Reproductive correlates of depressive symptoms among low-income minority women.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms among women of reproductive age attending family planning clinics across southeast Texas in addition to demographic and reproductive characteristics associated with these symptoms. METHODS:A retrospective, self-reported, paper-and-pencil survey designed to assess health and risk behaviors was administered to 4726 low-income suburban women, aged 12 and 40 years, attending a family planning clinic in southeast Texas. The survey contained a background and demographic section in addition to six sections addressing health risk behaviors. Women also completed the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory to assess depressive symptoms. RESULTS:A total of 11.8% exhibited mild symptoms of depression, 14.0% had moderate symptoms, and 4.8% had severe symptoms. Women were at increased risk of moderate to severe symptoms of depression if they were Hispanic, had not graduated high school, were unemployed, or currently smoked cigarettes. Sexual or reproductive characteristics associated with moderate to severe symptoms included two or more lifetime sexual partners, having used hormonal contraception before age 13, not using any birth control at last intercourse, having had a sexually transmitted disease, not having had sexual intercourse in the last 3 months or having had it under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and having heard a family member worry about contracting a sexually transmitted disease or discuss use of alcohol or drugs before sex. CONCLUSION:A large percentage of women experience moderate to severe depressive symptoms during their reproductive years. These symptoms are associated with numerous risk behaviors, including inconsistent use of birth control. Women's health care providers have the opportunity to provide a valuable service by screening for depressive symptoms.

journal_name

Obstet Gynecol

authors

Berenson AB,Breitkopf CR,Wu ZH

doi

10.1016/j.obstetgynecol.2003.08.012

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-12-01 00:00:00

pages

1310-7

issue

6

eissn

0029-7844

issn

1873-233X

pii

S0029784403009761

journal_volume

102

pub_type

杂志文章
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    authors: Bogart MH,Winkelbauer D,Jones OW

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    authors: Rasor JL,Braunstein GD

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    doi:

    authors: Fortier KJ,Haney AF

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    authors: Aselton P,Jick H,Milunsky A,Hunter JR,Stergachis A

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  • Labor induction with the prostaglandin E1 methyl analogue misoprostol versus oxytocin: a randomized trial.

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    journal_title:Obstetrics and gynecology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:

    authors: Sanchez-Ramos L,Kaunitz AM,Del Valle GO,Delke I,Schroeder PA,Briones DK

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    doi:

    authors: Muller F,Dommergues M,Mandelbrot L,Aubry MC,Nihoul-Fekete C,Dumez Y

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    authors: Decker LA,Gross A,Miller FC,Read JA,Cutright DE,Devine J

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    authors: Gonik B

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  • Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis is cesarean section.

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