Relations between pain, anxiety, mood and muscle tension in chronic pain patients. A correlation study.


:The relationship between psychological variables, particularly depressed mood and anxiety, and pain has received a good deal of attention. In this study, 16 chronic pain patients rated their mood, anxiety level, pain, muscle tension, and reclining time daily over a period of about 6 weeks. Correlations were calculated for each combination of variables for each individual patient. The results indicated a good deal of variability between patients. The majority of patients did have significant correlations for pain vs. mood, pain vs. anxiety, pain vs. reclining time, anxiety vs. muscle tension, anxiety vs. mood, and reclining time vs. mood. However, the size of the correlations was sometimes small, and some patients even occasionally had correlations in the opposite direction of that predicted. Overall, the data suggest that psychological variables are related to the experience of chronic pain, but that the size of the relationship may be smaller than previously thought. Furthermore, the high degree of individual variability needs to be stressed.


Psychother Psychosom


Linton SJ,Götestam KG




Has Abstract


1985-01-01 00:00:00












  • The validity of Eysenck's neuroticism dimension within the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory in patients with duodenal ulcer. The Hvidovre Ulcer Project Group.

    abstract::A psychometric analysis on patients with duodenal ulcer using latent structure coefficients (Loevinger and Mokken) showed that the MMPI subscales of depression, psychasthenia, hypochondriasis, hysteria, schizophrenia and social introversion all could be considered as indicators of Eysenck's dimension of neuroticism. B...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jess P,Bech P

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Graves'disease after the onset of panic disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is still unknown whether anxiety disorders observed in Graves' disease are a consequence of increased thyroid hormone levels or precede the onset of Graves' disease. METHODS:Two case reports are described. RESULTS:In 2 patients Graves' disease occurred in the setting of previously established euthyroid ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matsubayashi S,Tamaí H,Matsumoto Y,Tamagawa K,Mukuta T,Morita T,Kubo C

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Different models of analytic group psychotherapy. A comparative survey.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to reflect on and to compare various psychoanalytic models which are used in the conceptualisation of the processes occurring in small psychotherapeutic groups. Three tendencies are roughly differentiated: (1) the tendency to analyse the individual patient in the group (Slavson, Wolfson an...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verhaest S,Pierloot R

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patients' expectations from renal grafting and transplantation outcome.

    abstract::Prevailing reports on psychological prediction of renal graft integration are rare, mostly based on case studies. Focusing on patients' expectations from the transplantation process before grafting, we investigate the influence of psychological data and statements on the final transplantation results. In the whole gro...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pommer W,Diederichs P,Hummel M,Kratzer P,Offermann G,Molzahn M

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective and objective assessments of medical comorbidity in chronic depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While the extent of medical comorbidity in depressive illness is widely recognised, there have been few studies where objective and subjective assessment of comorbidity in chronic depression have been made. The aim of this study was to determine the extent and nature of medical comorbidity, in terms of both ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schrader GD

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosomatic symptoms of postmenopausal women with or without hormonal treatment.

    abstract::The purpose of this study is to compare the psychosomatic symptoms of postmenopausal women who are users of hormonal treatment with the psychosomatic symptoms of nonusers. We studied 68 postmenopausal women receiving estrogen treatment (age range 48-56 years; 51.1 +/- 1.9, mean +/- SD) and 50 postmenopausal women (age...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iatrakis G,Haronis N,Sakellaropoulos G,Kourkoubas A,Gallos M

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction as an adjunct to outpatient psychotherapy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Research on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) has supported the utility of the technique in a number of clinical settings. This study explored whether MBSR, used as an adjunct to individual psychotherapy, would result in more rapid alleviation of symptoms, increased achievement of therapeutic goals, ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Weiss M,Nordlie JW,Siegel EP

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The social phobia psychotherapy research network. The first multicenter randomized controlled trial of psychotherapy for social phobia: rationale, methods and patient characteristics.

    abstract::This paper presents the Social Phobia Psychotherapy Research Network. The research program encompasses a coordinated group of studies adopting a standard protocol and an agreed-on set of standardized measures for the assessment and treatment of social phobia (SP). In the central project (study A), a multicenter random...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leichsenring F,Hoyer J,Beutel M,Herpertz S,Hiller W,Irle E,Joraschky P,Konig HH,de Liz TM,Nolting B,Pohlmann K,Salzer S,Schauenburg H,Stangier U,Strauss B,Subic-Wrana C,Vormfelde S,Weniger G,Willutzki U,Wiltink J,

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for the Management of Suicidal Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The management of suicidal crisis remains a major issue for clinicians, driving the development of new strategies to improve suicide prevention. METHODS:We conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing a 7-week acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) versus relaxation group, as adjunct to treatment as u...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ducasse D,Jaussent I,Arpon-Brand V,Vienot M,Laglaoui C,Béziat S,Calati R,Carrière I,Guillaume S,Courtet P,Olié E

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Depression after surgery for breast cancer. Comparison of mastectomy and lumpectomy.

    abstract::The impact of the loss of the breast in women undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer is subordinated to the confrontation with the diagnosis of a malignancy in causing depression. The equal distribution of depression in mastectomy and in lumpectomy patients supports the hypothesis that it is the confrontation...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Heeringen C,Van Moffaert M,de Cuypere G

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of alexithymic characteristics on the self-perception and facial expression of a physiological stress state.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In spite of the connection of alexithymic characteristics to many stress-related disorders, little is known about the effects of these characteristics on the self-perception of stress, which may have functional value in the regulation of daily behavior. The present study assessed the influence of alexithymic...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Näätänen P,Ryynänen A,Keltikangas-Järvinen L

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prediction of medium-term outcome in cluster B personality disorder following residential and outpatient psychosocial treatment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is a paucity of research concerning the identification of individual characteristics predictive of outcome in the treatment of personality disorders (PDs). METHODS:In this study, we carried out a predictor analysis of a sample of 73 hospitalized patients with a primary diagnosis of cluster B PD admitt...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiesa M,Fonagy P

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Morbid obesity: effects on the marital system of weight loss after gastric restriction.

    abstract::Eighty morbidly obese married women and 69 of their husbands completed a self-report measure of personal and marital adjustment before the women proceeded to gastric restriction surgery. Fifty-five women and 41 husbands repeated the measure 12 months after surgery, at which time the women had lost a mean of 35.4 kg. W...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hafner RJ

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • How are women sicker than men? An overview of psychosomatic problems in women.

    abstract::An overview is presented of psychosomatic problems in women - the epidemiology, physiology and psychology. Surveys of sickness rates in women and psychological studies are used as a basis of speculation about higher female morbidity rates. Theories of psychosomatic illness, the somatic concomitants of hysteria and ale...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Apfel RJ

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy versus Escitalopram in Chronic Major Depression.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A specific psychotherapy for chronic depression, the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP), was compared to escitalopram (ESC). METHODS:Sixty patients with chronic major depression were randomized to 'CBASP' (22 sessions) or 'ESC plus clinical management' (ESC/CM) at two treatment si...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schramm E,Zobel I,Schoepf D,Fangmeier T,Schnell K,Walter H,Drost S,Schmidt P,Brakemeier EL,Berger M,Normann C

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hyperprolactinaemia as a result of immaturity or regression: the concept of maternal subroutine. A new model of psychoendocrine interactions.

    abstract::Pathological hyperprolactinaemia (PH) is significantly associated with: (1) paternal deprivation during childhood, (2) depression, (3) non-specific symptoms including obesity and weight gain. The clinical onset of the symptoms often follows pregnancy or a loss. Prolactin is an insulin antagonist which does not promote...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sobrinho LG,Almeida-Costa JM

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence for a sex-specific residual effect of cannabis on visuospatial memory.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In an exploratory study, we used a novel computerized battery of neuropsychological tests of attention to assess residual cognitive impairment in marijuana users. METHODS:We compared 25 college students who were heavy marijuana smokers (who had smoked a median of 29 days in the last 30 days) with 30 student...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pope HG Jr,Jacobs A,Mialet JP,Yurgelun-Todd D,Gruber S

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • A possible genetic contribution to the alexithymia trait.

    abstract::Alexithymic characteristics were studied in 15 monozygotic and 18 like-sex dizygotic healthy young twin pairs in a semistructured interview. Variance analysis showed larger within-pair variances in the dizygotic than in the monozygotic twins. With some reservations, these results point to a genetic influence on the et...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heiberg AN,Heiberg A

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Social support and the persistence of complaints in chronic fatigue syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several studies suggested that the surroundings of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) patients are of importance in the persistence of complaints. Contrary to what was expected, participation in support groups has not led to clinical improvement. The purpose of the present study was to describe social support in...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Prins JB,Bos E,Huibers MJ,Servaes P,van der Werf SP,van der Meer JW,Bleijenberg G

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive dysfunctions in bipolar disorder: evidence of neuropsychological disturbances.

    abstract::Although cognitive dysfunctions in psychosis have classically been associated with schizophrenia, there is clinical evidence that some bipolar patients show cognitive disturbances either during acute phases or in remission periods. The authors critically review the data on cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder. The...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martínez-Arán A,Vieta E,Colom F,Reinares M,Benabarre A,Gastó C,Salamero M

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychotherapy for the spouses of lung cancer patients: assessment of an intervention.

    abstract::This study was a randomized prospective clinical trial to test the effect of a professionally provided program of social support counselling on newly diagnosed lung cancer patients and their families. Over the 6 months of the intervention there was no differential change by experimental status for either the patients ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Goldberg RJ,Wool MS

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Illness Attitude Scales. A clinimetric index for assessing hypochondriacal fears and beliefs.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Illness Attitude Scales (IAS) were developed by Robert Kellner as a clinimetric index for measuring hypochondriacal fears and beliefs (worry about illness, concerns about pain, health habits, hypochondriacal beliefs, thanatophobia, disease phobia, bodily preoccupations, treatment experience and effects o...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sirri L,Grandi S,Fava GA

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • What is the best sequential treatment strategy in the treatment of depression? Adding pharmacotherapy to psychotherapy or vice versa?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Insufficient response to monotreatment for depression is a common phenomenon in clinical practice. Even so, evidence indicating how to proceed in such cases is sparse. METHODS:This study looks at the second phase of a sequential treatment algorithm, in which 103 outpatients with moderately severe depression...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Dekker J,Van HL,Hendriksen M,Koelen J,Schoevers RA,Kool S,van Aalst G,Peen J

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic pelvic pain as a somatoform disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to determine whether psychiatric disturbances, particularly somatization, and an increased number of traumatic and critical life events, which have been found in women with idiopathic chronic pelvic pain (ICPP), can also be observed in women with chronic pelvic pain and abdomina...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Ehlert U,Heim C,Hellhammer DH

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • Attachment representation and cortisol response to the adult attachment interview in idiopathic spasmodic torticollis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The study investigates individual differences in the mental representation of attachment and their impact on the cortisol response to psychosocial stress in idiopathic spasmodic torticollis (IST). It was hypothesized (a) that in IST insecure attachment is more prevalent than in a non-clinical control group an...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scheidt CE,Waller E,Malchow H,Ehlert U,Becker-Stoll F,Schulte-Mönting J,Lücking CH

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Psychotherapy of childhood anxiety disorders: A meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The present study compared the efficacy of psychotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders (excluding trials solely treating post-traumatic stress disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder). METHODS:The meta-analysis included studies that met the basic CONSORT (consolidated standards of reporting trials) crit...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: In-Albon T,Schneider S

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Training general practitioners in the treatment of functional somatic symptoms: effects on patient health in a cluster-randomised controlled trial (the Functional Illness in Primary Care study).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with medically unexplained or functional somatic symptoms (FSS) are prevalent in primary care. In this pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial we aimed to test the effect of a training programme (The Extended Reattribution and Management model) for general practitioners (GPs) in the treatment ...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Toft T,Rosendal M,Ørnbøl E,Olesen F,Frostholm L,Fink P

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Increase of medical hospital length of stay by depression in stroke and amputation patients: a pilot study.

    abstract::Past studies have found that medical patients with the diagnosis of depression (comorbidity) have longer hospital lengths of stay (LOS) than those without the diagnosis of depression. This suggested that scores on a depression scale would be positively correlated with LOS. On a rehabilitation ward, 14 stroke and 17 am...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schubert DS,Burns R,Paras W,Sioson E

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Should treatment distinguish anxiogenic from anxiolytic obsessive-compulsive ruminations? Results of a pilot controlled study and of a clinical audit.

    abstract::In a small pilot controlled study over 8 weeks, 12 obsessive-compulsive ruminators listened for 2 h daily to their own audiotaped voice either (1) describing their anxiogenic thoughts (exposure) but omitting anxiolytic thoughts (mental/cognitive rituals), or (2) reading neutral prose or poetry. Taking all patients, bo...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lovell K,Marks IM,Noshirvani H,O'Sullivan G

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Affective expression in organic and functional gastrointestinal disease.

    abstract::Verbal affective expression and psychometric variables were studied in a group of 5 duodenal ulcer and 6 irritable bowel patients. The aim was to assess the relevance of the alexithymia contruct to the distinction between both groups. Irritable bowel patients exhibited higher scores on Zung's depressiveness scale. Ale...

    journal_title:Psychotherapy and psychosomatics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heerlein A,De la Parra G,Aronsohn S,Lolas F

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00