Effect of regional spinal cord blood flow and central control in recovery from spinal cord injury.


:Forty-two cats were subjected to decerebration, thoracic and lumbar laminectomies, and isolation of the sciatic nerves. Spinal evoked potentials in response to bilateral sciatic nerve stimulation were recorded at L-3, and the spinal cord blood flow (SCBF) was measured by the hydrogen clearance technique. Thoracic cordotomy did not alter the lumbar SCBF or the central conduction time as determined by spinal evoked potentials. Thoracic cordotomy significantly lowered the lumbar spinal cord injury threshold. Continuous sciatic nerve stimulation increased the lumbar SCBF in normal and traumatized animals; however, it did not affect the spinal cord injury threshold as measured by recovery of the spinal evoked potentials. It appears that rostral spinal cord integrity is far more significant in recovery from spinal cord injury than the maintenance of regional SCBF.


J Neurosurg


Journal of neurosurgery


Chehrazi BB,Scremin O,Decima EE




Has Abstract


1989-11-01 00:00:00




5 Pt 1








  • Predictors of 30-day readmission after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a case-control study.

    abstract::OBJECTIVE Despite persisting questions regarding its appropriateness, 30-day readmission is an increasingly common quality metric used to influence hospital compensation in the United States. However, there is currently insufficient evidence to identify which patients are at highest risk for readmission after aneurysm...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenberg JK,Guniganti R,Arias EJ,Desai K,Washington CW,Yan Y,Weng H,Xiong C,Fondahn E,Cross DT,Moran CJ,Rich KM,Chicoine MR,Dhar R,Dacey RG Jr,Derdeyn CP,Zipfel GJ

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Repair of a vertebral artery dissection. Case report.

    abstract::The case is presented of a 38-year-old woman who suffered multiple cerebellar infarctions as a result of emboli from a vertebral artery dissection. Surgical therapy led to a satisfactory recovery. This case emphasizes the importance of an aggressive approach to such lesions. ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander JJ,Glagov S,Zarins CK

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mononuclear leukocyte ADP-ribosylation as an indicator of immune function in malignant-glioma patients treated with betamethasone for cerebral edema.

    abstract::Glioma patients receiving corticosteroids (16 mg/day betamethasone) were examined for evidence of immune cell dysfunction by using quantitative estimates of adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation in peripheral mononuclear leukocytes as the physiological indicator. The duration of daily treatment with corticosteroids...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pero RW,Salford LG,Strömblad LG,Andersson C

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Epidural-cutaneous fistula in association with the Pott puffy tumor in an adolescent. Case report.

    abstract::The Pott puffy tumor is a subperiosteal abscess associated with underlying osteomyelitis, most often of the frontal bone in conjunction with frontal sinusitis. Intracranial sequelae can include epidural abscess, subdural empyema, intraparenchymal abscess, meningitis, and dural venous thrombophlebitis, all with resulta...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davidson L,McComb JG

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical and radiological outcomes following traumatic Grade 3 and 4 vertebral artery injuries: a 10-year retrospective analysis from a Level I trauma center. The Parkland Carotid and Vertebral Artery Injury Survey.

    abstract:OBJECT:Grade 3 and 4 blunt vertebral artery (VA) injuries may carry a different natural course from that of lower-grade blunt VA injuries. Proper screening, management, and follow-up of these injuries remain controversial. Grade 3 and 4 blunt VA injuries were analyzed to define their natural history and establish a rat...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scott WW,Sharp S,Figueroa SA,Eastman AL,Hatchette CV,Madden CJ,Rickert KL

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of perioperative aspirin use on hemorrhagic complications in elective craniotomy for brain tumors: results of a single-center, retrospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In daily practice, neurosurgeons face increasing numbers of patients using aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA). While many of these patients discontinue ASA 7-10 days prior to elective intracranial surgery, there are limited data to support whether or not perioperative ASA use heightens the risk of hemorrhagi...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hanalioglu S,Sahin B,Sahin OS,Kozan A,Ucer M,Cikla U,Goodman SL,Baskaya MK

    更新日期:2019-04-05 00:00:00

  • Neurosurgical decision making: personal and professional preferences.

    abstract:OBJECT:Physicians are often solicited by patients or colleagues for clinical recommendations they would make for themselves if faced by a clinical situation. The act of making a recommendation can alter the clinical course being taken. The authors sought to understand this dynamic across different neurosurgical scenari...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tanweer O,Wilson TA,Kalhorn SP,Golfinos JG,Huang PP,Kondziolka D

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Median to radial nerve transfer for treatment of radial nerve palsy. Case report.

    abstract::The purpose of this study is to report a surgical technique of nerve transfer to restore radial nerve function after a complete palsy due to a proximal injury to the radial nerve. The authors report the case of a patient who underwent direct nerve transfer of redundant or expendable motor branches of the median nerve ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mackinnon SE,Roque B,Tung TH

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Reversal of dementia in normotensive hydrocephalus after removal of a cauda equina tumor. Case report.

    abstract::An elderly man presented with signs of normotensive hydrocephalus. Elevated protein content in the spinal fluid led to the diagnosis of an "asymptomatic" cauda equine neurilemoma and its removal. Within 6 weeks the patient's mental status had dramatically improved. Chronic transudation of plasma proteins including fib...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bamford CR,Labadie EL

    更新日期:1976-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mycotic aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. Case report.

    abstract::The authors report a case with two mycotic aneurysms in the cavernous portion of the internal carotid artery, presumably secondary to a transient bacteremia from pneumonia. The strikingly rapid development of the aneurysms was demonstrated by angiography. Painful total ophthalmoplegia and extophthalmos were the main c...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shibuya S,Igarashi S,Amo T,Sato H,Fukumitsu T

    更新日期:1976-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of nimodipine on the outcome of patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and surgery.

    abstract::The effect of intravenous nimodipine on the incidence of mortality and delayed ischemic neurological deficits of patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and surgery was studied in a prospective double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Upon admission, all of the patients were in Grades I to III according ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ohman J,Heiskanen O

    更新日期:1988-11-01 00:00:00

  • Two distinct populations of Chiari I malformation based on presence or absence of posterior fossa crowdedness on magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::OBJECTIVE A subset of patients with Chiari I malformation demonstrate patent subarachnoid spaces around the cerebellum, indicating that reduced posterior fossa volume alone does not account for tonsillar descent. The authors distinguish two subsets of Chiari I malformation patients based on the degree of "posterior fo...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor DG,Mastorakos P,Jane JA Jr,Oldfield EH

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Giant suprasellar aneurysm associated with optic stalk agenesis and unilateral anophthalmos. Case report.

    abstract::The authors report a patient with unilateral anophthalmos who had a large suprasellar aneurysm associated with aplasia of an optic nerve and the chiasmal commissure. The anatomical findings at craniotomy are described. ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoff J,Winestock D,Hoyt WF

    更新日期:1975-10-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal survey of cranial case log entries during neurological surgery residency training.

    abstract::OBJECTIVEThe purpose of this study was to analyze national trends in adult cranial cases performed by neurological surgery residents as logged into the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) system.METHODSThe ACGME resident case logs were retrospectively reviewed for the years 2009-2017. In these...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agarwal N,White MD,Cohen J,Lunsford LD,Hamilton DK

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • A new method for measuring cerebrospinal fluid flow in shunts.

    abstract::An implantable device for measurement of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow in a ventriculoperitoneal shunt tube has been developed. The unit is energized by an extracorporeal high-frequency generator (200 KHz), and electrolysis creates bubbles in the shunt tube. Velocity of bubble flow is detected by a pair of ultrasonic...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hara M,Kadowaki C,Konishi Y,Ogashiwa M,Numoto M,Takeuchi K

    更新日期:1983-04-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic neuroma of the anterior cervical nerve root with no subjective episode of trauma. Report of four cases.

    abstract::The authors report four cases of traumatic neuroma in the cervical nerve root in patients with no history of trauma. In one case the patient presented with intractable pain in the left upper extremity and motor paresis of the left shoulder, and in another case the patient suffered neuropathic pain in the left forearm....

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nomura H,Harimaya K,Orii H,Shiba K,Ueta T,Iwaki T

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Bone marrow response as a potential biomarker of outcomes in glioblastoma patients.

    abstract::OBJECTIVE Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly aggressive malignancy that requires a multidisciplinary therapeutic approach of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, but therapy is frequently limited by side effects. The most common adverse effect of chemotherapy with temozolomide (TMZ) is myelosuppression. It remain...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vaios EJ,Nahed BV,Muzikansky A,Fathi AT,Dietrich J

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Deep brain stimulation for treatment of hemichorea-hemiballism after craniopharyngioma resection: long-term follow-up.

    abstract::Hemichorea-hemiballism is a rare movement disorder that has various causes. In treatment-resistant cases, both thalamic and pallidal functional procedures have been shown to yield beneficial results. Until now it has not been clarified whether the thalamus or the pallidum would yield a superior outcome. After resect...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Capelle HH,Kinfe TM,Krauss JK

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence and causes of perioperative mortality after primary surgery for intracranial tumors: a national, population-based study.

    abstract:OBJECT:Surgical mortality is a frequent outcome measure in studies of volume-outcome relationships, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has endorsed surgical mortality after craniotomies as an Inpatient Quality Indicator. Still, the frequency and causes of 30-day mortality after neurosurgical procedures ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solheim O,Jakola AS,Gulati S,Johannesen TB

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dorsal root entry zone localization using direct spinal cord stimulation: an experimental study.

    abstract::Direct spinal cord stimulation and recording was performed in five dogs to identify the dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) and long tracts within the dorsal and dorsolateral spinal cord using electrophysiological mapping techniques. Intrathecal recordings were obtained from sites distal to the site of stimulation. Conducti...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fazl M,Houlden DA

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of fusiform intracranial aneurysms by circumferential wrapping with clip reinforcement. Technical note.

    abstract::The authors describe a new technique for treating unclippable aneurysms. The method involves a modification of the traditional wrapping technique, including a clip-reinforced cotton sling. The results of this method in four patients are presented. ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bederson JB,Zabramski JM,Spetzler RF

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • The neuroprotective pharmacology of methylprednisolone.

    abstract::A 24-hour intensive intravenous dosing regimen with the glucocorticoid steroid methylprednisolone has recently been shown to be effective in enhancing neurological recovery in spinal cord-injured patients when initiated within 8 hours after injury. The state of knowledge concerning the neuroprotective pharmacology of ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hall ED

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Harvey Cushing's Meningiomas text and the historical origin of resectability criteria for the anterior one third of the superior sagittal sinus.

    abstract::The search for the origin of the commonly held principle in current neurosurgery regarding the resectability of the anterior one third of the superior sagittal sinus unravels the many fascinating developments that occurred in neurosurgery during the early 20th century. All these occurrences can be traced back to, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Shrivastava RK,Segal S,Camins MB,Sen C,Post KD

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Neuroendoscopic findings in patients with intracranial germinomas correlating with diabetes insipidus.

    abstract:OBJECT:Intracranial germinomas commonly occur in the pineal region, the floor of the third ventricle (hypothalamus), or both, and they are often associated with diabetes insipidus (DI). The authors conducted a study to correlate preoperative DI with the endoscopic and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging evidence of tumor o...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wellons JC 3rd,Reddy AT,Tubbs RS,Abdullatif H,Oakes WJ,Blount JP,Grabb PA

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing variability in surgical decision making among attending neurosurgeons at an academic center.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Although it is known that intersurgeon variability in offering elective surgery can have major consequences for patient morbidity and healthcare spending, data addressing variability within neurosurgery are scarce. The authors performed a prospective peer review study of randomly selected neurosurgery cases i...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramayya AG,Chen HI,Marcotte PJ,Brem S,Zager EL,Osiemo B,Piazza M,Sharma N,McClintock SD,Schuster JM,Ali ZS,Connolly P,Heuer GG,Grady MS,Kung DK,Ozturk AK,O'Rourke DM,Malhotra NR

    更新日期:2019-05-31 00:00:00

  • Primary low-grade B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue of the dura mimicking the presentation of an acute subdural hematoma. Case report and review of the literature.

    abstract::The authors present the case of a 64-year-old woman who experienced a left hemiparesis. An initial diagnosis of subdural hematoma was made based on results of computerized tomography scanning. Subsequent magnetic resonance imaging indicated an extraaxial meningioma. Histological findings confirmed an extranodal margin...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Goetz P,Lafuente J,Revesz T,Galloway M,Dogan A,Kitchen N

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Chemotherapy of pediatric brain-stem tumors.

    abstract::Forty-five children harboring brain-stem tumors were treated at the University of California, San Francisco, between 1969 and 1979. Pathological diagnoses were made in 19 patients. All patients received radiation therapy (RT). Thirteen patients received chemotherapy before, during, or immediately after RT. Twenty-four...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fulton DS,Levin VA,Wara WM,Edwards MS,Wilson CB

    更新日期:1981-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebral effects of hypocapnia plus nitroglycerin-induced hypotension in dogs.

    abstract::This study examined the effect of hypocapnia (PaCO2 20 mm Hg) on cerebral metabolism and the electroencephalogram (EEG) findings in 12 dogs during nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced hypotension. Previous studies suggest that NTG is a more potent cerebral vasodilator than sodium nitroprusside or trimethaphan. It was speculate...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Artru AA,Wright K,Colley PS

    更新日期:1986-06-01 00:00:00

  • Experiences with the anti-siphon device (ASD) in shunt therapy of pediatric hydrocephalus.

    abstract::A follow-up study was performed on 41 hydrocephalic children with primary (10 patients) or secondary (31 patients) placement of an anti-siphon device (ASD) connected to their shunt. The clinical course before and after ASD implantation was compared in these two groups, including studies of the head circumference, the ...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gruber R,Jenny P,Herzog B

    更新日期:1984-07-01 00:00:00

  • Dural involvement in primary extradural meningiomas of the cranial vault.

    abstract:OBJECT:The authors retrospectively analyzed a consecutive series of patients with cranial vault primary extradural meningioma (PEM), with particular regard to the tumor's dural involvement. The pertinent literature was reviewed. METHODS:Clinical data were retrospectively obtained in a consecutive series of 16 patients...

    journal_title:Journal of neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bassiouni H,Asgari S,Hübschen U,König HJ,Stolke D

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00