Emotion regulation skills training enhances the efficacy of inpatient cognitive behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Deficits in emotion regulation skills are possible factors maintaining major depressive disorder (MDD). Therefore, the aim of the study was to test whether integrating a systematic emotion regulation training (ERT) enhances the efficacy of routine inpatient cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for MDD. METHODS:In a prospective randomized controlled trial, 432 inpatients meeting criteria for MDD were assigned to receive either routine CBT or CBT enriched with an intense emotion regulation skills training (CBT-ERT). RESULTS:Participants in the CBT-ERT condition demonstrated a significantly greater reduction in depression (response rates - CBT: 75.5%, CBT-ERT: 84.9%; remission rates - CBT: 51.1%, CBT-ERT: 65.1%). Moreover, CBT-ERT participants demonstrated a significantly greater reduction of negative affect, as well as a greater increase of well-being and emotion regulation skills particularly relevant for mental health. CONCLUSIONS:Integrating strategies that target emotion regulation skills improves the efficacy of CBT for MDD.

journal_name

Psychother Psychosom

authors

Berking M,Ebert D,Cuijpers P,Hofmann SG

doi

10.1159/000348448

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-01-01 00:00:00

pages

234-45

issue

4

eissn

0033-3190

issn

1423-0348

pii

000348448

journal_volume

82

pub_type

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