Pre-hospital care and its association with clinical outcome of snakebite victims presenting at a tertiary care referral hospital in South India.

Abstract:

:Most snakebite victims in low- and middle-income countries continue to seek many forms of first aid therapy before reaching hospital, the commonest being the application of a tourniquet. Our study looked at a prospective cohort of 382 such patients to ascertain the association of pre-hospital care with clinical outcome, and found that 60% developed complications as compared to 36% who had no pre-hospital care (p < 0.001), with 10 fatalities in the former compared to only one in the latter. Pre-hospital care remains very common and definitely increases morbidity and mortality.

journal_name

Trop Doct

journal_title

Tropical doctor

authors

Singaravelu KP,Pandit VR,Chinnakali P,Bammigatti C

doi

10.1177/0049475520966958

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2021-01-01 00:00:00

pages

77-80

issue

1

eissn

0049-4755

issn

1758-1133

journal_volume

51

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Anaemia in infancy.

    abstract::Anaemia in infancy is a very common clinical problem in the tropics and will continue to be common while infectious disease and poor nutrition prevail. In the diagnosis of anaemia in a child the clinician must expect a number of factors to be involved. On the basis of clinical features it is possible to arrive at a wo...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947557900900314

    authors: Wright SG

    更新日期:1979-07-01 00:00:00

  • A cluster of anthrax cases including meningitis.

    abstract::We report a common-source outbreak of anthrax. The source of infection was the carcass of a cow. Three patients developed anthrax, which affects meninx, skin and larynx. The patient with meningitis died. In all, 20 people who contacted or ate the cooked meat of the dead cow were given prophylactic tetracycline and rem...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/004947506775598798

    authors: Leblebicioglu H,Turan D,Eroglu C,Esen S,Sunbul M,Bostanci F

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • The 'Malawi device': a durable, reusable, low cost device from own materials for emergency ventilation during percutaneous tracheostomy.

    abstract::The use of a tracheostomy is routine in current intensive care practice to facilitate weaning patients requiring prolonged respiratory support from mechanical ventilation. Percutaneous tracheostomy has become an established technique with an acceptable risk profile in appropriately selected patients, and has the advan...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475514541649

    authors: Pollach G,Namboya F,Jung K

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of opportunistic infections in AIDS patients in Mangalore, Karnataka.

    abstract::A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of opportunistic infections in HIV-seropositive patients at Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Mangalore. Three hundred and seven HIV-positive patients were screened for various opportunistic pathogens. Tuberculosis was the most common infection followed by candidiasis...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2007.070171

    authors: Saldanha D,Gupta N,Shenoy S,Saralaya V

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Echocardiographic features of peripartum cardiac failure: the Zaria syndrome.

    abstract::Zaria has the highest incidence of peripartum cardiac failure, a syndrome of unsettled aetiology. Over the years it has been noted that there has been a decrease in the period of treatment by traditional methods from an average of 90 days to 30 days and with a complete avoidance of hot bed treatment. Twenty-one subjec...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947550203200112

    authors: Danbauchi SS

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology and clinical spectrum of infections of the central nervous system in adults in north India.

    abstract::Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are a leading cause of mortality in low- and middle-income countries. We studied the spectrum, aetiology and outcome of CNS infections in 401 consecutive patients aged ≥12 years admitted at the medical emergency centre of PGIMER, Chandigarh, India. An aetiological diagnos...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475520959905

    authors: Kumar D,Pannu AK,Dhibar DP,Singh R,Kumari S

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Paediatric surgery outreach: analysis of referrals to a tertiary paediatric surgery service to plan an outreach programme Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa.

    abstract::Paediatric surgical disease is a neglected health problem. Patients travel great distances to tertiary level care for management. This study aimed at analysing referral patterns to design an outreach programme for paediatric surgery in KwaZulu Natal. Data forms of patients referred to the service between January and J...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475517718103

    authors: Manickchund Y,Hadley GP

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Granuloma multiforme: an uncommon differential for leprosy.

    abstract::Granuloma multiforme (GM) is a chronic granulomatous skin condition which is clinically characterised by annular lesions mainly over sun-exposed areas and histologically by focal necrobiosis and histiocytic granulomas. Its significance lies in the fact that it can clinically resemble tuberculoid leprosy and hence it c...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475518803191

    authors: Bhatia S,Shenoi SD,Pai K,Ps S

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Health care in China: the experts take command.

    abstract::The trend away from communal medicine in the People's Republic of China is sadly noted in this brief history of medical education and practice in Mainland China since the cultural revolution. After Mao's revolution, the institution of barefoot doctors and other paraprofessional personnel spread quickly; entrance to m...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947558001000217

    authors: Rifkin SB

    更新日期:1980-04-01 00:00:00

  • The diagnosis of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Malawi.

    abstract::There is little information on a country-wide basis in sub-Saharan Africa about how the diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is made. A country-wide cross-sectional study was carried out in 40 non-private hospitals in Malawi which register and treat (TB) patients in order to assess diagnostic practices in ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947550303300106

    authors: Harries AD,Hargreaves NJ,Kwanjana JH,Salaniponi FM

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and therapeutic aspects of childhood kerosene poisoning in Djibouti.

    abstract::We report a prospective and descriptive study about childhood acute poisoning with kerosene in Djibouti. Acute poisoning is a common and stable occurrence in low socioeconomic groups in Africa, where negligence is the main cause of poisoning. The respiratory system was the main target, with 41% of patients having pneu...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2009.080444

    authors: Benois A,Petitjeans F,Raynaud L,Dardare E,Sergent H

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Capsule endoscopy in small bowel Crohn's disease and Tuberculosis.

    abstract::Differentiation of small bowel tuberculosis (SBTB) from Crohn's disease (CD) is a diagnostic challenge. We studied 52 patients with suspected SBTB or CD with terminal ileal involvement, who were prospectively enrolled. After confirming patency of the gastrointestinal tract, 26 patients underwent capsule endoscopy (CE)...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475516686542

    authors: Rana SS,Sharma V,Sharma R,Nada R,Gupta R,Bhasin DK

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers to follow-up of abnormal Papanicolaou smears among women in Leon, Nicaragua.

    abstract::Cervical cancer screening programmes only succeed when the coverage, screening, treatment and follow-up of any abnormal results are of high quality. This study investigates the screening coverage and the quality of the follow-up of cervical cancer screening of women in León, Nicaragua, as well as the factors affecting...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2009.090076

    authors: Vastbinder MB,Castillo C,Bekkers RL

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Central nervous system involvement in scrub typhus.

    abstract::Scrub typhus is an emerging infectious disease in India. Among its protean clinical manifestations, central nervous system involvement is common. In this prospective observational study, altered sensorium, headache, seizures and aseptic meningitis were found to be common central nervous system manifestations. Prompt t...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475513512646

    authors: Boorugu H,Chrispal A,Gopinath KG,Chandy S,Prakash JJ,Abraham AM,Abraham OC,Thomas K

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of blindness and its causes among those aged 50 years and above in rural Karnataka, South India.

    abstract::To estimate the prevalence of blindness and its causes among those aged 50 years and above in rural Karnataka. A total of 1505 people aged 50 years and above from 15 villages were examined. The participants were selected through a house-to-house survey by the cluster sampling method. Visual acuity was tested using a m...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/004947507779952113

    authors: Chandrashekhar TS,Bhat HV,Pai RP,Nair SK

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Odebode-Agaja adult cervical traction device.

    abstract::This technical note describes a new simple, cheap and affordable adult cervical traction device that is especially suitable for use in resource-poor third world countries because of its cost-effectiveness. While the widely used imported Gardner-Wells tongs cost over N250,000 (Nigerian) naira (approximately $1630 USD),...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2010.100277

    authors: Odebode TO,Agaja SB

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Primary mesenteric neuroendocrine tumour with liver metastasis: a common presentation of an uncommon tumour.

    abstract::Neuroendocrine tumours (NET) are rare. They usually arise from the gastrointestinal or bronchopulmonary systems. Most are discovered incidentally and the small bowel tumours pose special difficulty in detection and treatment. Primary mesenteric involvement is very rare. Here we report such a case with a liver metastas...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475519887657

    authors: Agarwal A,Kaman L,Gupta A,Ramavath K,Vaiphei K

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of HIV-1infection on survival in patients with haematological malignancies in Yaoundeé, Cameroon.

    abstract::The impact of HIV-1 infection on the survival of patients with haematological cancers in Yaoundeé, Cameroon, was examined. The prevalence of HIV-1 was 26.2% among 172 patients, predominantly lymphoid malignancies. At the time of analysis, 75% of patients had died giving an incidence rate of 0.05 deaths per year and a ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/004947507781524836

    authors: Mbanya DN,Minkoulou EM,Fezeu L,Kaptue L

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of albendazole regimen for prophylaxis of strongyloides hyperinfection in nephrotic syndrome patients on long-term steroids in Cambodia.

    abstract::Nephrotic syndrome patients on long-term steroids face the risk of having heavy uncomplicated strongyloidiasis or death from its extreme form, the strongyloides hyperinfection. The risk can be minimized if we eradicate the parasite first. We compare a once daily and twice daily albendazole regimen in preventing this p...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/004947505774938558

    authors: Leang B,Lynen L,Schrooten W,Hines J

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Adaption of suction connectors for use in meconium aspiration syndrome.

    abstract::Severe meconium aspiration syndrome is difficult to manage and has a high mortality in developing countries. Guidelines are available for the initial management. If the infant has been born through particulate meconium and is not vigorous, an inspection of the vocal cords by laryngoscopy is recommended. If meconium is...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2009.090200

    authors: Green DA

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Towards minimizing postoperative wound infection.

    abstract::The rate of postoperative wound infection was found to be low at 1.12% overall in a prospective study. This was achieved by careful preoperative preparation, judicious use of cheap prophylactic antibiotics which are included in the WHO model list of essential drugs, and meticulous operative technique. ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947559002000408

    authors: Nasher AA

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Control of water-borne parasitic diseases with natural products: the potential of Dialium guineense as a molluscicide.

    abstract::The molluscicidal activity of the fruit and leaves of Dialium guineense was found to be due to glycosides of the triterpenoid oleanolic acid. Three glycosides were isolated from the fruit and a fourth from the leaves and are known compounds. The amount of total saponins present in D. guineense makes it a good candidat...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/00494755970270S109

    authors: Houghton PJ,Odukoya OA,Adelusi A,Omogbai EK,Sanderson L,Whitfield PJ

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Changing clinical profile and factors associated with liver enzyme abnormalities among HIV-infected persons.

    abstract::The spectrum of liver disease among HIV-infected patients is changing. In the era of antiretroviral therapy, opportunistic infections are diminishing and deranged liver function appears to be due usually to drug-induced liver injury, alcohol, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) or chronic hepatitis B. To test this hy...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475516655068

    authors: Mohite AR,Gambhire PA,Pawar SV,Jain SS,Contractor QQ,Rathi PM

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical profile of children with kerosene aspiration.

    abstract::Accidental aspiration of kerosene is a common problem among children in developing countries. This descriptive study involved the retrospective analysis of children admitted with kerosene aspiration in a tertiary care hospital in South India for a year. Kerosene aspiration contributed to 60.4% of poisoning cases. Boys...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2011.110093

    authors: Venkatesh C,Sriram P,Adhisivam B,Mahadevan S

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • A case control study of active genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection among patients with tubal infertility in northern Nigeria.

    abstract::A case-controlled study of the prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection in 120 patients with tubal infertility (study group) and 120 clients of the family planning clinic (control group) attending the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria in northern Nigeria is reported. The prevalence was 38.3...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/004947506775598987

    authors: Tukur J,Shittu SO,Abdul AM

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • High prevalence of multidrug-resistant strains of Vibrio cholerae, in a cholera outbreak in Tehran-Iran, during June-September 2008.

    abstract::Following the occurrence of suspected cases of Vibrio cholerae in Karaj in 2008, this study was conducted in order to determine whether or not the cases were infected with cholera and, if so, to describe the prevalence of serotypes, route of transmission and the antimicrobial resistance profile. In this cross-sectiona...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1258/td.2010.100015

    authors: Ranjbar M,Rahmani E,Nooriamiri A,Gholami H,Golmohamadi A,Barati H,Rajabifar D,Barati S,Sabet MS,Zamiri A,Haghighi S,Taifehashemi P,Nojomi M

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Meningoencephalitis associated with hepatitis A infection: a case report and review of literature.

    abstract::Hepatitis A virus uncommonly causes neurological problems. Among these manifestations meningoencephalitis is very rare. We describe the clinical and laboratory features of a young boy with hepatitis A associated meningoencephalitis and compare it with other cases which had the same diagnoses. ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1258/td.2010.090424

    authors: Davoudi S,Soudbakhsh A,Emadikouchak H,Nikbakht G,Modabbernia A

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Gender difference in body mass index in West New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea: A sub-analysis of a cross-sectional questionnaire study.

    abstract:Œ:Globally, more women are likely to be obese than men, and the need for a gender-specific strategy concerning related health issues is important. Our study aimed to clarify gender difference related to obesity in Papua New Guinea by a sub-analysis of our previous questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. We used demo...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475520975389

    authors: Saito T,Matsui N,Izawa KP

    更新日期:2020-11-28 00:00:00

  • Giant molluscum contagiosum: an unusual presenting complaint of paediatric HIV disease.

    abstract::We report a widely disseminated, disfiguring facial molluscum contagiosum (MC) as a presenting complaint in an 11-year-old girl secondary to human immune-deficiency virus infection. A biopsy specimen demonstrated lobulated epidermal growth consisting of keratinocytes with large intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusion ...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/0049475514568133

    authors: Chatterjee S,Banerjee M,Bhattacharya S

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Reasons for non-immunization of children in an urban, low income group in North India.

    abstract::A study was undertaken on 500 children under the age of 5 years belonging to a low income group. All were attending the paediatrics outpatient department of a large teaching hospital in New Delhi, India. Only 25% were found to have received complete primary immunization as per the National Immunization Schedule (bacil...

    journal_title:Tropical doctor

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/004947550203200305

    authors: Mathew JL,Babbar H,Yadav S

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00