Exposure to passive smoking during pregnancy and childhood, and cancer risk: the epidemiological evidence.


:There are relatively few studies on the association between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during pregnancy and childhood, and cancer in childhood, adolescence or adulthood. The associations between maternal smoking during pregnancy and childhood cancer have been studied intensively, but there is no clear association overall, or for specific sites. The association between childhood cancer and smoking by the father in the preconceptional period, and by either parent during the child's lifetime, has been little studied. Again, no clear associations have been identified. However, evidence from studies of exposure to known carcinogens from ETS, and of genotoxic effects indicates that any effect, if present, is expected to be weak, and therefore could not have been detected by most of the studies which have been performed, due to the small number of cases included. There is some consistency of association between ETS exposure in childhood and the risk of lung cancers in adulthood. There is therefore a need for further epidemiological studies on ETS exposure during pregnancy and childhood and the occurrence of cancers.


Trédaniel J,Boffetta P,Little J,Saracci R,Hirsch A




Has Abstract


1994-07-01 00:00:00












  • Sedentary behaviour and physical activity across pregnancy and birth outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Shorter gestation or smaller birth size are indicators of a suboptimal fetal environment and negatively impact short- and long-term offspring health. Understanding how modifiable maternal behaviours, such as moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) or sedentary behaviour (SED), improve fetal o...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones MA,Catov JM,Jeyabalan A,Whitaker KM,Barone Gibbs B

    更新日期:2020-10-30 00:00:00

  • Risk factors and consequences of maternal anaemia and elevated haemoglobin levels during pregnancy: a population-based prospective cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To determine sociodemographic and life style-related risk factors and trimester specific maternal, placental, and fetal consequences of maternal anaemia and elevated haemoglobin levels in pregnancy. METHODS:In a population-based prospective cohort study of 7317 mothers, we measured haemoglobin levels in ear...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaillard R,Eilers PH,Yassine S,Hofman A,Steegers EA,Jaddoe VW

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Statistical modelling of the seasonality of preterm delivery and intrauterine growth restriction in rural Gambia.

    abstract::We have developed a methodology for comparing the seasonal influences on two outcomes, when those influences may act cumulatively or instantaneously. We have used this to compare the seasonal pattern of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR, as reflected by weight-for-gestational-age) and preterm delivery (as assessed...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fulford AJ,Rayco-Solon P,Prentice AM

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Timing of puberty in boys and girls: A population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A secular trend towards earlier puberty has been observed in girls, while a similar trend has been more uncertain in boys. We estimated current ages at pubertal development in both boys and girls. METHODS:In this population-based cohort study, 14 759 of 22 439 invited boys and girls born from 2000 to 2003 i...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brix N,Ernst A,Lauridsen LLB,Parner E,Støvring H,Olsen J,Henriksen TB,Ramlau-Hansen CH

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Secondary enuresis in a birth cohort of New Zealand children.

    abstract::The development of secondary enuresis was examined in a birth cohort of New Zealand children studied to the age of 10 years. By this age, 7.9% of children had developed secondary enuresis. Analysis suggested two risk factors were involved in secondary enuresis. First, children who were late to attain nocturnal bladder...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fergusson DM,Horwood LJ,Shannon FT

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Social differences in late fetal death and infant mortality in Sweden 1985-86.

    abstract::Social differences in late fetal death and infant mortality were examined in a population-based prospective study. All singletons born to Nordic citizens in Sweden 1985-86 were included, 185,156 births in all. The overall rates of late fetal death and infant mortality were 3.5 and 5.3 per 1000 respectively. Socio-econ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haglund B,Cnattingius S,Nordström ML

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trends and characteristics of induced labour in the United States, 1989-98.

    abstract::Induction of labour is one of the fastest growing medical procedures in the United States. In 1998, 19.2% of all US births were a product of induced labour, more than twice the 9.0% in 1989. Induction of labour has been efficacious in the management of post-term pregnancy and in expediting delivery when the mother or ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDorman MF,Mathews TJ,Martin JA,Malloy MH

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality due to sudden infant death syndrome in Northern Italy, 1990-2000: a baseline for the assessment of prevention campaigns.

    abstract::The aim of this paper is to estimate the infant mortality rate and the incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in Lombardy, Northern Italy, in the period 1990-2000 and to provide basic information for a subsequent comparison of the SIDS incidence before and after the risk-intervention campaign. A retrospectiv...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Montomoli C,Monti MC,Stramba-Badiale M,Marinoni A,Foglieni N,Carreri V,Amigoni M,Schwartz PJ

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • Birthweight and infant mortality in Bulgaria's transition crisis.

    abstract::Between 1988 and 1991, years of political and economic crisis, Bulgaria reported a 25% increase in infant mortality. From 1991 to 1995, the rate then dropped slightly. Analysis of detailed unpublished vital statistics shows that the reported increase could not have been a result of more complete reporting of early neo...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carlson E,Tsvetarsky S

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract illness before the age of two years in western Australia.

    abstract::In this study, hospital admissions for lower respiratory tract illness before two years of age have been documented for all children born in Western Australia in 1986. Admissions data were linked to birth and death records for individual children. Of the total cohort, 5% of non-Aboriginal and 17% of Aboriginal childre...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Read AW,Gibbins J,Stanley FJ

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anthropometric measurements for neonates, 23 to 29 weeks gestation, in the 1990s.

    abstract::Reference data describing weight, length, and head circumference (anthropometric measurements) at birth were published by Lubchenco and Usher before 1970. Few attempts have been made to investigate whether these data are appropriate for today's cohort of preterm neonates. We analysed anthropometric data for neonates b...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karna P,Brooks K,Muttineni J,Karmaus W

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal diet and the risk of hypospadias and cryptorchidism in the offspring.

    abstract::Male genital tract birth defects have been associated in previous studies with several prenatal exposures to environmental and dietary risk factors. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between hypospadias and cryptorchidism, and the dietary habits of an agricultural population in Italy. A populati...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giordano F,Carbone P,Nori F,Mantovani A,Taruscio D,Figà-Talamanca I

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hospitalisations from 1 to 6 years of age: effects of gestational age and severe neonatal morbidity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To investigate whether the adverse infant health outcomes associated with early birth and severe neonatal morbidity (SNM) persist beyond the first year of life and impact on paediatric hospitalisations for children up to 6 years of age. METHODS:The study population included all singleton live births, >32 we...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stephens AS,Lain SJ,Roberts CL,Bowen JR,Simpson JM,Nassar N

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • The association of birth interval, maternal age and season of birth with the fertility of daughters: a retrospective cohort study based on family reconstitutions from nineteenth and early twentieth century Quebec.

    abstract::In a historical follow-up study, we evaluated the association of the fertility of daughters with five perinatal factors: short (< 15 months) or long (> or = 45 months) preceding birth interval, low (< or = 20 years) or advanced (> or = 40 years) maternal age and season of birth. We used data concerning 2062 women marr...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smits L,Zielhuis G,Jongbloet P,Bouchard G

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for cryptorchidism: a nested case-control study.

    abstract::A nested case-control study of cryptorchidism (i.e. undescended testicles) was undertaken as part of a hospital-based cohort study of 6699 singleton male neonates in New York City. Since some of the cryptorchid infants experienced spontaneous descent of their testes, separate analysis was performed for this third grou...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berkowitz GS,Lapinski RH

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of febrile seizures in Dutch schoolchildren.

    abstract::During a scheduled visit to the school physician, the number of children with a history of febrile seizures was determined in 3570 children attending primary schools in the suburban area of the city of Rotterdam. At the age of 6 years, 140 had experienced at least one febrile seizure (3.9%, 95% confidence interval 3.3...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Offringa M,Hazebroek-Kampschreur AA,Derksen-Lubsen G

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Review of risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome.

    abstract::Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) accounts for the largest number of deaths during the first year of life in developed countries. The possible causes of SIDS are numerous and, to date, there is no adequate unifying pathological explanation for SIDS. Epidemiological studies have played a key role in identifying risk ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sullivan FM,Barlow SM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of reproductive histories constructed by linking vital records.

    abstract::We used 1.4 million fetal death and birth certificates filed in Georgia between 1980 and 1992 to construct 369,686 chains of two or more reproductive events occurring to the same woman. We evaluated these chains using both information on the certificates and information independently collected in interviews with 1311 ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams MM,Berg CJ,McDermott JM,Gaudino JA,Casto DL,Wilson HG,McCarthy BJ

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Umbilical Cord Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations and Relation to Birthweight, Head Circumference and Infant Length at Age 14 Days.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Insufficient supply of vitamin D during early development may negatively affect offspring growth. METHODS:We examined the association between umbilical cord (UC) serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and infant size in a study of two Faroese birth cohorts of 1038 singleton infants. In the third...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Dalgård C,Petersen MS,Steuerwald U,Weihe P,Grandjean P

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of neonatal group B streptococcal disease in The Netherlands 1997-98.

    abstract::Group B streptococcal (GBS) infection is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborn infants. In The Netherlands, there are no published data on the incidence of neonatal GBS infection. We collected data of all infants with GBS disease during the first 3 months of life, as reported to the Dutch Paed...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trijbels-Smeulders M,Gerards LJ,M PC,de Jong P,van Lingen RA,Adriaanse AH,de Jonge GA,Kollée LA

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Gestational age- and birthweight-specific declines in infant mortality in Canada, 1985-94. Fetal and Infant Health Study Group of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System.

    abstract::We studied infant mortality rates in Canada within specific gestational age and birthweight categories after using probabilistic techniques to link information in Statistics Canada's live births data base (1985-94) with that in the death data base (1985-95). Gestational age- and birthweight-specific mortality rates in...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joseph KS,Kramer MS,Allen AC,Cyr M,Fair M,Ohlsson A,Wen SW

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of reporting of sexual activity during late pregnancy.

    abstract::Women recalled their sexual activity during pregnancy in telephone interviews occurring during and after the third trimester, as part of a study of preterm delivery in central North Carolina in 1996-97. This retrospective information was compared with prospective daily records for the same time periods in a subsample ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayle AE,Savitz DA,Williams JF

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and neurodevelopmental outcomes in offspring.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy (NVP) is the most common complication of pregnancy. NVP has been associated with improved fetal outcomes, but its association with childhood neurodevelopmental outcomes has rarely been studied. METHODS:Subjects were children aged 5-12 years (n = 560) who were controls in...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parker SE,Starr JR,Collett BR,Speltz ML,Werler MM

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy: a comparison between concurrent and retrospective self-reports.

    abstract::Retrospective reports of smoking in pregnancy are of importance for clinical or scientific purposes. Careful analyses of stability and accuracy of recalled behaviour are, therefore, needed. In 1998, the mothers of 2369 pre-teens born in Sweden retrospectively reported their smoking behaviour during the first trimester...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Post A,Gilljam H,Bremberg S,Galanti MR

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of birth certificate-derived maternal weight data.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies using vital records-based maternal weight data have become more common, but the validity of these data is uncertain. METHODS:We evaluated the accuracy of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) reported on birth certificates using medical record data in 1204 births at a ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bodnar LM,Abrams B,Bertolet M,Gernand AD,Parisi SM,Himes KP,Lash TL

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Growth velocity during the first postnatal week of life is linked to a spurt of IGF-I effect.

    abstract::There is adequate evidence that growth during the perinatal period is linked to the risk of several adult onset diseases, and recent findings indicate that the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is involved in prenatal growth, as reflected in birthweight. However, whether major components of the IGF system are in...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skalkidou A,Petridou E,Papathoma E,Salvanos H,Trichopoulos D

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Birth outcomes of foreign-born, native-born, and mixed couples in Sweden.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many births in industrialised countries are to immigrant parents, or to one immigrant and one domestically born parent. Their newborn outcomes have not been well studied. METHODS:We conducted a study of 1,690,423 singleton infants born in Sweden between 1987 and 2008, including those of immigrants from East...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Urquia ML,Qiao Y,Ray JG,Liu C,Hjern A

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology and taxonomy in mental retardation.

    abstract::The present state of epidemiological research in relation to mental retardation is described, with particular respect to taxonomic issues. A comprehensive taxonomy is proposed, and the problems of establishing it discussed. ...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fryers T

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Adiposity is associated with anovulation independent of serum free testosterone: A prospective cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Obesity, a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 , is linked to infertility, potentially through a greater risk of anovulation due to elevated androgens. Yet, previous studies have not directly assessed the impact of adiposity, or body fat, on anovulation in the absence of clinical infertility. OBJECTIVE:To chara...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bloom MS,Perkins NJ,Sjaarda LA,Mumford SL,Ye A,Kim K,Kuhr DL,Nobles CJ,Connell MT,Schisterman EF

    更新日期:2020-10-26 00:00:00

  • Caesarean Birth is Associated with Both Maternal and Paternal Origin in Immigrants in Sweden: a Population-Based Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To investigate the association between maternal country of birth and father's origin and unplanned and planned caesarean birth in Sweden. METHODS:Population-based register study including all singleton births in Sweden between 1999 and 2012 (n = 1 311 885). Multinomial regression was conducted to estimate o...

    journal_title:Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Juárez SP,Small R,Hjern A,Schytt E

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00