Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents.


:To evaluate a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum, 16 schools were randomized to receive the multicultural curriculum or a standard curriculum and program effects on 1-year smoking initiation among 1430 never smokers were assessed. Hispanic boys who received the multicultural curriculum were less likely to initiate smoking than were those who received the standard curriculum; effects were insignificant among other groups. The prevention effect among Hispanic boys is encouraging, but additional research is needed to improve prevention effects among other groups.


Am J Public Health


Unger JB,Chou CP,Palmer PH,Ritt-Olson A,Gallaher P,Cen S,Lichtman K,Azen S,Johnson CA




Has Abstract


2004-02-01 00:00:00












  • Atopy in children and parental social class.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This analysis was conducted to determine whether atopic disorders were related to social class in a pediatric population of a former socialist country. METHODS:A cross-sectional study of 2471 schoolchildren was carried out in 1992 and 1993 in 3 towns in the former East Germany. Parents completed a standardi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heinrich J,Popescu MA,Wjst M,Goldstein IF,Wichmann HE

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • A Community-Powered, Asset-Based Approach to Intersectoral Urban Health System Planning in Chicago.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe, and provide a nomenclature and taxonomy for classifying, the economic sectors and functional assets that could be mobilized as partners in an intersectoral health system. METHODS:MAPSCorps (Meaningful, Active, Productive Science in Service to Community) employed local youths to conduct a census...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindau ST,Vickery KD,Choi H,Makelarski J,Matthews A,Davis M

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Adolescents in West Africa.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated the prevalence and determinants of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among nonsmoking adolescents in 9 West African countries. METHODS:We conducted a pooled analysis with nationally representative 2006 to 2009 Global Youth Tobacco Survey data. We used descriptive statistics to determine the preva...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mamudu HM,Veeranki SP,John RM,Kioko DM,Ogwell Ouma AE

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • HIV seroprevalence and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women in San Francisco and Berkeley, California.

    abstract::Few data are available on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and risk behaviors among lesbians and bisexual women. A total of 498 lesbians and bisexual women was sampled from public venues in San Francisco and Berkeley, Calif, during 1993. The overall HIV seroprevalence was 1.2%. Ten percent of participants ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lemp GF,Jones M,Kellogg TA,Nieri GN,Anderson L,Withum D,Katz M

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of community-based coverage: periodic vitamin A supplementation. Aceh Study Group.

    abstract::Factors related to preschool child receipt of vitamin A during the first year of a semi-annual vitamin A capsule delivery program were investigated in 229 villages in Aceh, Indonesia. Coverage was higher in villages which were more rural and less economically developed. Highest performance was achieved by village dist...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tarwotjo I,West KP Jr,Mele L,Nur S,Nendrawati H,Kraushaar D,Tilden RL

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Lifetime segmented assimilation trajectories and health outcomes in Latino and other community residents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Under an ecodevelopmental framework, we examined lifetime segmented assimilation trajectories (diverging assimilation pathways influenced by prior life conditions) and related them to quality-of-life indicators in a diverse sample of 258 men in the Phoenix, AZ, metropolitan area. METHODS:We used a growth mi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castro FG,Marsiglia FF,Kulis S,Kellison JG

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • A neonatal hepatitis B surveillance and vaccination program: New York City, 1987 to 1988.

    abstract::From July 1987 to June 1988, 1030 pregnant women with hepatitis B were reported to a New York City surveillance program. Among 832 infants under follow-up, the coverage rates for combined hepatitis B immune globulin and vaccine doses 1, 2, and 3 were 84%, 77%, and 59%, respectively. Infants covered by Medicaid and uni...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Henning KJ,Pollack DM,Friedman SM

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cancer rates after the Three Mile Island nuclear accident and proximity of residence to the plant.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the light of a possible link between stress and cancer promotion or progression, and of previously reported distress in residents near the Three Mile Island (TMI) nuclear power plant, we attempted to evaluate the impact of the March 1979 accident on community cancer rates. METHODS:Proximity of residence ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatch MC,Wallenstein S,Beyea J,Nieves JW,Susser M

    更新日期:1991-06-01 00:00:00

  • Influences of cross-border mobility on tuberculosis diagnoses and treatment interruption among injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to identify correlates of reported lifetime diagnoses of TB among injection drug users in the border city of Tijuana, Mexico. METHODS:Injection drug users in Tijuana were recruited into a prospective cohort study during 2006 and 2007. We used weighted multivariate logistic regression to identify c...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deiss R,Garfein RS,Lozada R,Burgos JL,Brouwer KC,Moser KS,Zuniga ML,Rodwell TC,Ojeda VD,Strathdee SA

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Occurrence of enteroviruses in community swimming pools.

    abstract::Municipal swimming pools and wading pools were examined for the presence of human enteric viruses using a portable virus concentrator at the site to concentrate viruses from 100-gallon to 500-gallon samples. Ten of 14 samples contained viruses; three of these were positive for virus in the presence of residual free ch...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keswick BH,Gerba CP,Goyal SM

    更新日期:1981-09-01 00:00:00

  • The statin-iron nexus: anti-inflammatory intervention for arterial disease prevention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We postulated the existence of a statin-iron nexus by which statins improve cardiovascular disease outcomes at least partially by countering proinflammatory effects of excess iron stores. METHODS:Using data from a clinical trial of iron (ferritin) reduction in advanced peripheral arterial disease, the Iron ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zacharski LR,DePalma RG,Shamayeva G,Chow BK

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing the use of physical restraints in nursing homes: will it increase costs?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Reducing the widespread use of physical restraints in nursing homes is a primary goal of the federal nursing home reforms enacted as part of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987. However, some nursing home operators assert that reducing restraint use could be prohibitively expensive, costing payors ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips CD,Hawes C,Fries BE

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Body fatness and risk for elevated blood pressure, total cholesterol, and serum lipoprotein ratios in children and adolescents.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent studies have shown considerable variation in body fatness among children and adolescents defined as obese by a percentile rank for skinfold thickness. METHODS:We examined the relationship between percent body fat and risk for elevated blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, and serum lipoprotein rat...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams DP,Going SB,Lohman TG,Harsha DW,Srinivasan SR,Webber LS,Berenson GS

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of alcohol abuse in military and civilian populations.

    abstract::Results from a random sample survey of US Air Force personnel show that 4.6 per cent exhibit alcohol dependence, indicated by symptoms of withdrawal and impaired control over drinking. An additional 9.3 per cent can be identified as nondependent alcohol abusers, indicated by serious adverse effects of drinking (such a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polich JM

    更新日期:1981-10-01 00:00:00

  • Tobacco marketing and adolescent smoking: more support for a causal inference.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This prospective study examined the effect of tobacco marketing on progression to established smoking. METHODS:Massachusetts adolescents (n = 529) who at baseline had smoked no more than 1 cigarette were reinterviewed by telephone in 1997. Analyses examined the effect of receptivity to tobacco marketing at ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biener L,Siegel M

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Minor women obtaining abortions: a study of parental notification in a metropolitan area.

    abstract::Data were collected from 141 women under age 18 attending an abortion clinic that did not require parental notification. Most of them informed their girl friend but not their parents of the plans for abortion. Younger minors and those who perceive their parents to hold positive attitudes toward abortion were more apt ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clary F

    更新日期:1982-03-01 00:00:00

  • The physician visit patterns of chiropractic users: health-seeking behavior of the elderly in Manitoba, Canada.

    abstract::To assess the effect of chiropractic use on overall health care utilization patterns, the volume and pattern of ambulatory physician visits by elderly persons having contact with chiropractors are compared with those having contact with physicians only. This analysis is based on data representative of the Canadian Pro...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shapiro E

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Challenges associated with screening for traumatic brain injury among US veterans seeking homeless services.

    abstract::We identified the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among homeless veterans and assessed the TBI-4, a screening tool created to identify TBI history. Between May 2010 and October 2011, 800 US veterans from two hospitals, one eastern (n = 122) and one western (n = 678) completed some or all measures. Findings ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell LM,Devore MD,Barnes SM,Forster JE,Hostetter TA,Montgomery AE,Casey R,Kane V,Brenner LA

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Toxocara infection in animal hospital employees.

    abstract::The recent development of a sensitive and specific test (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) for Toxocara canis infection has made it possible to study the epidemiology of this parasite in man. Antibody to Toxocara was measured in veterinarians, kennel workers, nurses, laboratory technicians, and clerical personnel in ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glickman LT,Cypess RH

    更新日期:1977-12-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of Connecticut legislation incentivizing elimination of unhealthy competitive foods on National School Lunch Program participation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We analyzed the impact of Connecticut legislation incentivizing voluntary school district-level elimination of unhealthy competitive foods on National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participation. METHODS:We analyzed data on free, reduced, and paid participation in the NSLP from 904 schools within 154 Connecti...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Long MW,Luedicke J,Dorsey M,Fiore SS,Henderson KE

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Association between nonspecific severe psychological distress as an indicator of serious mental illness and increasing levels of medical multimorbidity.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine whether severe psychological distress (SPD) and serious mental illnesses (SMIs) are associated with a specific set of chronic medical conditions (CMCs) and the association between SPD-SMIs and increasing levels of medical multimorbidity and complexity (i.e., from 1 to 3 or more CMCs). ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Swartz JA,Jantz I

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of smoke-free laws on alcohol-related car crashes in California and New York: time series analyses from 1982 to 2008.

    abstract::We examined effects of New York and California's statewide smoke-free restaurant and bar policies on alcohol-related car crash fatalities. We used an interrupted time-series design from 1982 to 2008, with 312 monthly observations, to examine the effect of each state's law on single-vehicle-nighttime crashes and crashe...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernat DH,Maldonado-Molina M,Hyland A,Wagenaar AC

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • The Collateral Damage of Mass Incarceration: Risk of Psychiatric Morbidity Among Nonincarcerated Residents of High-Incarceration Neighborhoods.

    abstract::Objectives. We examined whether residence in neighborhoods with high levels of incarceration is associated with psychiatric morbidity among nonincarcerated community members. Methods. We linked zip code-linked information on neighborhood prison admissions rates to individual-level data on mental health from the Detroi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatzenbuehler ML,Keyes K,Hamilton A,Uddin M,Galea S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic differences in the impact of HIV infection on workforce participation in France in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to measure the difference in employment rates between HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative persons and to establish whether this difference varied according to the HIV-infected persons' socioeconomic position as defined by education level. METHODS:We used data from the VESPA (VIH: Enquête Sur les...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dray-Spira R,Gueguen A,Ravaud JF,Lert F

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Insurer views on reimbursement of preventive services in the dental setting: results from a qualitative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We explored insurers' perceptions regarding barriers to reimbursement for oral rapid HIV testing and other preventive screenings during dental care. METHODS:We conducted semistructured interviews between April and October 2010 with a targeted sample of 13 dental insurance company executives and consultants,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feinstein-Winitzer RT,Pollack HA,Parish CL,Pereyra MR,Abel SN,Metsch LR

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Route infrastructure and the risk of injuries to bicyclists: a case-crossover study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We compared cycling injury risks of 14 route types and other route infrastructure features. METHODS:We recruited 690 city residents injured while cycling in Toronto or Vancouver, Canada. A case-crossover design compared route infrastructure at each injury site to that of a randomly selected control site fro...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teschke K,Harris MA,Reynolds CC,Winters M,Babul S,Chipman M,Cusimano MD,Brubacher JR,Hunte G,Friedman SM,Monro M,Shen H,Vernich L,Cripton PA

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Rubella in the workplace: the need for employee immunization.

    abstract::From 1983 to 1985, the New York City Department of Health investigated five workplace outbreaks of rubella. Approximately 40 per cent of the 265 cases were detected among women of child-bearing age (15-44 years). Data are reviewed from the 1983 Financial District outbreak to illustrate the continued susceptibility of ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goodman AK,Friedman SM,Beatrice ST,Bart SW

    更新日期:1987-06-01 00:00:00

  • Relevance of the "Immigrant Health Paradox" for the Health of Arab Americans in California.

    abstract::Objectives. To assess the validity of the immigrant health paradox among Arab Americans in California.Methods. We used data from the 2003 to 2017 California Health Interview Survey (n = 1425). We used survey-weighted χ2 and logistic regression analyses to compare Arabs by immigrant generation on socioeconomic indicato...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abuelezam NN,El-Sayed AM,Galea S

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Postneoliberal Public Health Care Reforms: Neoliberalism, Social Medicine, and Persistent Health Inequalities in Latin America.

    abstract::Several Latin American countries are implementing a suite of so-called "postneoliberal" social and political economic policies to counter neoliberal models that emerged in the 1980s. This article considers the influence of postneoliberalism on public health discourses, policies, institutions, and practices in Bolivia,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hartmann C

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Women's health after pregnancy and child outcomes at age 3 years: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the persistence and comorbidity of women's physical and mental health conditions after pregnancy and the association of these conditions with child outcomes. METHODS:A national cohort of women who recently gave birth were surveyed in 1988 and again in 1991. We examined longitudinal data ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kahn RS,Zuckerman B,Bauchner H,Homer CJ,Wise PH

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00