Social identity and community effects on contraceptive use and intentions in southern Ethiopia.

Abstract:

:In this study, data gathered in southern Ethiopia are used to explain how ethnic and religious identities affect current or intended contraceptive use. The only compositionalfactors that increase the likelihood of birth limitation are having a member of the family with a higher level of education and community access to health services. Compositional factors by themselves do not explain Muslim and ethnic variations in contraceptive use and intentions. Village health and economic crises do not promote birth limitation. One normative economic factor--the practice of sons' inheritance of land from their fathers--considerably reduces the likelihood of contraceptive use, but does not account for religious and ethnic differentials. No evidence is found of a minority-status effect on contraception. Exposure to ethnic and religious diversity in the community of residence substantially increases the likelihood of emergent birth limitation, especially among the predominant Muslim Silte population.

journal_name

Stud Fam Plann

authors

Hogan DP,Biratu B

doi

10.1111/j.1728-4465.2004.00010.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-06-01 00:00:00

pages

79-90

issue

2

eissn

0039-3665

issn

1728-4465

journal_volume

35

pub_type

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