Stroke subtypes in Black Tanzanians: a retrospective study of computerized tomography scan diagnoses at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam.


:Limited data are available on the stroke subtypes in Tanzania and sub-Saharan Africa. The present study was aimed at determining retrospectively the pattern of confirmed strokes in all patients in our hospital who had been given a computerized tomography (CT) brain scan during the study period (April 2001 to May 2002). Over the 12-month period 371 CT brain scans were taken, of which 148 showed stroke, 89 (60.1%) showed haemorrhage and 59 (39.9%) showed infarcts (P<0.05). Among the haemorrhagic group 48 (53.9%) were men and 41 (46.1%) women, while 31 (52.5%) men and 28 (47.5%) women had infarction. We concluded that there were relatively more cases of cerebral haemorrhage than infarction. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were common risk factors in both subtypes of stroke.


Trop Doct


Tropical doctor


Matuja W,Janabi M,Kazema R,Mashuke D




Has Abstract


2004-07-01 00:00:00












  • Clinico-histopathological concordance in leprosy.

    abstract::Histopathological examination of biopsies from 111 patients with clinically diagnosed leprosy was carried out in order to observe the clinico-histopathological correlation. Clinical diagnosis was based on Ridley and Jopling (R-J) classification and World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The concordance rate b...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh PA,Agarwal R,Misra V,Gupta SC,Bajaj AK

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • A case control study of active genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection among patients with tubal infertility in northern Nigeria.

    abstract::A case-controlled study of the prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in 120 patients with tubal infertility (study group) and 120 clients of the family planning clinic (control group) attending the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria in northern Nigeria is reported. The prevalence was 38.3...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tukur J,Shittu SO,Abdul AM

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Indication-specific pricing of drugs: a utopian idea, a pragmatic proposition or unrealistic in economically constrained settings?

    abstract::The concept of indication-specific pricing (ISP) of drugs means that the cost of a drug will vary depending on the reasons for its use. ISP is a novel concept and its beneficial or detrimental effects are unknown. Experience from richer countries suggests that it is fraught with many administrative, ethical and regula...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meher BR,Padhy BM

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Thrombocytopenia in severe iron deficiency anaemia: A report of two cases.

    abstract::Iron deficiency, the commonest cause of anaemia in children, is a global public health problem. Worldwide, almost 50% of children <5 years of age are anaemic. Platelet count in iron deficiency anaemia is mostly normal or high; thrombocytopenia is rare. We describe two children with iron deficiency anaemia and severe t...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohammad F,Sridhar M,Samprathi M,Vemgal P

    更新日期:2021-01-10 00:00:00

  • A psychiatric ward in an African district hospital.

    abstract::In most African district hospitals there are no separate facilities for psychiatric patients. Aformer general medical officer describes how a ward for these patients was set up at a rural district hospital in Zimbabwe using the already available resources. The effects on the psychiatric care at the hospital and the di...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van der Heide DH,Gernaat HB

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Appendicitis versus genital disease in young women in tropical Africa.

    abstract::The differential diagnosis in women between acute appendicitis and acute gynaecological conditions on clinical examination is often difficult. A plea is made for the more widespread use of ultrasound and laparoscopy in the differential diagnosis of these conditions. ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ameh EA

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Tuberculosis prevalence at autopsy: a study from North India.

    abstract::Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. This study attempts to determine the prevalence of TB in autopsies. Of 768 autopsies, 39 cases were diagnosed as TB. These were retrieved and re-examined. It was noted that in a significant number of patients with TB was only revealed after autopsy. T...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Punia RS,Mundi I,Mohan H,Chavli KH,Harish D

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Idiopathic CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia with cryptococcal meningitis: first case report from Cambodia.

    abstract::We report on a patient with cryptococcal meningitis with CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia and no evidence of HIV infection. ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Augusto E,Raguenaud ME,Kim C,Mony M,Isaakidis P

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • With free health services, why does the Brazilian working class delay in seeing the doctor?

    abstract::The length of delay in seeing a physician was related to perceived difficulty in access to services and to scepticism and doubt about the effectiveness of medical care. Attention is called to the importance of the doctor-patient relationship in fostering prompt patient action. :This study was conducted on the Brazili...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paine P,Wright Mda G

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing irradiance of locally fabricated phototherapy devices in Jos, north-central Nigeria.

    abstract::Locally fabricated phototherapy devices (LFPDs) are widely used in Nigeria for the treatment of neonatal jaundice. Ours was a cross-sectional observational study of all LFPDs in major hospitals in Jos between January and March 2015. We evaluated a total of 24 LFPDs. The irradiance at the level of the baby was in the r...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Diala UM,Ofakunrin AO,Toma BO,Shwe DD,Yilgwan CS,Bode-Thomas F

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Towards a rational malaria management at district hospital level: exploratory case series of febrile adult patients in a holoendemic area of Tanzania.

    abstract::One hundred and sixty eight febrile adult outpatients were investigated at St Francis Designated District Hospital in fakara, a holoendemic area in Tanzania. We wanted to assess the potential anamnestic and clinical risk indicators for malaria and to establish a rational strategy for malaria management. Blood slide in...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oster N,Krause E,Hatz C

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • Use of a Fogarty catheter after tracheobronchial inhalation of a bead.

    abstract::We describe a case of tracheobronchial inhalation of a bead by a five-year-old girl in Djibouti. The bead was extracted using a Fogarty balloon catheter passed through the rigid bronchoscope without complication. This kind of accident is not exceptional and we discuss the management of such cases with limited diagnost...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Landy C,Massoure PL,Gauthier J,Eve O,Kaiser E

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Helicobacter pylori infection in dyspeptic patients in an industrial belt of India.

    abstract::The present study is done to study different aspects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) such as its prevalence, association with upper gastrointestinal pathology, diagnosis and treatment outcome. Gastric antral biopsy and serology for H. pylori was done for all dyspeptic patients. Histopathology, gram stain and biopsy...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Satpathi P,Satpathi S,Mohanty S,Mishra SK,Behera PK,Maity AB

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • The decision-to-delivery interval in emergency Caesarean sections and its correlation with perinatal outcome: evidence from 204 deliveries in a developing country.

    abstract::The international standard decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) for emergency Caesarean sections (CSs) is ≤ 30 minutes but there is little evidence to support this recommendation. The aim of this study was to evaluate DDI for emergency CS and its relationship to perinatal outcome. We undertook a prospective observation...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh R,Deo S,Pradeep Y

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Seroepidemiology of human Brucella infection in Yixing, China.

    abstract::Brucellosis is a common zoonotic infection worldwide and a major public health problem in developing countries including China. The aim of our study was to investigate the seroprevalence of Brucella infection in humans in Yixing, located at the centre of the Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration. A total of 895 sera...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xiao Y,Zou G,Yin J,Tan W,Zhou J,Zhang H

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of blindness and its causes among those aged 50 years and above in rural Karnataka, South India.

    abstract::To estimate the prevalence of blindness and its causes among those aged 50 years and above in rural Karnataka. A total of 1505 people aged 50 years and above from 15 villages were examined. The participants were selected through a house-to-house survey by the cluster sampling method. Visual acuity was tested using a m...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chandrashekhar TS,Bhat HV,Pai RP,Nair SK

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical patterns and major causes of infertility among Sudanese couples.

    abstract::An understanding of the medical causes of infertility is crucial in order to reduce incidences of Infertility and for improving the clinical management of infertility. Although there were much data on infertility in other African countries, no data exist on infertility in Sudan. Seven hundred and ten Sudanese couples ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elussein EA,Magid YM,Omer MM,Adam I

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of abdominal TB: a review of 92 cases.

    abstract::During a period of eight years (1999-2006), 92 cases of abdominal TB were diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). Based on our findings, FNAC is a simple, fast, accurate and inexpensive diagnostic procedure for cases of suspected abdominal TB. ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Handa U,Garg S,Mohan H

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adi Quala: application of solar photovoltaic generation in rural medical centres.

    abstract::Adi Quala is an Eritrean agricultural town of 14,000 people, and is situated about 70 km south of the capital, Asmara and 30 km from the border with Tigray, Ethiopia. On good days electricity was received from Asmara between 0600 h and 2300 h with nothing available outside these hours. These conditions meant the elect...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allen P,Welstead J

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of albendazole regimen for prophylaxis of strongyloides hyperinfection in nephrotic syndrome patients on long-term steroids in Cambodia.

    abstract::Nephrotic syndrome patients on long-term steroids face the risk of having heavy uncomplicated strongyloidiasis or death from its extreme form, the strongyloides hyperinfection. The risk can be minimized if we eradicate the parasite first. We compare a once daily and twice daily albendazole regimen in preventing this p...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Leang B,Lynen L,Schrooten W,Hines J

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Utility of intradermal smear in the diagnosis of malaria.

    abstract::The objective of this preliminary study was to evaluate the usefulness of the intradermal smear test in the diagnosis of malaria. One hundred cases of suspected malaria (having received no prior antimalarials) were investigated. Both peripheral blood film (PBF) and intradermal smears (IDS) were simultaneously prepared...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh H,Sen R,Singh S,Siwach SB,Jagdish,Singh RM

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • A cluster of anthrax cases including meningitis.

    abstract::We report a common-source outbreak of anthrax. The source of infection was the carcass of a cow. Three patients developed anthrax, which affects meninx, skin and larynx. The patient with meningitis died. In all, 20 people who contacted or ate the cooked meat of the dead cow were given prophylactic tetracycline and rem...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leblebicioglu H,Turan D,Eroglu C,Esen S,Sunbul M,Bostanci F

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Diabetes self-care and educational needs in Tanzanian and Swedish diabetic patients: a cross-cultural study.

    abstract::The aim was to compare self-care and perceived educational needs in adult Tanzanian and Swedish diabetic patients. One hundred and fifty Tanzanians were matched with Swedes (n=150). All 300 patients filled in questionnaires about their self-care and educational needs. The comparison indicated the Tanzanians were almos...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smide B,Ekman L,Wikblad K

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Changing clinical profile and factors associated with liver enzyme abnormalities among HIV-infected persons.

    abstract::The spectrum of liver disease among HIV-infected patients is changing. In the era of antiretroviral therapy, opportunistic infections are diminishing and deranged liver function appears to be due usually to drug-induced liver injury, alcohol, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or chronic hepatitis B. To test this hy...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohite AR,Gambhire PA,Pawar SV,Jain SS,Contractor QQ,Rathi PM

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Malnutrition in children and its determinants: a study from east India.

    abstract::Malnutrition continues to be a major killer of children, predominantly in low- and middle-income countries such as India. An ecological study was undertaken to correlate different demographic factors with the prevalence of underweight children. Based on findings from the National Family Health Survey 4 (2015-2016), 81...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pratim Roy M

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • A challenging case of pyrexia of unknown origin: adrenal histoplasmosis mimicking tuberculosis in a patient with chronic hepatitis C.

    abstract::We present an unusual case of fever of unknown origin with bilateral adrenal masses in a patient with compensated chronic liver disease (compensated) due to hepatitis C who had been treated elsewhere with four months of anti-tuberculous therapy for suspected disseminated tuberculosis (TB). At our institution, he under...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramesh V,Narreddy S,Gowrishankar S,Barigala R,Nanda S

    更新日期:2018-12-28 00:00:00

  • Camel injuries.

    abstract::Camels use their teeth to bite, lift and throw their enemies, their feet to kick, paw or trample over, their whole body to knock over, press and squeeze, and their spit or regurgitated food to cover their perceived adversaries. Camel injuries can be very serious, resulting in fractures and severe lacerations of skin, ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tahzib F

    更新日期:1984-10-01 00:00:00

  • 2,4-D poisoning: a review with illustration of two cases.

    abstract::2,4-D (2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid) is a chlorphenoxy group pesticide. Its relative safety and broad leaf selectivity makes it a favourite herbicide of many home gardeners and agricultural workers. Severe systemic toxicity requiring hospital admission and intensive care usually occurs following intentional oral inge...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pannu AK,Saroch A,Agrawal J,Sharma N

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Genitourinary melioidosis: a descriptive study.

    abstract::Melioidosis is the disease caused by the soil and water bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei. Our study aimed to delineate its genitourinary manifestations. Over a 10-year period (2006-2016), 20 adults with culture-confirmed genitourinary melioidosis were identified. The patients were all men with a mean age of 45.3 ±...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koshy M,Sadanshiv P,Sathyendra S

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • A case of ectopic fascioliasis in the skin.

    abstract::A four-year-old boy presented to the hospital with a four-month history of recurrent bouts of fever and abdominal pain. Half a month before being admitted to hospital, multiple red cutaneous nodules had emerged at the left epigastric region and a dark red serpentine track appeared under the skin at the same site. The ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yi-Zhu X,Zhi-Bang Y

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00