The relationship between exercise and risk of venous thrombosis in elderly people.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:To study whether exercise is associated with the risk of venous thrombosis in elderly people. DESIGN:Observational study with a median follow-up of 11.6 years. SETTING:The Cardiovascular Health Study in four U.S. communities. PARTICIPANTS:People aged 65 and older without prior venous thrombosis (deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism). MEASUREMENTS:Self-reported exercise was measured two or three times during follow-up and was defined as expending more than 500 kcal/wk on exercise, including walking for exercise. Venous thrombosis cases were verified using medical record review. RESULTS:Of 5,534 participants, 171 developed a first venous thrombosis. Self-reported exercise at baseline was not related to the risk of venous thrombosis after adjustment for sex, age, race, self-reported health, and body mass index (adjusted hazard ratio (HR(adj))=1.16, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.84-1.61), although with exercise modeled as a time-varying exposure, overall results were in the direction of greater risk of venous thrombosis (HR(adj)=1.38, 95% CI=0.99-1.91). For mild-intensity exercise, such as walking, there was a nonsignificant finding in the direction of benefit (HR(adj)=0.75, 95% CI=0.49-1.16), but strenuous exercise, such as jogging, was associated with greater risk of venous thrombosis (HR(adj)=1.75, 95% CI=1.08-2.83) than no exercise at all. CONCLUSION:In elderly people, strenuous exercise was associated with a higher risk of venous thrombosis than no exercise at all. Future studies are needed to explain this unexpected higher risk.

journal_name

J Am Geriatr Soc

authors

van Stralen KJ,Doggen CJ,Lumley T,Cushman M,Folsom AR,Psaty BM,Siscovick D,Rosendaal FR,Heckbert SR

doi

10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01588.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2008-03-01 00:00:00

pages

517-22

issue

3

eissn

0002-8614

issn

1532-5415

pii

JGS1588

journal_volume

56

pub_type

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