Implementing a smoking cessation program in social and community service organisations: a feasibility and acceptability trial.


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Novel ways of accessing and engaging smokers who are socially and economically disadvantaged may help reduce socioeconomic disparities in smoking rates. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of integrating smoking cessation support into usual care at a social and community service organisation (SCSO). DESIGN AND METHODS:One SCSO providing a Personal Helpers and Mentors program participated. Support workers were provided with training in 5A's, brief motivational interviewing and use of nicotine replacement therapy, and then recruited clients into a 6 month smoking program. Acceptability and feasibility was assessed prior to receiving training and at 3 and 6 month follow up for support workers, and at enrolment into the program and at 4 and 6 month follow up for clients. RESULTS:Six support workers (67%) and 20 of their clients (65%) took part. Overall acceptability of the program was high, particularly among clients. The amount of time spent talking about smoking increased from 3.8 min per visit at baseline to 15.5 min at 6 month follow up. There was a significant reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked from 20.5 cigarettes per day at baseline to 15 cigarettes per day at 6 month follow up (P = 0.04). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:SCSOs are both interested in and capable of providing smoking care and the majority of clients found the smoking cessation intervention acceptable and helpful. Given the demonstrated acceptability and feasibility of this approach, further research to determine the effectiveness of this approach is warranted.


Drug Alcohol Rev


Drug and alcohol review


Bryant J,Bonevski B,Paul C,Hull P,O'Brien J




Has Abstract


2012-07-01 00:00:00












  • Investigating the management of alcohol-related presentations in an Australian teaching hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol-related morbidity is estimated to range from 10-38% of the presentations to hospital emergency departments. This study aims to investigate the actual management process for alcohol-related presentations in a teaching hospital in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS:Retrospective audit was conduc...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qian S,Irani M,Brighton R,Yeo W,Reid D,Sinclair B,Bresnahan S,Lynch P,Feng X,Yu P

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and human performance.

    abstract::The present paper presents a comprehensive review of studies concerned with the effects of alcohol on human performance. It attempts to review the studies within the framework of the information processing model. The effects of alcohol on information processing and transmission rates, sensory and perceptual processes,...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glencross DJ

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of QT prolongation in a population of patients with substance use disorders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Drug induced QT prolongation occurs in patients with substance use disorders from prescription medications that prolong the QT, such as methadone. Knowing the prevalence of QT prolongation in this population is important for prescribers. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of QT prolong...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scott AJ,Dunlop AJ,Brown A,Sadler C,Isbister GK

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • One explanation to rule them all? Identifying sub-groups of non-drinking Swedish ninth graders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Researchers in a number of countries have recently identified major changes in adolescent alcohol consumption since the early 2000s, with the prevalence of teenage drinking more than halving in some countries. The major aims of the current study are to examine if there are sub-groups among non-dri...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raninen J,Livingston M,Karlsson P,Leifman H,Guttormsson U,Svensson J,Larm P

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiolytic and hypnotic drug misuse in Thailand: findings from a national household survey.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The non-medical use of prescription drugs, such as anxiolytics and hypnotics, has become a growing public health problem in Thailand. The objective of this study was to examine the patterns of non-medical use of these drugs, using data from a nationally representative sample of Thais interviewed i...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Assanangkornchai S,Sam-Angsri N,Rerngpongpan S,Edwards JG

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • 'Weekend on the town': discrete sessions of drug use for a sample of young psychostimulant users.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Few epidemiological studies have examined the behaviours and experiences of young adults during discrete drug-use events. This study was designed to capture a rich, detailed description of discrete occasions or 'sessions' of psychostimulant use. DESIGN AND METHODS:Participants were 220 young psyc...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jenkinson R,Jolley D,Dietze P

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing resource allocation and research into tobacco control activities: a comprehensive approach including primary prevention, treatment and brief intervention.

    abstract::The range of tobacco control activities should be viewed as essential parts of a complex multi-component puzzle. Intervention strategies designed to address tobacco control should be comprehensive and include both primary and secondary prevention activities and be multi-faceted and capable of bringing about change at ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richmond R

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and tobacco co-use in nondaily smokers: an inevitable phenomenon?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol use has consistently been associated with smoking among nondaily smokers. However, this may not be an inevitable relationship that extends across all drinking sessions and/or all nondaily smokers. Recently, distinct subgroups of nondaily smokers have been identified, with one subgroup main...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campbell ML,Bozec LJ,McGrath D,Barrett SP

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Reviewing the needs of unemployed youth in smoking intervention programmes.

    abstract::In Australia, the impact of unemployment on adolescent smoking behaviour continues to present a major public health problem. Traditional prevention programmes in both primary and secondary schools appear to be achieving a delay in the onset of smoking. However, smoking rates of young people who are unemployed are unac...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanton WR,Gillespie AM,Lowe JB

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Stopping petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal Australia: key elements of the Mt Theo Program.

    abstract::Petrol sniffing is a major form of substance misuse in Aboriginal communities across Australia. This practice has detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of individual sniffers, their families, communities and wider society. There are few examples of programmes that have successfully stopped petrol sniffing. T...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preuss K,Brown JN

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Injecting drug users and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus: what do we know?

    abstract::This article examines the results of 10 years of research on the relationship between injecting drug use and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The two main transmission modes of HIV among injecting drug users (IDU)-parenteral drug use and sexual behaviour-are examined in detail, as well as the efficacy of attemp...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Darke S

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Methadone maintenance treatment reduces heroin injection in New South Wales prisons.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether methadone maintenance treatment reduces injecting risk behaviour (and therefore transmission of blood-borne viral infections) among prisoners in New South Wales (NSW), using comparison of retrospective reports of drug use in prisons for people who received standard drug...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Wodak AD,Hall WD

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Detoxification: the basis of current practice.

    abstract::With chronic use of a psychoactive drug the central nervous system undergoes a series of changes. These changes vary both in nature and in extent with each drug, but in general, they alter the responsiveness of the nervous system to the drug so as to reduce the perceived clinical effect, and also alter the innate resp...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foy A

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for the reversible (thiamine-responsive) and irreversible (thiamine non-responsive) neurological symptoms of Wernicke's encephalopathy.

    abstract::Chronic alcoholism results in thiamine deficiency as a result of poor nutrition and impaired gastrointestinal absorption of the vitamin. Pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency in the rat reproduces a neurological syndrome and ultimately neuropathological damage of a nature and distribution that is similar to that en...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butterworth RF

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pathways to change: Use trajectories following trauma-informed treatment of women with co-occurring post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Despite advances towards integration of care for women with co-occurring substance use disorder (SUD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low abstinence rates following SUD/PTSD treatment remain the norm. The utility of investigating distinct substance use trajectories is a critical innovat...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: López-Castro T,Hu MC,Papini S,Ruglass LM,Hien DA

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Infant mortality among women on a methadone program during pregnancy.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The rate and correlates of infant death in those born to opioid-dependent women are unclear. This study aims to determine the infant mortality rate of infants born to women on a methadone program during pregnancy and to identify any modifiable risk factors. DESIGN AND METHODS:A retrospective stud...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burns L,Conroy E,Mattick RP

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental trajectories of illicit drug use, prescription drug misuse and cannabis practices among young adult cannabis users in Los Angeles.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Young adults have the highest rates of drug use and contribute significantly to the growing population of medical cannabis patients (MCP). This study examined relationships between longitudinal patterns of illicit/prescription drug use/misuse and cannabis practices among young adult cannabis users...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fedorova EV,Schrager SM,Robinson LF,Roth AM,Wong CF,Iverson E,Lankenau SE

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • An examination of the extent to which drinking motives and problem alcohol consumption vary as a function of deprivation, gender and age.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Existing research points to a link between socioeconomic factors, alcohol consumption and harms, while another body of work documents the importance of varying motivations to drink in shaping alcohol behaviours. Yet, little is currently known about the extent to which alcohol consumption may be differentia...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heim D,Monk RL,Qureshi AW

    更新日期:2020-11-26 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of influence: Alcohol industry submissions to the inquiry into fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Industry groups with vested interests in policy regularly work to protect their profits via the endorsement of ineffective voluntary regulation and interventions, extensive lobbying activity and minimising the health impact of consumption behaviours. This study aims to examine all alcohol industry...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Avery MR,Droste N,Giorgi C,Ferguson A,Martino F,Coomber K,Miller P

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and other drug prevention for older adolescents: It's a no brainer.

    abstract::Older adolescence represents a critical period of brain development whereby the prefrontal cortex, responsible for higher level thinking and emotional regulation, is under construction. During this period, the brain is wired to underestimate risk and overestimate pleasure, which primes young people towards risky, plea...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Debenham J,Newton N,Birrell L,Askovic M

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the accuracy of self-reported smoking status and impact of passive smoke exposure among pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women using cotinine biochemical validation.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:A significant level of misreport or error occurs during questionnaire-based assessment of smoking behaviour. Failure to measure environmental tobacco smoke, and participant's inclination to under-report their smoking raise questions as to the accuracy of assessment. In order to establish an estima...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilligan C,Sanson-Fisher R,Eades S,Wenitong M,Panaretto K,D'Este C

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Satisfaction guaranteed? What clients on methadone and buprenorphine think about their treatment.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:A consumer satisfaction survey was conducted among clients receiving methadone or buprenorphine treatment for opioid dependence. The survey aimed to assess client perceptions across a number of treatment domains, including the clinic environment, service provision, clinical relationships, medicati...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Madden A,Lea T,Bath N,Winstock AR

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • General practitioners' detection and management of patients with a dual diagnosis: implications for education and training.

    abstract::General practitioners (GPs) are in a unique position to detect and manage patients with co-morbid mental health and substance use disorders (dual diagnosis). It has been estimated that over 30% of patients presenting to general practice have a diagnosable mental disorder and 12% have dual diagnosis. Unfortunately, bet...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marshall KL,Deane FP

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • A brief motivational intervention for substance misuse in recent-onset psychosis.

    abstract::Substance misuse is common in early psychosis, and impacts negatively on outcomes. Little is known about effective interventions for this population. We report a pilot study of brief intervention for substance misuse in early psychosis (Start Over and Survive: SOS), comparing it with Standard Care (SC). Twenty-five in...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kavanagh DJ,Young R,White A,Saunders JB,Wallis J,Shockley N,Jenner L,Clair A

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Chinese Youth Attitudes toward Young Drug Users scale: an initial scale development and refinement.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Little is known about adolescents' perspectives of young drug users, especially in the Chinese context. This study aimed to develop a scale to measure Chinese youth attitudes toward young drug users. DESIGN AND METHODS:Initially, a total of 26 non-at-risk and at-risk adolescents (15 male and 11 f...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chui WH,Chan HC

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • A resounding success or a disastrous failure: re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalisation of illicit drugs.

    abstract::In this Harm Reduction Digest two observers and scholars of the 2001 Portuguese drug policy reform consider divergent accounts of the reform which viewed it as a 'resounding success' or a 'disastrous failure'. Acknowledging from their own experience the inherent difficulties in studying drug law reform, Caitlin Hughes...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hughes CE,Stevens A

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Novel psychoactive substance use by US adolescents: Characteristics associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The current study documents the characteristics associated with the use of two novel psychoactive substances: synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones. DESIGN AND METHODS:Nationally representative samples of students in 8th (n = 9665), 10th (n = 10 655) and 12th (n = 10 057) grades across ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick ME,O'Malley PM,Kloska DD,Schulenberg JE,Johnston LD,Miech RA,Bachman JG

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of problem-drinkers in an emergency department using a breathalyser and questionnaire.

    abstract::Over a 2-week period in January 1990 consecutive adult emergency attenders were breathalysed and screened for problem drinking using the WHO screening instrument. Results were compared with a similar study conducted 8 years previously. Of the patients tested, 12.5% had a positive alcohol in 1990 compared with 16% in 1...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robinson GM,Leslie H,Robinson BJ

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Unrecorded consumption, quality of alcohol and health consequences.

    abstract:ISSUES:This contribution aims to examine systematically the evidence on the impact of the quality of unrecorded alcohol products on health consequences. APPROACH:Systematic computer assisted review of the literature. KEY FINDINGS:There are a number of pathways related to alcohol quality that may lead to acute or chro...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rehm J,Kanteres F,Lachenmeier DW

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Research into action? The Eastside Illicit Drinkers Group for Education's (EIDGE) experiences as a community-based group in Vancouver, Canada.

    abstract::The Eastside Illicit Drinkers Group for Education has been supportive of research dedicated to establishing the effectiveness of Managed Alcohol Programs since its inception. Dedicated funding for MAPs in Vancouver, British Columbia is contingent on the research demonstrating that alcohol-related harms are reduced whi...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown L,Skulsh J,Morgan R,Kuehlke R,Graham B

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00