Cigarette smoking and risk of clinical relapse in patients with Crohn's disease.


:Risk of clinical relapse among cigarette smokers and nonsmokers was examined in a cohort of 74 adult Crohn's disease (CD) patients who were identified and followed at monthly intervals for six months. We measured clinical activity by a weighted symptom index used previously. Relapse at any point during the study was defined by the index score exceeding 150. Approximately 50% of nonsmokers experienced clinical relapse during the study period. Current smokers experienced a relapse risk 1.6 times that of nonsmokers (P less than .01). The risk estimates correspond to mean overall clinical activity scores of 142 +/- 34 for smokers compared to 119 +/- 26 for nonsmokers. Adjustment for confounding effects did not substantially alter the association shown between cigarette use and clinical relapse. We observed no increase in the likelihood of relapse among former smokers. The statistically significant finding that current smoking increases the risk of relapse for CD patients is of clinical importance, given the high prevalence of smoking (42%) among CD patients in this sample.


Am J Prev Med


Duffy LC,Zielezny MA,Marshall JR,Weiser MM,Byers TE,Phillips JF,Ogra PL,Graham S


Has Abstract


1990-05-01 00:00:00












  • Economic Analysis of Veterans Affairs Initiative to Prevent Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:In an effort to reduce methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission through universal screening and isolation, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) launched the National MRSA Prevention Initiative in October 2007. The objective of this analysis was to quantify the budget impact and co...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson RE,Stevens VW,Khader K,Jones M,Samore MH,Evans ME,Douglas Scott R 2nd,Slayton RB,Schweizer ML,Perencevich EL,Rubin MA

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Implementation of an Integrative Medicine Curriculum for Preventive Medicine Residents.

    abstract::The University of Maryland Department of Epidemiology and Public Health collaborated with the Center for Integrative Medicine at the same institution to develop and implement a unique integrative medicine curriculum within a preventive medicine residency program. Between October 2012 and July 2014, Center for Integrat...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiaramonte DR,D'Adamo C,Amr S

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Adherence to the 2008 adult physical activity guidelines and mortality risk.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mortality differentials by level and intensity of physical activity have been widely documented. A comprehensive review of scientific evidence of the health benefits of physical activity led the USDHHS to issue new Federal Guidelines for physical activity in 2008. Reductions in mortality risk associated with...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schoenborn CA,Stommel M

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise and risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in older adults.

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Stewart KJ,Bacher AC,Turner K,Lim JG,Hees PS,Shapiro EP,Tayback M,Ouyang P

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human papillomavirus vaccination coverage on YouTube.

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ache KA,Wallace LS

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Adult BMI and Access to Built Environment Resources in a High-Poverty, Urban Geography.

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tung EL,Peek ME,Makelarski JA,Escamilla V,Lindau ST

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Influenza vaccination of Michigan children by provider type, 2010-2011.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Influenza vaccination for all children aged 6 months to 18 years has been recommended since 2008 to prevent flu-related morbidity and mortality. However, 2010-2011 influenza vaccine coverage estimates show under-vaccination in children of all ages. We examined predictors of influenza vaccination in Michigan ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clayton JL,Potter RC,Wells EV,Carlton CA,Boulton ML

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • A Walking School Bus program: impact on physical activity in elementary school children in Columbia, Missouri.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) provided Columbia MO with an Active Living by Design (ALbD) grant in 2003 to promote active living in the community. A separate project was funded in 2006 through RWJF's Active Living Research program. PURPOSE:To evaluate whether participation in a Walking School Bu...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayers SP,LeMaster JW,Thomas IM,Petroski GF,Ge B

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Objective measures of neighborhood environment and physical activity in older women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Regular physical activity is known to help prevent chronic disease and promote healthy aging. Yet, most older women are not regularly active. This study attempts to identify objectively measured attributes of the neighborhood environment that may be associated with physical activity levels in older women. M...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: King WC,Belle SH,Brach JS,Simkin-Silverman LR,Soska T,Kriska AM

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Nicotine Dependence and Pre-Enlistment Suicidal Behavior Among U.S. Army Soldiers.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Identification of modifiable risk factors for suicidal behaviors is a priority for the U.S. Army. This study investigated associations of nicotine dependence with suicidal behaviors among incoming soldiers. METHODS:Lifetime DSM-IV nicotine dependence, mental disorders, suicidal behaviors, and their ages o...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell-Sills L,Kessler RC,Ursano RJ,Sun X,Heeringa SG,Nock MK,Jain S,Stein MB

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brownson RC,Housemann RA,Brown DR,Jackson-Thompson J,King AC,Malone BR,Sallis JF

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Successful modification of medical students' cardiovascular risk factors.

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenlee P,Castle CH,Woolley FR

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Facilitating use of analytic methods at a federal agency.

    abstract::Identification and application of appropriate analytic methods are critical pieces of the foundation of science. Because of the increasingly complex issues federal agencies face and the increasing importance of addressing those issues with multi-disciplinary teams that offer knowledge and skills in many methods areas,...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williamson GD,Snider DE,Speers MA

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Worksite interventions: improving lifestyle habits among Latin American adults.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Worksite-based interventions have been shown to result consistently in significant improvements in weight- and health-related outcomes among the working adult population; however, applicability and effectiveness of studies has often been limited by inadequate reporting of age and ethnicity. This study aimed to ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mehta S,Dimsdale J,Nagle B,Holub CK,Woods C,Barquera S,Elder JP

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Medical Expenditures Associated With Diabetes in Myocardial Infarction and Ischemic Stroke Patients.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The coexistence of diabetes among people with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is common. However, little is known about the extent of excess medical expenditures associated with having diabetes among AMI and AIS patients. METHODS:Data on 3,307 AMI patients and 2,460 AIS pa...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou X,Shrestha SS,Luman E,Wang G,Zhang P

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Asynchrony Between Individual and Government Actions Accounts for Disproportionate Impact of COVID-19 on Vulnerable Communities.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Previously estimated effects of social distancing do not account for changes in individual behavior before the implementation of stay-at-home policies or model this behavior in relation to the burden of disease. This study aims to assess the asynchrony between individual behavior and government stay-at-hom...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abdalla M,Abar A,Beiter ER,Saad M

    更新日期:2020-11-13 00:00:00

  • Understanding Research Gaps and Priorities for Improving Behavioral Counseling Interventions: Lessons Learned From the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

    abstract::Behavioral counseling interventions can address significant causes of preventable morbidity and mortality. However, despite a growing evidence base for behavioral counseling interventions, there remain significant research gaps that limit translating the evidence into clinical practice. Using U.S. Preventive Services ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kurth AE,Miller TL,Woo M,Davidson KW

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Levels of physical activity that predict optimal bone mass in adolescents: the HELENA study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Physical activity is necessary for bone mass development in adolescence. There are few studies quantifying the associations between physical activity and bone mass in adolescents. PURPOSE:To assess the relationship between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA) an...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gracia-Marco L,Moreno LA,Ortega FB,León F,Sioen I,Kafatos A,Martinez-Gomez D,Widhalm K,Castillo MJ,Vicente-Rodríguez G,HELENA Study Group.

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Drop-And-Spin Virtual Neighborhood Auditing: Assessing Built Environment for Linkage to Health Studies.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Various built environment factors might influence certain health behaviors and outcomes. Reliable, resource-efficient methods that are feasible for assessing built environment characteristics across large geographies are needed for larger, more robust studies. This paper reports the item response prevalenc...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plascak JJ,Rundle AG,Babel RA,Llanos AAM,LaBelle CM,Stroup AM,Mooney SJ

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Interpreting risks to the public.

    abstract::Human beings have always lived with risks and have coped as best they could, according to their perceptions of the relative dangers and the mechanisms available to them. Being conscious of risks helps us to confront and cope with them, but it also has negative effects. The multiplicity of threats and the urgency with ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mason JO,Ogden HG,Berreth DA,Martin LY

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Substantial research has been dedicated to understanding the reasons for the dramatic rise in obesity rates in the U.S. in the last 2 decades. Animal studies and epidemiologic studies in children have suggested that air pollution might contribute to weight gain. This study investigates the association betw...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White LF,Jerrett M,Yu J,Marshall JD,Rosenberg L,Coogan PF

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Levels and trends in blood pressure and prevalence and treatment of hypertension in The Netherlands, 1987-1991.

    abstract::Levels and trends in blood pressure (BP), as well as prevalence and treatment of hypertension, were studied in The Netherlands between 1987 and 1991. BP was measured continuously using a standardized method in 36,273 men and women 20-59 years of age. The data were weighted for the age distribution of the general Dutch...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Leer EM,Seidell JC,Kromhout D

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Lifestyle risk factors predict healthcare costs in an aging cohort.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While the U.S. elderly population uses a disproportionate amount of healthcare resources, there is limited knowledge from prospective studies regarding the impact of lifestyle-related factors on costs in this group. The association was examined between smoking, drinking, exercise, body mass index (BMI), and ...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leigh JP,Hubert HB,Romano PS

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Development of youth aerobic-capacity standards using receiver operating characteristic curves.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cardiovascular fitness has important implications for current and future health in children. PURPOSE:In this paper, criterion-referenced standards are developed for aerobic capacity (an indicator of cardiovascular fitness) based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. METHODS:The sample was draw...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Welk GJ,Laurson KR,Eisenmann JC,Cureton KJ

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Food Access, Chronic Kidney Disease, and Hypertension in the U.S.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Greater distance to full-service supermarkets and low income may impair access to healthy diets and contribute to chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension. The study aim was to determine relationships among residence in a "food desert," low income, CKD, and blood pressure. METHODS:Adults in the 2003-...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suarez JJ,Isakova T,Anderson CA,Boulware LE,Wolf M,Scialla JJ

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • HPV Vaccination Among Foreign-Born Women: Examining the National Health Interview Survey 2013-2015.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Human papillomavirus vaccination is less prevalent among foreign-born than U.S.-born women and may lead to disparities in human papillomavirus-related cancers in the future. There is limited research on factors associated with vaccination uptake between these two groups. This study examined the association...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cofie LE,Hirth JM,Guo F,Berenson AB,Markides K,Wong R

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sexual violence victimization against men with disabilities.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Prior research has shown a high prevalence of sexual violence against women with disabilities. However, no previous population-based studies have examined such victimization against men with disabilities. PURPOSE:The purpose of this paper is to document the prevalence of lifetime and past-year sexual violen...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mitra M,Mouradian VE,Diamond M

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Improving Sickle Cell Transitions of Care Through Health Information Technology.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Transitions between inpatient and outpatient care and pediatric to adult care are associated with increased mortality for sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. As accurate and timely sharing of health information is essential during transitions, a health information technology (HIT)-enabled tool holds promis...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frost JR,Cherry RK,Oyeku SO,Faro EZ,Crosby LE,Britto M,Tuchman LK,Horn IB,Homer CJ,Jain A

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • A review of eHealth interventions for physical activity and dietary behavior change.

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    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Norman GJ,Zabinski MF,Adams MA,Rosenberg DE,Yaroch AL,Atienza AA

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Urban-Rural Infant Mortality Disparities by Race and Ethnicity and Cause of Death.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Infant mortality rates are higher in nonmetropolitan areas versus large metropolitan areas. Variation by race/ethnicity and cause of death has not been assessed. Urban-rural infant mortality rate differences were quantified by race/ethnicity and cause of death. METHODS:National Vital Statistics System lin...

    journal_title:American journal of preventive medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Womack LS,Rossen LM,Hirai AH

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00