Iron deficiency and anemia of chronic disease. Clues to differentiating these conditions.


:Iron deficiency occurs when the body's iron stores are exhausted. The source of blood loss leading to iron deficiency must be identified in all cases. Anemia of chronic disease generally results from an infectious, inflammatory, or malignant process. However, in some reported cases, no such process could be identified. Differentiating iron deficiency anemia from anemia of chronic disease may be difficult because of similarities in presentation. Physicians need to be aware of special clinical considerations when these two types of anemia coexist. Ferrous sulfate therapy is the ideal form of iron replacement.


Postgrad Med


Postgraduate medicine


Mohler ER Jr




Has Abstract


1992-09-15 00:00:00












  • Using anticoagulants safely. Guidelines for therapeutic and prophylactic regimens.

    abstract::Heparin and warfarin sodium (Coumadin, Panwarfin, Sofarin) are used most often to treat acute and recurrent venous thromboembolic disease, arterial disease, valvular heart disease, and atrial fibrillation. These agents along with dextran, pneumatic compression devices, and gradient stockings are also used to prevent d...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dhami MS,Bona RD

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • AIDS update.

    abstract::Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a new and frightening epidemic. Epidemiology has clearly delineated the mechanisms of spread as sexual intercourse, transfer of blood, and vertical transfer from infected mother to newborn child. Although much remains to be answered about infection with the AIDS virus, pres...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Scutchfield FD,Benenson AS

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Adrenal insufficiency due to recurrent renal cell carcinoma in the left adrenal gland 3 years after right radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma.

    abstract::Primary adrenal insufficiency due to tumor involvement is very rare. We herein report a case of adrenal insufficiency caused by cancer metastasis to a remaining single adrenal gland in a renal cell carcinoma patient who had undergone radical nephrectomy including removal of the right adrenal gland. The patient present...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee MW,Lee HJ

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Targeted interventions can minimize joint destruction.

    abstract::Rheumatoid arthritis can cause joint erosion and deformity, pain, stiffness, and decreased function and range of motion. Early diagnosis is crucial to prevent permanent joint damage. In this article, Drs Williams and Fye discuss articular and extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis as well as the evolvi...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Williams EA,Fye KH

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Physiologic evaluation of bronchial asthma.

    abstract::Preview No physician would treat hypertension without monitoring blood pressure, but some treat bronchial asthma without objectively measuring pulmonary function. This empirical approach is inappropriate, according to the authors, who discuss key measurements that should be taken to assess disease status, guide therap...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weiss SM,Petty TL

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Containing methicillin-resistant S aureus. Surveillance, control, and treatment methods.

    abstract::In the past two decades, the prevalence of MRSA has increased in healthcare facilities in many countries around the world. The organism, which has caused nosocomial outbreaks, also has become endemic in many hospitals and long-term care facilities. Recently, reports of community-acquired MRSA in persons without known ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Simor AE

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cecal volvulus: A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

    abstract::Cecal volvulus is a malrotational abnormality of the intestine that causes obstruction. Diagnosis is difficult and, if delayed, the results may be intestinal ischemia, perforation, sepsis, and even death. Cecal ischemia or gangrene cannot always be determined from physical and laboratory findings. Although not always ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weiss BD

    更新日期:1982-08-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolic aspects of psoriasis: the basis for specific therapy.

    abstract::Psoriasis, like diabetes, is a multifactorial genetic disease with complex interactions of deranged metabolism. Factors that affect epidermal differentiation and proliferation include cyclic nucleotide interactions, polyamine metabolism, cell surface--cytoskeleton interactions, and arachidonic acid--prostaglandin casc...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson TF,Voorhees JJ

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Itraconazole and terbinafine in perspective. From petri dish to patient.

    abstract::This paper compares the antifungal activity and efficacy of itraconazole and terbinafine in vitro with their experimental activity and efficacy in vivo in patients with superficial fungal infections (tinea pedis and onychomycosis). Onychomycosis and tinea pedis are often treated with oral antifungals. With the introdu...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: De Doncker P,Gupta AK

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Fine-tuning insulin therapy.

    abstract::It is now possible to mimic normal insulin action more precisely than ever before with physiologic treatment programs using self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and newer insulins with more predictable action. Physiologic programs are more effective for both insulin-dependent (type I) and non-insulin-dependent (typ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beaser RS

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ten pitfalls in the proper management of patients with hyponatremia.

    abstract::Hyponatremia (serum sodium <135 mEq/L) is a common electrolyte disorder in community or hospitalized patients. Serum sodium levels should be corrected at a proper rate in patients with hyponatremia, since overcorrection of serum sodium levels is related to devastating neurologic consequences, such as the osmotic demye...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Filippatos TD,Liamis G,Elisaf MS

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Use of antiplatelet agents in patients with atherosclerotic disease.

    abstract::Platelets play a key role in the initiation of hemostatic mechanisms during vascular injury. When contemplating prescription of antiplatelet agents (APAs) for patients as primary prevention for cardiovascular events, the physician should carefully weigh the potential benefits of cardiovascular risk reduction with the ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Acharji S,Lakshmanadoss U,Rudzinski W,Stapleton DD,Kaluski E

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Using the Heimlich maneuver to save near-drowning victims.

    abstract::Flooding of the lungs occurs routinely in drowning victims. The cause of death in 90% of them is hypoxemia caused by water in the lungs. Mouth-to-mouth ventilation is ineffective until the water is removed. The Heimlich maneuver expels aspirated water, vomitus, debris, and other foreign matter. In treating near-drowni...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heimlich HJ,Patrick EA

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • Drug-induced illness in the elderly.

    abstract::The elderly are predisposed to adverse drug reactions because of age-related physiologic changes, interaction of one drug with another, and interaction between a drug and a coexisting medical condition. Recognition of such adverse reactions is essential, because many are reversible and many are even preventable. Asses...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Harper CM,Newton PA,Walsh JR

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of involuntary weight loss. Where do you start?

    abstract::When a patient presents with involuntary weight loss, the etiologic considerations can be overwhelming. To plan a cost-effective workup, physicians need to be aware of the most common causes of weight loss and the tests that yield the most pertinent data. Drs Wise and Craig review the clinical studies on unintentional...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wise GR,Craig D

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Hair analysis. Proven and problematic applications.

    abstract::Hair analysis has important uses in screening for metal intoxication and exposure to environmental pollutants, as well as applications in forensic medicine. In addition, hair analysis has been hailed as the new "in" tool for diagnosis of nutritional deficiencies and chronic diseases, but data to support these applicat...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fletcher DJ

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Angiotensin receptor blocker and dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker combinations: an emerging strategy in hypertension therapy.

    abstract::Hypertension is a leading contributor to the burden of cardiovascular disease. The importance of lowering blood pressure (BP) to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events has been demonstrated in numerous clinical trials. Most patients require combination antihypertensive therapy utilizing agents from complementary dru...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Oparil S,Weber M

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical workup of fatty liver for the primary care provider.

    abstract::Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is quickly emerging as a global epidemic in parallel with the rise in obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome. NAFLD, once seen simply as a passive consequence of the Metabolic Syndrome (MetS), has been found to interact with other features of MetS to exacerbate insulin resistance, ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Jensen T,Wieland A,Cree-Green M,Nadeau K,Sullivan S

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Functional assessment in older patients.

    abstract::Preview Practical assessment of the functional and support factors affecting quality of life in older patients should be an integral part of medical management. This approach allows physicians to focus on remediable problems that compromise patients' daily functioning and may hinder them from living independently. In ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paist SS 3rd,Jafri A

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Beyond psychopharmacology. Psychosocial strategies for getting the best results when switching antipsychotic medications.

    abstract::Recent effectiveness studies have shown that over a year and a half, 3 of 4 study patients either stopped or changed their antipsychotic medication. This finding highlights the fact that psychopharmacologic treatments do not remain stable over the course of treatment. Our own interpretation is that these findings emph...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Scheifler PL,Weiden PJ

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Gastroesophageal reflux.

    abstract::Preview Although heartburn is the most common symptom of gastroesophageal reflux, many patients with reflux have other, more obscure manifestations. Recognition of all potential signs and symptoms of reflux is important for expeditious management. This article focuses on these atypical presentations and discusses how ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barr LL

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • The new hepatitis B vaccine. How, when, and why to use it.

    abstract::A hepatitis B vaccine derived from the plasma of carriers of hepatitis B virus has recently become generally available in the United States. Its use is recommended in groups considered to be at high risk of hepatitis B because of their exposure to potentially infectious blood, saliva, or semen. Experience in more than...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kutcher WL

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Differential diagnosis of jaundice. Hepatocellular versus obstructive disease.

    abstract::The patient with jaundice may be accurately diagnosed through clinical history, physical findings, and noninvasive laboratory and radiologic examinations available in most community hospitals. Ultrasonography is usually the procedure of choice in initial evaluation, but if acute cholecystitis is suspected, hepatobilia...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marin GA

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of naloxone use in hospitalized patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Naloxone is indicated for reversal of opioid-induced respiratory depression. The objective of this study is to evaluate patterns of naloxone use in hospitalized patients. METHODS:Retrospective chart review at the University of California, San Diego Health. Subjects included adults ≥18 years old who were adm...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yung L,Lee KC,Hsu C,Furnish T,Atayee RS

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid evaluation of comatose patients.

    abstract::Coma is a common, life-threatening medical problem encountered by primary care physicians. The principles of emergency management mandate that adequate oxygenation, blood flow, and supplementation with thiamine and glucose be given to the brain before a thorough diagnostic evaluation is undertaken. Knowledge of the us...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alguire PC

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prospectus.

    abstract::To help you save time in identifying those meetings and courses of greatest interest to you, POSTGRADUATE MEDICINE offers this objectively rated listing as a regular reader service. Each event has been rated on the factors that matter most to you: relevance of the subject to primary care, number of credit hours, cost ...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章



    更新日期:1977-11-01 00:00:00

  • Fever following abdominal surgery. Unusual infectious causes.

    abstract::Identification of the cause and subsequent specific therapy are indicated for those prolonged or relapsing fevers that follow abdominal surgery. On rare occasions, these fevers can be attributed to potentially life-threatening occult infections, including maxillary sinusitis, acute cholecystitis, antibiotic-related ps...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gleckman RA,Roth RM

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Health care provider management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: analysis of trends in attitudes and practices.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify attitudes and practices of endocrinologists (ENDOs), family practitioners (FPs), internists (IMs), primary care nurse practitioners (NPs), physician assistants (PAs), certified diabetes educators (CDEs), retail pharmacists (R-PHs), and hospital pharmacists (H-PHs) with respect to type 2 diabetes m...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williamson C,Glauser TA,Burton BS,Schneider D,Dubois AM,Patel D

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Vasculitis. A practical approach to management.

    abstract::Vasculitis encompasses a wide variety of diseases. Because diagnosis may be difficult, a careful evaluation is essential, including a detailed patient history, thorough physical examination, and appropriate laboratory studies. Diagnosis is based on clinicopathologic features that permit identification of the condition...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Semble EL,Chmelewski WL,Pisko EJ

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Carcinoma of the lung. Who will benefit from surgery?

    abstract::The present staging methods for non-small-cell lung cancer provide little more than epidemiologic assessment of prognosis for grossly defined groups of patients. Except in extreme instances, physicians can tell patients very little about their prognosis or the need for supplemental therapy. More effective and less tox...

    journal_title:Postgraduate medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Landreneau RJ

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00