[Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of anaerobic bacteria].


:The anaerobic bacteria resistance to antibiotics is increasing, and even has appeared against the most active of those, like metronidazol and carbapenems. This fact forces to make and periodical sensibility tests -at least in the most aggressive and virulent species, in cases that they are isolated from life locations and in the absence of therapeutic response- to check the local sensibility and to establish suitable empiric therapies, all based on multicentric studies carried out in order to this or well to check the activity of new antibiotics. For the laboratory routine, the easiest sensibility method is the E-test/MIC evaluator. Another alternative is microdilution, that's only normalized for Bacteroides. There are preliminary facts that allow the use of disc diffusion method in some species of Bacteroides and Clostridium. For the temporal and multicentric studies, the procedure is dilution in agar plate, the reference method.


García-Sánchez JE,García-Sánchez E,García-García MI




Has Abstract


2014-02-01 00:00:00










32 Suppl 1


  • RDRioMycobacterium tuberculosis strains associated with isoniazid resistance in Northern Mexico.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been established that the genomic background of Mycobacterium tuberculosis may influence disease progression, in particular for the Beijing family and the Latin American and Mediterranean (LAM)/RDRio strains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the LAM/RDRio genotype in cases o...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bocanegra-García V,Cortez-de-la-Fuente LJ,Nakamura-López Y,González GM,Rivera G,Palma-Nicolás JP

    更新日期:2020-08-24 00:00:00

  • [Renal transplantation in patients with HIV infection].

    abstract::The prevalence of human immunodeficience virus (HIV) infection among patients under renal replacement therapy varies, with estimates of 1% for Europe and 1.5% for the United States. Survival in HIV infected individuals receiving renal replacement therapy has improved since the introduction of high activity antiretrovi...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Trullás JC,Miró JM,Barril G,Ros S,Burgos FJ,Moreno A,Mazuecos A,Alvarez-Vijande R,Oppenheimer F,Carmen Sánchez M,Blanco JL,Tuset M,Torre-Cisneros J,Polo R,González J

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • [In vitro activity of voriconazole and three other antifungal agents against dermatophytes].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The increase in infections due to dermatophytes in recent years led us to study the effectiveness of new antifungal formulations against these microorganisms. METHODS:The in vitro activity of a new antifungal agent, voriconazole, was compared with three other antifungal agents, itraconazole, fluconazole a...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Serrano-Martino Mdel C,Chávez-Caballero M,Valverde-Conde A,Claro RM,Pemán J,Martín-Mazuelos E

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Treatment of diseases caused by parasites].

    abstract::Parasitic infections occur worldwide and cause significant morbidity and mortality, especially in tropical areas. In recent years, the interest in these infections has grown because of the increase in immigration, international travel, and international adoptions. In Spain, these factors have led to a rise in the inci...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pérez-Molina JA,Díaz-Menéndez M,Pérez-Ayala A,Ferrere F,Monje B,Norman F,López-Vélez R

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Susceptibility of vertically transmitted Group B streptococci to antimicrobial agents. Multicenter study].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:To investigate the susceptibility of group B streptococci (GBS) to macrolides and lincosamides and assess alternatives for intrapartum chemoprophylaxis in women allergic to penicillin and colonized by a GBS strain resistant to these antibiotics. METHODS:Multicenter study performed with 131 strains isolate...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: González JJ,Andreu A,Grupo de Estudio de Infección Perinatal, Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica.

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Antimicrobial defined daily dose adjusted by weight: a proposal for antibiotic consumption measurement in children.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Antimicrobial defined daily dose (DDD), has limitations for antimicrobial consumption measurement in paediatrics. An alternative DDD design applicable for children is proposed. METHODS:Children (<16 years-old) from 10 Spanish hospitals during a 12-months period were included. Weight for age (50th percenti...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Montecatine-Alonso E,Gil-Navarro MV,Fernández-Llamazares CM,Fernández-Polo A,Soler-Palacín P,Llorente-Gutiérrez J,Gómez-Travecedo Calvo MT,Esquivel-Mora MD,Pérez-Rodrigo I,Cisneros JM,Goycochea-Valdivia WA,Neth O,Paediatric Antim

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Application of mass spectrometry in mycobacteria].

    abstract::To date, more than 170 species of mycobacteria have been described, of which more than one third may be pathogenic to humans, representing a significant workload for microbiology laboratories. These species must be identified in clinical practice, which has long been a major problem due to the shortcomings of conventi...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alcaide F,Palop-Borrás B,Domingo D,Tudó G

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Meningococcal infection caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In recent years an increase has been observed in the prevalence of meningococcal infection by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C and in the appearance of strains with moderate resistance to penicillin. PATIENTS AND METHODS:A microbiologic study of the cases of meningococcal infection of serogroup C treated ...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ursua MI,Rodríguez-Mayo M,Fernández-Quintairos J,Domínguez D,Luaces J,Agulla A

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Prevalence of antiretroviral drug resistance among previously untreated Spanish patients infected with HIV].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Genotypic resistance was tested to investigate changes in the rates of resistance to antiretroviral drugs in non-treated patients in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHOD:A total of 209 HIV-infected patients from different autonomous communities in Spain without prior antiretroviral (AR) drug treatment were studied ...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guerrero A,Cañizares A,Tomás S,Velasco D,Cartelle M,Grupo de Estudio de las Resistencias Primarias del VIH en España.

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • [Comparison of conventional and non-conventional serological tests for the diagnosis of imported Chagas disease in Spain].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Trypanosoma cruzi infection is a major imported parasitic disease in Spain, because of the increase of immigrants from endemic areas. Since the laboratory diagnosis during the chronic phase is based on detection of anti-T. cruzi IgG antibodies, our aims were to compare 10 tests for determining anti-T. cruz...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flores-Chávez M,Cruz I,Rodríguez M,Nieto J,Franco E,Gárate T,Cañavate C

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Specialized home care for infectious disease. Experience from 1995 to 2002].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In 1995 a specialized home care service for infectious diseases was created in our institution. The aim was to improve the quality of life of patients with prolonged parenteral antimicrobial therapy requirements, reduce the length of hospital stay, and improve the care received after discharge by clinical and...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horcajada JP,García L,Benito N,Cervera C,Sala M,Olivera A,Soriano A,Robau M,Gatell JM,Miró JM

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Monitoring activities and improvement in the use of antibiotics in Spanish hospitals: results of a national survey].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe: 1) the main features of antimicrobial stewardship activities (ASA) in Spanish hospitals and 2) the perceptions of the Spanish Infectious Diseases (ID) community on ASA. METHODS:An online survey was designed and distributed through the e-mailing lists of several working groups of the Spanish Cli...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Paño-Pardo JR,Padilla B,Romero-Gómez MP,Moreno-Ramos F,Rico-Nieto A,Mora-Rillo M,Horcajada JP,Ramón Arribas J,Rodríguez-Baño J

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • [High-risk clonal complexes CC2 and CC9 are widely distributed among Enterococcus faecalis hospital isolates recovered in Spain].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Our previously described multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for Enterococcus faecalis has provided insight into the population structure and global epidemiology of this organism. Two high-risk complexes, CC2 and CC9, especially adapted to the hospital environment and widely distributed in Europe and ...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Ruiz-Garbajosa P,Coque TM,Cantón R,Willems RJ,Baquero F,Del Campo R

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Executive summary of imported infectious diseases after returning from foreign travel: Consensus document of the Spanish Society for Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC).

    abstract::In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious dis...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 共识发展会议,杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: Pérez-Arellano JL,Górgolas-Hernández-Mora M,Salvador F,Carranza-Rodríguez C,Ramírez-Olivencia G,Martín-Echeverría E,Rodríguez-Guardado A,Norman F,Velasco-Tirado V,Zubero-Sulibarría Z,Rojo-Marcos G,Muñoz-Gutierrez J,Ramos-Rincón J

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Antibiotic resistance patterns of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex species from Colombian hospitals.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Only automated phenotypic methods are currently used in Colombian hospitals for identifying isolates of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex (ACB). The phenotypical similarities in these species mean that they cannot be differentiated by manual or automated methods, thereby leading to their...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reguero MT,Medina OE,Hernández MA,Flórez DV,Valenzuela EM,Mantilla JR

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Scientific productivity, collaboration and research areas in Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica (2003-2007)].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Collaboration is essential for biomedical research. The Carlos III Health Institute (the Spanish national public organization responsible for promoting biomedical research) has encouraged scientific collaboration by promoting Thematic Networks and Cooperative Research Centres. Scientific collaboration in E...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: González-Alcaide G,Valderrama-Zurián JC,Ramos-Rincón JM

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Spanish hospitals: 2nd multicenter study (GEIH-BLEE project, 2006)].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:During the year 2000, the 1st nationwide project (GEIH-BLEE Project 2000) on Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum ss-lactamases (ESBL) was carried out in Spain. The 2nd nationwide study was developed in 2006 to investigate the evolution of this problem. METHODS:A prospect...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Angel Díaz M,Ramón Hernández J,Martínez-Martínez L,Rodríguez-Baño J,Pascual A,Grupo de Estudio de Infección Hospitalaria (GEIH).

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Evolution of the sensitivity of Bacteroides group fragilis at the Sevilla University Hospital (1983-1987)].

    abstract::The evolution of antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacteroides fragilis over a five year period is described. We have studied 30 selected strains isolated each year at the University Hospital of Sevilla (total: 150 strains). We did not find any resistant strain to chloramphenicol, metronidazole or imipenem. Resistance t...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borobio MV,Domínguez MC,Pallares JA,Perea EJ

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Scientific production in microbiology and affinity areas in Spain during 1990-2002].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To analyze the production and repercussions of the scientific activity of Spanish authors in the fields of microbiology, mycology, parasitology and virology. METHODS:Documents published during the period of 1990 to 2000 compiled on the MEDLINE database >(WEBSPIRS 4.2) were retrieved using the following sear...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramos JM,Gutiérrez F,Royo G

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Interpretive reading of enterobacteria antibiograms].

    abstract::The resistance pattern observed in the antibiogram of an isolate should be the sum of its natural resistance pattern, characteristic of the species, plus the acquired resistances. In Enterobacteriaceae, the production of inactivating enzymes is the main mechanism of resistance to beta-lactams and aminoglycosides. Each...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Navarro F,Miró E,Mirelis B

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of tuberculosis in Spain. Results obtained by the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network in 2015.

    abstract::The epidemiological surveillance data for tuberculosis in Spain in 2015 is analysed in this report. This information was gathered through cases reported to the Red Nacional de Vigilancia Epidemiológica [National Epidemiological Surveillance Network]. In addition, the update of the treatment of the cases reported in 20...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cano-Portero R,Amillategui-Dos Santos R,Boix-Martínez R,Larrauri-Cámara A

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of the bone marrow in patients with brucellosis. Clinico-pathological correlation].

    abstract::In the present study the 60 patients with brucellosis and evaluation of bone marrow aspirate seen at the Hospital Base Cayetano Heredia from 1980 to 1986 were included. Iron deficiency was found in the bone marrow in 34.5% of patients, 31% in males and 36% in females. No correlation was found between iron deficiency a...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García P,Yrivarren JL,Argumans C,Crosby E,Carrillo C,Gotuzzo E

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Practice variation and appropriateness study of antimicrobial therapy for acute pharyngotonsillitis in adults].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Infectious pharyngotonsillitis is usually managed with antibiotics by general practitioners and pediatricians both in primary care and the emergency services. In the present work we try to assess the antibiotic variability and appropriateness in the management of acute pharyngotonsillitis among several emerge...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lázaro A,Ochoa C,Inglada L,Eiros JM,Martínez A,Vallano A,Armadans L,Bautista Vidal J,Artero A,Ruiz A,Cerdá T,Guerra L

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Primary central nervous system lymphomas in AIDS patients].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Primary lymphoma is the most common neoplasm of the central nervous system (CNS) in AIDS patients. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed the clinical manifestations, neuroimaging findings, diagnostic methods used, histological characteristics, detection of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA by PCR in cerebrospina...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Corti M,Villafañe F,Trione N,Schtirbu R,Yampolsky C,Narbaitz M

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Cutaneous tuberculosis: a 15-year descriptive study].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Cutaneous tuberculosis has experienced a resurgence following a period of decline. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of cutaneous tuberculosis in the Ferrol Healthcare Area (Spain). METHODS:Between 1991-2005, 1139 new cases of tuberculosis were diagnos...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García-Rodríguez JF,Monteagudo-Sánchez B,Mariño-Callejo A

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Microbiology of transplants].

    abstract::Infections are one of the main complications that decisively affect the final outcome of transplants. Clinical microbiology laboratory has a key role in diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these complications. Centres with transplant programs must be technically supported with a well developed laboratory with speci...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pérez JL,Ayats J,Fortún J,de Oña M,Pumarola T

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Telaprevir resistance].

    abstract::Telaprevir is an extremely potent antiviral drug. However, as with other direct-acting antiviral agents against the hepatitis C virus (HCV), this potency can be compromised by the rapid emergence of resistance mutations. This phenomenon is favored by the high rate of HCV replication, the lack of corrective activity to...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Poveda E,García F

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular characteristics of drug-resistance Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from extra pulmonary tuberculosis sites.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:China is the second high tuberculosis (TB) burden country in the world. This article was to determinate the molecular characteristic of drug resistance Mycobacterium tuberculosis (DRTB) strains from extra pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). METHODS:The medical records of patients with EPTB were reviewed and coll...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li T,Shi T,Sun Y,Chen F,Jiang W,Chen Y

    更新日期:2020-06-27 00:00:00

  • [Infection in heart transplantation].

    abstract::Heart transplantation has emerged as the therapy of choice for selected patients with life-threatening, irremediable heart disease. Infectious complications are frequent, but are no longer the leading cause of death. Late infections (particularly viral infections), however, are still a threat to long-term graft surviv...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gurguí M,Muñoz P

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis. Detection of drug resistance mechanisms.

    abstract::Tuberculosis is still a serious public health problem, with 10.8 million new cases and 1.8 million deaths worldwide in 2015. The diversity among members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causal agent of tuberculosis, is conducive to the design of different methods for rapid diagnosis. Mutations in the gen...

    journal_title:Enfermedades infecciosas y microbiologia clinica

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Viñuelas-Bayón J,Vitoria MA,Samper S

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00