Type of skin eruption is an independent prognostic indicator for adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.

Abstract:

:Cutaneous involvement is seen in ~ 50% of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) patients. We investigated the association between skin eruption type and prognosis in 119 ATLL patients. ATLL eruptions were categorized into patch (6.7%), plaque (26.9%), multipapular (19.3%), nodulotumoral (38.7%), erythrodermic (4.2%), and purpuric (4.2%) types. When the T stage of the tumor-node-metastasis-blood (TNMB) classification of mycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome was applied to ATLL staging, 16.0% were T1, 17.7% T2, 38.7% T3, and 4.2% T4, and the remaining 23.5% were of the multipapular and purpuric types. For the patch type, the mean survival time (median survival time could not be estimated) was 188.4 months. The median survival times (in months) for the remaining types were as follows: plaque, 114.9; multipapular, 17.3; nodulotumoral, 17.3; erythrodermic, 3.0; and purpuric, 4.4. Kaplan-Meier curves of overall survival showed that the erythrodermic type had the poorest prognosis, followed by the nodulotumoral and multipapular types. The patch and plaque types were associated with better survival rates. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the hazard ratios of the erythrodermic and nodulotumoral types were significantly higher than that of the patch type, and that the eruption type is an independent prognostic factor for ATLL. The overall survival was worse as the T stage became more advanced: the multipapular type and T2 were comparable, and the purpuric type had a significantly poorer prognosis than T1.

journal_name

Blood

journal_title

Blood

authors

Sawada Y,Hino R,Hama K,Ohmori S,Fueki H,Yamada S,Fukamachi S,Tajiri M,Kubo R,Yoshioka M,Nakashima D,Sugita K,Yoshiki R,Shimauchi T,Mori T,Izu K,Kobayashi M,Nakamura M,Tokura Y

doi

10.1182/blood-2010-11-316794

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-04-14 00:00:00

pages

3961-7

issue

15

eissn

0006-4971

issn

1528-0020

pii

blood-2010-11-316794

journal_volume

117

pub_type

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