A protocol of dual prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism prevention in gynecologic cancer patients.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate a quality improvement protocol for venous thromboembolism prevention in postoperative gynecologic cancer patients. METHODS:On January 1, 2006, we initiated a universal protocol of dual prophylaxis with sequential compression devices and three times daily heparin (or daily low molecular weight heparin) until discharge in gynecologic cancer patients having major surgery. Patients with both malignancy and age over 60 years (or history of prior clot) were discharged on 2 weeks of anticoagulant. Before January 2006, all patients were given sequential compression devices starting before the induction of anesthesia, continuing until discharge from the hospital. Records of gynecologic cancer service patients admitted in 2005 and 2006 were reviewed, excluding patients with a history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia or those admitted on an anticoagulant. Any pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis diagnosed within 6 weeks of surgery was identified. We performed chi2 and Wilcoxon rank sum tests as well as multivariable regression analysis for confounders. RESULTS:Six of the 311 women meeting inclusion criteria in 2006 (1.9%) and 19 of 294 (6.5%) in 2005 had venous thromboembolism (odds ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.88, multivariable analysis adjusting for baseline differences between the groups). Heparin was given to 98.1% of patients in the hospital in 2006, and 91.1% of those meeting high-risk criteria were discharged on an anticoagulant. No differences in major bleeding complications were seen between years. CONCLUSION:A protocol of dual prophylaxis with prolonged prophylaxis in high-risk patients was successfully implemented and was associated with a significant reduction in the rate of venous thromboembolism without increasing bleeding complications. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:II.

journal_name

Obstet Gynecol

authors

Einstein MH,Kushner DM,Connor JP,Bohl AA,Best TJ,Evans MD,Chappell RJ,Hartenbach EM

doi

10.1097/AOG.0b013e31818b1486

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-11-01 00:00:00

pages

1091-7

issue

5

eissn

0029-7844

issn

1873-233X

pii

112/5/1091

journal_volume

112

pub_type

临床试验,杂志文章
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    authors: Roubal PJ,Chavinson AH,LaGrandeur RM

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    abstract::Most discussion on labial adhesions is about the pediatric group. A case is presented of a postmenopausal woman whose main complaint was urinary incontinence. Etiology, symptoms, signs, and diagnosis are discussed. Guidelines for treatment and prevention are proposed. Because the number of postmenopausal women is stea...

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    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Contemporary Trends in Cesarean Delivery Utilization for Live Births Between 22 0/7 and 23 6/7 Weeks of Gestation.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Newbury R,Schuerch C,Goodspeed N,Fanning J,Glidewell O,Evans M

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • The role of endocervical curettage at cervical conization for high-grade dysplasia.

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    authors: Kobak WH,Roman LD,Felix JC,Muderspach LI,Schlaerth JB,Morrow CP

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    authors: Martin TR,Tupper WR

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究

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    authors: Nakano R,Takekida H,Kotsuji F,Tojo S

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

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    更新日期:1982-02-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

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