Illicit drug use before and during pregnancy at a tertiary maternity hospital 2000-2006.


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:To study the prevalence of use of illicit drugs by women of reproductive age before and during pregnancy and the changes in rates of illicit drug use in pregnancy over recent years. DESIGN AND METHODS:All pregnant women attending the public antenatal clinic over a 7 year period (2000-2006) were routinely interviewed about their use of illicit drugs by a midwife at the antenatal booking visit. MEASUREMENTS:Records for 25,049 women, who self-reported previous and current use of cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy and heroin, were included in the study. RESULTS:Cannabis was the most common illicit drug used before and during pregnancy; 9.3% of women were engaged in regular use prior to pregnancy and 2.5% were users during pregnancy. A very low proportion of women reported use of amphetamines, ecstasy or heroin in pregnancy. There was an increase in ever regular use and any past use of cannabis, amphetamines and ecstasy over time. CONCLUSIONS:The prevalence of illicit drug use by young women prior to becoming pregnant is of concern. While pregnancy appears to be a strong motivator for women to cease substance use, there is a need to study whether women resume drug use after their baby is born.


Drug Alcohol Rev


Drug and alcohol review


Hayatbakhsh MR,Kingsbury AM,Flenady V,Gilshenan KS,Hutchinson DM,Najman JM




Has Abstract


2011-03-01 00:00:00












  • Synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal: a new demand on detoxification services.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Synthetic cannabinoid dependence and withdrawal are not well described in the literature. We aimed to report on the characteristics and treatment course of clients attending a detoxification service for support with synthetic cannabinoid withdrawal in Auckland, New Zealand. DESIGN AND METHODS:A r...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macfarlane V,Christie G

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Combining transdermal and breath alcohol assessments, real-time drink logs and retrospective self-reports to measure alcohol consumption and intoxication across a multi-day music festival.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Comprehensively investigating alcohol-related behaviours in the context of a dynamic multi-day alcohol-licensed event is important for understanding and minimising patron risk. We aimed to assess the measurement utility of implementing a multi-dimensional alcohol assessment battery using biometric...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norman T,Peacock A,Ferguson SG,Kuntsche E,Bruno R

    更新日期:2020-11-10 00:00:00

  • Implementing a smoking cessation program in social and community service organisations: a feasibility and acceptability trial.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Novel ways of accessing and engaging smokers who are socially and economically disadvantaged may help reduce socioeconomic disparities in smoking rates. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of integrating smoking cessation support into usual care at a social and community service ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bryant J,Bonevski B,Paul C,Hull P,O'Brien J

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hypomagnesaemia and its potential impact on thiamine utilisation in patients with alcohol misuse at the Alice Springs Hospital.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol rapidly reduces thiamine among alcohol-dependent individuals. Poor diet and alcohol's impact on absorption, storage, activation and excretion of thiamine are thought to be the mechanisms. Previous literature identifies magnesium as an important cofactor in thiamine utilisation, which might...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dingwall KM,Delima JF,Gent D,Batey RG

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Women and young adults suffer most from other people's drinking.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Research on alcohol-related harm has predominantly focused on harm suffered by the drinker and priority has been given to health-related harms. In comparison, studies on alcohol's harms to others than the drinker are scarce. This study sought to examine the human sufferings from other people's dri...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huhtanen P,Tigerstedt C

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Stopping petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal Australia: key elements of the Mt Theo Program.

    abstract::Petrol sniffing is a major form of substance misuse in Aboriginal communities across Australia. This practice has detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of individual sniffers, their families, communities and wider society. There are few examples of programmes that have successfully stopped petrol sniffing. T...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preuss K,Brown JN

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Addiction and rehabilitation in autobiographical books by rock artists, 1974-2010.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:This paper explores excessive appetites, addiction and rehabilitation as described in the autobiographies, memoirs and diaries of rock artists. DESIGN AND METHODS:The data collection focused on autobiographical rock books written in English by internationally recognised rock artists before 2011. ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oksanen A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Risk of stroke in prescription and other amphetamine-type stimulants use: A systematic review.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) are a putative cause of stroke with high abuse potential. We aim to systematically review the association between use of ATS and stroke. DESIGN AND METHODS:To assure a sensitive search strategy, a broad definition of ATS was used. Cochrane Plus, EMBASE, IBECS/Lil...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Indave BI,Sordo L,Bravo MJ,Sarasa-Renedo A,Fernández-Balbuena S,De la Fuente L,Sonego M,Barrio G

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with antenatal smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women in two jurisdictions.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Smoking rates are three times as high for pregnant Indigenous women relative to non-Indigenous women, in Australia. This paper describes Indigenous women's self-reported antenatal smoking behaviour and compares knowledge and attitudes of those who: (i) smoke and don't smoke during pregnancy; and (...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Passey ME,D'Este CA,Stirling JM,Sanson-Fisher RW

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Pathways to change: Use trajectories following trauma-informed treatment of women with co-occurring post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Despite advances towards integration of care for women with co-occurring substance use disorder (SUD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low abstinence rates following SUD/PTSD treatment remain the norm. The utility of investigating distinct substance use trajectories is a critical innovat...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: López-Castro T,Hu MC,Papini S,Ruglass LM,Hien DA

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental trajectories of illicit drug use, prescription drug misuse and cannabis practices among young adult cannabis users in Los Angeles.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Young adults have the highest rates of drug use and contribute significantly to the growing population of medical cannabis patients (MCP). This study examined relationships between longitudinal patterns of illicit/prescription drug use/misuse and cannabis practices among young adult cannabis users...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fedorova EV,Schrager SM,Robinson LF,Roth AM,Wong CF,Iverson E,Lankenau SE

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Screening for drugs in oral fluid: illicit drug use and drug driving in a sample of Queensland motorists.

    abstract::Police Services in a number of Australian states have indicated random roadside drug testing will be implemented to target drug driving. This paper outlines research conducted to provide an estimate of the prevalence of drug driving in a sample of Queensland drivers. Oral fluid samples were collected from 781 drivers ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davey J,Leal N,Freeman J

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • How alcohol industry organisations mislead the public about alcohol and cancer.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Alcohol consumption increases the risk of several types of cancer, including several common cancers. As part of their corporate social responsibility activities, the alcohol industry (AI) disseminates information about alcohol and cancer. We examined the information on this which the AI disseminat...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petticrew M,Maani Hessari N,Knai C,Weiderpass E

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Reviewing the needs of unemployed youth in smoking intervention programmes.

    abstract::In Australia, the impact of unemployment on adolescent smoking behaviour continues to present a major public health problem. Traditional prevention programmes in both primary and secondary schools appear to be achieving a delay in the onset of smoking. However, smoking rates of young people who are unemployed are unac...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanton WR,Gillespie AM,Lowe JB

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between placebo alcohol and affect: motives for drinking.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Although alcohol is often used in an attempt to alleviate negative affect, alcohol oftentimes exacerbates depressive symptoms. Therefore the relationship between alcohol and affect, and the role of motives for drinking remain unclear. The present study hypothesised that placebo alcohol would blunt...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bailey RC,Baillie AJ

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • The early alcoholism treatment movement in Australia, 1859-1939.

    abstract::Advancing ideas pioneered in the United States of America, Australian medical reformers and their lay supporters persuaded colonial governments in the late nineteenth century to recognize that alcohol dependence was a treatable disease. In practice, that recognition was only partial. While inebriates legislation was e...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis MJ

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Consumption and advertising of alcoholic beverages in Australia, 1969-86.

    abstract::The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between alcohol consumption per adult (>/=15 years old) and expenditure on alcohol advertising per adult in Australia for the 18 years from 1969 to 1986. In addition, analyses were made of the extent to which annual changes in consumption were related to annua...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith DI

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Methadone maintenance treatment reduces heroin injection in New South Wales prisons.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether methadone maintenance treatment reduces injecting risk behaviour (and therefore transmission of blood-borne viral infections) among prisoners in New South Wales (NSW), using comparison of retrospective reports of drug use in prisons for people who received standard drug...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan KA,Wodak AD,Hall WD

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Contingency management for tobacco smoking during opioid addiction treatment: Implementation challenges.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Tobacco smoking prevalence in opioid addiction patients is approximately six times that of the general population, highlighting the need for novel interventions. A pilot/feasibility study was conducted to investigate whether a contingency management (CM) intervention could be added to UK standard ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ainscough TS,Brose LS,Strang J,McNeill A

    更新日期:2020-11-24 00:00:00

  • Linked electronic medication systems in community pharmacies for preventing pseudoephedrine diversion: a review of international practice and analysis of results in Australia.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Pseudoephedrine is a precursor often diverted into the illegal manufacture of amphetamine type substances (ATS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a linked electronic medication recording system (LEMS) established in Australian pharmacies in 2005 for preventing the diversi...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Berbatis CG,Sunderland VB,Dhaliwal SS

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Drug production, trafficking and trade in Asia and Pacific Island countries.

    abstract::We report here on illicit drug production, trafficking and transit routes found in the Asia Pacific region. The report is based on the 'Situational analysis of illicit drug issues and responses in Asia and the Pacific', commissioned by the Australian National Council on Drugs Asia Pacific Drug Issues Committee. The si...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Reid G,Devaney ML,Baldwin S

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol and other drug prevention for older adolescents: It's a no brainer.

    abstract::Older adolescence represents a critical period of brain development whereby the prefrontal cortex, responsible for higher level thinking and emotional regulation, is under construction. During this period, the brain is wired to underestimate risk and overestimate pleasure, which primes young people towards risky, plea...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Debenham J,Newton N,Birrell L,Askovic M

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Novel psychoactive substance use by US adolescents: Characteristics associated with use of synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:The current study documents the characteristics associated with the use of two novel psychoactive substances: synthetic cannabinoids and synthetic cathinones. DESIGN AND METHODS:Nationally representative samples of students in 8th (n = 9665), 10th (n = 10 655) and 12th (n = 10 057) grades across ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick ME,O'Malley PM,Kloska DD,Schulenberg JE,Johnston LD,Miech RA,Bachman JG

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Facilitators and barriers to integrating physical health care during treatment for substance use: A socio-ecological analysis.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Clinical practice guidelines recommend physical health be addressed when treating substance use disorders. Yet, the integration of alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment and physical health care is seldom actualised. This is particularly the case in the non-government sector. Using the socio-ecolo...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Osborne B,Kelly PJ,Robinson LD,Ivers R,Deane FP,Larance B

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • The toxicology of homicide offenders and victims: A review.

    abstract:ISSUES:The toxicology of homicide offenders and victims, and homicide as a cause of death among psychoactive substance users. APPROACH:Review of the toxicology of homicide, and homicide as a cause of death among psychoactive substance users. KEY FINDINGS:A half or more of offenders are intoxicated by a psychoactive s...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Darke S

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Australian study of HIV and injecting Drug Use. Part II: predicting exposure to hepatitis C and hepatitis B.

    abstract::Researchers agree that while hepatitis B maybe in control, hepatitis C is present in epidemic proportions among injecting drug users and that current HIV prevention strategies have not been sufficient to halt the spread of this hepatitis virus, although there is some evidence to suggest that incidence rates are stabil...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carruthers SJ,Loxley WM,Phillips M,Bevan JS

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Chinese Youth Attitudes toward Young Drug Users scale: an initial scale development and refinement.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:Little is known about adolescents' perspectives of young drug users, especially in the Chinese context. This study aimed to develop a scale to measure Chinese youth attitudes toward young drug users. DESIGN AND METHODS:Initially, a total of 26 non-at-risk and at-risk adolescents (15 male and 11 f...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chui WH,Chan HC

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in methamphetamine use in young injection drug users in San Francisco from 1998 to 2004: the UFO Study.

    abstract:AIMS:To describe temporal trends in methamphetamine use among young injection drug users (IDU) in San Francisco. DESIGN AND METHODS:Secondary analysis of cross-sectional baseline data collected for a longitudinal study of young IDU from 1998 to 2004. Participants were 1445 young IDU (<30 years old) who reported inject...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inglez-Dias A,Hahn JA,Lum PJ,Evans J,Davidson P,Page-Shafer K

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the relationship between craving and relapse.

    abstract::The value of craving as a construct in the substance use disorders literature stems from its purported ability to predict actual alcohol or psychoactive drug consumption. Empirical reports of craving's relationship to actual use, however, are quite mixed. It is argued that craving's relationship to use variables such ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tracy JI

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing resource allocation and research into tobacco control activities: a comprehensive approach including primary prevention, treatment and brief intervention.

    abstract::The range of tobacco control activities should be viewed as essential parts of a complex multi-component puzzle. Intervention strategies designed to address tobacco control should be comprehensive and include both primary and secondary prevention activities and be multi-faceted and capable of bringing about change at ...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richmond R

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00