a century ago, there has been a marked evolution in the diagnostic modalities, understanding of the pathophysiology, unraveling of genetic association and the treatment approach of this disease. Recent research on the molecular b...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lall A,Gupta DK,Bajpai M

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Separation of thoraco-omphalopagus Siamese twin.

    abstract::A pair of female thoraco-omphalopagus twins, with two pairs of lungs, common diaphragm and separate pleural cavities was separated at the age of 5(1/2) months after a parasitic relationship had developed between them. Before separation both the babies developed recurrent respiratory tract infection and frequent diarrh...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ray AK,Mukherjee NN,Mukherjee G,Patra R,Ghosh DK

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic counseling.

    abstract::Genetic counseling is a process of communicating medical aspects about a genetic disorder, especially the information regarding risk of occurrence as recurrence of the disease in the family and preventive options. Accurate diagnosis of the affected member is of paramount importance for genetic counseling. Special gene...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Phadke SR

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial Needs of Patient's Relatives and Health Care Providers in a Pediatric Critical Care Unit.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the needs of relatives of children admitted to an Intensive Care Unit and compare their needs with the perspectives of doctors, nurses and administrators. METHODS:This is a descriptive comparative study done at a tertiary care PICU from South India. A modified Critical Care Family Needs Inventory...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kandasamy S,Vijayakumar N,Natarajan RK,Sangaralingam T,Krishnamoorthi N

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Acute Gastroenteritis in Children Below 5 Years of Age at Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India Post Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine into National Immunization Programme.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify the burden of rotavirus acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and the genotypes presenting in the authors' area in the period after introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Universal Immunization Programme (UIP). METHODS:Children aged less than 5 y and presenting to hospital for the treatment of AGE were enrol...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Badur M,Pidugu VKR,Kasala L,Samarasimha Reddy N,Thiyagarajan V

    更新日期:2021-01-29 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis A in day care centre.

    abstract::A focal outbreak of hepatitis was detected in a day-care centre for children centrally located in Pune. The source of infection was suspected to be an 11-year-old child who probably got the infection from his school. Seven out of 15 children from day-care centre developed clinical hepatitis. Two cases of secondary inf...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chitambar SD,Chadha MS,Yeolekar LR,Arankalle VA

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Acute myeloid leukemia in TAR syndrome.

    abstract::TAR syndrome is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder with a mortality rate of 30-40% mainly as a result of haemorrhage, in the first year of life. Most of the infants recover from the effects of thrombocytopenia and associated haematological complications with the modern medical care. Very rarely, the outcome...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rao VS,Shenoi UD,Krishnamurthy PN

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Shared decision-making in pediatric intensive care units: a qualitative study with physicians, nurses and parents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To understand how decisions are made in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) settings where critically-ill children require life-support decisions and what are the perceptions of health professionals and parents. METHODS:In this qualitative study, in-depth, semi-structured, face to face interviews with 8 doctors, 9 nu...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kahveci R,Ayhan D,Döner P,Cihan FG,Koç EM

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Hypocalcemic heart failure masquerading as dilated cardiomyopathy.

    abstract::Hypocalcemia is a rare, but reversible, cause of congestive heart failure. We report a 4-month-old boy diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy who had prolonged QoTc with low blood levels of calcium, normal phosphate, elevated alkaline phosphatase and findings suggestive of rickets. In view of non response to calcium and ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gulati S,Bajpai A,Juneja R,Kabra M,Bagga A,Kalra V

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Tyrosinemia type I--diagnostic issues and prenatal diagnosis.

    abstract::A fifteen-month-old boy, born to consanguineously married couple, presented with asymptomatic hepatomegaly. Investigations revealed mildly deranged liver functions, necroinflammatory changes and cirrhosis on liver biopsy, a markedly raised alpha feto protein and tyrosine levels in plasma and a generalized aminoaciduri...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bijarnia S,Puri RD,Ruel J,Gray GF,Jenkinson L,Verma IC

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • The Utility of CSF Xpert MTB/RIF in Diagnosis of Tubercular Meningitis in Children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the utility of CSF Xpert MTB/RIF (GeneXpert) in diagnosis of tubercular meningitis in children in the age group of 2 mo to 12 y. METHODS:This hospital based prospective observational study was conducted at Department of Pediatrics, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Hubli from Decem...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: A J,Ratageri VH,Illalu S,Fattepur SR,Wari PK

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

    abstract::Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a life threatening condition in children. Common sources of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in children include variceal hemorrhage (most commonly extra-hepatic portal venous obstruction in our settings) and mucosal lesions (gastric erosions and ulcers secondary to drug intake). Whil...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatia V,Lodha R

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular Epidemiology of Rotavirus Strains in Under Five Children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of rotaviruses in children presenting to authors' hospital in Middle Black Sea region of Turkey. The results may supply important information about vaccine studies in Turkey. METHODS:Rotavirus antigen was detected by latex agglutination test and rotaviru...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bulut Y,Yenişehirli G,Durmaz R

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Transcutaneous bilirubin in predicting hyperbilirubinemia in term neonates.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the utility of 24 and 48 hours transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) index for predicting subsequent significant hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term neonates. METHODS:TcB indices were obtained for healthy, breastfed, term AGA newborns at 24 +/- 2, 48 +/- 2 and subsequently at intervals of 24 hours. Neonate...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhat YR,Rao A

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of Folic Acid Supplementation on Seizure Control in Epileptic Children Receiving Long Term Antiepileptic Therapy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of folic acid supplementation on seizure control in folate deficient children receiving long term antiepileptic therapy. METHODS:In a prospective interventional study, 140 children between age group 6 mo to 180 mo fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled in study group, from Oct...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Deopa B,Parakh M,Dara P,Payal V,Chordiya K,Panday A,Singh S,Parashar D

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Manual and pump methods of expression of breast milk.

    abstract::This study was designed to compare two methods of breast milk expression, namely, the manual and the pumping method using a hand-held cylindric pump. The parameters evaluated were (i) the output of breast milk during milk expression sessions of 15 minutes' duration, and, (ii) the subjective preference of the method by...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Paul VK,Singh M,Deorari AK,Pacheco J,Taneja U

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Vitamin A status of socio-economically backward children.

    abstract::A comprehensive survey was carried out to asses the Vitamin A status of pre-school (0-6 yrs). and school age (6-12 yrs.) children of socio-economically backward families from slums of Bombay and its suburbs. The Vitamin A, protein, calories and iron from the rice and dal based diet was found to be below recommended di...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aspatwar AP,Bapat MM

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Tuberous sclerosis: diagnosis and prenatal diagnosis by MLPA.

    abstract::Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder, caused due to mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes. Mutations in TSC2 gene are more common than in TSC1 gene and mostly they are in the form of large genomic deletions or duplications. The authors report on a novel deletion in TSC2 gene, prenatal diag...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Padma Priya T,Dalal AB

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Translocation Down's syndrome.

    abstract::Among the 500 Down syndrome children karyotyped, 15 (3%) were due to translocation; 10 were 21;21 translocation and five 14;21. There were 9 cases of de novo translocations, while 6 were inherited from father or mother. Family history was characteristic in all the translocation cases, with younger parental age, fetal ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lakshminarayana P

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00