Crop-dependent changes in water absorption of expanded polystyrene in soil environments.


:As expanded polystyrene (EPS) has been utilized in soil environments, there is a need to understand interactions between chemical adsorption and the soil system. We conducted a plant bioassay using agricultural crops in a soil system containing a macro-sized EPS (8.3 ± 0.5 mm). When the EPS was collected after cultivation of no crop (control), mung bean, lettuce, and rice, we found that its water absorption rate significantly (p < 0.05) increased after mung bean and rice cultivation as compared to the no crop condition. We expected that these crop-dependent differences would be highly linked with metal adsorption and desorption. However, cadmium (Cd) adsorption percentages (%) from the initial Cd solution were calculated as 15-18% with no significant differences between the different crop cultivation conditions. The desorption percentages also showed low levels of interaction with the crop-dependent water absorption rate. These results provide useful data for better understanding the interaction between plastics and their roles as chemical vectors in the soil system.






Kim SW,Kim D,Chae Y,Kim D,An YJ




Has Abstract


2019-03-01 00:00:00












  • Development of QSARs to investigate the bacterial toxicity and biotransformation potential of aromatic heterocylic compounds.

    abstract::A series of aromatic heterocyclic and hydrocarbon compounds were tested for toxicity and biotransformation potential against two contrasting lux-marked whole-cell microbial biosensors. Toxicity was determined by inhibition of light output of a Pseudomonas fluorescens construct that expresses lux constitutively. Biotra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bundy JG,Morriss AW,Durham DG,Campbell CD,Paton GI

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Application of colloidal gas aphron suspensions produced from Sapindus mukorossi for arsenic removal from contaminated soil.

    abstract::Colloidal gas aphron dispersions (CGAs) can be described as a system of microbubbles suspended homogenously in a liquid matrix. This work examines the performance of CGAs in comparison to surfactant solutions for washing low levels of arsenic from an iron rich soil. Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and saponin, a biodegra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mukhopadhyay S,Mukherjee S,Hashim MA,Sen Gupta B

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular insights into the impacts of iron(III) ions on membrane fouling by alginate.

    abstract::Molecular mechanisms responsible for the filtration behaviors of sodium alginate (SA) in presence of different iron(III) ion concentration were explored in this study. It was found that specific filtration resistance (SFR) of alginate mixtures (1.0 gSA/L) firstly increased and then decreased to a trough with iron(III)...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Y,Teng J,Liao BQ,Li R,Lin H

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Interactions between three typical endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in binary mixtures exposure on myocardial differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cell.

    abstract::In recent years, various kinds of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have been detected in human blood and urine. Thus, it was important to investigate the combined toxicity effect of EDCs. In the present study, we evaluated the individual and combined developmental toxicities of three classic EDCs: perfluorooctane...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou R,Cheng W,Feng Y,Wei H,Liang F,Wang Y

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term exposure to antibiotic mixtures favors microcystin synthesis and release in Microcystis aeruginosa with different morphologies.

    abstract::The ecological risks of antibiotics in aquatic environments have raised great concerns worldwide, but the chronic effect of antibiotic contaminants on cyanotoxin production and release remains unclear. This study investigated the long-term combined effects of spiramycin (SP) and ampicillin (AMP) on microcystin (MC) pr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Z,Chen Q,Zhang J,Dong J,Ao Y,Wang M,Wang X

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Deep learning for predicting the occurrence of cardiopulmonary diseases in Nanjing, China.

    abstract::The efficiency of disease prevention and medical care service necessitated the prediction of incidence. However, predictive accuracy and power were largely impeded in a complex system including multiple environmental stressors and health outcome of which the occurrence might be episodic and irregular in time. In this ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang C,Qi Y,Zhu G

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Bisphenol A degradation in seawater is different from that in river water.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to identify a relationship between changes of bacterial counts and bisphenol A (BPA) degradation in seawater under aerobic or anaerobic conditions, and at temperatures of 4, 25, and 35 degrees C. Water samples (seawater and river water) spiked with 1000 ng/ml of BPA was placed for 60 d. T...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kang JH,Kondo F

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Revitalisation of metal-contaminated, EDTA-washed soil by addition of unpolluted soil, compost and biochar: Effects on soil enzyme activity, microbial community composition and abundance.

    abstract::Soil remediation mitigates hazards from contaminants but could deprive soils of initial biota and enzymes. Historically contaminated acidic soil from Arnoldstein (Austria) and calcareous soil from Meza (Slovenia) were washed with 30 and 100 mmol kg-1 ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) to remove 78 and 60% of Pb as a m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaurin A,Cernilogar Z,Lestan D

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • The role of sediments as a source of metals in river catchments.

    abstract::Aquatic sediments are a known source of pollutants, but their impact on the quality of overlying waters is not easily quantified. Sediments are generally considered to behave as a sink for pollutants such as heavy metals in the aquatic environment, frequently acting as a source for their presence in waters, with impli...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chon HS,Ohandja DG,Voulvoulis N

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of behavioural endpoints: The pharmaceutical pollutant fluoxetine decreases aggression across multiple contexts in round goby (Neogobius melanostomus).

    abstract::Fluoxetine (Prozac™) is designed to alter human behaviour; however, because many physiological pathways are conserved across vertebrates, this drug may affect the behaviour of fish living in fluoxetine-polluted environments. Although a number of studies have used behaviour to document the sub-lethal effects of fluoxet...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCallum ES,Bose APH,Warriner TR,Balshine S

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Enantioselective determination of persistent and partly degradable toxaphene congeners in high trophic level biota.

    abstract::Enantiomer separation of chiral toxaphene components in biological samples was studied by application of different chiral stationary phases based on modified cyclodextrins. Several pairs of enantiomers were resolved on permethylated beta-cyclodextrin (beta-PMCD), among them 2-endo,3-exo,5-endo,6-exo,8,8,9,10-octachlor...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vetter W,Luckas B

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Low concentration toxic metal mixture interactions: Effects on essential and non-essential metals in brain, liver, and kidneys of mice on sub-chronic exposure.

    abstract::The deleterious effects of long term exposure to individual toxic metals in low doses are well documented. There is however, a paucity of information on interaction of low dose toxic metal mixtures with toxic and essential metals. This study reports on interactions between low dose mixtures of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg),...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cobbina SJ,Chen Y,Zhou Z,Wu X,Feng W,Wang W,Mao G,Xu H,Zhang Z,Wu X,Yang L

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Nanomolar concentrations of zinc pyrithione increase cell susceptibility to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide in rat thymocytes.

    abstract::Zinc pyrithione is used as an antifouling agent. However, the environmental impacts of zinc pyrithione have recently been of concern. Zinc induces diverse actions during oxidative stress; therefore, we examined the effect of zinc pyrithione on rat thymocytes suffering from oxidative stress using appropriate fluorescen...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oyama TM,Saito M,Yonezawa T,Okano Y,Oyama Y

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Lead in the soil-mulberry (Morus alba L.)-silkworm (Bombyx mori) food chain: translocation and detoxification.

    abstract::The translocation of lead (Pb) in the soil-mulberry-silkworm food chain and the process of Pb detoxification in the mulberry-silkworm chain were investigated. The amount of Pb in mulberry, silkworm, feces and silk increased in a dose-responsive manner to the Pb contents in the soils. Mulberry roots sequestered most of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou L,Zhao Y,Wang S,Han S,Liu J

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cytotoxic effect of sodium nitroprusside on PC12 cells.

    abstract::To investigate the biochemical mechanism responsible for NO-induced neurotoxicity, the effect of sodium nitroprusside(SNP), a NO-generating agent, on PC12 cells was studied. The cell density was dose-dependently inhibited by SNP. Neuronally differentiated PC12 cells showed a higher resistance to SNP than the undiffere...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakamura Y,Yasuda M,Fujimori H,Kiyono M,Pan-Hou H

    更新日期:1997-02-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal induction pattern of hepatic cytochrome P450 1A in thermally acclimated dab (Limanda limanda) treated with 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB77).

    abstract::Mature male dab (Limanda limanda) acclimated at 10 degrees and 16 degrees C were orally administered a single dose of 0.5 mg/kg 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (CB77). At both temperatures, levels of cytochrome P450 1A (CYP1A) protein and 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity showed a two to six fold induction ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sleiderink HM,Boon JP

    更新日期:1996-06-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring of morphotoxic, cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of mancozeb using Allium assay.

    abstract::The present experiment was designed to monitor the morphotoxic, cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of Mancozeb (fungicide) in non-target plants using bulbs of Allium cepa. Mancozeb is classified as a contact fungicide and is registered for use on a variety of crop plants. In the present monitoring, Allium cepa bulbs we...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fatma F,Verma S,Kamal A,Srivastava A

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Application of zinc-aluminium layered double hydroxides for adsorptive removal of phosphate and sulfate: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic.

    abstract::In this study, a series of layered double hydroxide (ZxAy LDH) material was synthesized with different molar ratios and calcination temperatures to remove phosphate and sulfate ions from synthetic solution. ZxAy LDH was characterized by XRD, FTIR, BET and SEM analysis. The highest removal was obtained by Z3A200 LDH th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iftekhar S,Küçük ME,Srivastava V,Repo E,Sillanpää M

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Ecotoxicogenomics: Microarray interlaboratory comparability.

    abstract::Transcriptomic analysis can complement traditional ecotoxicology data by providing mechanistic insight, and by identifying sub-lethal organismal responses and contaminant classes underlying observed toxicity. Before transcriptomic information can be used in monitoring and risk assessment, it is necessary to determine ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vidal-Dorsch DE,Bay SM,Moore S,Layton B,Mehinto AC,Vulpe CD,Brown-Augustine M,Loguinov A,Poynton H,Garcia-Reyero N,Perkins EJ,Escalon L,Denslow ND,Cristina CD,Doan T,Shukradas S,Bruno J,Brown L,Van Agglen G,Jackman

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of the impacts of glyphosate and its commercial formulation Roundup® on the respiratory tree of the sea cucumber Holothuria forskali using a multivariate biomarker approach.

    abstract::In this study, the potential hazardous impacts of the technical grade glyphosate acid (GLY) and its commercial formulation roundup (RD®) were evaluated for the first time on holothurians. To do this, redox status, fatty acid (FA) profile, and histopathology aspects were assessed in the respiratory tree tissue of the s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Telahigue K,Rabeh I,Hajji T,Trabelsi W,Fouzai C,Nechi S,Chelbi E,El Cafsi M,Soudani N

    更新日期:2020-12-19 00:00:00

  • Evaluating fluorescent dissolved organic matter released from wetland-plant derived biochar: Effects of extracting solutions.

    abstract::This study investigated the quantity and quality of dissolved organic matter (DOM) released from wetland-plant derived biochar under various extracting conditions (deionized water, 0.1 mol/L HCl, 0.1 mol/L NaOH, and 0.1 mol/L NaCl) by using fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectrophotometry with parallel ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu H,Dong X,Liu H

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of ultrasonication and Fenton oxidation on biodegradation of bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in wastewater sludge.

    abstract::The presence of bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and its metabolites, i.e. 2-ethylhexanol, 2-ethylhexanal, and 2-ethylhexanoic acid in wastewater sludge (WWS) were investigated during aerobic digestion and Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)-based fermentation of WWS. Ultrasonication and Fenton oxidation pre-treatment was a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pham TT,Tyagi RD,Brar SK,Surampalli RY

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Aquatic toxicity of glyphosate-based formulations: comparison between different organisms and the effects of environmental factors.

    abstract::Glyphosate-based herbicides (e.g. Roundup) are extensively used in the aquatic environment, but there is a paucity of data on the toxicity of the formulated products and the influences by environmental factors. In this study, the acute toxicity of technical-grade glyphosate acid, isopropylamine (IPA) salt of glyphosat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsui MT,Chu LM

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • The phthalate DEHP modulates the estrogen receptors α and β increasing lactotroph cell population in female pituitary glands.

    abstract::Humans are exposed to numerous endocrine disruptors on a daily basis, which may interfere with endogenous estrogens, with Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) being one of the most employed. The anterior pituitary gland is a target of 17β-estradiol (E2) through the specific estrogen receptors (ERs) α and β, whose expres...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pérez PA,Toledo J,Sosa LDV,Peinetti N,Torres AI,De Paul AL,Gutiérrez S

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Concentration and movement of neonicotinoids as particulate matter downwind during agricultural practices using air samplers in southwestern Ontario, Canada.

    abstract::Atmospheric emissions of neonicotinoid seed treatment insecticides as particulate matter in field crops occur mainly for two reasons: 1) due to abraded dust of treated seed generated during planting using vacuum planters, and 2) as a result of disturbances (tillage or wind events) in the surface of parental soils whic...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Forero LG,Limay-Rios V,Xue Y,Schaafsma A

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Reproductive effects of tris(4-chlorophenyl)methanol in the rat.

    abstract::Tris(4-chlorophenyl)methanol (TCPM) is a global contaminant of unknown origin that is structurally related to the endocrine modulating pesticides 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) and Dicofol. Therefore, the potential reproductive toxic effects of TCPM were investigated in sexually mature male Spragu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foster WG,Desaulniers D,Leingartner K,Wade MG,Poon R,Chu I

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Electrospun metal-organic frameworks with polyacrylonitrile as precursors to hierarchical porous carbon and composite nanofibers for adsorption and catalysis.

    abstract::A facile and effective method has been developed to prepare hierarchical porous carbon nanofibers (PCNFs), carbon nanofibers supported nickel nanoparticles (PCNFs-Ni) and carbon nanofibers encapsulating gold nanoparticles (PCNFs-Au). PCNFs or PCNFs-Au were obtained by embedding metal-organic frameworks (e.g. ZIF-8 or ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang J,Cai C,Zhang Z,Li C,Liu R

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of imidazolium-based ionic liquids with different anions on wheat seedlings.

    abstract::The effects of five imidazolium ionic liquids with different anions were studied in hydroponically grown wheat seedlings at concentrations of 50, 100, 150, 200, 250, and 300 mg L-1. The results showed that shoots and roots grew shorter and dry weight decreased with increasing concentrations of ionic liquids. Moreover,...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Z,Zhou Q,Guan W,Wang J,Li Y,Yu N,Wei J

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Single and cartel effect of pesticides on biochemical and haematological status of Clarias batrachus: A long-term monitoring.

    abstract::Pesticide mixtures are common in the streams of agricultural or urban catchments. Individual and cartel toxicity of four different pesticides, namely Endosulfan, Carbofuran, Methyl parathion and Cypermethrin were studied. Sub acute exposure (1/10th of LC50) for 1, 7, 15, 30 and 60 days in Clarias batrachus active tiss...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Narra MR

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial, temporal, and inter-compartmental environmental monitoring of lipophilic pollutants by virtual organisms.

    abstract::Sampling points belonging to the Harz National Park river system, Germany, were selected between the period of 2014 and 2017 for monitoring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in water, air, and sediment. Triolein-containing Virtual Organisms (...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pandelova M,Henkelmann B,Lalah JO,Norf H,Schramm KW

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00