Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterisation of the first Italian Candida africana isolate.


:One atypical isolate of the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans was isolated from an Italian patient with vulvovaginitis. The strain, germ tube positive and chlamydospore-negative showed white-thin turquoise colonies on Candida ID 2 medium. The yeast was identified as Candida africana by using morphological and biochemical tests. On the basis of the molecular results obtained in this study as well as in other studies, C. africana cannot be yet considered as a new species of Candida. It is possible that C. africana represents a new variant of C. albicans like the well-known Candida stellatoidea. To our knowledge, this is the first isolation of C. africana in Italy.






Romeo O,Criseo G




Has Abstract


2009-09-01 00:00:00
















  • Multicentric genetic study of Candida albicans isolates from non-neutropenic patients using MLEE typing: population structure and mode of reproduction.

    abstract::A mycological survey was conducted on non-neutropenic patients in three distinct intensive care units in two hospitals in Marseille (France) from November 1993 to November 1995. Candida albicans positive cultures from 62 patients were included in this study. Every first isolate of each patient was typed by multilocus ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Arnavielhe S,De Meeüs T,Blancard A,Mallié M,Renaud F,Bastide JM

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative evaluation of pan-fungal real-time PCR, galactomannan and (1-3)-β-D-glucan assay for invasive fungal infection in paediatric cancer patients.

    abstract::Limited specific data and investigations are available for the diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Infection (IFI) in paediatrics cancer patients. Three non-invasive tests; Platelia Aspergillus EIA for galactomannan (GM), β-D-glucan (BDG) assay and pan-fungal real-time PCR for fungal DNA in blood were evaluated. One hundred ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gupta P,Ahmad A,Khare V,Kumar A,Banerjee G,Verma N,Singh M

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary cryptococcosis characteristics in immunocompetent patients-A 20-year clinical retrospective analysis in China.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pulmonary cryptococcosis (PC) is not considered an rare, opportunistic infection anymore. The immunocompetent population accounts for an increasing proportion of the morbidity. OBJECTIVE:This study investigated the clinical characteristics of PC patients spanning 20 years, in a referral centre of China. PA...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hou X,Kou L,Han X,Zhu R,Song L,Liu T

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Our 2014 approach to mucormycosis.

    abstract::Mucormycosis, previously termed as zygomycosis, is caused by fungi belonging to the order Mucorales and is a very severe disease in immunocompromised patients with an often unfavourable outcome. Given the high morbidity and mortality of mucormycosis, establishing a timely diagnosis followed by immediate treatment is o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tacke D,Koehler P,Markiefka B,Cornely OA

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Taxonomy and ecology of the genus Candida].

    abstract::Candida is a heterogeneous genus which contains about a quarter of all yeast species. It includes not only species of uncertain affiliation but also unrelated strains whose phylogenetic relationships have not been resolved. A great variety of CoQ types are present in the genus, the mol % G + C ranges from 30-63%, and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schauer F,Hanschke R

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Yeast associated with human infections in south-eastern Nigeria.

    abstract::A total of 1921 specimens from nine clinical sources were examined by direct microscopy and culture to recover yeast associated with human infection. Identification of yeast was based on their carbon assimilation patterns, using API 20C AUX and ID 32 C (bioMérieux, France) commercial kits. A total of 178 specimens (9....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abia-Bassey LN,Utsalo SJ

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • First isolation of Trichophyton raubitschekii (syn. T. rubrum) in Europe.

    abstract::Trichophyton raubitschekii is a rare dermatophyte which belongs to the Trichophyton rubrum species complex. Since 1981, only a few cases of dermatophytosis due to this anthropophilic causative agent were published. In this paper the authors report the first cases of Tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton raubitschekii ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tietz HJ,Hopp M,Gräser Y

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pityriacitrin--a potent UV filter produced by Malassezia furfur and its effect on human skin microflora.

    abstract::In Malassezia furfur, tryptophan as the main nitrogen source induces production of the potent ultraviolet-absorbing indole compound pityriacitrin. An in vitro study about the effects of pityriacitrin on other human skin microorganisms is presented, with special focus on Candida albicans and staphylococci in which its ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Machowinski A,Krämer HJ,Hort W,Mayser P

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Therapy of intraabdominal fungal infections].

    abstract::Candida albicans is the fourth most germ that can be identified on surgical intensive care unit (SICU). During the course of severe peritonitis recognition of Candida is crucial for physicians but interpretation of Candida-positive microbiologic samples is difficult. The indication for antimycotic therapy requires dif...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kujath P,Bouchard R,Nolde J,Scheele J

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical presentation of invasive aspergillosis.

    abstract::Invasive aspergillosis has increasingly been recognised to cause significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Fever unresponsive to broad-spectrum antibiotics is the earliest and most common sign of an invasive fungal infection. As invasive Aspergillus infections are usually acquired by inhalatio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schwartz S,Thiel E

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Distribution of keratinophilic fungi in desert soil of Kuwait.

    abstract::Forty soil samples from different desert localities in Kuwait were surveyed for keratinophilic and geophilic dermatophytic fungi. Sixteen species classified in 9 genera were recovered on wool baits. Chrysosporium species were the most common fungi: Chr. tropicum (60%), Chr. pannicola (32.5%), Chr. queenslandicum (27.5...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Musallam AA

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Unilateral renal phaeohyphomycosis due to Bipolaris spicifera in an immunocompetent child - rare case presentation and review of literature.

    abstract::Phaeohyphomycosis refers to infections caused by phaeoid fungi that can have an aggressive course in normal hosts. We report a case of left-sided renal phaeohyphomycosis due to Bipolaris spicifera in a 7-year-old immunocompetent male child. He presented with fever, dysuria, nausea, vomiting and flank pain. Examination...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kaur R,Bala K

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Podopompholyx due to pemphigus vulgaris and Trichophyton rubrum infection. Report of an unusual case.

    abstract::We report the case of a 48-year old man who after a disease-free interval of 7 years developed a relapse of pemphigus vulgaris (PV) presenting as pompholyx of the left foot. The patient was first thought to suffer from a dyshidrosic form of tinea pedis due to Trichophyton rubrum. Although the concomitant occurrence of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Borradori L,Harms M

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Invasive rhino-orbital fungal sinusitis following dental manipulation.

    abstract::Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is a fulminant fungal infection of the nose and paranasal sinuses in immunocompromised patients. But mucormycosis following dental manipulation in immunocompetent patients leading to orbital involvement is rare. The objective of this study was to highlight the variable presentations of mucor...


    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Chopra H,Dua K,Bhatia S,Dua N,Mittal V

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Anti-Malassezia furfur antibodies in the population.

    abstract::The authors carried out research into anti-Malassezia precipitating antibodies in the population, specifying the distribution by age and sex. A total of 868 serum specimens from subjects of both sexes, aged between 0 and 80 years, were studied. An immunoelectroprecipitation reaction was used using a M. furfur culture ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Faggi E,Pini G,Campisi E,Gargani G

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Duration and outcome of persistent candidaemia in newborn infants.

    abstract::The aims of the study were to define the duration of candidaemia in newborn infants and to determine the incidence of persistent hospital-acquired candidaemia and its associated morbidity and mortality compared with non-persistent candidaemia. This retrospective study, included 56 neonates admitted to the neonatal int...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy I,Shalit I,Askenazi S,Klinger G,Sirota L,Linder N

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Comparative study of the therapy of Candida esophagitis in HIV-1-infected patients with fluconazole or amphotericin B and flucytosine].

    abstract::In 20 HIV-patients (17 male homosexuals, 1 male and 1 female i.v. drug abuser and 1 female patient with M. Willebrand-Jürgens) Candida esophagitis was diagnosed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Clinically they presented retrosternal pain or an exacerbation of oral candidosis under local antimycotics. The diagnosis of Ca...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brockmeyer NH,Hantschke D,Olbricht T,Hengge UA,Goos M

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pityriasis versicolor of the face.

    abstract::Pityriasis versicolor (p.v.) is a superficial mycosis occurring frequently on the face. Epidemiological and clinical data regarding cases of p.v. on the face over a period of 11 years are discussed and some explanation given for conditions which favour facial involvement. This study underlines that face lesions of p.v...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Terragni L,Lasagni A,Oriani A

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Interdigital ulcer: an unusual presentation of Candida infection.

    abstract::Interdigital ulcer is an exceptionally rare condition while erosio interdigitalis blastomycetica is common for candidiasis. Four Chinese patients with Candida interdigital ulcers were reported. The exudates were examined directly and cultured for fungi. Skin biopsies were stained with haematoxylin-eosin and periodic a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo DQ,Yang W,Wu LC,Liu JH,Chen WN

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Tinea capitis in The Netherlands (Rotterdam area).

    abstract::This retrospective study reviews the occurrence and treatment of various forms of tinea capitis at the out-patient clinic for Dermatology and Pediatric Dermatology of the University Hospital Sophia/Dijkzigt over the period 1977-1988. Tinea capitis was diagnosed in 64 children. Trichophyton violaceum was the pathogen m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van der Willigen AH,Oranje AP,de Weerdt-van Ameijden S,Wagenvoort JH

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Extrusion of fluorescein diacetate by multidrug-resistant Candida albicans.

    abstract::Over-expression of multidrug efflux transporters causes Candida albicans cells to be resistant to azole antifungal agents. There are several kinds of indicator for multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype of higher eukaryotic cells. Calcein AM is a prefluorochrome that is known as a substrate for multidrug efflux transpor...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang HC,Mikami Y,Imai T,Taguchi H,Nishimura K,Miyaji M,Branchini ML

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of circulating galactomannan by Pastorex Aspergillus in experimental invasive aspergillosis.

    abstract::The performance of Pastorex Aspergillus, a new latex agglutination test for the detection of circulating galactomannan in the serum of patients with invasive aspergillosis, was evaluated in a blind trial in standardized guinea-pig models of invasive aspergillosis and other invasive mycoses. In these animal models, the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Cutsem J,Meulemans L,Van Gerven F,Stynen D

    更新日期:1990-02-01 00:00:00

  • Non-response to fluconazole maintenance treatment (ReCiDiF regimen) for recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis is not related to impaired glucose metabolism.

    abstract::Is non-response to maintenance treatment for recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis (RCVV) related to the impaired glucose metabolism? In the ReCiDiF trial, women with RCVV were given a degressive regimen with fluconazole according to their clinical, microscopic and mycologic response. Data obtained from optimal, suboptima...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grinceviciene S,Bellen G,Ruban K,Donders G

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of antidermatophytic effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum.

    abstract::Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most common pharmacological agents. They have three primary therapeutic properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and analgesic effects. Seven NSAIDs were tested against two species of dermatophytes. Percentage inhibition was determined for effec...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Janabi AA

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Paracoccidioidomycosis in Quillabamba, Peru, and its surroundings.

    abstract::Three cases of paracoccidioidomycosis observed in 1990-1991 in Quillabamba, Peru, and its surroundings are described. The climate and the living conditions of the inhabitants favour paracoccidioidomycosis. It can be assumed that a majority of cases could not be identified, because the symptoms are disguised as other t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garcia R,Ugarte G,Vidotto V

    更新日期:1991-11-01 00:00:00

  • Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) associated with Cryptococcus neoformans infection in AIDS patients.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Cryptococcosis is frequently associated to the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in AIDS patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). This study aimed to evaluate clinical and evolutive features of IRIS associated cryptococcosis patients in Uberaba, Brazil. PATIENTS:Eighty-one ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: da Cunha Colombo ER,Mora DJ,Silva-Vergara ML

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Inhibition of human pathogenic fungi by ethnobotanically selected plant extracts.

    abstract::In this study, 36 extracts derived from 29 plant species selected using an ethnobotanical approach were tested for antifungal activity against a taxonomically diverse group of 13 human pathogenic fungi. We compared the inhibitory characteristics of these plant extracts with those of the commonly used antifungals, amph...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ficker CE,Arnason JT,Vindas PS,Alvarez LP,Akpagana K,Gbéassor M,De Souza C,Smith ML

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Laser treatment for onychomycosis: a review.

    abstract::It has always been difficult to treat onychomycosis due to decrease ability of topical agents to penetrate the nail and reach the affected nail bed. Oral antifungal have shown good response but due to longer duration course it has potential to cause systemic side effects, leading to patient non-adherence and adverse e...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bhatta AK,Huang X,Keyal U,Zhao JJ

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Production of hybrid phage displaying secreted aspartyl proteinase epitope of Candida albicans and its application for the diagnosis of disseminated candidiasis.

    abstract::The secreted aspartyl proteinases (Saps) of Candida albicans have been implicated as immunodominant antigens and virulence factors associated with adherence and tissue invasion. A hybrid phage displaying the Sap epitope VKYTS was constructed by cloning the corresponding DNA fragments into the pfd88 vector. Similar to ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang Q,Su QP,Wang GY,Wen DZ,Zhang YH,Bao HZ,Wang L

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Fluconazole monitoring in Candida peritonitis based on histological control.

    abstract::Between May 1, 1988 and January 1, 1990, 10 patients were treated for Candida peritonitis. Origins of the infections were lesions and perforations of the gastrointestinal tract. Risk factors promoting the disease were tumours, diabetes mellitus and extensive antibiotic therapy. The mean classification by the APACHE sc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kujath P,Lerch K,Dämmrich J

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00