Gender Differences in Negative Mood, Emotional Intelligence and Tobacco Use among Young Adults.


:Background: Tobacco use is recognized as a form of addiction and remains a significant health concern. Despite this well accepted problem, the various components associated with tobacco use across gender remain relatively unknown. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between tobacco use and negative moods (anxiety, depression, stress) between men and women. The relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and attitudes about smoking was also investigated. Methods: A questionnaire was used to determine sociodemographic characteristics, negative moods, EI, smoking behavior, and tobacco-related attitudes (N = 350). Results: Amongst individuals who used tobacco products, women reported greater disturbances in stress and anxiety compared to men. In addition, both men and women who used tobacco products reported higher depression scores compared to nonsmokers, however, no gender differences were observed. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that higher EI scores explained negative attitudes about smoking in relation to health concerns. Lastly, women reported stronger attitudes for the restriction of cigarette sales and marketing of tobacco products. Conclusion: These findings support the literature by showing that mood dysregulation is an important factor associated with tobacco use among women. Additionally, we report that specific aspects of EI are psychological constructs closely linked with attitudes about smoking. Future studies elucidating the various components of tobacco use across gender might lead to more effective treatments for smoking.


Subst Use Misuse


Substance use & misuse


Torres OV,Estep JC,Gwin M,Villalta I




Has Abstract


2020-01-01 00:00:00












  • Association Between Perceived Discrimination and Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption in ELSA-Brasil Cohort: Focusing on Gender Differences.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Discrimination is detrimental to physical and mental health, particularly insofar as health-risk behaviors are concerned. Particular attention has been paid to excess alcohol consumption and smoking in view of the ready availability of these substances in Western societies. OBJECTIVES:To determine whether a...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrão AL,Almeida MDC,Matos SMA,Goes EF,Nogueira C,Aquino EML

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • A brief alternative for identifying alcohol use disorders.

    abstract::This study sought to evaluate the clinical utility of a brief assessment interview in accurately classifying inmates manifesting an alcohol use disorder (AUD) based on a structured diagnostic assessment interview. Data were derived from routine clinical assessments of 7,672 inmates (89.6% male) incarcerated in the Min...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Proctor SL,Hoffmann NG

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Addiction, risk, and resources.

    abstract::Addiction is a contemporary social issue bound to the myth of self-control and control of the other, which is typical of the contemporary "market ideology" society. In its broad definition it includes not only the use and misuse of "substances" and addictive behaviors, but also the concept of risk. There is a continuu...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allamani A

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Parental Bond and Alcohol Use Among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Drinking Motives.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems represent a significant health concern. Few empirical researches focused on understanding the interrelationships and links between the parental bond, drinking motives, and alcohol use during adolescence. OBJECTIVES:The present study examined the relationships between...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smorti M,Guarnieri S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Explanations for methamphetamine use among gay and bisexual men in New York City.

    abstract::Qualitative interview data from Project Tina, a formative investigation of methamphetamine use among gay and bisexual men in New York City, were used to explore the reasons men use methamphetamine. Interviews were conducted with 48 active methamphetamine users, and coding revealed that a majority of the men used the s...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halkitis PN,Fischgrund BN,Parsons JT

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Retention in an aftercare program for recovering women.

    abstract::Examining the correlates of aftercare participation is critical to program development and successful relapse prevention. This study assesses retention in an aftercare program of case management and peer support for formerly homeless recovering mothers. Length of residential drug treatment, length of sobriety, strong ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Coughey K,Feighan K,Cheney R,Klein G

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal and paternal alcohol misuse and alcohol-related outcomes among college students.

    abstract::Using a large college student sample (N = 1,095), the present study examined whether the relationship between parental alcohol abuse and offspring alcohol use varied as a function of parent and offspring gender, and whether the relationship to the non-substance-abusing mother or father buffered against the risk associ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pearson MR,D'Lima GM,Kelley ML

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C Testing, Status and Treatment among Marginalized People Who Use Drugs in an Inner City Setting: An Observational Cohort Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among people who inject drugs (PWID) and is associated with morbidity and premature death. Although HCV can be cured, treatment may be inaccessible. We studied HCV testing, status and treatment among marginalized people who use drugs in Ottawa, Canada, a se...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boucher LM,Bayoumi AM,Mark AE,Cooper C,Martin A,Marshall Z,Boyd R,Oickle P,Diliso N,Pineau D,Renaud B,LeBlanc S,Tyndall M,Lee OM,Kendall CE

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Evaluation of Substance User Treatment--A Jubilee Proposal for the 21st Century.

    abstract::This article recommends a longitudinal, national study of the outcomes of substance user treatment, plus a cohort of users who do not enter treatment. Viewing addiction primarily as a brain disease has provided interesting descriptive information but dismisses the psychological, social, political, economic, and legal ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schildhaus S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of craving self-report measurement on desire for heroin in opioid dependent individuals.

    abstract::This study aims to investigate whether the administration of questionnaires measuring subjective craving induces more craving for opiates compared to questionnaires measuring other subjective states. The study was conducted in 2000. The sample was composed of 53 patients that were treated as inpatients and outpatients...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: de Jong CA,Gongora VC,Engelhardt P,Breteler MH

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding How People with Mental Health Difficulties Experience Substance Use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Quantitative studies dominate research exploring reasons for substance use and experiences of substance use by people with mental health difficulties. This limits the depth of understanding which can be gained about these experiences. OBJECTIVES:In the present article, we synthesized current qualitative res...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chorlton E,Smith IC

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Injection Drug Users in a Syringe-Exchange Program in Malmö, Sweden.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Injection drug users (IDUs) are at increased risk of various medical conditions, including bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). SSTIs, which are painful and can lead to life-threatening complications, are common but scarcely studied. OBJECTIVES:To investigate life time, past 12 month and past ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dahlman D,Håkansson A,Björkman P,Blomé MA,Kral AH

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recruitment characteristics influencing parental participation in family-based drug-abuse prevention programs: the Spoth and Redmond model in Spain.

    abstract::Low rates of participation constitute a serious problem for family-based drug-use prevention programs. This study analyzes the characteristics of calls for parents' participation in such programs through manipulation of the variables indicated by the Spoth and Redmond (1995) model as involved in the process (severity ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perez JM,Diaz SA,Fernandez Hermida JR,Villa RS,Carballo Crespo JL,Rodriguez OG

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Use of small incentives for increasing participation and reducing dropout in a family drug-use prevention program in a Spanish sample.

    abstract::Poor participation rates represent one of the most serious problems facing family-based drug-use prevention programs. Strategies involving incentives have been used to increase recruitment and retention of the target population of such interventions, but in Spain, such strategies for modifying behavior are unusual. Th...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Díaz SA,Pérez JM

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • The longitudinal prediction of alcohol consumption-related harms among young adults.

    abstract::This study explores the longitudinal pathways by which risk and protective factors influence the development of alcohol-related harms in a representative community sample of 941 young adults (19-20 years) from Victoria, Australia, focusing on the role of concurrent risky drinking. Impulsivity at 15-16 years, alcohol-r...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Little K,Hawkins MT,Sanson A,Toumbourou JW,Smart D,Vassallo S,O'Connor M

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Gender Differences in Nonprescribed Psychostimulant Use in Young Adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In order to better understand the recent rise in nonprescribed use of psychostimulants on college campuses, motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulants have been evaluated. Despite knowledge that students use nonprescribed medical stimulants for improved academic performance and re...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith TE,DeSantis AD,Martel MM

    更新日期:2018-03-21 00:00:00

  • Validation of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire in Older Adults.

    abstract::Background: Alcohol expectancies have been established as an important construct in the prediction of alcohol use among younger adults, but there is little understanding about the perceived expected effects of consuming alcohol in older adults. Beliefs about the expected effects of alcohol may be quite different in ol...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilson KM,Judd F,Bryant C

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Everybody hurts: addiction, drama, and the family in the reality television show Intervention.

    abstract::This article employs the literature on reality television as well as empirical studies on addiction to analyze Intervention's narrative. We look at the narrative structure of the Intervention's first six seasons (2005-2009), its repeated emphases on the causes of addiction, and the show's purported success rate. Highl...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kosovski JR,Smith DC

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • On the Cost of Big Events: Are Weather-Related Disasters as Bad as Economic Recessions for Health Disparities Related to Drug Use?

    abstract::This commentary reviews two manuscripts about big event empirical data exploring concepts and pathways of drug use and health-related events. Using basic concepts and tools, it proposes a focused framework in order to help comprehension of the multifactorial and multilevel components between macrosocial determinants o...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caiaffa WT,Andrade RG

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Drinking and parental unpredictability among adult children of alcoholics: a pilot study.

    abstract::Within-family differences that mediate the relationship between family history for alcoholism and alcohol consumption were investigated. Twenty adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and 20 children of social drinking parents (non-ACOAs) were interviewed in 1991 (mean age 24.2 years). Participants described family funct...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ross LT,Hill EM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Educating treatment professionals about addiction science research: demographics of knowledge and belief changes.

    abstract::Communication of accurate, objective, and timely scientific information to treatment professionals is important--especially in the "drug abuse" and addiction field where misinformation and a lack of exposure to new information are common. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge and belief changes that accomp...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lawson KA,Wilcox RE,Littlefield JH,Pituch KA,Erickson CK

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Trihexyphenidyl (Artane): a Brazilian study of its abuse.

    abstract::In Brazil, the medicinal misuse of trihexyphenidyl (Artane) has been observed among several segments of society. The present study was conducted in the city of São Paulo during 2002 to characterize this abuse. A sample of 21 users and 16 ex-users was interviewed using qualitative methodology; the subjects were single,...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nappo SA,de Oliveira LG,Sanchez Zv,Carlini Ede A

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of alcoholic beverage control policies and contextual factors on alcohol consumption and its related harms in France from 1960 to 2000.

    abstract::Important social changes such as urbanization, increases in female education and employment, and increased incomes have occurred in France from 1960 to 2000 along with a major decrease in alcoholic beverage consumption (from 25 L pure alcohol per inhabitant 15 years and old to 13 L); especially due to wine consumption...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Cogordan C,Kreft-Jaïs C,Guillemont J

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Natural recovery in a community-based sample of alcoholics: study design and descriptive data.

    abstract::The majority of alcoholics who recover do so without the benefit of treatment, yet little is known about these individuals and the factors associated with their success. A better understanding is needed of the self-initiated and maintained change processes ("natural recovery") associated with such recoveries. In the c...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell M,Peirce RS,Chan AW,Wieczorek WF,Moscato BS,Nochajski TH

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Normalization of Cannabis Use Among Bangladeshi and Pakistani Youth: A New Frontier for the Normalization Thesis?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Asian population in Britain has grown, representing the second largest ethnic group; Bangladeshi, Pakistani, and Indian nationalities are prevalent (Jivraj, 2012 ; Office for National Statistics, 2013 ). Yet, we know relatively little about the nature and extent of their substance use. Jayakody et al. ( ...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams L,Ralphs R,Gray P

    更新日期:2017-03-21 00:00:00

  • The role of gender in the association between child maltreatment and substance use behavior: a systematic review of longitudinal research from 1995 to 2011.

    abstract::This systematic review analyzes the role of gender in the association between childhood maltreatment and substance use outcomes, among longitudinal papers published between 1995 and 2011. Ten papers examined gender as a moderating variable. Results on gender differences were mixed. When studies that found no gender ef...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kristman-Valente A,Wells EA

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Self-Reported Ecstasy/MDMA/"Molly" Use in a Sample of Nightclub and Dance Festival Attendees in New York City.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ecstasy (MDMA) use has regained popularity in the United States, particularly in the form of "Molly," which is often marketed as pure MDMA. Surveys have generally not included "Molly" in the definition of ecstasy, so rates of use may be underestimated. As popularity of ecstasy increases, research is needed t...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palamar JJ,Acosta P,Ompad DC,Cleland CM

    更新日期:2017-01-02 00:00:00

  • Sexual victimization in female and male college students: examining the roles of alcohol use, alcohol expectancies, and sexual sensation seeking.

    abstract::Alcohol and alcohol expectancies relate to sexual victimization. The present study examined these links in a sample of 407 predominantly Hispanic male and female college students, along the Mexico-US border. The study also examined the independent contribution of sexual sensation seeking to the prediction of victimiza...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monks SM,Tomaka J,Palacios R,Thompson SE

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Is Hong Kong experiencing normalization of adolescent drug use? Some reflections on the normalization thesis.

    abstract::The upsurge of consumption of party drugs among adolescents in recent years in Hong Kong has been part of the global trend of adolescent recreational use of drugs at rave parties, discos and similar party settings. Scholars in Western societies have recently proposed the thesis of "normalization of adolescent drug use...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheung NW,Cheung YW

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Substance misuse prevention and economic analysis: challenges and opportunities regarding international utility.

    abstract::Economic analyses of substance misuse prevention assess the intervention cost necessary to achieve a particular outcome, and thereby provide an additional dimension for evaluating prevention programming. This article reviews several types of economic analysis, considers how they can be applied to substance misuse prev...

    journal_title:Substance use & misuse

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guyll M,Spoth R,Cornish MA

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00