Perinatal management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia: when and how should babies be delivered? Results from the Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:A prenatal diagnosis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) enables therapeutic decision making during the intrapartum period. This study seeks to identify the gestational age and delivery mode associated with optimal outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A national data set was used to study CDH babies born between 2005 and 2009. The primary outcome was survival to discharge. Primary and secondary outcomes were analyzed by categorical gestational age (preterm, <37 weeks; early term, 37-38 weeks; late term, >39 weeks) by intended and actual route of delivery and by birth plan conformity, regardless of route. RESULTS:Of 214 live born babies (gestational age, 37.6 ± 4.0 weeks; birth weight, 3064 ± 696 g), 143 (66.8%) had a prenatal diagnosis and 174 (81.3%) survived to discharge. Among 143 prenatally diagnosed pregnancies, 122 (85.3%) underwent abdominal delivery (AD) and 21 (14.6%) underwent cesarean delivery (CS). Conformity between intended and actual delivery occurred in 119 (83.2%). Neither categorical gestational age nor delivery route influenced outcome. Although babies delivered by planned CS had a lower mortality than those delivered by planned AD (2/21 and 36/122, respectively; P = .04), this difference was not significant by multivariate analysis. Conformity to any birth plan was associated with a trend toward improved survival. CONCLUSION:Our data do not support advocacy of any specific delivery plan or route nor optimal gestational age for prenatally diagnosed CDH.

journal_name

J Pediatr Surg

authors

Safavi A,Lin Y,Skarsgard ED,Canadian Pediatric Surgery Network.

doi

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2010.08.026

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2010-12-01 00:00:00

pages

2334-9

issue

12

eissn

0022-3468

issn

1531-5037

pii

S0022-3468(10)00701-3

journal_volume

45

pub_type

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