Abnormalities of lymphocyte transformations in women with intraepithelial carcinoma of the vulva.

Abstract:

:Cellular immunity of the delayed type in women with intraepithelial carcinoma (carcinoma is situ) of the vulva was investigated by an in vitro assay of mitogen-induced lymphocyte transformations. Test results from 9 patients were compared to those of 23 age-matched control subjects. Lymphocyte transformation responses in counts per minute were significantly lower for women with carcinoma in situ of the vulva than for control subjects for phytohemagglutinin-P (at 50 microgram/ml) 6238 and 28,102 (P less than 0.0001); for phytohemagglutinin-P (at 165 microgram/ml 7222 and 21,417 (P less than 0.001); for concanavallin A, 14,988 and 41,888 (P less than 0.0001); and pokeweed mitogen, 20,861 and 49,601 (P less than 0.001). No significant differences in lymphocyte transformations were noted between these two groups to the specific antigens, Candida or streptokinase-streptodornase. Four patients with carcinoma in situ of the vulva were also found to have intraepithelial carcinoma of the cervix and/or vegina. The occurrence and clinical course of carcinoma in situ of the vulva in some women may be related to an underlying defect in cellular immunity. Immunosuppression may also explain the frequent association noted between carcinoma of the vulva and the development of other malignant neoplasms.

journal_name

Obstet Gynecol

authors

Seski JC,Reinhalter ER,Silva J Jr

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1978-09-01 00:00:00

pages

332-6

issue

3

eissn

0029-7844

issn

1873-233X

journal_volume

52

pub_type

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