Buerger's disease: What has the last decade taught us?

Abstract:

:Thrombangiitis obliterans (TAO), or Buerger's disease, is most likely an endarteritis that is introduced by T-cell-mediated cellular immunity and B-cell-mediated humoral immunity associated with the activation of macrophages or dendritic cells in the intima. There is no specific marker of the disease, and the diagnosis is based on clinical and angiographic criteria. The disease spontaneously leads to tissue loss and major amputations and is self-limiting in the 5th to 6th decades of life. Patients should quit smoking and be offered treatment with prostaglandin or prostacyclin, modern wound management, and pain-relieving drugs. Surgical revascularization may be indicated in elective patients, and amputation should only be the last option. It has been suggested that environmental factors may play a major role in the modification of the disease process. TAO is a typical lower class disease, the social and psychological components of which are widely unexplored. Unfortunately, the last decade has not taught us anything to enable us to improve the treatment of TAO patients.

journal_name

Eur J Intern Med

authors

Kröger K

doi

10.1016/j.ejim.2005.11.020

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2006-07-01 00:00:00

pages

227-34

issue

4

eissn

0953-6205

issn

1879-0828

pii

S0953-6205(06)00042-2

journal_volume

17

pub_type

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