Probe penetration in relation to the connective tissue attachment level: influence of tine shape and probing force.

Abstract:

:Previous research has shown that probing force and probe tine shape influence the clinically assessed probing depth. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of tine shape and probing force on probe penetration, in relation to the microscopically assessed attachment level in untreated periodontal disease. In 22 patients, scheduled for partial or full mouth tooth extraction and no history of periodontal treatment, 135 teeth were selected. At mesial and distal sites of the teeth reference marks were cut. Three probe tines, mounted in a modified Florida Probe handpiece, were tested: a tapered, a parallel and a ball-ended; tip-diameter 0.5 mm. The three tines were distributed at random over the sites. At each site increasing probing forces of 0.10 N, 0.15 N, 0.20 N, 0.25 N were used. After extraction, the teeth were cleaned and stained for connective tissue fiber attachment. The distance between the reference mark and the attachment level was determined using a stereomicroscope. The results showed that the parallel and ball-ended tine measured significantly beyond the microscopically assessed attachment level at all force levels; with increasing forces, the parallel tine measured 0.96 to 1.38 mm and the ball-ended tine 0.73 to 1.06 mm deeper. The tapered tine did not deviate significantly from the microscopic values at the forces of 0.15, 0.20 and 0.25 N. It can be concluded that for the optimal assessment of the attachment level in inflamed periodontal conditions, a tapered probe with a tip diameter of 0.5 mm and exerting a probing force of 0.25 N may be most suitable.

journal_name

J Clin Periodontol

authors

Bulthuis HM,Barendregt DS,Timmerman MF,Loos BG,van der Velden U

doi

10.1111/j.1600-051x.1998.tb02465.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1998-05-01 00:00:00

pages

417-23

issue

5

eissn

0303-6979

issn

1600-051X

journal_volume

25

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Periodontal disease as a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes: a prospective cohort study.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to determine the association between periodontitis and the incidence of preterm birth (PB), low birth weight (LBW) and preterm low birth weight (PLBW) MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand and ninety-six women were enrolled. Periodontal data, pregnancy outcome variables and information on oth...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2007.01166.x

    authors: Agueda A,Ramón JM,Manau C,Guerrero A,Echeverría JJ

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Guided tissue regeneration in the treatment of human infrabony defects. Clinical, radiographical and microbiological results: a pilot study.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographical and microbiological outcome after using guided tissue regeneration (GTR) with a bioabsorbable membrane, Resolut. Subjects with bilateral infrabony defects at single rooted teeth were selected. A total of 22 teeth, 2 in each 1 of 7 patients and 4 in 2 pa...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1998.tb02389.x

    authors: Bratthall G,Söderholm G,Neiderud AM,Kullendorff B,Edwardsson S,Attström R

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • Platelet-derived growth factor and dexamethasone combined with a collagen matrix induce regeneration of the periodontium in monkeys.

    abstract::Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and the glucocorticoid dexamethasone combined with a collagen carrier matrix (CM) induced regeneration of the periodontium in monkeys. Regeneration was stringently defined as: (1) new cementum, (2) new supra-crestal bone extending coronally from the residual alveolar interdental s...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1993.tb00403.x

    authors: Rutherford RB,Ryan ME,Kennedy JE,Tucker MM,Charette MF

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Essential oils in one-stage full-mouth disinfection: double-blind, randomized clinical trial of long-term clinical, microbial and salivary effects.

    abstract:AIM:This randomized clinical trial evaluated the effects of an essential oils-containing mouthrinse for full-mouth disinfection. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Fifty patients were assigned to receive full-mouth disinfection with either essential oils or placebo. At baseline, 2 and 6 months of treatment the primary outcomes prob...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01376.x

    authors: Cortelli SC,Cortelli JR,Holzhausen M,Franco GC,Rebelo RZ,Sonagere AS,Queiroz Cda S,Costa FO

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Epigenetic and inflammatory events in experimental periodontitis following systemic microbial challenge.

    abstract:AIM:The purpose of this study was to determine inflammatory and epigenetic features following induction of oral and gut dysbiosis in experimental periodontitis in order to examine the interplay between oral and systemic infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Periodontitis was induced in 6- to 8-week-old C57BL/6 mice by (a) ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.13151

    authors: Palioto DB,Finoti LS,Kinane DF,Benakanakere M

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of periodontal status in the two regional, population-based studies of SHIP and INVEST.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To compare the prevalence of periodontal disease between two randomly selected population-based studies (the Oral Infections and Vascular Disease Epidemiology Study (INVEST) and the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP)) and address relevant methodological issues. METHODS:Comparison was restricted to 55- to 8...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.12018

    authors: Holtfreter B,Demmer RT,Bernhardt O,Papapanou PN,Schwahn C,Kocher T,Desvarieux M

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Periodontal status in relation to age and tooth type. A cross-sectional radiographic study.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study was to assess by radiographic means the pattern of destructive periodontal disease within the dentition of individuals of different ages. Full-mouth series of intra-oral radiographs from 531 dentate individuals aged 25-75 years were examined with respect to number and type of remaining...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1988.tb01602.x

    authors: Papapanou PN,Wennström JL,Gröndahl K

    更新日期:1988-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prognostic value of the periodontal risk assessment in patients with aggressive periodontitis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Aim of the study was to evaluate the predictive value of the modified periodontal risk assessment (PRA) in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A total of 86 Patients with AgP were re-examined 5-17 years after active periodontal treatment. Risk profile accord...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2012.01895.x

    authors: Meyer-Bäumer A,Pritsch M,Cosgarea R,El Sayed N,Kim TS,Eickholz P,Pretzl B

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sinus augmentation using rhBMP-2/ACS in a mini-pig model: Influence of an adjunctive ceramic bone biomaterial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 in an absorbable collagen sponge carrier (rhBMP-2/ACS) has been shown to support significant bone formation when used to augment the maxillary sinus for implant dentistry. Nevertheless, bone biomaterials have been suggested to extend rhBMP-2/ACS with limited sup...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.12921

    authors: Susin C,Lee J,Fiorini T,de Freitas RM,Chiu HC,Prasad HS,Buxton AN,Wikesjö UM

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Antibody responses to suspected periodontal pathogens in elderly subjects with periodontal disease.

    abstract::Little is known about the relationship of aging to periodontal disease. The immune response undergoes aging-related changes resulting in loss of functional capacity. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between levels of serum IgG antibodies against suspected periodontal pathogenic microorganisms ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1995.tb01782.x

    authors: McArthur WP,Bloom C,Taylor M,Smith J,Wheeler T,Magnusson NI

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of 3 dentifrices containing triclosan and various additives. An experimental gingivitis study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The antiplaque and antigingivitis effect of 3 dentifrices was evaluated using the 21-day partial-mouth experimental model of gingivitis. METHOD:25 volunteers took part in this cross-over, double-blind study, carried out in 4 phases of 21 days each. For each phase of the study, a toothshield of the IV quadra...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1034/j.1600-051x.2000.027007494.x

    authors: Nogueira-Filho GR,Toledo S,Cury JA

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical course of chronic periodontitis. II. Incidence, characteristics and time of occurrence of the initial periodontal lesion.

    abstract:AIM:The purpose of this study was to assess the initiation and progression of periodontal disease during adult life. MATERIALS AND METHODS:In a 26-year longitudinal investigation of the initiation and progression of chronic periodontitis that started in 1969 and included 565 men of Norwegian middle class, 223 who had ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1034/j.1600-051x.2003.00399.x

    authors: Heitz-Mayfield LJ,Schätzle M,Löe H,Bürgin W,Anerud A,Boysen H,Lang NP

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • DNA methylation status of the IL8 gene promoter in oral cells of smokers and non-smokers with chronic periodontitis.

    abstract:AIM:This study analysed the status of DNA methylation in the promoter region of the IL8 gene in oral mucosa cells from healthy, smoker and non-smoker subjects with chronic periodontitis and compared these findings among groups with mRNA levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Genomic DNA from epithelial oral cells of 41 healthy ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01446.x

    authors: Oliveira NF,Damm GR,Andia DC,Salmon C,Nociti FH Jr,Line SR,de Souza AP

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • How do visual-spatial and psychomotor abilities influence clinical performance in periodontal plastic surgery?

    abstract:AIM:We want to evaluate the relationship of self-assessed experience and proficiency, manual dexterity and visual-spatial ability with surgical performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A total of 26 professionals were included in the study which consisted of four parts: (a) self-assessment by a questionnaire regarding profic...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.13028

    authors: Burkhardt R,Hämmerle CHF,Lang NP,Research Group on Oral Soft Tissue Biology & Wound Healing.

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of triclosan and stannous fluoride toothpastes for inhibition of plaque regrowth. A crossover study designed to assess carry over.

    abstract::Some triclosan and stannous fluoride toothpastes have been shown effective in reducing plaque and more particularly gingivitis in home use studies. There have been few comparisons of such products for their chemical plaque inhibitory action divorced from the indeterminate variable of toothbrushing. This study was a ra...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1997.tb00486.x

    authors: Binney A,Addy M,Owens J,Faulkner J

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of mHealth in improving oral hygiene: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the effectiveness of mobile applications and text messages, compared with conventional oral hygiene instructions, for improving oral health knowledge and/or reducing gingival inflammation, when delivered to adolescents, adults and mothers of young children. METHODS:Randomized clinical trials evaluating...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.13083

    authors: Toniazzo MP,Nodari D,Muniz FWMG,Weidlich P

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • The efficacy of 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthrinse compared with 0.2% on plaque accumulation and periodontal parameters: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinse compared with 0.2% on plaque and periodontal parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS:MEDLINE-PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for (randomized) clinical trials and cohort...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01575.x

    authors: Berchier CE,Slot DE,Van der Weijden GA

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Self-reported illness perception and oral health-related quality of life predict adherence to initial periodontal treatment.

    abstract:AIM:To investigate the impact of periodontal disease perception and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), towards the initial periodontal treatment adherence (IPTA). MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included 571 patients (274 males and 297 females, mean age 63.1 ± 14.5) with periodontal disease, fro...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.13337

    authors: Machado V,Botelho J,Proença L,Mendes JJ

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Inhibition of fibroblast attachment.

    abstract::Reattachment is at present an ephemeral goal. There is, therefore, much interest in clarifying the events which determine patterns of cellular repopulation of denuded cementum during periodontal healing, and thus determine the outcome of reattachment surgery. It has previously been reported that human saliva inhibits ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1986.tb01438.x

    authors: Heaney TG

    更新日期:1986-11-01 00:00:00

  • Polymorphisms of the interleukin-18 gene in periodontitis patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Interleukin (IL)-18 regulates the expression of the proinflammatory cytokine interferon (IFN)-gamma. The present study sought to test the putative involvement of six different IL-18 gene polymorphisms in pre-disposition to destructive periodontal disease. METHODS:A total of 123 patients with periodontitis a...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2005.00711.x

    authors: Folwaczny M,Glas J,Török HP,Tonenchi L,Paschos E,Bauer B,Limbersky O,Folwaczny C

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of topical metronidazole therapy on experimentally-induced periodontitis in the beagle dog.

    abstract::The present study was performed to assess the effect of topical metronidazole therapy on ligature-induced periodontitis in beagle dogs. 6 beagle dogs with experimentally-induced periodontitis on the mandibular 2nd, 3rd and 4th premolars were treated with metronidazole 10% dental paste 2 x daily for 4 weeks in an open ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1992.tb02532.x

    authors: Klinge B,Kuvatanasuhati J,Attström R,Kalfas S,Edwardsson S

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting behavioural changes to improve oral hygiene in patients with periodontal diseases: A systematic review.

    abstract:AIM:This systematic review investigates the impact of specific interventions aiming at promoting behavioural changes to improve oral hygiene (OH) in patients with periodontal diseases. METHODS:A literature search was performed on different databases up to March 2019. Randomized and non-randomized controlled trials eva...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.13234

    authors: Carra MC,Detzen L,Kitzmann J,Woelber JP,Ramseier CA,Bouchard P

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of 3 systems for quantifying gingival crevicular fluid with respect to linearity and the effects of qualitative differences in fluids.

    abstract::This investigation compares the Periotron 6000, Periotron 600, and ninhydrin area systems for quantifying gingival fluid. All systems have highly significant (p less than 0.001) linear relationships between measurements and fluid volumes. Additional curvilinear components have virtually no clinically significant impli...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1984.tb01313.x

    authors: Hinrichs JE,Bandt CL,Smith JA,Golub LM

    更新日期:1984-11-01 00:00:00

  • Bacterial invasion of the periodontium in a case of juvenile periodontitis.

    abstract::A case of juvenile periodontitis is described where biopsy material taken from a lower right incisor during periodontal surgery revealed plaque-derived bacteria present within the periodontal connective tissue. The gingival connective tissue contained an inflammatory infiltrate which exhibited a profound loss of colla...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051x.1982.tb01225.x

    authors: Gillett R,Johnson NW

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increased bone loss and amount of osteoclasts in kinin B1 receptor knockout mice.

    abstract:AIM:The pathophysiology of periodontal diseases involves aspects of immunity and bone remodelling. Considering the role of the kinin B1 receptor (Bdkrb1) in inflammation and healing, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of Bdkrb1 to the pathogenesis of periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS:We used ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.12097

    authors: Gonçalves-Zillo TO,Pugliese LS,Sales VM,Mori MA,Squaiella-Baptistão CC,Longo-Maugéri IM,Lopes JD,de Oliveira SM,Monteiro AC,Pesquero JB

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evidence grade associating periodontitis with preterm birth and/or low birth weight: II: a systematic review of randomized trials evaluating the effects of periodontal treatment.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate whether maternal periodontal disease treatment (MPDT) can reduce the incidence of preterm birth (PB) and/or low birth weight (LBW). METHODS:The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for entries up to October 2010 without r...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2011.01761.x

    authors: Chambrone L,Pannuti CM,Guglielmetti MR,Chambrone LA

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • A comprehensive approach to assigning periodontal prognosis.

    abstract:AIM:The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to evaluate the usefulness and performance of a comprehensive approach to assigning periodontal prognosis by assessing the risk of tooth loss due to periodontal disease (TLPD) and estimate the survival time (ST) of periodontally compromised teeth (PCT). MATER...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type:

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.12857

    authors: Martinez-Canut P,Llobell A

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical outcomes of implants following lateral bone augmentation: systematic assessment of available options (barrier membranes, bone grafts, split osteotomy).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical outcomes related to implants following lateral augmentation procedures (GBR, bone grafts, split osteotomy) with implants placed in pristine sites. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A systematic review of all prospective studies of implants placed simultaneously or as a second surgery following lat...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01269.x

    authors: Donos N,Mardas N,Chadha V

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Antimicrobial peptide gene expression in periodontitis patients: A pilot study.

    abstract:AIM:Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are one of the most active components of innate immunity and have characteristics that could place them at the heart of the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. This study investigated differences in the expression of AMP coding genes obtained using a simple harvesting technique, gingi...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1111/jcpe.12879

    authors: Jourdain ML,Pierrard L,Kanagaratnam L,Velard F,Sergheraert J,Lefèvre B,Gangloff SC,Braux J

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro antioxidant activities of mouthrinses and their components.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Several forms of periodontal diseases (PD) are often associated with activated phagocytosing leukocytes and contemporary free radical production. Host antioxidant defenses could benefit from mouthrinses used as adjuncts to counteract plaque-associated bacteria. The aim of the present study was to determine p...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical periodontology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1034/j.1600-051x.2002.290512.x

    authors: Battino M,Ferreiro MS,Fattorini D,Bullon P

    更新日期:2002-05-01 00:00:00