Ela 1.0--a framework for life-cycle impact assessment developed by the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. Part A: The conceptual framework.

Abstract:

:The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft has sponsored the development of a conceptual and flexible, computer aided tool to perform the impact assessment within LCA (life cycle assessment) for technical products and processes. The developed general framework "Ela 1.0" (environmental loads analysis) consists of four elements: the selection of appropriate impact categories, the categorization of emissions and wastes leaving the systems as well as of resource and energy consumption, the characterization and an analysis of the results of the impact assessment. The latter compares the product-based emissions with the total of emissions of a region such as Germany, the EU or OECD countries. The framework Ela 1.0 considers the environmental categories: global warming, ozone depletion, resource and energy consumption, wastes, eutrophication (including COD and BOD as measured parameters), acidification, ecotoxicity, ozone formation and human toxicity. The latter categories are handled by listing of precursors for ozone formation, and by listing of emissions scored according to their human hazard potential. The options, possibilities and limitations of the conceptual framework are presented in part A of a series of publications.

journal_name

Chemosphere

journal_title

Chemosphere

authors

Herrchen M,Keller D,Lepper P,Mangelsdorf I,Wahnschaffe U

doi

10.1016/s0045-6535(97)00334-2

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1997-12-01 00:00:00

pages

2589-601

issue

11

eissn

0045-6535

issn

1879-1298

pii

S0045653597003342

journal_volume

35

pub_type

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