Effect of the number of preceding muscle actions on subsequent peak power output.

Abstract:

:Many sports events require participants to exert a maximal effort in the closing stages-that is, after prior fatiguing exercise. Peak and mean pedalling rate during 30 s of high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise was manipulated by altering the applied resistance or the initial exercise intensity so that the effect of three contrasting strategies on subsequent peak power output could be examined. Seven female students cycled for 30 s in one of three conditions: (1) all-out effort against an applied resistance of 7.5% of body weight (test 1); (2) at a constant pace of 55% of the peak pedal rate of test 1 against a resistance of 10.9 +/- 0.4% of body weight (test 2); (3) all-out effort against the greater resistance (test 3). A 6 s sprint against the lesser resistance was performed 3 s after each test. Total work was greater (P < 0.01) in test 3 than in test 1, while mean pedal rate was higher (P < 0.01) in test 1 (mean +/- S.E.: 10.0 +/- 0.4 rad s-1) than in tests 2 and 3 (7.2 +/- 0.4 and 7.8 +/- 0.3 rad s-1 respectively). The peak power output in the subsequent 6 s sprint was similar following tests 2 and 3 (516 +/- 37 and 534 +/- 41 W respectively), but was lower following test 1 (420 +/- 37 W) (P < 0.01, test 1 vs tests 2 and 3). These results indicate that the number of muscle actions during 30 s of fatiguing exercise may exert a considerable influence on one's ability to subsequently produce peak power output. In sports such as cycling where the same external velocity is attainable at different muscle action speeds, then appropriate gear selection during the race will impact on the rider's ability to sprint in the latter stages.

journal_name

J Sports Sci

authors

Cherry PW,Lakomy HK,Nevill ME,Maddox NL

doi

10.1080/026404197367470

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1997-04-01 00:00:00

pages

201-6

issue

2

eissn

0264-0414

issn

1466-447X

journal_volume

15

pub_type

临床试验,杂志文章
  • Organisational stressors, coping, and outcomes in competitive sport.

    abstract::Organisational stressors are associated with positive and negative outcomes in extant literature; however, little is known about which demands predict which outcomes. Extant theory and literature also suggests that coping style may influence an individual's resilience or vulnerability to stressors and, subsequently, t...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1184299

    authors: Arnold R,Fletcher D,Daniels K

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Improving the TAMI for use with athletes.

    abstract::Athletes have been shown to have greater movement imagery abilities than non-athletes. However, since these differences were observed using questionnaires where participants subjectively judged the vividness of performing imagined movements, it is possible that responses could be biased by other factors such as social...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2014.889847

    authors: Madan CR,Singhal A

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • The addition of whey protein to a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink does not influence post-exercise rehydration.

    abstract::The addition of whey protein to a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink has been shown to enhance post-exercise rehydration when a volume below that recommended for full fluid balance restoration is provided. We investigated if this held true when volumes sufficient to restore fluid balance were consumed and if differences m...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2014.925570

    authors: Hobson R,James L

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Offside decision making of assistant referees in the English Premier League: impact of physical and perceptual-cognitive factors on match performance.

    abstract::In the present study, we investigated the accuracy of offside judgements of assistant referees in the English Premier League. The moment in the match, the position and movement speed of the assistant referee, attacker and second-last defender, together with the angle of view for the assistant referee were all consider...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640410903518184

    authors: Catteeuw P,Gilis B,Wagemans J,Helsen W

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • The sensitivity of the alternative maximal accumulated oxygen deficit method to discriminate training status.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to investigate the sensitivity of an alternative maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAODALT) method to discriminate the "anaerobic" capacity while comparing: least trained (LT) participants (n = 12), moderately trained (MT) participants (n = 12), endurance trained (ET) participants (n = 1...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1273539

    authors: Zagatto AM,Nakamura FY,Milioni F,Miyagi WE,de Poli RAB,Padulo J,Bragazzi NL,Papoti M

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Specific muscular development in under-18 soccer players.

    abstract::A comparison of the under-18 (U-18) and under-16 (U-16) squads of the Canadian national soccer team with a representative sample of Canadians (Canada Fitness Survey, 1983) showed a tendency for the development or selection of the older players in teams of stature (U-18, 175.8 cm; U-16, 171.1 cm; CFS, 170.9 cm) and lea...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640418708729774

    authors: Leatt P,Shephard RJ,Plyley MJ

    更新日期:1987-07-01 00:00:00

  • Differences between the sexes in the three-dimensional angular rotations of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex during treadmill running.

    abstract::The aims of this experiment were to determine whether there are differences between the sexes in the three-dimensional angular rotations of the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex during running and, if such differences exist, to establish whether factors other than sex can explain the observed differences. A cohort of 44 non-in...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/0264041031000070859

    authors: Schache AG,Blanch P,Rath D,Wrigley T,Bennell K

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydride on physical and mental performance.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to assess the effects of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide hydride (NADH) on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), maximal anaerobic running time, and mental performance. Eight men were exposed to a supplement treatment (30 mg NADH as ENACHI tablets per day) and to a placebo treatment, each of 4 we...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640410701474200

    authors: Mero A,Raitanen R,Birkmayer J,Komi P

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiovascular risk and fitness in veteran football players.

    abstract::Veteran football players above 40 years have rarely been subject to scientific investigations. This is worrisome because their number is considerable and their cardiovascular risk probably increased. Therefore, a cross-sectional study was conducted in 100 football players between 40 and 63 years of age. This included ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1118525

    authors: Wegmann M,Steffen A,Pütz K,Würtz N,Such U,Faude O,Bohm P,Meyer T

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prediction of performance by heart rate-derived parameters in recreational runners.

    abstract::We investigated whether heart rate (HR)-derived parameters are accurate performance predictors in endurance recreational runners. One hundred thirty recreational athletes completed an incremental running test (4´running + 1´rest). After each stage, we recorded HR, % of maximum HR (%HRmax), and blood lactate. We also a...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2018.1442185

    authors: Etxegarai U,Insunza A,Larruskain J,Santos-Concejero J,Gil SM,Portillo E,Irazusta J

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Analytical design of iron golf club heads.

    abstract::This paper describes an analytical method for the design of iron golf club heads. The method divides the club head into the basic shape and the back-weighting. The basic shape, which consists of the club face profile, hosel and club face-hosel blend section, is configured directly from geometric specifications. An ada...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640419608727716

    authors: Hartzell TA,Nesbit SM

    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prediction of elite schoolboy 2000m rowing ergometer performance from metabolic, anthropometric and strength variables.

    abstract::In 19 elite schoolboy rowers, the relationships between anthropometric characteristics, metabolic parameters, strength variables and 2000-m rowing ergometer performance time were analysed to test the hypothesis that a combination of these variables would predict performance better than either individual variables or o...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/026404198366380

    authors: Russell AP,Le Rossignol PF,Sparrow WA

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • Learning from demonstrations: the role of visual search during observational learning from video and point-light models.

    abstract::In this study, we examined the visual search strategies used during observation of video and point-light display models. We also assessed the relative effectiveness of video and point-light models in facilitating the learning of task outcomes and movement patterns. Twenty-one female novice soccer players were divided ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/026404102317284808

    authors: Horn RR,Williams AM,Scott MA

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of leg dominance on change of direction ability amongst young elite soccer players.

    abstract::Young soccer players often use one particular dominant leg (DL) to perform dynamic movements which require strength, resulting in leg asymmetry. The aim of this study was to compare, in young soccer players, the effect of using DL and non-dominant leg (NDL) on time performance of two change of direction (COD) manoeuvr...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1129432

    authors: Rouissi M,Chtara M,Owen A,Chaalali A,Chaouachi A,Gabbett T,Chamari K

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of shock attenuation during fatigued running.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine shock attenuation before and after completing a maximal effort graded exercise test while running on a treadmill. Ten individuals ran before and after a maximal graded exercise test with running speed controlled between conditions. Transfer functions were calculated using surface-m...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/0264041031000140383

    authors: Mercer JA,Bates BT,Dufek JS,Hreljac A

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of injuries in recreational field hockey: From injury problem to prevention.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to gather information from scientific literature related to all steps of Van Mechelen's "sequence of prevention" for injuries applied to youth and adult recreational field hockey players. A systematic review was conducted in Medline via Pubmed and in SPORTDiscus via EBSCOhost. Twenty-six ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2020.1764898

    authors: Cornelissen M,Kemler E,Verhagen E,Gouttebarge V

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Interferential therapy effect on mechanical pain threshold and isometric torque after delayed onset muscle soreness induction in human hamstrings.

    abstract::This study was undertaken to examine the acute effect of interferential current on mechanical pain threshold and isometric peak torque after delayed onset muscle soreness induction in human hamstrings. Forty-one physically active healthy male volunteers aged 18-33 years were randomly assigned to one of two experimenta...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2012.672025

    authors: Rocha CS,Lanferdini FJ,Kolberg C,Silva MF,Vaz MA,Partata WA,Zaro MA

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal study of multidimensional performance characteristics related to physical capacities in youth handball.

    abstract::Longitudinal research provides valuable information about change and progress towards elite performance. Unfortunately, there is a lack of longitudinal research in handball. In this study, 94 youth handball players (oldest group: n = 41; age 15-17 and youngest group: n = 53; age 13-15) were followed over a three-year ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2012.733819

    authors: Matthys SP,Vaeyens R,Fransen J,Deprez D,Pion J,Vandendriessche J,Vandorpe B,Lenoir M,Philippaerts R

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • The use of recovery methods post-exercise.

    abstract::Competitive soccer engages many of the body's systems to a major extent. The musculoskeletal, nervous, immune and metabolic systems are stressed to a point where recovery strategies post-exercise become influential in preparing for the next match. Intense activity at a 7-day training camp causes participants to experi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1080/02640410400021302

    authors: Reilly T,Ekblom B

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Do previous sports experiences influence the effect of an enrichment programme in basketball skills?

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an enrichment programme in motor, technical and tactical basketball skills, when accounting for the age of youth sport specialisation. Seventy-six college students (age: M = 20.4, SD = 1.9) were allocated according to three different paths: (i) non-structured (n = 14)...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1236206

    authors: Santos S,Mateus N,Sampaio J,Leite N

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Kinetic changes during a six-week minimal footwear and gait-retraining intervention in runners.

    abstract::An evaluation of a six-week Combined minimal footwear transition and gait-retraining combination vs. gait retraining only on impact characteristics and leg stiffness. Twenty-four trained male runners were randomly assigned to either (1) Minimalist footwear transition Combined with gait-retraining over a six-week perio...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1224916

    authors: Warne JP,Smyth BP,Fagan JO,Hone ME,Richter C,Nevill AM,Moran KA,Warrington GD

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary intake and body composition of football players during the holy month of Ramadan.

    abstract::Healthy young male football players who were either fasting (n = 59) or not fasting (n = 36) during the month of Ramadan were studied. Body mass, body composition, and dietary intake were assessed at each time point. Energy intake was relatively stable in the fasting participants, but there was a small decrease of app...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640410802409675

    authors: Maughan RJ,Bartagi Z,Dvorak J,Zerguini Y

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on athletic performance: recommendations for the maintenance of physical fitness.

    abstract::The behavioural modifications that accompany Ramadan intermittent fasting (RIF) are usually associated with some alterations in the metabolic, physiological, and psychological responses of athletes that may affect sport performance. Muslim athletes who are required to train and/or compete during the month-long, diurna...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2012.698297

    authors: Chaouachi A,Leiper JB,Chtourou H,Aziz AR,Chamari K

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • An examination of the correlation amongst trunk flexibility, x-factor and clubhead speed in skilled golfers.

    abstract::Skilled golfers are reported to be more flexible than lesser able golfers, which may assist in increased x-factor (shoulder-pelvis separation) at the top of the backswing. However, it is unknown if increased flexibility produces faster clubhead speed. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations amongst t...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1252052

    authors: Joyce C

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological stress in sports coaches: a review of concepts, research, and practice.

    abstract::Sports coaches operate within a complex, ever-changing environment that imposes many pressures on them. Here, we address the psychological impact of these demands via a critical review of the literature pertaining to stress in sport coaches. The narrative is divided into three main sections: (1) conceptual and definit...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1080/02640410903406208

    authors: Fletcher D,Scott M

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of low back pain on trunk muscle size/function and hip strength in elite football (soccer) players.

    abstract::Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem in football (soccer) players. The effect of LBP on the trunk and hip muscles in this group is unknown. The relationship between LBP and trunk muscle size and function in football players across the preseason was examined. A secondary aim was to assess hip muscle strength. Twenty...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1221526

    authors: Hides JA,Oostenbroek T,Franettovich Smith MM,Mendis MD

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • A kinematic analysis of rugby lineout throwing.

    abstract::To characterize rugby union lineout throwing technique, three experienced male rugby players performed throwing trials under varying conditions of distance and trajectory. Motion analysis permitted the recovery of joint centre coordinates at 120 Hz and the construction of a three-dimensional linked segment model for c...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640410701885629

    authors: Trewartha G,Casanova R,Wilson C

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Eating behaviours related to psychological stress are associated with functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea in exercising women.

    abstract::Functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea (FHA) can occur due to the independent or combined effects of psychogenic and energetic stressors. In exercising women, research has primarily focused on energy deficiency as the cause of FHA while psychological stressors have been ignored. To assess both psychological and metabolic...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2020.1786297

    authors: Strock NCA,De Souza MJ,Williams NI

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of protease supplementation on skeletal muscle function and DOMS following downhill running.

    abstract::Protease supplementation has been shown to attenuate soft tissue injury resulting from intense exercise. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of protease supplementation on muscle soreness and contractile performance after downhill running. Ten matched pairs of male participants ran at a -10% grade for 30...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1080/02640410310001641584

    authors: Miller PC,Bailey SP,Barnes ME,Derr SJ,Hall EE

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Elite athletes in aesthetic and Olympic weight-class sports and the challenge of body weight and body compositions.

    abstract::The use of dieting, rapid weight loss, and frequent weight fluctuation among athletes competing in weight-class and leanness sports have been considered a problem for years, but the extent of the problem and the health and performance consequences have yet to be fully examined. Most studies examining these issues have...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1080/02640414.2011.565783

    authors: Sundgot-Borgen J,Garthe I

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00