The latent structure of posttraumatic stress disorder: a taxometric investigation of reactions to extreme stress.


:Mental health professionals have debated whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be qualitatively distinguished from normal reactions to traumatic events. This debate has been fueled by indications that many trauma-exposed individuals evidence partial presentations of PTSD that are associated with significant impairment and help-seeking behavior. The authors examined the latent structure of PTSD in a large sample of male combat veterans. Three taxometric procedures-MAMBAC, MAXEIG, and L-Mode-were performed with 3 indicator sets drawn from a clinical interview and a self-report measure of PTSD. Results across procedures, consistency tests, and analysis of simulated comparison data all converged on a dimensional solution, suggesting that PTSD reflects the upper end of a stress-response continuum rather than a discrete clinical syndrome.


J Abnorm Psychol


Ruscio AM,Ruscio J,Keane TM



Has Abstract


2002-05-01 00:00:00












  • The differential functions of imagery and verbal thought in insomnia.

    abstract::Individuals with insomnia were exposed to a stressor (speech threat) prior to getting into bed and were instructed to think about the speech and its implications in either images (Image group, n = 14) or verbal thought (Verbal group, n = 17). Participants completed questionnaires about speech anxiety, arousal, and sen...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson J,Harvey AG

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Adolescent psychopathology: II. Psychosocial risk factors for depression.

    abstract::In a prospective study of adolescent depression, adolescents (N = 1,508) were assessed at Time 1 and after 1 year (Time 2) on psychosocial variables hypothesized to be associated with depression. Most psychosocial variables were associated with current (n = 45) depression. Formerly depressed adolescents (n = 217) cont...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewinsohn PM,Roberts RE,Seeley JR,Rohde P,Gotlib IH,Hops H

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • DSM-IV: empirical guidelines from psychometrics.

    abstract::This commentary addresses the use of psychometric theory and methodology in the development of the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Reliability issues include interdiagnostician reliability, temporally consistent diagnoses, and the relations of diagnostic criteria with...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nelson-Gray RO

    更新日期:1991-08-01 00:00:00

  • Facilitation of word recognition by semantic priming in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Schizophrenic (n = 21), bipolar (n = 18), and normal control subjects (n = 21) were compared on a word recognition measure of semantic priming. The task involved the presentation of related, neutral, and unrelated word pairs; the second word (target word) in each pair was presented in a degraded form. Facilitation was...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kwapil TR,Hegley DC,Chapman LJ,Chapman JP

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Disordered gambling as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the South Oaks Gambling Screen: evidence for a common etiologic structure.

    abstract::In a previous article, we demonstrated in a large twin study that disordered gambling (DG), as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV), ran in families, that about half of the variation in liability for DG was due to familial factors, and that all of this was explained by...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slutske WS,Zhu G,Meier MH,Martin NG

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Discrimination of facial appearance stimuli in body dysmorphic disorder.

    abstract::Cognitive-behavioral models of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) propose that information-processing biases--in particular, selective attention to a defect in one's appearance as well as improved aesthetical perception--might contribute to the development or maintenance of the disorder. In the present study, the authors ...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stangier U,Adam-Schwebe S,Müller T,Wolter M

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Burden of psychiatric morbidity among lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals in the California Quality of Life Survey.

    abstract::In recent population-based surveys, minority sexual orientation has been identified as a potential risk indicator for psychiatric morbidity. However, methodological limitations in the studies to date have led to concerns that current estimates are biased due to inadequate measurement of sexual orientation and uncontro...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cochran SD,Mays VM

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Previous research has revealed anticipatory pleasure deficits in people with schizophrenia and people with social anhedonia but who do not have schizophrenia. Prospection is an important component of anticipatory pleasure, but little is known about the role of prospection in social anhedonia. In 2 studies, we investig...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang ZY,Xie DJ,Zou YM,Wang Y,Li Y,Shi HS,Zhang RT,Li WX,Cheung EFC,Kring AM,Chan RCK

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

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    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of alcohol on psychophysiological hyperreactivity to nonaversive and aversive stimuli in men at high risk for alcoholism.

    abstract::Psychophysiological reactivity to nonaversive (1-KHz, 70-db tones) and aversive stimuli (shock) was examined in nonalcoholic men with multigenerational family histories (MFH) of alcoholism and family history negative (FH-) men, while sober and after consuming alcohol. In comparison with FH- Ss, sober MFH Ss had signif...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Finn PR,Zeitouni NC,Pihl RO

    更新日期:1990-02-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of schizophrenia and bipolar patients on verbal and figural working memory tasks.

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown GG,Lohr J,Notestine R,Turner T,Gamst A,Eyler LT

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  • Combat exposure and adult psychosocial adjustment among U.S. Army veterans serving in Vietnam, 1965-1971.

    abstract::This study investigated the relationship between combat exposure and adult antisocial behavior in a sample of 2,490 male Army veterans of the Vietnam War who completed questionnaires about their psychological functioning. After adjustment for history of childhood behavior problems, posttraumatic stress disorder diagno...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barrett DH,Resnick HS,Foy DW,Dansky BS,Flanders WD,Stroup NE

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Previous research has established that clinical anxiety patients and nonclinical populations with high levels of anxiety vulnerability characteristically orient attention toward moderately threatening stimuli. In contrast, populations with low levels of anxiety vulnerability typically orient attention away from such s...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Delusions and delusional reasoning.

    abstract::In 2 studies, delusional participants assigned higher probabilities to narratives of actual delusions than participants with no history of delusions; previously delusional participants did not differ significantly from delusional participants or participants with no history of delusions. In Study 2, the authors found ...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McGuire L,Junginger J,Adams SG Jr,Burright R,Donovick P

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Family and extrafamily resources and the 10-year course of treated depression.

    abstract::A group of 313 depressed patients and 284 controls was assessed at baseline (treatment intake for the patients) and at 1-year, 4-year, and 10-year follow-ups. Stably remitted patients achieved levels of family and extrafamily resources that were comparable with those of the controls. Although partially remitted and no...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moos RH,Cronkite RC,Moos BS

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • Tripartite structure of positive and negative affect, depression, and anxiety in child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients.

    abstract::The tripartite model of depression and anxiety suggests that depression and anxiety have shared (generalized negative affect) and specific (anhedonia and physiological hyperarousal) components. In one of the 1st studies to examine the structure of mood-related symptoms in youngsters, this model was tested among 116 ch...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joiner TE Jr,Catanzaro SJ,Laurent J

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Peer influence on bulimic symptoms in college students.

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zalta AK,Keel PK

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective cannabis effects as part of a developing disorder in adolescents and emerging adults.

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Treloar Padovano H,Miranda R

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scott L,O'Hara MW

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Real-world emotion? An experience-sampling approach to emotion experience and regulation in bipolar I disorder.

    abstract::Laboratory studies suggest that bipolar disorder is characterized by emotion dysregulation, yet emotion disturbance has not been systematically described using more ecologically valid methods. Using an experience-sampling approach, we therefore sought to investigate positive and negative emotionality, emotion regulati...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gruber J,Kogan A,Mennin D,Murray G

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Failure to find differences in drinking behavior as a function of familial risk for alcoholism: a replication.

    abstract::Groups of high-risk (alcoholic fathers), middle-risk (second-degree alcoholic relatives) and low-risk (no first- or second-degree alcoholic relatives) male college students were compared with respect to drinking behavior, sociodemographic variables, personality, cognitive functioning, and mental health and drug use pr...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alterman AI,Searles JS,Hall JG

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Two subtypes of psychopathic violent offenders that parallel primary and secondary variants.

    abstract::Although psychopathy usually is treated as a unitary construct, a seminal theory posits that there are 2 variants: Primary psychopathy is underpinned by an inherited affective deficit, whereas secondary psychopathy reflects an acquired affective disturbance. The authors investigated whether psychopathy phenotypically ...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skeem J,Johansson P,Andershed H,Kerr M,Louden JE

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal transactional risk model for early eating disorder onset.

    abstract::The presence of binge eating behavior in early middle school predicts future diagnoses and health difficulties. We showed that this early binge eating behavior can be predicted by risk factors assessed in elementary school. We tested the acquired preparedness model of risk, which involves transactions among personalit...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pearson CM,Combs JL,Zapolski TC,Smith GT

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional-processing in posttraumatic stress disorder II: startle reflex modulation during picture processing.

    abstract::This study examined the impact of a trauma-related stressor on subsequent emotional behavior in veterans with (n = 35) and without (n = 24) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-report and physiological responses, including acoustic startle, were recorded during viewing of emotionally evocative photographs at bas...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller MW,Litz BT

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::This is a reply to commentaries on the target article (J. C. Wakefield, 1999) on the evolutionary foundations of the concept of mental disorder in defense of the harmful dysfunction analysis (HDA) of disorder. The author argues that the HDA is adequate to explain disorder and nondisorder judgments and is not disconfir...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wakefield JC

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of anxiety on eating: does palatability moderate distress-induced overeating in dieters?

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polivy J,Herman CP,McFarlane T

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms over time in women partners of men with and without alcohol problems.

    abstract::In a sample of 202 adult women and their families, the authors examined the effects of their male partners' alcohol problems and antisociality, the women's alcohol problems and antisociality, family conflict, and offspring behavioral problems on the women's depressive symptoms over a 3-year period. The women's antisoc...

    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nolen-Hoeksema S,Wong MM,Fitzgerald H,Zucker RA

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Narusyte J,Neiderhiser JM,Andershed AK,D'Onofrio BM,Reiss D,Spotts E,Ganiban J,Lichtenstein P

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hinnant JB,Erath SA,El-Sheikh M

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of abnormal psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rowland DL,Cooper SE,Slob AK

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00