Fluoride in still bottled water in Australia.


BACKGROUND:This study measured the fluoride content in a range of still bottled waters available in Australia. Increasing decay rates in children have prompted speculation that bottled water consumption may be impacting on dental caries rates. International studies have demonstrated that the fluoride levels in bottled water are often negligible, however there is little information about the fluoride content of still bottled water in Australia. METHODS:One hundred different brands (300 samples) of still bottled water were obtained in Australia and tested using ion chromatography and an ion-selective electrode method. RESULTS:The tested fluoride levels ranged from <0.1 to 1.6 mg/L. Nine per cent of the samples reported fluoride levels within the range recommended for reticulated water in Australia, providing a dental health benefit. One per cent of samples recorded fluoride values greater than this range, from 1.2 to 1.6 mg/L. The majority of samples (91%) recorded fluoride levels below 0.6 mg/L. CONCLUSIONS:Better information about the fluoride levels in bottled water is of value, particularly for communities lacking access to a fluoridated drinking water supply.


Aust Dent J


Mills K,Falconer S,Cook C




Has Abstract


2010-12-01 00:00:00












  • Investigation of the effect of rapid and slow external pH increases on Enterococcus faecalis biofilm grown on dentine.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Calcium hydroxide is a common endodontic medicament and has an antimicrobial effect by increasing the localized pH within the root canal. However, Enterococcus faecalis has shown some resistance to calcium hydroxide. METHODS:A flow cell apparatus was used to grow an E. faecalis biofilm on dentine discs. Fol...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stenhouse M,Zilm P,Ratnayake J,Cathro P

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic dental infections mimicking temporomandibular disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Trismus and jaw pain are not only caused by temporomandibular disorders (TMD), but also by various pathologies, namely infection, trauma, or neoplasms. TMD-like symptoms, as a result of the pathologies, may be confusing to a clinician. This paper reports two cases of chronic dental infection mimicking TMD. ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ogi N,Nagao T,Toyama M,Ariji E

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • The association between chewing and swallowing difficulties and nutritional status in older adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of chewing and swallowing dysfunctions to nutritional status in older adults. METHODS:This cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sample of 1065 community-dwelling older adults living in rural United States. Dietary assessment included the Blo...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mann T,Heuberger R,Wong H

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Oral surgery in general dental practice. Apicoectomy.

    abstract::Apicoectomy is a frequently performed operation. In order to produce consistently good results the operation and its varieties are described, with stress being placed on correct assessment of each case prior to surgery. ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Summers L

    更新日期:1975-08-01 00:00:00

  • Management of temporomandibular joint disorders: A surgeon's perspective.

    abstract::Disorders of the Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may clinically present with jaw pain and restricted mouth opening that may limit a patient's access to comprehensive dental care. The aim of this article is to provide a general overview of the current treatment strategies available in the management of disorders of the T...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dimitroulis G

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Biopsy of the oral mucosa and use of histopathology services.

    abstract::Patients often present with intraoral pathology in the general dental practice setting. Therefore, it is important that dental practitioners are aware of how to deal with pathology when this occurs and have an understanding of investigative techniques that might assist in making a diagnosis. Biopsy and subsequent hist...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Logan RM,Goss AN

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • A late developing mandibular premolar supernumerary tooth.

    abstract::This paper presents a case of a patient who developed a mandibular premolar supernumerary tooth between the age of 11 and 20 years. Evidence for the late development of the supernumerary tooth comes from consecutive panoramic radiographs. A review of the international literature concerning late developing supernumerar...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gibson N

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Local drug delivery of 0.5% azithromycin in the treatment of chronic periodontitis among smokers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Along with conventional periodontal surgical therapy, local delivery of antibiotics may provide more effective treatment in smokers by targeting tissue-invasive bacteria. The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-masked clinical trial was to evaluate the adjunctive effects of subgingivally deliv...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pradeep AR,Bajaj P,Agarwal E,Rao NS,Naik SB,Kalra N,Priyanka N

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • The heat resistance of a ceramic identification device.

    abstract::Identification of human remains by the teeth is a widely accepted forensic procedure. At present the principle dental technique used for identification of the dead is the post-mortem comparison method which involves a comparison of post-mortem dental findings and any available ante-mortem records. This study describes...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson DF,Kolbinson D

    更新日期:1982-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hyposalivation in a 16-year-old girl: a case of salivary gland aplasia.

    abstract::Salivary gland aplasia is a rare condition with only a small number of cases reported worldwide. It is more commonly seen in males and can occur either in isolation or association with other defects or syndromes. It may or may not occur with a hereditary background. Scant literature exists detailing the status of subl...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frydrych AM,Koong B

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cuspal failures of MOD restored teeth.

    abstract::It is observed clinically that some years after MOD restoration of molar and premolar teeth, cuspal failures commonly occur. The period between restoration and failure is usually from eight to fifteen years. Evidence has been found, both from observations of fractured cusps and from a mathematical model of an idealize...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bell JG,Smith MC,de Pont JJ

    更新日期:1982-10-01 00:00:00

  • Microhardness and Ca:P ratio of carious and Carisolv treated caries-affected dentine using an ultra-micro-indentation system and energy dispersive analysis of x-rays--a pilot study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to evaluate microhardness and chemical analysis of carious and caries-affected dentine. The hypothesis tested was that calcium:phosphorous (Ca:P) ratios correlate with microhardness values. METHODS:Four carious human third molars were sectioned through the caries lesion in the mesiodistal l...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakoolnamarka R,Burrow MF,Swain M,Tyas MJ

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Burning mouth syndrome: patient management.

    abstract::Burning mouth syndrome is an underdiagnosed and often poorly managed oral sensory disturbance. This paper discusses the recognition of the condition and suggests clinical approaches to ensure a correct diagnosis and appropriate management. The expansion of the traditional dental role of the dentist is reviewed in the ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Savage NW

    更新日期:1996-12-01 00:00:00

  • Preventive effect of iron gel with or without fluoride on bovine enamel erosion in vitro.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to evaluate the preventive effect in vitro of experimental gel containing iron and/or fluoride on the erosion of bovine enamel. METHODS:To standardize the blocks (n = 80), specimens (4 x 4 mm) were previously selected to measure the initial microhardness. The blocks were randomly a...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bueno MG,Marsicano JA,Sales-Peres SH

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Interrelations between the fluoride concentrations in dental plaque and enamel, and exposure to fluoride.

    abstract::The F concentrations in plaque and in underlying enamel were determined in a sample of 99 schoolchildren aged 8.4 years (S.D. = 0.37), comprising four groups, exposed life-long to contrasting concentrations of F in the water (range less than or equal to 0.12 ppm to 2.8 ppm) and to supplements of 350 mg F/kg domestic s...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schamschula RG,Sugár E,Un PS,Agus HM,Tóth K

    更新日期:1982-12-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and classification of species within the Streptococcus sanguis group.

    abstract::A biochemical identification scheme has been produced that allows for the differentiation of nine distinct species within the Streptococcus sanguis group. The species are S. sanguis, S. gordonii, S. crista, S. oralis, S. parasanguis, S. defectivus, S. adjacens and S. mitis, which have been previously described, and a ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Willcox MD

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Studies of the inflammatory process and malignant potential of oral mucosal lichen planus.

    abstract::Oral mucosal lichen planus (OMLP) is a well recognized mucosal disease with unknown aetiology. Considerable controversy exists as to whether OMLP is intrinsically premalignant, or if the disorder facilitates the development of oral mucosal squamous cell carcinoma (OMSCC) by external factors. The aim of the present stu...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilpi A,Rich AM,Reade PC,Konttinen YT

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Undergraduate teaching in geriatric dentistry.

    abstract::It is predicted that more Australians will retain their natural dentitions into old age and their dental needs will have to be met with a wide range of dental services by dentists acting with understanding, kindness, and sympathy. The empathy to do so requires experience of appropriate delivery systems in the environm...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Homan BT

    更新日期:1982-06-01 00:00:00

  • Eating disorders and oral health: a review of the literature.

    abstract::This article is a review of the recent literature pertaining to the oral sequelae of eating disorders (EDs). Dentists are recognized as being some of the first health care professionals to whom a previously undiagnosed eating disorder patient (EDP) may present. However, despite the prevalence (up to 4 per cent) of suc...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Frydrych AM,Davies GR,McDermott BM

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis for endocarditis: time to reconsider.

    abstract::Some cardiac conditions require antibiotic prophylaxis for some types of dental treatment to reduce the risk of infective endocarditis (IE). All medical and dental practitioners are familiar with this practice but tend to use different regimens in apparently similar circumstances. Generally, the trend has been to pres...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Singh J,Straznicky I,Avent M,Goss AN

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • A short history of Westmead Centre Dental Clinical School.

    abstract::Westmead Centre is a large teaching hospital of 925 acute treatment beds planned to provide a comprehensive range of general and specialist referral services to the rapidly expanding population of the western suburbs of Sydney. The hospital was conceived in 1968 and opened for patient treatment in 1978. The Dental Cli...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Lester KS

    更新日期:1981-10-01 00:00:00

  • Medicaments: aids to success in endodontics. Part 2. Clinical recommendations.

    abstract::In order to predictably achieve bacteria-free root canal systems, especially in pulpless teeth, it is necessary to use intra-canal medicaments. Medicaments can also be used to influence the peri-radicular response to endodontic treatment. Consideration of a material's therapeutic action must be made when selecting a m...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Abbott PV

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of periodontal tissues by a cutting-grinding technique.

    abstract::The decalcification process removes the mineralized part of the dental hard tissues, making the histologic examination of enamel-associated tissues less than optimal. The cutting-grinding technique allows preparation of histologic slides with well preserved dental hard tissues together with their surrounding soft tiss...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Günhan M,Günhan O,Celasun B,Safali M

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of ultrasonic excitation and heat application on the microleakage of glass ionomer cements.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to assess the influence of externally applied 'command set' methods on the microleakage of several glass ionomer cements (GICs). METHODS:Four different restorative GICs were cured using three different methods: standard curing (SC), ultrasonic excitation (UC) and by an external hea...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gorseta K,Glavina D,Skrinjaric I

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Anaphylactic reaction following administration of lignocaine hydrochloride infiltration. Case report.

    abstract::A case of progressive anaphylactoid reaction complicating a local anaesthetic agent administered to a dental patient is described. The management of the condition is discussed. ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ogunsalu CO

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Periodontal conditions of essential hypertension attendees to a general hospital in Hong Kong.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Periodontal infection may induce systemic vascular/endothelial dysfunction signifying a potential link between hypertension and periodontitis. METHODS:A convenience sample of 204 adults attending a university teaching hospital without (C: control) or with essential hypertension [EH; n = 102, duration (mean ...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiu J,Zheng Y,Lai S,Chan WS,Yeung S,Bow H,Samartzis D,Corbet EF,Leung WK

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of silver and fluoride ions on enamel demineralization: a quantitative study using micro-computed tomography.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study aimed to investigate the effect of silver and fluoride ions on demineralization of enamel. METHODS:The coronal parts of 40 extracted sound premolars were prepared into tooth blocks. An unvarnished occlusal surface window (OW) and a flat buccal/lingual surface window (FW) were created for each too...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu BY,Lo EC,Li CM

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • The strength of fifteen amalgam alloys.

    abstract::The compressive and tensile (by diametral compression) strengths of amalgams prepared from fifteen conventional and higher copper alloys are compared and the rate at which these amalgams develop strength is investigated. Alloys of the single melt high copper type generally possess the greatest strength at all times of...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bryant RW

    更新日期:1979-08-01 00:00:00

  • Oral ulceration with bone sequestration.

    abstract::Oral mucosal ulceration is a common manifestation of various disease processes. Identification of the aetiological factor(s) involved greatly facilitates the management of such conditions. This report describes oral ulceration of the mucosa overlying the lingual shelf and mylohyoid ridge of the mandible and, less comm...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farah CS,Savage NW

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of treatment provided by dentists and therapists in the South Australian school dental service. The second report.

    abstract::A survey of over 2,000 second year high school students at 13 South Australian schools indicated that those who had received school dental care at primary school had fewer carious teeth and, in some respects, better oral hygiene habits. Whilst they were better informed on dental subjects than were control students, fe...

    journal_title:Australian dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roder DM

    更新日期:1976-04-01 00:00:00