Ela 1.0--a framework for life-cycle impact assessment developed by the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. Part A: The conceptual framework.


:The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft has sponsored the development of a conceptual and flexible, computer aided tool to perform the impact assessment within LCA (life cycle assessment) for technical products and processes. The developed general framework "Ela 1.0" (environmental loads analysis) consists of four elements: the selection of appropriate impact categories, the categorization of emissions and wastes leaving the systems as well as of resource and energy consumption, the characterization and an analysis of the results of the impact assessment. The latter compares the product-based emissions with the total of emissions of a region such as Germany, the EU or OECD countries. The framework Ela 1.0 considers the environmental categories: global warming, ozone depletion, resource and energy consumption, wastes, eutrophication (including COD and BOD as measured parameters), acidification, ecotoxicity, ozone formation and human toxicity. The latter categories are handled by listing of precursors for ozone formation, and by listing of emissions scored according to their human hazard potential. The options, possibilities and limitations of the conceptual framework are presented in part A of a series of publications.






Herrchen M,Keller D,Lepper P,Mangelsdorf I,Wahnschaffe U




Has Abstract


1997-12-01 00:00:00














  • Triclosan, a commonly used bactericide found in human milk and in the aquatic environment in Sweden.

    abstract::High levels of the commonly used, effective bactericide Triclosan was found in three out of five randomly selected human milk samples. It was also found in the bile of fish exposed to municipal wastewater and in wild living fish from the receiving waters of the three wastewater treatment plants. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adolfsson-Erici M,Pettersson M,Parkkonen J,Sturve J

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Electro-Fenton treatment of the analgesic tramadol: Kinetics, mechanism and energetic evaluation.

    abstract::The removal of the analgesic tramadol (TMD) from water was studied by electro-Fenton (EF) process using BDD anode. Hydroxyl radicals (OH) generated in this process are very strong oxidants and able to successfully oxidize TMD until its total mineralization in aqueous solution. The oxidative degradation of TMD was very...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monteil H,Oturan N,Péchaud Y,Oturan MA

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Alkyl bicarbamates supramolecular organogelators with effective selective gelation and high oil recovery from oil/water mixtures.

    abstract::A series of alkyl bicarbamates supramolecular organogelators were synthesized with different structures and lengths of alkyl chains. The driving forces for the self-assembly of small molecules, including the intermolecular H bonding, π-π stacking and van der Waals interactions, played an important role in the formatio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Wu S,Yan X,Ma T,Shao L,Liu Y,Guo Z

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • PCB mass transfer coefficients determined by application of a water surface sampler.

    abstract::A water surface sampler (WSS) was employed in combination with greased surface deposition plates (GSDPs) to measure the particulate dry deposition and gas exchange of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Chicago, IL. Vapor phase PCB fluxes were calculated by subtracting the particulate fluxes obtained from GSDPs from t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tasdemir Y,Odabasi M,Holsen TM

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of metals and arsenic poisoning in Vibrio fischeri bacteria.

    abstract::The Microtox bioassay was used to establish dose-response curves for some toxic elements in aqueous solutions, namely, Zn(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), Hg(II), Ag(I), Co(II), Cd(II), Cr(VI), As(V) and As(III). Experiments were carried out at either pH 6.0 or pH 7.0 to indicate that pH may influence the measured toxicity of som...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fulladosa E,Murat JC,Martínez M,Villaescusa I

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • The occurrence and transformation behaviors of disinfection byproducts in drinking water distribution systems in rural areas of eastern China.

    abstract::The occurrence and transformation behaviors of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) were investigated in the finished water and tap water of 14 water treatment plants in rural areas of eastern China. Mammalian cell toxicity data from previous studies were used to evaluate the cytotoxicity of trihalomethanes (THMs), haloacet...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu Y,Ma X,Chen R,Li G,Tao H,Shi B

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Studies on electrochemical recovery of silver from simulated waste water from Ag(II)/Ag(I) based mediated electrochemical oxidation process.

    abstract::In the Ag(II)/Ag(I) based mediated electrochemical oxidation (MEO) process, the spent waste from the electrochemical cell, which is integrated with the scrubber columns, contains high concentrations of precious silver as dissolved ions in both the anolyte and the catholyte. This work presents an electrochemical develo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chandrasekara Pillai K,Chung SJ,Moon IS

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Transient puffs of trace organic emissions from a batch-fed waste propellant incinerator.

    abstract::Emissions data have been obtained from a waste propellant incinerator. The incinerator is a dual fixed hearth, controlled air incinerator equipped with acid gas and particulate scrubbing. "Puffing" has been evident in this waste propellant incinerator by spikes in the CO concentration. Transient puffs of organics may ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hart JR

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • Realizing a high-rate sulfidogenic reactor driven by sulfur-reducing bacteria with organic substrate dosage minimization and cost-effectiveness maximization.

    abstract::Biological sulfur reduction is an attractive sulfidogenic technology for the treatment of organics-deficient metal-laden wastewater, because it theoretically reduces the electron donor consumption by 75%, compared to sulfate reduction. However, reducing the external organic substrate dosage may lower the sulfur reduct...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo J,Wang J,Qiu Y,Sun J,Jiang F

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Metal levels in tissues of Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) from Hungary: variation with sex, age, condition and location.

    abstract::Liver samples of Eurasian otters from various parts of Hungary were analysed for mercury, copper, zinc, lead and cadmium. Only zinc concentration was significantly higher in females. Higher mercury and cadmium concentrations in adults and higher zinc values in immature otters were measured. Accumulation of mercury, co...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lanszki J,Orosz E,Sugár L

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the aerosol in Beijing, China, measured by aminopropylsilane chemically-bonded stationary-phase column chromatography and HPLC/fluorescence detection.

    abstract::We developed a useful analytical method for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) concentrations in the aerosol of China. We used an accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) method for the extraction of PAHs from the aerosol samples, in order to reduce the extraction time and the solvent volume used....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okuda T,Naoi D,Tenmoku M,Tanaka S,He K,Ma Y,Yang F,Lei Y,Jia Y,Zhang D

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Bioaccumulation and depuration of anthracene in Penaeus monodon (Fibricius) through food ingestion.

    abstract::Understanding on the bioaccumulation and depuration of PAHs (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in Penaeus monodon is important in seafood safety because it is one of the most popular seafood consumed worldwide. In this study, we used anthracene as the precursor compound for PAHs accumulation and depuration in the shri...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ong PT,Yong JC,Chin KY,Hii YS

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Dioxin and dioxin-like PCB impurities in some Japanese agrochemical formulations.

    abstract::The profile and amount of dioxin impurity in agrochemicals were studied through detailed analysis of historic Japanese formulations. The chemicals analyzed include pentachlorophenol (PCP), 2,4,6-trichlorophenyl-4'-nitrophenyl ether (chloronitrofen, CNP), 2,4-dichlorophenyl-4'-nitrophenyl ether (nitrofen, NIP), tetrach...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masunaga S,Takasuga T,Nakanishi J

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of polychlorinated biphenyls in transformer oil using various adsorbents for solid phase extraction.

    abstract::Various adsorbents for a solid phase extraction (SPE) method were used to study their ability to separate PCBs from transformer oil to rapidly determine their sub-ppm concentration in the transformer oil. Approximately 90% of the transformer oil could be removed from the PCBs by using a hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Na YC,Kim KJ,Hong J,Seo JJ

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Green synthesized iron nanoparticles as highly efficient fenton-like catalyst for degradation of dyes.

    abstract::Iron nanoparticles (Fe NPs) were synthesized herein through a simple and eco-friendly method using FeCl3 and aqueous plant extract (dimocarpus longan, DL). Compared with Fe NPs prepared via traditional chemical methods, this biogenetic DL-Fe NPs demonstrates higher catalytic activity in Fenton-like reaction to degrade...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan M,Fu X,Yu J,Xu Y,Huang J,Li Q,Sun D

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Organochlorinated pesticides in sediments from the Lake Albufera of Valencia (Spain).

    abstract::Bottom sediment samples from 121 sites of the Lake Albufera of Valencia were analyzed. Dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor and op'-DDT were not detected (<0.01 ng g(-1)) in 88-93% of the sites. Aldrin and HCB concentration ranges were between <0.01 and 0.1 ng g(-1) in 86% and 94% of the sites, respectively. Heptachlor-epoxid...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peris E,Requena S,de la Guardia M,Pastor A,Carrasco JM

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Reproductive effects of tris(4-chlorophenyl)methanol in the rat.

    abstract::Tris(4-chlorophenyl)methanol (TCPM) is a global contaminant of unknown origin that is structurally related to the endocrine modulating pesticides 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) and Dicofol. Therefore, the potential reproductive toxic effects of TCPM were investigated in sexually mature male Spragu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foster WG,Desaulniers D,Leingartner K,Wade MG,Poon R,Chu I

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in house dust in Singapore.

    abstract::The use of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) as flame retardants in Singapore is not strictly regulated; therefore these compounds can be readily found in furniture, electronic devices, and building materials. This study was the first of its kind to be conducted in Singapore to measure concentrations of PBDEs in ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tan J,Cheng SM,Loganath A,Chong YS,Obbard JP

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • The role of arbuscular mycorrhiza in zinc uptake by red clover growing in a calcareous soil spiked with various quantities of zinc.

    abstract::Three pot experiments were conducted to investigate the role of arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) in Zn uptake by red clover. Plants inoculated with Glomus mosseae and uninoculated controls were grown in a sterile calcareous soil in 'Plexiglas' (Acrylic) containers with two nylon net partitions (30 microm mesh) to separate t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen BD,Li XL,Tao HQ,Christie P,Wong MH

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Enhanced removal of cephalexin and sulfadiazine in nitrifying membrane-aerated biofilm reactors.

    abstract::Nitrification process has been reported to be capable of degrading various pharmaceuticals due to the cometabolism of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB). The membrane aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) is an emerging configuration in wastewater treatment with advantages of high nitrification rate and low energy consumption....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang B,Li H,Liu T,Guo J

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy metal bioavailability and effects: I. Bioaccumulation caused by mining activities in the Gulf of Cádiz (SW, Spain).

    abstract::The bioaccumulation of six metals (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd, Pb and Cu) was studied as part of the monitoring of the Aznalcóllar mining spill (April 1998) on the Guadalquivir estuary and in other estuaries located in the Gulf of Cádiz. Fish, clams and oysters were collected during different seasonal periods along the years 2000...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Riba I,Blasco J,Jiménez-Tenorio N,Delvalls TA

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of heavy metal toxicity in life stages (spermiotoxicity, egg toxicity, embryotoxicity and larval toxicity) of Hydroides elegans.

    abstract::A toxicity test was developed to examine the effects of heavy metal contaminants on the early life stages of the marine polychaete. We have studied the effects of metals on fertilization and early development of marine polychaete Hydroides elegans. These heavy metals have often been found in polluted ground and water ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gopalakrishnan S,Thilagam H,Raja PV

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Levels of chlorinated compounds (CPs, PCPPs, PCDEs, PCDFs and PCDDs) in soils at contaminated sawmill sites in Sweden.

    abstract::Soil samples from five contaminated sawmill sites in Sweden were characterized with respect to chlorophenols (CP), chlorinated phenoxy phenols (PCPP, hydroxylated chlorinated diphenyl ethers), chlorinated diphenyl ethers (PCDE), chlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) and chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD). The composition...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Persson Y,Lundstedt S,Oberg L,Tysklind M

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the biodegradability of microparticles disposed down the drain.

    abstract::Microparticles made from naturally occurring materials or biodegradable plastics such as poly(3-hydroxy butyrate)-co-(3-hydroxy valerate), PHBV, are being evaluated as alternatives to microplastics in personal care product applications but limited data is available on their ultimate biodegradability (mineralization) i...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonough K,Itrich N,Casteel K,Menzies J,Williams T,Krivos K,Price J

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in soil and water samples in the Northeastern part of São Paulo State, Brazil.

    abstract::Detailed analyses of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) isomers (HCHs), dichlorodiphenyltrichloro ethane (DDT) and its metabolites (DDTs) and congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil and surface water from the northeastern São Paulo, ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rissato SR,Galhiane MS,Ximenes VF,de Andrade RM,Talamoni JL,Libânio M,de Almeida MV,Apon BM,Cavalari AA

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Physiochemical assessment of environmental behaviors of herbicide atrazine in soils associated with its degradation and bioavailability to weeds.

    abstract::Atrazine residue in soil is one of the serious environmental problems and continues to risk ecosystem and human health. To address the environmental behaviors and dissipation of atrazine and better manage the application of atrazine in reality, we comprehensively investigated the adsorption and desorption, migration a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu J,Zhou JH,Guo QN,Ma LY,Yang H

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of Fe₂O₃, TiO₂, ZnO and CuO nanomaterials on Xenopus laevis.

    abstract::Metal oxide nanomaterials have exhibited toxicity to a variety of aquatic organisms, especially microbes and invertebrates. To date, few studies have evaluated the toxicity of metal oxide nanomaterials on aquatic vertebrates. Therefore, this study examined effects of ZnO, TiO(2), Fe(2)O(3), and CuO nanomaterials (20-1...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nations S,Wages M,Cañas JE,Maul J,Theodorakis C,Cobb GP

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Agro-industrial wastes as potential carriers for enzyme immobilization: A review.

    abstract::This review provides a general overview of the suitability of different agro-industrial wastes for enzyme immobilization. For the purposes of this literary study, the support materials are divided into two main groups, called lignocellulosic (coconut fiber, corn cob, spent grain, spent coffee, husk, husk ash, and stra...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Girelli AM,Astolfi ML,Scuto FR

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • HPLC-MSn and GC-MS methods to study sunlight and UV-lamp degradations of 1-amino-5-naphthalene sulfonate.

    abstract::HPLC-DAD, HPLC-MS/MS, GC-MS and spectrophotometric methods are employed to investigate the degradation process of sodium 1-amino-5-naphthalene sulfonate (1A5NS) aqueous solutions, when exposed to sunlight and UV-lamp (254 nm) irradiations. Experimental results show that both sunlight and 254 nm UV-lamp irradiations de...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gianotti V,Gosetti F,Polati S,Gennaro MC

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of Hg(II) ions on the free radicals of humic substances and their model compounds.

    abstract::Humic acids (HAs) and humin (HU) complexes with Hg(II) ions were studied using EPR, FTIR and CP MAS (13)C NMR spectroscopies. The analysis of the EPR spectra showed, especially for HA, a significant decrease in the g-factor value for the resulting Hg(II) radical species, as compared with that observed for the parent r...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jerzykiewicz M

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00